Gabriel Lippmann - Physicists, Life Achievements and Family

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Gabriel Lippmann's Personal Details

Gabriel Lippmann was a French physicist and inventor

InformationDetail
BirthdayAugust 16, 1845
Died onJuly 13, 1921
NationalityFrench
FamousNobel Laureate, Physicists, Scientists, Physicists
Universities
  • École Normale Supérieure
Discoveries / Inventions
  • Lippmann Colour
  • Photography
  • Integral 3-D Photography
  • Lippmann Electrometer
Birth PlaceBonnevoie/Bouneweg, Luxembourg (since 1921 part of Luxembourg City)
ReligionJudaism
GenderMale
FatherIsaïe
MotherMiriam Rose Levy
Sun SignLeo
Born inBonnevoie/Bouneweg, Luxembourg (since 1921 part of Luxembourg City)
Famous asPhysicist & Nobel Laureate
Died at Age75

// Famous Physicists

Gabriel Lippmann's photo

Who is Gabriel Lippmann?

Gabriel Lippmann was a French physicist and inventor. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1908. His papers on electricity, optics, thermodynamics and photochemistry are considered very valuable for future evolutions. Many of his ideas and theories have led to the improvement of devices used in physics. A large number of modern technologies such as laser holography and others have their roots in his findings. The extremely sensitive device known as the capillary electrometer found its use in an important medical instrument like the ECG machine. Most of his works are recorded in the communications that he had with the ‘Paris Academy of Sciences’ which are still considered to be concise and original. Many branches of physics were helped by the various ingenious devices he made to improve the performance of standard instruments. Of all the theories and processes that he contributed to the study of physics, the capture of colored images of objects was the greatest, for which he became very famous throughout the scientific world. This process won him the Noble Prize for Physics in 1908. His experiments in different aspects on physical activities led to a large number of inventions that took place in the future.

// Famous Nobel Laureate

Childhood & Early Life

Gabriel Lippmann was born on August 16, 1845 in Hollerich Luxembourg. His father Isale was a French-Jewish businessman who ran a family-owned glove making business at the convent in Bonnevoie. His mother was Miriam Rose Levy who was a homemaker.

In 1848 he moved to Paris with his family. There he was taught by his mother at home during his early childhood days.

He joined the ‘Lycee Napoleon’ which is presently known as ‘Lycee Henry-IV’ in 1858. After studying there for ten years he got admission in ‘Ecole Normale’ in Paris in 1868.

He failed to qualify in the examination for becoming a teacher as he studied only the subjects that interested him and neglected the rest. He was more interested in studying physics than anything else.

Career

Gabriel Lippmann was appointed by the French government in 1873 to go on a mission to the Heidelberg University in Germany to understand the methods that were used to teach science subjects. Here he specialized in electricity with the help of Gustav Kirchoff.

He received his doctorate in 1874. In Berlin he worked with Helmholtz as well.

He returned to Paris in 1875 and continued his studies further on subjects related to physics.

On July 24, 1875 he submitted his PhD thesis on electro-capillarity to the Sorborne. In 1878 he became a professor of physics at the Sorbonne.

He joined the ‘Faculty of Science’ in Paris in 1878.

In 1881 he predicted the reverse effect of the piezoelectric phenomenon. This reverse phenomenon was later used to produce ultrasonic sound waves and other applications.

On January 17, 1883, he presented a paper on the invention of the capillary electrometer to the ‘Philosophical Society of Glasgow.’ The ‘Lippmann Electrometer’ was later used in the first ECG machine.

He became a professor of Mathematical Physics in 1883.

In 1886 he succeeded Jamin to become the Director of the ‘Research Laboratory’ after becoming a professor in ‘Experimental Physics’. He held this position till his death. The laboratory was transferred later to Sorborne.

In 1886 he evolved a process in support of his theory for the reproduction of the colors of objects through photography without using any dye or pigment. However, it was very difficult to execute the process practically.

In 1891 he was able to present the method to the ‘Academy of Sciences’ after conducting a large number of experiments. The photographs were slightly defective owning to the sensitivity of the photographic film that differed in many areas.

In April 1892 he declared that he had been able to obtain the colored images of flags, oranges with red poppies, parrots with different colors without any deterioration in the quality of their colors.

In 1893 he was able to obtain a much better result for his method with photographs taken by A. and L. Lumiere. This time perfect colors were produced.

He published the complete theory of the process in 1894.

In 1895 Lippmann used photographic registration to remove the irregularities that occurred with pendulum clocks.

In 1906 he submitted another paper on the improved process of capturing colored images of items to the ‘Academy of Sciences’.

His experiments on color photography also contributed to the development of laser holography in the future.

He invented the device known as ‘coelostat’ that could immobilize the image of a star in the sky and its surroundings so that it could be photographed perfectly.

He is also responsible for improvements to many devices that are used in the study of physics that helped students later.

In 1908 he introduced the concept of integral photography where a number of lenses were kept in a single array to take a picture of a real life scene. The same scene seen through another similar array of lenses produced an integrated three dimensional image. This led to the evolution of microscope and light-field camera technologies.

He became the President of the ‘Academy of Sciences’ in 1912.

He became a member of the ‘Board of the Bureau des Longitudes’ and also a ‘Foreign Member’ of the ‘Royal Society of London’ during this time.

Awards & Achievements

Gabriel Lippmann received the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1908 for his work on the reproduction of colors in photography with the help of the interference phenomenon.

Personal Life & Legacy

He had married the daughter of V. Cherbuliez, a writer and member of the ‘French Academy’.

