Edith Stein - Philosophers, Life Achievements and Family

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Edith Stein's Personal Details

Edith Stein was a German Jewish philosopher, who was killed at the Auschwitz concentration camp

InformationDetail
BirthdayOctober 12, 1891
Died onAugust 9, 1942
NationalityGerman
FamousIntellectuals & Academics, Philosophers
Known asSaint Teresia Benedicta of the Cross, Saint Edith Stein, Edith Teresia Hedwig Stein
Universities
  • University of Göttingen
  • University of Wrocław
  • University of Freiburg
Cause of deathAssassination
Birth PlaceWrocław
ReligionCatholicism, Christianity, Judaism
GenderFemale
FatherEmmanuel Charles McCarthy
Sun SignLibra
Born inWrocław
Famous asPhilosopher
Died at Age50

// Famous Philosophers

Edith Stein's photo

Who is Edith Stein?

It is often stated that there are certain people who shape the consciousness of a nation through the toughest of times and in case of Germany one of those unsung heroes has to be the philosopher Edith Stein. She was born in a Jewish family but went on to embrace Catholicism and became one of the greatest philosophers who ever lived. It is in fact necessary to point out that her contributions as a philosopher and theological authority resonates to this day in her native Germany. Her work however fell afoul of the presiding Nazi regime who thought she was an enemy of the state and that is what led to her untimely demise after being subjected to intense torture at one of the many infamous concentration camps meant for Jewish prisoners. However, it is also extremely important to point out that she was not someone who became a philosopher one fine day and became a popular voice. Edith Stein studied at the University of Cologne and received the equivalent of a Ph.D. degree as well before she moved on to the University of Freiberg in an assistants’ role. Her accomplishments are still studied by historians everywhere.

// Famous Intellectuals & Academics

Childhood & Early Life

Edith Stein was born to Siegfried Stein and Auguste Stein in a Jewish family on October 12, 1891, which also happened to be the day of Yom Kippur. She was born in the town of Breslau that was then located in the province of Silesia in Prussia.

Edith Stein was known to be a very gifted student and excelled in all subjects. Stein’s mother Auguste was a progressive individual who encouraged all her 11 children to do well at school and become rational thinkers.

Stein’s father did not live long and her mother was responsible for bringing her up. She took care of her education costs and after she finished high school, she was sent to study at the University of Breslau.

In 1915, Edith Stein’s academic career was interrupted since she had to work as a volunteer for the International Red Cross. She worked as a nurse at a hospital located in Moravia and that experience would go on to have a profound influence on her life.

In 1916, Edith Stein completed her education when he was awarded a doctorate degree in philosophy by University of Freiburg. She was guided by noted philosopher Edmund Husserl through the process and her thesis was titled ‘On the Problem of Empathy’.

Later Life

After receiving her doctoral degree from the University of Freiberg, Stein was employed in the role of a teaching assistant at the same university and was engaged in editing research based papers written by other philosophers.

In 1921, during a holiday to her native Breslau, Edith Stein, who had by then become an atheist, took a liking to Catholicism after reading the autobiography of St. Teresa of Avila. The following year she was baptised.

In 1923, Edith Stein was appointed as a teacher at the Dominican nuns’ school that was located in Speyer. During her eight year stint at the school she translated the works of St. Teresa and also learnt a lot about Catholic philosophy.

After leaving the nuns’ school, Edith Stein joined the Institute of Pedagogy located in Munster as a lecturer in the year 1932. However, her stint at the institute did not last beyond a year due to the anti-Semitic laws passed by the Nazi regime.

In 1934, she joined the Carmelite convent located in Cologne and assumed the name of Teresa Benedicta of the Cross in honour of St. Teresa. There she completed her first famous philosophical treatise named ‘Finite and Eternal Being.’ After four years, she was transferred to a branch of the Carmelite convent in the Netherlands following growing Nazi intolerance.

She worked on many more philosophical works during her time in Netherland but in 1942 she was taken to Auschwitz by the Gestapo and that is how her career finally came to an unfortunate end.

Major Works

During her time in Echt in Netherlands; Edith Stein wrote her most celebrated philosophical work titled ‘The Science of the Cross’.

