Hans Fischer - Chemists, Career and Childhood

Home  ›  German  ›  Hans FischerJuly 27, 188199 views

0.0 based on 0 rates

Hans Fischer's Personal Details

Hans Fischer was a famous German organic chemist

InformationDetail
BirthdayJuly 27, 1881
Died onMarch 31, 1945
NationalityGerman
FamousScientists, Chemists, Organic Chemists
SpousesWiltrud Haufe
Universities
  • University of Marburg
  • University of Lausanne
Cause of deathSuicide
Birth PlaceHöchst on Main, Germany
GenderMale
FatherDr. Eugen Fischer
MotherAnna Herdegen
Sun SignLeo
Born inHöchst on Main, Germany
Famous asChemist
Died at Age63

// Famous Organic Chemists

Hans Fischer's photo

Who is Hans Fischer?

Hans Fischer was a famous German organic chemist. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his research in the structure of hemin, the red blood pigment, and chlorophyll, the green pigment in plants. His discovery made possible the artificial synthesis of hemin, ( the crystalline product of haemoglobin that provides the red color of the blood) from simpler organic compounds whose structure was recognized. He also studied the relationship between hemin and chlorophyll. He had worked extensively on the synthesis of chlorophyll. Along with these, Fischer studied carotene and porphyrin which are derivatives of hemin and figured out the structural formulas for both bilirubin that causes the yellow color in jaundice and biliverdin that causes the yellowish color of the bruises. He carried out microanalyses of more than 60,000 substances. Most of his research papers were published in the scientific journals, ‘Liebigs Annalen der Chemie’ and ‘Hoppe-Seylers Zeitschrift für physiologische Chemie’. Apart from being a brilliant chemist, he was also a very efficient administrator of a research institute. Fischer was very popular with his staff and students. Even though he suffered from serious surgical tuberculosis yet it did not stop him from being an enthusiastic mountaineer, skier, and motorist. The lunar crater Fischer is named after Hans Fischer and Hermann Emil Fischer.

// Famous Chemists

Childhood & Early Life

Hans Fischer was born at Höchst am Main, Germany on July 27, 1881 to Dr. Eugen Fischer, Director of the firm of Kalle & Co, Wiesbaden, and Privatdozent at the Technical High School, Stuttgart, and Anna Herdegen.

He was initially educated in a primary school in Stuttgart, and later enrolled at the "humanistische Gymnasium" (grammar school with emphasis on the classics) in Wiesbaden from where he passed matriculation in 1899.

In 1899, he entered the University of Lausanne to study chemistry and medicine.

He was later transferred to the University of Marburg, where he graduated in chemistry under T. Zincke in 1904.

In 1906, he received a license for medicine at Munich and in 1908 Fischer qualified for his M.D. under F. von Müller at Munich.

Career

Hans Fischer started his career at the Second Medical Clinic in Munich and at the First Berlin Chemical Institute under the chemist, Emil Fischer where he carried out some early experiments on bile pigments.

He returned to Munich in 1911 and after one year, qualified as lecturer in internal medicine.

From 1913 to 1916 he served as a lecturer in physiology at the Physiological Institute in Munich.

In 1916 he succeeded Adolf Otto Reinhold Winaus as Professor of Medical Chemistry at the University of Innsbruck.

After two years, he was invited to hold the chair of Medical chemistry at the University of Vienna.

From 1921 to 1945, Fischer was the professor of Organic chemistry at the Technical University of Munich.

In 1926, Fischer discovered porphyrin syntheses and synthesized more than 130 isomers.

In 1929, Fischer was successful in his breakthrough project of producing a synthetic hemin that was impossible to tell apart from natural hemin obtained from hemoglobin.

In 1934–1940, Fischer wrote three volumes of ‘Die Chemie des Pyrrols’, a standard work on pyrrole chemistry with two colleagues.

In 1942, he synthesized biliverdin and in 1944 he was successful in the even more difficult synthesis of bilirubin.

Major Works

Hans Fischer’s most significant work is his synthesis of hemin, the crystalline product of hemoglobin. He split in half the molecule of bilirubin, a bile pigment related to hemin, and obtained a new acid that contained a section of the hemin molecule. Fischer recognized its structure and found that it was related to pyrrole. In this way, he performed the artificial synthesis of hemin from the structure of simpler compounds.

Awards & Achievements

In 1919, he became a fellow of the Academy of Sciences Leopoldina.

In recognition of his scientific contributions, the title of "Geheimer Regierungsrat" (Privy Councillor) was conferred upon Hans Fischer in 1925.

In 1929, he was awarded the Liebig Memorial Medal.

Fischer received the greatest honour of all, the Nobel Prize for 1930, “for his research into the constitution of haemin and chlorophyll and especially for his synthesis of haemin".

