Augustus Pitt Rivers - Father of British Archaeology, Birthday and Childhood

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Augustus Pitt Rivers's Personal Details

Augustus Pitt Rivers was an English army officer and archaeologist, often called the “father of British archaeology”

InformationDetail
BirthdayApril 14, 1827
Died onMay 4, 1900
NationalityBritish
FamousFather of British Archaeology, Miscellaneous
Universities
  • Royal Military Academy Sandhurst
Birth PlaceBramham cum Oglethorpe
GenderMale
Sun SignAries
Born inBramham cum Oglethorpe
Famous asFather of British Archaeology
Died at Age73

// Famous Father of British Archaeology

Augustus Pitt Rivers's photo

Who is Augustus Pitt Rivers?

Augustus Pitt Rivers was an English army officer and archaeologist, often called the “father of British archaeology”. He played a major role in the progress of archaeology and ethnology and is credited to have introduced several innovations in archeological methodology. He also brought about notable changes in the manner of displaying archaeological and ethnological collections. Born in a wealthy family in Yorkshire, he chose to pursue a career in the army when he grew up. He enrolled in the Royal Military College at Sandhurst but stayed there only for a very short time. He was commissioned into the Grenadier Guards as an ensign and this marked the beginning of his long and successful career as a military man. Over the course of his military career he developed an interest in ethnology and archaeology during his overseas postings. He was deeply influenced by the evolutionary writings of Charles Darwin and Herbert Spencer, and went on to develop the idea of typology, i.e. the classification of artefacts in a chronological sequence. As luck would have it, he inherited vast estates which contained many archaeological sites and following his retirement from the army, he embarked on a series of excavations of prehistoric, Roman, and Saxon sites on the estates. He was very meticulous in his work and is considered to be the first scientific archaeologist to work in Britain

// Famous Miscellaneous

Childhood & Early Life

He was born as Augustus Henry Lane-Fox on 14 April 1827, in Yorkshire, as the son of William Lane-Fox and Lady Caroline Douglas. His uncles George Douglas, 17th Earl of Morton, George Lane-Fox and Sackville Lane-Fox were prominent personalities. He hailed from an upper-class family.

The details regarding his early education are not clear though it is believed that he was educated by private tutors at home and was taught subjects that included Latin and Greek.

He then enrolled at the Royal military College at Sandhurst though he spent less than a year at the college.

Career

Augustus Pitt Rivers was commissioned into the Grenadier Guards on 16 May 1845 as an ensign. This marked the beginning of what would be a 32-year long military career.

Over the course of his army career he bought most of his ranks. In 1850 he bought a promotion to Captain and was promoted to the brevet rank of lieutenant-colonel of the army "for distinguished Service in the Field" during the Crimean War.

In 1851, he became a member of the committee that was involved in the testing of rifled weapons. He was assigned the responsibility of instructing the 2nd Battalion of the Grenadier Guards in the use of the new Minié rifle in 1852 and was sent to France, Belgium and Piedmont (Italy) to study their methods of musketry instruction.

In 1853, Lane-Fox played a pivotal role in the establishment of the new School of Musketry at Hythe in Kent and became its principle instructor, revising its ‘Instruction of Musketry Manuel’.

In 1857, he bought the rank of lieutenant-colonel in the Grenadier Guards, and in 1867, he was promoted as colonel.

He retired from his army career in 1882 and was accorded the honorary rank of Lt General.

He became inclined towards archaeology and ethnology in the 1850s while he was posted overseas. He became a noted scientist and was elected to the Ethnological Society of London (1861), the Society of Antiquaries of London (1864) and the Anthropological Society of London (1865).

In 1880, Lane-Fox inherited an estate of more than 32000 acres in Cranborne Chase from his cousin, Horace Pitt-Rivers, and was required to adopt the surname Pitt Rivers as part of the bequest. Even though he had developed an interest in archeology while he was still serving in the army, this inheritance gave him the opportunity to explore his passion further as the estates were a treasure-house of archaeological material from the Roman and Saxon periods.

Over the following years, he embarked on a series of excavations and became famous for his meticulous approach to the collection and display of archaeological material. He insisted that all artefacts, not just beautiful or unique ones, should be collected and catalogued. Because of his methodical approach to excavations and archaeology, he is credited to have been the first scientific archaeologist to work in Britain.

Pitt Rivers became Britain’s first Inspector of Ancient Monuments after the passing of Sir John Lubbock's 1882 Ancient Monuments Act. He was assigned the responsibility of cataloguing archaeological sites and protecting them from destruction. Even though he was very dedicated towards his profession, his work was hampered by the limitations of law.

He was made the High Sheriff of Dorset in 1884.

