Henry Lawson - Writers, Family and Childhood

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Henry Lawson's Personal Details

Henry Lawson was a famous Australian writer, known for works including ‘The Drover’s Wife’, and ‘Past Carin’

InformationDetail
BirthdayJune 17, 1867
Died onSeptember 2, 1922
NationalityAustralian
FamousRepublicans, Writers, Poets, Short Story Writers, Essayists
IdeologiesRepublicans
SpousesBertha Marie Louise Bredt
Known asHenry Archibald Hertzberg Lawson
Childrens Bertha Lawson, Joseph Lawson
Birth PlaceGrenfell
GenderMale
FatherNiels Hertzberg Larsen
MotherLouisa Lawson
Sun SignGemini
Born inGrenfell
Famous asWriter
Died at Age55

// Famous Republicans

Henry Lawson's photo

Who is Henry Lawson?

Henry Lawson was a famous Australian writer who is known for his short story, 'The Drover's Wife', and the poem, 'Past Carin'. His sketch story, 'On the Edge of a Plain', also became an exemplary piece of work in the same genre. As a child, he saw strife at home, between his parents, and turned into a shy person. When he was fourteen, he became deaf, causing him to become even more reserved and withdrawn. It was then, that he turned to reading, and though he did not attend university, he eventually came to be revered as an accomplished writer. Despite having tasted success in his career, Lawson failed to battle alcoholism and poverty. However, amidst all the hardships, this writer has produced some of the finest creations in the history of Australian literature. Some of his most read short stories are 'A Child in the Dark, and a Foreign Father', 'On the Track', 'The Loaded Dog', and 'Over the Sliprails'. His popular poems are 'One Hundred and Three', 'The Bush Undertaker', and 'The Union Buries its Dead'. He has also written some essays, including 'A Neglected History', 'United Division', and 'Australian Loyalty'. This talented writer became the first person, in his homeland, to be honoured with a state-funeral upon his death.

// Famous Poets

Childhood & Early Life

Henry Archibald Hertzberg Lawson was born to Niels Hertzberg Larsen and his wife, Louisa, in the town of Grenfell, New South Wales, on June 17, 1867. Niels, who later changed his name to Peter Lawson to sound more English, was a miner from Norway. His wife was a homemaker who later became a feminist writer and publisher.

On October 2, 1876, the young boy began his schooling at Eurunderee, New South Wales. Due to an infection in his ear, he suffered from partial hearing impairment, which became worse by the time he turned fourteen. With his hearing ability completely gone, a teacher, John Tierney, helped the shy boy cope with studies.

When later Henry joined a school in Mudgee, New South Wales, another teacher, Mr. Kevan, was also kind to the deaf boy, and instilled in him a love for poetry. Since the child couldn't hear, reading formed a major role in his education. He was particularly fond of English writers, Frederick Marryat and Charles Dickens.

By then, his parents, who had a troublesome marriage, were separated, and his mother, Louisa was living in Sydney with her other children. In 1833, Henry moved to his mother's house, after assisting his father in his work, at the Blue Mountains region of New South Wales.

While living with his mother, he studied at night, while going to work in the morning. Despite his best efforts, the young Lawson ended up failing in his matriculation exams.

Career

On October 1, 1887, Henry's first work of literature, a poem titled 'A Song of the Republic', was published in 'The Bulletin' magazine. He also published the poems, 'The Wreck of the Derry Castle' and ‘Golden Gully'.

He also began contributing to 'The Republican' a newspaper owned by his mother, Louisa. Within the next three years, he had published a few more poems, including 'Andy's Gone with Cattle', and 'Faces in the Street', making a name for himself as a poet.

In 1891, the young poet worked for the journal, 'Boomerang', but quit after 7-8 months. He also wrote for and edited a Brisbane newspaper, 'The Worker', founded by journalist, William Lane. He applied for the job of an editor to 'The Australian Worker', in Sydney, but was rejected.

Lawson continued to contribute his poetry to 'The Bulletin', in Sydney, on a regular basis. The magazine sponsored a trip for the poet to New South Wales, in 1892, where he found employment in an oil field, at the Toorale Station.

He also found that the picture of greenery depicted in poems about the state of New South Wales, was a myth, and the reality was that it was an extremely dry region.

This led to what is known as the 'Bulletin Debate', where Henry's poem, 'Up the Country', was published in the magazine, on July 9, 1892. As a reply, another famous poet, Banjo Paterson wrote the poem, 'In Defence of the Bush', and the debate continued.