Gabriel Lippmann died on July 13, 1921 on board the vessel ‘France’ while returning from Canada where he had gone as a member of a mission headed by Marshall Fayolle.

// Famous Scientists

Gabriel Lippmann awards

YearNameAward

Other

Nobel Prize for Physics (1908)

Gabriel Lippmann biography timelines

  • // 16th Aug 1845
    Gabriel Lippmann was born on August 16, 1845 in Hollerich Luxembourg. His father Isale was a French-Jewish businessman who ran a family-owned glove making business at the convent in Bonnevoie. His mother was Miriam Rose Levy who was a homemaker.
  • // 1848
    In 1848 he moved to Paris with his family. There he was taught by his mother at home during his early childhood days.
  • // 1858 To 1868
    He joined the ‘Lycee Napoleon’ which is presently known as ‘Lycee Henry-IV’ in 1858. After studying there for ten years he got admission in ‘Ecole Normale’ in Paris in 1868.
  • // 1873
    Gabriel Lippmann was appointed by the French government in 1873 to go on a mission to the Heidelberg University in Germany to understand the methods that were used to teach science subjects. Here he specialized in electricity with the help of Gustav Kirchoff.
  • // 1874
    He received his doctorate in 1874. In Berlin he worked with Helmholtz as well.
  • // 1875
    He returned to Paris in 1875 and continued his studies further on subjects related to physics.
  • // 24th Jul 1875 To 1878
    On July 24, 1875 he submitted his PhD thesis on electro-capillarity to the Sorborne. In 1878 he became a professor of physics at the Sorbonne.
  • // 1878
    He joined the ‘Faculty of Science’ in Paris in 1878.
  • // 1881
    In 1881 he predicted the reverse effect of the piezoelectric phenomenon. This reverse phenomenon was later used to produce ultrasonic sound waves and other applications.
  • // 1883
    He became a professor of Mathematical Physics in 1883.
  • // 17th Jan 1883
    On January 17, 1883, he presented a paper on the invention of the capillary electrometer to the ‘Philosophical Society of Glasgow.’ The ‘Lippmann Electrometer’ was later used in the first ECG machine.
  • // 1886
    In 1886 he succeeded Jamin to become the Director of the ‘Research Laboratory’ after becoming a professor in ‘Experimental Physics’. He held this position till his death. The laboratory was transferred later to Sorborne.
  • // 1886
    In 1886 he evolved a process in support of his theory for the reproduction of the colors of objects through photography without using any dye or pigment. However, it was very difficult to execute the process practically.
  • // 1891
    In 1891 he was able to present the method to the ‘Academy of Sciences’ after conducting a large number of experiments. The photographs were slightly defective owning to the sensitivity of the photographic film that differed in many areas.
  • // Apr 1892
    In April 1892 he declared that he had been able to obtain the colored images of flags, oranges with red poppies, parrots with different colors without any deterioration in the quality of their colors.
  • // 1893
    In 1893 he was able to obtain a much better result for his method with photographs taken by A. and L. Lumiere. This time perfect colors were produced.
  • // 1894
    He published the complete theory of the process in 1894.
  • // 1895
    In 1895 Lippmann used photographic registration to remove the irregularities that occurred with pendulum clocks.
  • // 1906
    In 1906 he submitted another paper on the improved process of capturing colored images of items to the ‘Academy of Sciences’.
  • // 1908
    In 1908 he introduced the concept of integral photography where a number of lenses were kept in a single array to take a picture of a real life scene. The same scene seen through another similar array of lenses produced an integrated three dimensional image. This led to the evolution of microscope and light-field camera technologies.
  • // 1908
    Gabriel Lippmann received the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1908 for his work on the reproduction of colors in photography with the help of the interference phenomenon.
  • // 1912
    He became the President of the ‘Academy of Sciences’ in 1912.
  • // 13th Jul 1921
    Gabriel Lippmann died on July 13, 1921 on board the vessel ‘France’ while returning from Canada where he had gone as a member of a mission headed by Marshall Fayolle.

// Famous Physicists

Gabriel Lippmann's FAQ

  • What is Gabriel Lippmann birthday?

    Gabriel Lippmann was born at 1845-08-16

  • When was Gabriel Lippmann died?

    Gabriel Lippmann was died at 1921-07-13

  • Where was Gabriel Lippmann died?

    Gabriel Lippmann was died in SS France, Atlantic Ocean

  • Which age was Gabriel Lippmann died?

    Gabriel Lippmann was died at age 75

  • Where is Gabriel Lippmann's birth place?

    Gabriel Lippmann was born in Bonnevoie/Bouneweg, Luxembourg (since 1921 part of Luxembourg City)

  • What is Gabriel Lippmann nationalities?

    Gabriel Lippmann's nationalities is French

  • What was Gabriel Lippmann universities?

    Gabriel Lippmann studied at École Normale Supérieure

  • What is Gabriel Lippmann's inventions/discoveries?

    Lippmann Colour, Photography, Integral 3-D Photography, Lippmann Electrometer was invented (or discovered) by Gabriel Lippmann

  • What is Gabriel Lippmann's religion?

    Gabriel Lippmann's religion is Judaism

  • Who is Gabriel Lippmann's father?

    Gabriel Lippmann's father is Isaïe

  • Who is Gabriel Lippmann's mother?

    Gabriel Lippmann's mother is Miriam Rose Levy

  • What is Gabriel Lippmann's sun sign?

    Gabriel Lippmann is Leo

  • How famous is Gabriel Lippmann?

    Gabriel Lippmann is famouse as Physicist & Nobel Laureate