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Adam Smith's Personal Details

Adam Smith was a Scottish Philosopher and Political Economist

InformationDetail
BirthdayJune 16, 1723
Died onJuly 17, 1790
NationalityScottish
FamousEconomists, Philosophers, Fordham University, University Of Edinburgh, Intellectuals & Academics, Philosophers, Economists, INTP
Universities
  • Fordham University,University Of Edinburgh
  • Kirkcaldy High School (1729 – 1737)
  • Balliol College
  • University of Glasgow
  • University of Edinburgh
  • University of Oxford
Notable Alumnis
  • Fordham University
  • University Of Edinburgh
Founder / Co-Founder
  • Royal Society of Edinburgh
Birth PlaceKirkcaldy, Scotland
GenderMale
FatherAdam Smith
MotherMargaret Douglas
Sun SignGemini
Born inKirkcaldy, Scotland
Famous asEconomist and Philosopher
Died at Age67

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Adam Smith's photo

Who is Adam Smith?

Adam Smith was a pioneer of political economy and a thinker of modern economics. Due to his extensive work in economics and for being the most influential thinkers in modern economics, Smith was accorded the title of ‘Father of Modern Economics’. He is mostly known for his book on ‘The Wealth of Nations’ which has become the Bible of Capitalism. Although he was born in a small village, his oratory and writing skills were instantly recognised by his mother early on and she took every step to ensure he was given the best education possible. His mother became the most influential person in his life. Smith’s behavioural traits and demeanour was quite unusual. He was one of the most eccentric and outlandish personalities ever. He has been caught doing the most bizarre, weird and uncanny things possible like making a weird concoction of bread butter and tea and drinking them all up. In another instance, he went on an aimless walk in his nightgown for about 15 miles before some church bells brought him back to reality. Smith is also known for his benevolence and generous traits. During one instance when he resigned from teaching abruptly he was generous enough to return the fees to his students. However, his students refused to take it. This and more made Smith a very interesting personality.

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Childhood & Early Life

Smith was born in Kirkcaldy, Scotland. His namesake father was by profession an advocate, solicitor and prosecutor. He also served as a Comptroller for a brief period. Unfortunately, Smith lost his dad two months after his birth.

Loss of his father brought Smith very close to his mother Margaret Douglas, who was the daughter of the landed Robert Douglas of Strathedry.

Smith’s birth date is often taken as the day on which he was baptized. The reason behind this is not very clear. It is also believed that he was abducted by some gypsies when he was a kid and later released.

Smith’s mother had a great influence on his education. He went to the best schools of Scotland –Burgh School of Kirkcaldy where he learnt writing, mathematics and history.

He later studied Philosophy from University of Glasgow when he turned fourteen. It was here Smith got to hone his skills in free speech. He also attended Balliol College at Oxford to study European literature. At Oxford he became the first student to benefit from the scholarship offered by fellow Scot, John Snell.

Career

Soon after Smith finished graduation, a series of Public Lectures delivered by him at Edinburgh led him to collaborate with philosopher David Hume during the Scottish Enlightenment in 1750. Smith shared a very close intellectual bond with Hume and they wrote on politics, history, religion and economics.

Smith became a Professor of Moral Philosophy at Glasgow in 1751. He wrote his Classic ‘Theory of Moral Sentiments’ around this time.

He was elected as a member of Philosophical Society of Edinburgh in 1752. Smith spent the next thirteen years as an academic which he recalled as his best years.

In 1763, Smith resigned from his professorship to tutor Henry Scott’s step son. Henry Scott was introduced to Smith through David Hume.

He was elected fellow of the Royal Society of London and was elected as a member of the Literary Club in 1775. The ‘Wealth of Nations’ was published the next year and it became an instant success.

In 1788, Smith returned to France where his mother was living and he was appointed as Commissioner of Customs.

Between 1787 and 1789, he was given the position of Lord Rector of the University of Glasgow.

Major Works

During Smith’s Professorship at Glasgow, he wrote and published one of his Classics ‘The Theory of Moral Sentiments’. He wrote this in 1759. The book laid emphasis on how mutual sympathy was the basis of moral sentiments.