In 1896, a book titled, 'While the Billy Boils', containing Lawson's works of prose meant to be an extension of his debate with poet Paterson, was published.

The prolific writer was also known for his 'sketch stories', a genre where the plot is extremely shot, and sometimes even absent. His most popular work of this kind is titled 'On the Edge of a Plain'.

He was also a part of the 'Dawn and Dusk Club', in 1898, where writers would meet up and talk over alcohol.From 1900-02, the gifted writer wrote several short stories like 'Over the Sliprails', 'On the Track', 'The Loaded Dog', and 'A Child in the Dark, and a Foreign Father'. He also published collections of poems like, 'Verses, Popular and Humorous', and 'My Army, O, My Army! and Other Songs'.

In 1903, Lawson's life was steeped in poverty, and he began staying in a room at North Sydney's 'Coffee Palace'. The inn was owned by Mrs Isabel Byers, who became close friends with the writer, and did all she could to support him financially, as well as help him continue to publish his works.

During 1904-08, Henry continued writing, publishing books like, 'Joe Wilson', 'When I Was King', 'The Romance of the Swag', and 'Send Round the Hat'.

In 1908, the brilliant writer penned down, 'One Hundred and Three', a poem depicting his life at the Australian prison, 'Darlinghurst Gaol'. The prison was where he was held after his wife pressed charges for not paying their child's maintenance and his addiction to alcohol.

From 1909-19, books by Lawson, like 'The Skyline Riders and Other Verses', and 'For Australia and Other Poems', amongst several others, were published.

Major Works

Amongst the innumerable short stories written by this writer, 'The Drover's Wife' is the most popular. The story deals effectively with a person's emotions, especially the feeling of being lonely. This story forms a part of the syllabus for many schools, as well as the basis of several screen and stage adaptations.

Personal Life & Legacy

In 1896, Henry got married to Bertha Marie Louise Bredt, the daughter of a renowned feminist of the same name. The relationship, though unhappy and short-lived, bore the couple two children, Joseph and Bertha.

Throughout his later years, the writer fought against his dire poverty, and his addiction to alcohol. In this struggle, he was helped extensively by his landlady, Mrs Isabel Byers.

In 1922, the renowned Australian writer succumbed to cerebral haemorrhage, at Mrs. Byer's house, in Sydney's Abbotsford, suburb.

He was the first person to be given a state funeral by New South Wales. The service saw the presence of the seventh Prime Minister Billy Hughes, and several common citizens. He was later buried at the 'Waverley Cemetery', located in Sydney's Bronte suburbs.

This celebrated writer has been commemorated in several ways in his homeland of Australia. Sydney houses a statue of the poet in bronze, at an open space of land called 'The Domain', commissioned in 1927, to artist George Washington Lambert, by the 'Henry Lawson Memorial Committee'.

In 1949, this famous writer from Australia featured on a postage stamp of the country.

His portrait has also been used on the first Australian paper note of ten dollar denomination, in 1966.

Trivia

Jack Mitchell, Joe Wilson, and Dave Regan are some of the characters that often appear in the poems and short stories inked by this famous Australian writer