Harvard University honoured him with honorary doctorate in 1936.

Hans Fischer also received the Davy Medal awarded by the Royal Society of London in 1937.

Personal Life & Legacy

In 1935, Fischer got married to Wiltrud Haufe.

On 31 March 1945, at the age of 63, Hans Fischer committed suicide in Munich in depression over the destruction of his institute and his work in the allied bombing raid during the last days of World War II.

// Famous Scientists

Hans Fischer biography timelines

  • // 27th Jul 1881
    Hans Fischer was born at Höchst am Main, Germany on July 27, 1881 to Dr. Eugen Fischer, Director of the firm of Kalle & Co, Wiesbaden, and Privatdozent at the Technical High School, Stuttgart, and Anna Herdegen.
  • // 1899
    He was initially educated in a primary school in Stuttgart, and later enrolled at the "humanistische Gymnasium" (grammar school with emphasis on the classics) in Wiesbaden from where he passed matriculation in 1899.
  • // 1899
    In 1899, he entered the University of Lausanne to study chemistry and medicine.
  • // 1904
    He was later transferred to the University of Marburg, where he graduated in chemistry under T. Zincke in 1904.
  • // 1906 To 1908
    In 1906, he received a license for medicine at Munich and in 1908 Fischer qualified for his M.D. under F. von Müller at Munich.
  • // 1911
    He returned to Munich in 1911 and after one year, qualified as lecturer in internal medicine.
  • // 1913 To 1916
    From 1913 to 1916 he served as a lecturer in physiology at the Physiological Institute in Munich.
  • // 1916
    In 1916 he succeeded Adolf Otto Reinhold Winaus as Professor of Medical Chemistry at the University of Innsbruck.
  • // 1919
    In 1919, he became a fellow of the Academy of Sciences Leopoldina.
  • // 1921 To 1945
    From 1921 to 1945, Fischer was the professor of Organic chemistry at the Technical University of Munich.
  • // 1925
    In recognition of his scientific contributions, the title of "Geheimer Regierungsrat" (Privy Councillor) was conferred upon Hans Fischer in 1925.
  • // 1926
    In 1926, Fischer discovered porphyrin syntheses and synthesized more than 130 isomers.
  • // 1929
    In 1929, Fischer was successful in his breakthrough project of producing a synthetic hemin that was impossible to tell apart from natural hemin obtained from hemoglobin.
  • // 1929
    In 1929, he was awarded the Liebig Memorial Medal.
  • // 1930
    Fischer received the greatest honour of all, the Nobel Prize for 1930, “for his research into the constitution of haemin and chlorophyll and especially for his synthesis of haemin".
  • // 1934 To 1940
    In 1934–1940, Fischer wrote three volumes of ‘Die Chemie des Pyrrols’, a standard work on pyrrole chemistry with two colleagues.
  • // 1935
    In 1935, Fischer got married to Wiltrud Haufe.
  • // 1936
    Harvard University honoured him with honorary doctorate in 1936.
  • // 1937
    Hans Fischer also received the Davy Medal awarded by the Royal Society of London in 1937.
  • // 1942 To 1944
    In 1942, he synthesized biliverdin and in 1944 he was successful in the even more difficult synthesis of bilirubin.
  • // 31st Mar 1945
    On 31 March 1945, at the age of 63, Hans Fischer committed suicide in Munich in depression over the destruction of his institute and his work in the allied bombing raid during the last days of World War II.

// Famous German

Hans Fischer's FAQ

  • What is Hans Fischer birthday?

    Hans Fischer was born at 1881-07-27

  • When was Hans Fischer died?

    Hans Fischer was died at 1945-03-31

  • Where was Hans Fischer died?

    Hans Fischer was died in Munich, Germany

  • Which age was Hans Fischer died?

    Hans Fischer was died at age 63

  • Where is Hans Fischer's birth place?

    Hans Fischer was born in Höchst on Main, Germany

  • What is Hans Fischer nationalities?

    Hans Fischer's nationalities is German

  • Who is Hans Fischer spouses?

    Hans Fischer's spouses is Wiltrud Haufe

  • What was Hans Fischer universities?

    Hans Fischer studied at University of Marburg, University of Lausanne

  • What is Hans Fischer's cause of dead?

    Hans Fischer dead because of Suicide

  • Who is Hans Fischer's father?

    Hans Fischer's father is Dr. Eugen Fischer

  • Who is Hans Fischer's mother?

    Hans Fischer's mother is Anna Herdegen

  • What is Hans Fischer's sun sign?

    Hans Fischer is Leo

  • How famous is Hans Fischer?

    Hans Fischer is famouse as Chemist