Anatole France

Anatole France - Writers, Career and Life

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Anatole France's Personal Details

Anatole France was a Nobel Prize winning writer and critic of French origin

InformationDetail
BirthdayApril 16, 1844
Died onOctober 12, 1924
NationalityFrench
FamousNobel Laureates In Literature, Writers, Novelists
City/StateParis
SpousesEmma Laprévotte (m. 1920–1924), Valerie Guérin de Sauville (m. 1877–1893)
ChildrensSuzanne
Birth PlaceParis, France
ReligionAtheist
GenderMale
FatherFrancois Noel Thibault
MotherAntoinette Galas
Sun SignAries
Born inParis, France
Famous asWriter
Died at Age80

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Anatole France's photo

Who is Anatole France?

Anatole France is the pseudonym of Francois-Anatole Thibault, a much celebrated novelist and critic of his times. His father was a bookseller and young Anatole spent most of his time around books; books were what he loved the most in the world. He is known to the world primarily as a poet and a novelist, but there are several other literary genres that he covered. He wrote novels, poems, social criticisms, memoirs, and plays. He began his literary career as a journalist writing articles and notices, before moving on to publishing his poems. Known for his irony and skepticism, he had been criticized by some of his detractors for being ‘vulgar’. His writings are categorized under mainstream French Classicism that continued in the tradition of the eighteenth century French literature. He found his first big success with ‘Le Crime de Sylvestre Bonnard’ a novel for which he won a prize from the Academie Francaise. He had an active interest in politics and participated in the Dreyfus Affair in support of Alfred Dreyfus, an army officer falsely accused of espionage. This incident became the base for his novel, ‘Monsieur Bergeret’. His other famous works include ‘L’lle des Pingouins’ and ‘Les dieux ont soif’. He won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1921 for his brilliant literary achievements.

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Childhood & Early Life

Anatole France was born in Paris. His father owned a bookstore that specialized in books on the French Revolution. He developed a deep love for books as he spent his early life around them.

He attended a private catholic school, the College Stanislas, in Paris. He also studied at the Ecole des Chartes. His school education is believed to have influenced his decision to pursue a literary career.

Career

He began his career by helping his father in running his bookstore. Later on he worked as a cataloguer at Bacheline-Deflorenne. During this time he also began to concentrate on writing.

His first published work was the poem ‘Les Legions de Varus’ which appeared in the Gazette rimee in 1867.

Two volumes of his poetry, ‘Poemes dores’ and ‘Les Noces corinthiennes’ were published in 1873 and 1876 respectively.

He secured the position of a librarian for the French Senate in 1876 and served there till 1890.

He moved on to fiction with his first novel, ‘Jocaste et Le Chat maigre’ in 1879.

It was his 1881 novel ‘Le Crime de Sylvestre Bonnard’ which established his reputation as a serious novelist. The personality of the protagonist, Sylvester Bonnard, a scholar, was modeled on the personality of the author himself.

Over the next few years he went on to publish novels such as ‘Les Desirs de Jean Servien’ (1882), ‘Abeille’ (1883) and ‘Balthasar’ (1889).

He published his first memoir, ‘Le Livre de mon ami’ in 1885.

The 1890s were the most productive years of the prolific novelist. He wrote many books over the decade, the best known of which are: ‘L’Etuide nacre’ (1892), ‘Le Lys rouge’ (1894), ‘L’Orme du mail’ (1897), and ‘L’Anneau d’amethyste’ (1899).

His 1901 novel ‘Monsieur Bergeret’ was based on the Dreyfus Affair in which France had also taken part. In the Dreyfus incident, a Jewish army officer, Alfred Dreyfus, had been falsely accused of a crime he did not commit.

He wrote a play, ‘Crainquebille’ in 1903, and the same year he brought out the novel, ‘Histoire comique’. They were followed by his ‘Sur la pierre blanche’ in 1905.

The novel ‘L’lle des Pingouins’, which literally means Penguin Island, is a satirized fiction published in 1908. It was one of his best known books.

In 1912, his novel ‘Les Dieux ont soif’, a fictional tale set during the French Revolution was published. In this book he describes the horrors of the Reign of Terror in Paris.

In addition to novels and poems, he also wrote several pieces of literary as well as social criticism.

Major Works

His satirical novel, ‘L’lle des Pingouins’ (1908) tells the story of a Christian missionary who accidentally baptizes penguins thereby creating a problem for the God who only allows humans to be baptized.

One of France’s most intense novels is ‘Les dieux ont soif’ (1912), literally translated as ‘The Gods are Thirsty’. In the story set during the French revolution, the author vividly describes the tale of a young painter during the Reign of Terror in Paris.

‘La Revolte des Anges’ (1914) is regarded as one of his best works. It is about the story of Maurice and his guardian angel Arcade who joins hands with other angels in order to revolt against, and overthrow God.