// Famous Writers

Henry Lawson biography timelines

  • // 1833
    By then, his parents, who had a troublesome marriage, were separated, and his mother, Louisa was living in Sydney with her other children. In 1833, Henry moved to his mother's house, after assisting his father in his work, at the Blue Mountains region of New South Wales.
  • // 17th Jun 1867
    Henry Archibald Hertzberg Lawson was born to Niels Hertzberg Larsen and his wife, Louisa, in the town of Grenfell, New South Wales, on June 17, 1867. Niels, who later changed his name to Peter Lawson to sound more English, was a miner from Norway. His wife was a homemaker who later became a feminist writer and publisher.
  • // 2nd Oct 1876
    On October 2, 1876, the young boy began his schooling at Eurunderee, New South Wales. Due to an infection in his ear, he suffered from partial hearing impairment, which became worse by the time he turned fourteen. With his hearing ability completely gone, a teacher, John Tierney, helped the shy boy cope with studies.
  • // 1st Oct 1887
    On October 1, 1887, Henry's first work of literature, a poem titled 'A Song of the Republic', was published in 'The Bulletin' magazine. He also published the poems, 'The Wreck of the Derry Castle' and ‘Golden Gully'.
  • // 1891
    In 1891, the young poet worked for the journal, 'Boomerang', but quit after 7-8 months. He also wrote for and edited a Brisbane newspaper, 'The Worker', founded by journalist, William Lane. He applied for the job of an editor to 'The Australian Worker', in Sydney, but was rejected.
  • // 1892
    Lawson continued to contribute his poetry to 'The Bulletin', in Sydney, on a regular basis. The magazine sponsored a trip for the poet to New South Wales, in 1892, where he found employment in an oil field, at the Toorale Station.
  • // 9th Jul 1892
    This led to what is known as the 'Bulletin Debate', where Henry's poem, 'Up the Country', was published in the magazine, on July 9, 1892. As a reply, another famous poet, Banjo Paterson wrote the poem, 'In Defence of the Bush', and the debate continued.
  • // 1896
    In 1896, a book titled, 'While the Billy Boils', containing Lawson's works of prose meant to be an extension of his debate with poet Paterson, was published.
  • // 1896
    In 1896, Henry got married to Bertha Marie Louise Bredt, the daughter of a renowned feminist of the same name. The relationship, though unhappy and short-lived, bore the couple two children, Joseph and Bertha.
  • // 1898 To 1900
    He was also a part of the 'Dawn and Dusk Club', in 1898, where writers would meet up and talk over alcohol.From 1900-02, the gifted writer wrote several short stories like 'Over the Sliprails', 'On the Track', 'The Loaded Dog', and 'A Child in the Dark, and a Foreign Father'. He also published collections of poems like, 'Verses, Popular and Humorous', and 'My Army, O, My Army! and Other Songs'.
  • // 1903
    In 1903, Lawson's life was steeped in poverty, and he began staying in a room at North Sydney's 'Coffee Palace'. The inn was owned by Mrs Isabel Byers, who became close friends with the writer, and did all she could to support him financially, as well as help him continue to publish his works.
  • // 1904
    During 1904-08, Henry continued writing, publishing books like, 'Joe Wilson', 'When I Was King', 'The Romance of the Swag', and 'Send Round the Hat'.
  • // 1908
    In 1908, the brilliant writer penned down, 'One Hundred and Three', a poem depicting his life at the Australian prison, 'Darlinghurst Gaol'. The prison was where he was held after his wife pressed charges for not paying their child's maintenance and his addiction to alcohol.
  • // 1909 To 1919
    From 1909-19, books by Lawson, like 'The Skyline Riders and Other Verses', and 'For Australia and Other Poems', amongst several others, were published.
  • // 1922
    In 1922, the renowned Australian writer succumbed to cerebral haemorrhage, at Mrs. Byer's house, in Sydney's Abbotsford, suburb.
  • // 1927
    This celebrated writer has been commemorated in several ways in his homeland of Australia. Sydney houses a statue of the poet in bronze, at an open space of land called 'The Domain', commissioned in 1927, to artist George Washington Lambert, by the 'Henry Lawson Memorial Committee'.
  • // 1949
    In 1949, this famous writer from Australia featured on a postage stamp of the country.
  • // 1966
    His portrait has also been used on the first Australian paper note of ten dollar denomination, in 1966.

// Famous Short Story Writers

Henry Lawson's FAQ

  • What is Henry Lawson birthday?

    Henry Lawson was born at 1867-06-17

  • When was Henry Lawson died?

    Henry Lawson was died at 1922-09-02

  • Where was Henry Lawson died?

    Henry Lawson was died in Abbotsford

  • Which age was Henry Lawson died?

    Henry Lawson was died at age 55

  • Where is Henry Lawson's birth place?

    Henry Lawson was born in Grenfell

  • What is Henry Lawson nationalities?

    Henry Lawson's nationalities is Australian

  • What is Henry Lawson ideologies?

    Henry Lawson's ideologies is Republicans

  • Who is Henry Lawson spouses?

    Henry Lawson's spouses is Bertha Marie Louise Bredt

  • Who is Henry Lawson childrens?

    Henry Lawson's childrens is Bertha Lawson, Joseph Lawson

  • Who is Henry Lawson's father?

    Henry Lawson's father is Niels Hertzberg Larsen

  • Who is Henry Lawson's mother?

    Henry Lawson's mother is Louisa Lawson

  • What is Henry Lawson's sun sign?

    Henry Lawson is Gemini

  • How famous is Henry Lawson?

    Henry Lawson is famouse as Writer