Personal Life & Legacy

There is no record of romantic liaison in the life of Edith Stein and she did not have any children. She had immersed herself in philosophical studies and continued to do so for a long as she lived.

While she was working in the Netherlands; the attitude Dutch bishops towards Nazi regime resulted in a backlash that led to the arrest of Edith Stein and her sister Rosa by the German Gestapo. She was taken to Auschwitz and on 9 August, 1942 she was killed in one of the infamous gas chambers.

Edith Stein was beatified as a martyr on May 1, 1987 by Pope John Paul II, and was canonized by him on October 11, 1998 in Vatican City. She is also known as St. Teresa Benedicta of the Cross.

On June 6, 2014, the 70th anniversary of D-Day, Prince Charles dedicated a bell to her at Bayeux Cathedral.

// Famous People Who Died of Assassination

Edith Stein biography timelines

  • // 12th Oct 1891
    Edith Stein was born to Siegfried Stein and Auguste Stein in a Jewish family on October 12, 1891, which also happened to be the day of Yom Kippur. She was born in the town of Breslau that was then located in the province of Silesia in Prussia.
  • // 1915
    In 1915, Edith Stein’s academic career was interrupted since she had to work as a volunteer for the International Red Cross. She worked as a nurse at a hospital located in Moravia and that experience would go on to have a profound influence on her life.
  • // 1916
    In 1916, Edith Stein completed her education when he was awarded a doctorate degree in philosophy by University of Freiburg. She was guided by noted philosopher Edmund Husserl through the process and her thesis was titled ‘On the Problem of Empathy’.
  • // 1921
    In 1921, during a holiday to her native Breslau, Edith Stein, who had by then become an atheist, took a liking to Catholicism after reading the autobiography of St. Teresa of Avila. The following year she was baptised.
  • // 1923
    In 1923, Edith Stein was appointed as a teacher at the Dominican nuns’ school that was located in Speyer. During her eight year stint at the school she translated the works of St. Teresa and also learnt a lot about Catholic philosophy.
  • // 1932
    After leaving the nuns’ school, Edith Stein joined the Institute of Pedagogy located in Munster as a lecturer in the year 1932. However, her stint at the institute did not last beyond a year due to the anti-Semitic laws passed by the Nazi regime.
  • // 1934
    In 1934, she joined the Carmelite convent located in Cologne and assumed the name of Teresa Benedicta of the Cross in honour of St. Teresa. There she completed her first famous philosophical treatise named ‘Finite and Eternal Being.’ After four years, she was transferred to a branch of the Carmelite convent in the Netherlands following growing Nazi intolerance.
  • // 1942
    She worked on many more philosophical works during her time in Netherland but in 1942 she was taken to Auschwitz by the Gestapo and that is how her career finally came to an unfortunate end.
  • // 9th Aug 1942
    While she was working in the Netherlands; the attitude Dutch bishops towards Nazi regime resulted in a backlash that led to the arrest of Edith Stein and her sister Rosa by the German Gestapo. She was taken to Auschwitz and on 9 August, 1942 she was killed in one of the infamous gas chambers.

// Libra Celebrities

Edith Stein's FAQ

  • What is Edith Stein birthday?

    Edith Stein was born at 1891-10-12

  • When was Edith Stein died?

    Edith Stein was died at 1942-08-09

  • Where was Edith Stein died?

    Edith Stein was died in Auschwitz concentration camp

  • Which age was Edith Stein died?

    Edith Stein was died at age 50

  • Where is Edith Stein's birth place?

    Edith Stein was born in Wrocław

  • What is Edith Stein nationalities?

    Edith Stein's nationalities is German

  • What was Edith Stein universities?

    Edith Stein studied at University of Göttingen, University of Wrocław, University of Freiburg

  • What is Edith Stein's cause of dead?

    Edith Stein dead because of Assassination

  • What is Edith Stein's religion?

    Edith Stein's religion is Catholicism, Christianity, Judaism

  • Who is Edith Stein's father?

    Edith Stein's father is Emmanuel Charles McCarthy

  • What is Edith Stein's sun sign?

    Edith Stein is Libra

  • How famous is Edith Stein?

    Edith Stein is famouse as Philosopher