His best-seller ‘The ‘Wealth of Nations’ which was published in 1776 was a powerful and very influential book. This book central theme lay on the role of self-interest.

Awards & Achievements

Smith was conferred with the title of ‘Father of Modern Economics’

His magnum opus ‘An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations’, more popularly known as the ‘The Wealth of Nations’ was named among the 100 Best Scottish Books of all time. The book came to be known as the first modern work of economics. This book has had its influence on many a people including Former U.K. Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher who is known to carry this in her hand bag all the time.

Personal Life & Legacy

Smith never married in his life. He was very close to his mother. His mother died six years before his own death.

Smith died after a painful illness and was buried in Canongate Kirkyard.

On his death bed, he was believed to have regretted that he had not achieved enough. As a last wish he wanted his personal papers to be destroyed after his death.

Trivia

Smith was believed to have a habit of talking to himself, a habit he picked up in his childhood. And on several occasions he was caught smiling at invisible companions.

He also used to imagine that he was unwell, although he was medically completely fit. He experienced bouts of imaginary illness.

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Adam Smith biography timelines

  • // 16th Jun 1723
    Smith was born in Kirkcaldy, Scotland. His namesake father was by profession an advocate, solicitor and prosecutor. He also served as a Comptroller for a brief period. Unfortunately, Smith lost his dad two months after his birth.
  • // 1750
    Soon after Smith finished graduation, a series of Public Lectures delivered by him at Edinburgh led him to collaborate with philosopher David Hume during the Scottish Enlightenment in 1750. Smith shared a very close intellectual bond with Hume and they wrote on politics, history, religion and economics.
  • // 1751
    Smith became a Professor of Moral Philosophy at Glasgow in 1751. He wrote his Classic ‘Theory of Moral Sentiments’ around this time.
  • // 1752
    He was elected as a member of Philosophical Society of Edinburgh in 1752. Smith spent the next thirteen years as an academic which he recalled as his best years.
  • // 1759
    During Smith’s Professorship at Glasgow, he wrote and published one of his Classics ‘The Theory of Moral Sentiments’. He wrote this in 1759. The book laid emphasis on how mutual sympathy was the basis of moral sentiments.
  • // 1763
    In 1763, Smith resigned from his professorship to tutor Henry Scott’s step son. Henry Scott was introduced to Smith through David Hume.
  • // 1775
    He was elected fellow of the Royal Society of London and was elected as a member of the Literary Club in 1775. The ‘Wealth of Nations’ was published the next year and it became an instant success.
  • // 1776
    His best-seller ‘The ‘Wealth of Nations’ which was published in 1776 was a powerful and very influential book. This book central theme lay on the role of self-interest.
  • // 1788
    In 1788, Smith returned to France where his mother was living and he was appointed as Commissioner of Customs.
  • // 17th Jul 1790
    Smith died after a painful illness and was buried in Canongate Kirkyard.

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Adam Smith's FAQ

  • What is Adam Smith birthday?

    Adam Smith was born at 1723-06-16

  • When was Adam Smith died?

    Adam Smith was died at 1790-07-17

  • Where was Adam Smith died?

    Adam Smith was died in Edinburgh

  • Which age was Adam Smith died?

    Adam Smith was died at age 67

  • Where is Adam Smith's birth place?

    Adam Smith was born in Kirkcaldy, Scotland

  • What is Adam Smith nationalities?

    Adam Smith's nationalities is Scottish

  • What was Adam Smith universities?

    Adam Smith studied at Fordham University,University Of Edinburgh, Kirkcaldy High School (1729 – 1737), Balliol College, University of Glasgow, University of Edinburgh, University of Oxford

  • What was Adam Smith notable alumnis?

    Adam Smith's notable alumnis is Fordham University, University Of Edinburgh

  • Which company or organization was founded by Adam Smith?

    Adam Smith was the founder/co-founder of Royal Society of Edinburgh

  • Who is Adam Smith's father?

    Adam Smith's father is Adam Smith

  • Who is Adam Smith's mother?

    Adam Smith's mother is Margaret Douglas

  • What is Adam Smith's sun sign?

    Adam Smith is Gemini

  • How famous is Adam Smith?

    Adam Smith is famouse as Economist and Philosopher