Awards & Achievements

He received a prize from the Academie Francaise for his novel ‘Le Crime de Sylvestre Bonnard’ (1881).

He was awarded The Nobel Prize in Literature in 1921 "in recognition of his brilliant literary achievements, characterized as they are by a nobility of style, a profound human sympathy, grace, and a true Gallic temperament".

Personal Life & Legacy

He married Valeria Guerin de Sauville in 1877 and had a daughter with her. In spite of being married he used to have numerous relations with other women which ultimately led to the breakup of his marriage.

His popular lovers include Madame Arman de Caillavet and Mme Gagey.

He tied the nuptial knot again in 1920 with Emma Laprevotte.

He lived a long and productive life, and died at the age of 80 in 1924.

Trivia

The English writer George Orwell was a big admirer of this French writer.

He was criticized for his lack of creativity and originality by some critics.

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Anatole France's awards

YearNameAward

Other

01921 - Nobel Prize in Literature

Anatole France biography timelines

  • // 16th Apr 1844
    Anatole France was born in Paris. His father owned a bookstore that specialized in books on the French Revolution. He developed a deep love for books as he spent his early life around them.
  • // 1867
    His first published work was the poem ‘Les Legions de Varus’ which appeared in the Gazette rimee in 1867.
  • // 1876 To 1890
    He secured the position of a librarian for the French Senate in 1876 and served there till 1890.
  • // 1877
    He married Valeria Guerin de Sauville in 1877 and had a daughter with her. In spite of being married he used to have numerous relations with other women which ultimately led to the breakup of his marriage.
  • // 1879
    He moved on to fiction with his first novel, ‘Jocaste et Le Chat maigre’ in 1879.
  • // 1881
    It was his 1881 novel ‘Le Crime de Sylvestre Bonnard’ which established his reputation as a serious novelist. The personality of the protagonist, Sylvester Bonnard, a scholar, was modeled on the personality of the author himself.
  • // 1881
    He received a prize from the Academie Francaise for his novel ‘Le Crime de Sylvestre Bonnard’ (1881).
  • // 1882 To 1889
    Over the next few years he went on to publish novels such as ‘Les Desirs de Jean Servien’ (1882), ‘Abeille’ (1883) and ‘Balthasar’ (1889).
  • // 1885
    He published his first memoir, ‘Le Livre de mon ami’ in 1885.
  • // 1892 To 1899
    The 1890s were the most productive years of the prolific novelist. He wrote many books over the decade, the best known of which are: ‘L’Etuide nacre’ (1892), ‘Le Lys rouge’ (1894), ‘L’Orme du mail’ (1897), and ‘L’Anneau d’amethyste’ (1899).
  • // 1901
    His 1901 novel ‘Monsieur Bergeret’ was based on the Dreyfus Affair in which France had also taken part. In the Dreyfus incident, a Jewish army officer, Alfred Dreyfus, had been falsely accused of a crime he did not commit.
  • // 1908
    The novel ‘L’lle des Pingouins’, which literally means Penguin Island, is a satirized fiction published in 1908. It was one of his best known books.
  • // 1912
    In 1912, his novel ‘Les Dieux ont soif’, a fictional tale set during the French Revolution was published. In this book he describes the horrors of the Reign of Terror in Paris.
  • // 1914
    ‘La Revolte des Anges’ (1914) is regarded as one of his best works. It is about the story of Maurice and his guardian angel Arcade who joins hands with other angels in order to revolt against, and overthrow God.
  • // 1920
    He tied the nuptial knot again in 1920 with Emma Laprevotte.
  • // 1921
    He was awarded The Nobel Prize in Literature in 1921 "in recognition of his brilliant literary achievements, characterized as they are by a nobility of style, a profound human sympathy, grace, and a true Gallic temperament".
  • // 12th Oct 1924
    He lived a long and productive life, and died at the age of 80 in 1924.

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Anatole France's FAQ

  • What is Anatole France birthday?

    Anatole France was born at 1844-04-16

  • When was Anatole France died?

    Anatole France was died at 1924-10-12

  • Where was Anatole France died?

    Anatole France was died in Tours, France

  • Which age was Anatole France died?

    Anatole France was died at age 80

  • Where is Anatole France's birth place?

    Anatole France was born in Paris, France

  • What is Anatole France nationalities?

    Anatole France's nationalities is French

  • Who is Anatole France spouses?

    Anatole France's spouses is Emma Laprévotte (m. 1920–1924), Valerie Guérin de Sauville (m. 1877–1893)

  • Who is Anatole France childrens?

    Anatole France's childrens is Suzanne

  • What is Anatole France's religion?

    Anatole France's religion is Atheist

  • Who is Anatole France's father?

    Anatole France's father is Francois Noel Thibault

  • Who is Anatole France's mother?

    Anatole France's mother is Antoinette Galas

  • What is Anatole France's sun sign?

    Anatole France is Aries

  • How famous is Anatole France?

    Anatole France is famouse as Writer