Personal Life & Legacy

In February 1853, Pitt Rivers married Alice Stanley, daughter of the politician Edward Stanley, and women's education campaigner Henrietta Stanley. Alice’s parents were initially opposed to the match though they eventually relented. The couple had nine children who survived to adulthood and they remained married for 47 years until Pitt Rivers died in 1900.

Pitt Rivers died on 4 May 1900, aged 73, in Rushmore Estate, Wiltshire. He had always been an advocate for cremation even at a time when such a practice was illegal in England. His body was cremated after his death according to his wishes.

// Aries Celebrities

Augustus Pitt Rivers biography timelines

  • // 14th Apr 1827
    He was born as Augustus Henry Lane-Fox on 14 April 1827, in Yorkshire, as the son of William Lane-Fox and Lady Caroline Douglas. His uncles George Douglas, 17th Earl of Morton, George Lane-Fox and Sackville Lane-Fox were prominent personalities. He hailed from an upper-class family.
  • // 16th May 1845
    Augustus Pitt Rivers was commissioned into the Grenadier Guards on 16 May 1845 as an ensign. This marked the beginning of what would be a 32-year long military career.
  • // 1850
    Over the course of his army career he bought most of his ranks. In 1850 he bought a promotion to Captain and was promoted to the brevet rank of lieutenant-colonel of the army "for distinguished Service in the Field" during the Crimean War.
  • // 1851 To 1852
    In 1851, he became a member of the committee that was involved in the testing of rifled weapons. He was assigned the responsibility of instructing the 2nd Battalion of the Grenadier Guards in the use of the new Minié rifle in 1852 and was sent to France, Belgium and Piedmont (Italy) to study their methods of musketry instruction.
  • // 1853
    In 1853, Lane-Fox played a pivotal role in the establishment of the new School of Musketry at Hythe in Kent and became its principle instructor, revising its ‘Instruction of Musketry Manuel’.
  • // Feb 1853 To 1900
    In February 1853, Pitt Rivers married Alice Stanley, daughter of the politician Edward Stanley, and women's education campaigner Henrietta Stanley. Alice’s parents were initially opposed to the match though they eventually relented. The couple had nine children who survived to adulthood and they remained married for 47 years until Pitt Rivers died in 1900.
  • // 1857 To 1867
    In 1857, he bought the rank of lieutenant-colonel in the Grenadier Guards, and in 1867, he was promoted as colonel.
  • // 1861
    He became inclined towards archaeology and ethnology in the 1850s while he was posted overseas. He became a noted scientist and was elected to the Ethnological Society of London (1861), the Society of Antiquaries of London (1864) and the Anthropological Society of London (1865).
  • // 1880
    In 1880, Lane-Fox inherited an estate of more than 32000 acres in Cranborne Chase from his cousin, Horace Pitt-Rivers, and was required to adopt the surname Pitt Rivers as part of the bequest. Even though he had developed an interest in archeology while he was still serving in the army, this inheritance gave him the opportunity to explore his passion further as the estates were a treasure-house of archaeological material from the Roman and Saxon periods.
  • // 1882
    He retired from his army career in 1882 and was accorded the honorary rank of Lt General.
  • // 1882
    Pitt Rivers became Britain’s first Inspector of Ancient Monuments after the passing of Sir John Lubbock's 1882 Ancient Monuments Act. He was assigned the responsibility of cataloguing archaeological sites and protecting them from destruction. Even though he was very dedicated towards his profession, his work was hampered by the limitations of law.
  • // 1884
    He was made the High Sheriff of Dorset in 1884.
  • // 4th May 1900
    Pitt Rivers died on 4 May 1900, aged 73, in Rushmore Estate, Wiltshire. He had always been an advocate for cremation even at a time when such a practice was illegal in England. His body was cremated after his death according to his wishes.

// Famous British

Augustus Pitt Rivers's FAQ

  • What is Augustus Pitt Rivers birthday?

    Augustus Pitt Rivers was born at 1827-04-14

  • When was Augustus Pitt Rivers died?

    Augustus Pitt Rivers was died at 1900-05-04

  • Where was Augustus Pitt Rivers died?

    Augustus Pitt Rivers was died in Wiltshire

  • Which age was Augustus Pitt Rivers died?

    Augustus Pitt Rivers was died at age 73

  • Where is Augustus Pitt Rivers's birth place?

    Augustus Pitt Rivers was born in Bramham cum Oglethorpe

  • What is Augustus Pitt Rivers nationalities?

    Augustus Pitt Rivers's nationalities is British

  • What was Augustus Pitt Rivers universities?

    Augustus Pitt Rivers studied at Royal Military Academy Sandhurst

  • What is Augustus Pitt Rivers's sun sign?

    Augustus Pitt Rivers is Aries

  • How famous is Augustus Pitt Rivers?

    Augustus Pitt Rivers is famouse as Father of British Archaeology