Stanley Baldwin - Former British Prime Minister, Life Achievements and Family

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Stanley Baldwin's Personal Details

Stanley Baldwin was a British Conservative Politician and three times Prime Minister of Great Britain

InformationDetail
BirthdayAugust 3, 1867
Died onDecember 14, 1947
NationalityBritish
FamousFormer British Prime Minister, Trinity College, Cambridge, Leaders, Political Leaders, Prime Ministers
HobbiesSports, Games
SpousesCountess Baldwin of Bewdley, Lucy Baldwin
Childrens 2nd Earl Baldwin of Bewdley, 3rd Earl Baldwin of Bewdley, Arthur Baldwin, Oliver Baldwin
Universities
  • Trinity College, Cambridge
  • Trinity College
  • Cambridge
  • Harrow School
  • Mason Science College
Notable Alumnis
  • Trinity College
  • Cambridge
Birth PlaceBewdley
Political IdeologyPolitical party - Conservative
ReligionAnglicanism, Church of England
GenderMale
FatherAlfred Baldwin
Sun SignLeo
Born inBewdley
Famous asFormer British Prime Minister
Died at Age80

// Famous Former British Prime Minister

Stanley Baldwin's photo

Who is Stanley Baldwin?

Stanley Baldwin, 1st Earl Baldwin of Bewdley, KG PC FRS was a British Conservative Politician who served as the Prime Minister three times between 1923 and 1937. He headed the government between the two world wars, during the General Strike of 1926 and the abdication crisis of 1936. Baldwin hailed from a family of wealthy industrialists and he helped his father create what was one of Britain’s largest iron and steel firms, Baldwins Ltd. His mother’s family had artistic and literary interests and she was the first cousin of the writer and poet Rudyard Kipling. Baldwin didn’t possess any political cunning but he made up for it through his values of probity, charity and conciliation, which easily struck chords with the British public. The image that he has left behind is that of an avuncular figure and the epitome of British middle-class moderation against a turbulent and menacing European world. He wasn’t designated or popular as a great thinker as he had to share the stage with the likes of Lloyd George, Winston Churchill and Neville Chamberlain, but he was adept in acting decisively like in the passing of the 1936 Public Order Act

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Childhood & Early Life

Stanley Baldwin was born on August 3, 1867 in Worcestershire, England, to Alfred Baldwin and Louisa Baldwin. His family owned iron and steel making business.

He received his schooling from St. Michael’s and the Harrow School and then went onto the Trinity College, University of Cambridge to study history. He was in the college’s debate team (Magpie & Stup), but was asked to resign as he never spoke up and he returned home with a third-class degree.

At home he began helping in the family business and then attended Mason College (now University of Birmingham) for a while.

He was a Second Lieutenant at Malvern’s Artillery Volunteers in his teens and in 1897 he became Worcestershire County’s Justice of the Peace.

Career

In 1908, Stanley Baldwin was elected as the Conservative Member of Parliament (MP) for Bewdley, a post previously held by his father.

He became the Parliamentary Private Secretary to the party leader Andrew Bonar Law during the First World War and in 1917 he was named the Financial Secretary to the Treasury. In this position he did tremendous work to arrange funds for repaying UK’s war debt.

In the 1920 Birthday Honors he was elevated to the Privy Council and a year later he was promoted to the Cabinet as President of the Board of Trade.

At a meeting of Conservative MPs Stanley Baldwin expressed his views that the party’s coalition with Liberal David George was bringing nothing but bad news for the party and soon the coalition was broken. The Conservative party, now in dearth of Cabinet ministers, promoted Baldwin to the Chancellor of the Exchequer.

The Conservative Party won the 1922 general elections and Andrew Law became the Prime Minister, but within a year he was diagnosed with terminal cancer and he retired. The two available options to succeed Law were Lord Curzon and Stanley Baldwin, a choice that fell upon King George V, who chose Baldwin

Stanley Baldwin became the Prime Minister for the first time in 1923 and called a general election to seek approval and support for the government’s plans to introduce protective tariffs and trade protection in order to reduce unemployment. He failed to retain a majority and Ramsay Macdonald’s first labor government came to power.

For the next 10 months, Baldwin supported MacDonald’s government on a couple of issues, but decided to vote against them over the Russian treaties. In the 1924 general elections the Conservatives won with a huge majority and Baldwin became the Prime Minister again.

In order to find a solution to the nation-wide problem of electricity he created a committee which was headed by Lord Weir. The remedy provided was the creation of the Central Electricity Board, which successfully increased the output and number of consumers and decreased the generating costs.

During his term, came the Widows, Orphans and Old Age Contributory Pensions Act of 1925. The act provided a pension of 10 shillings a week for widows, and more if they had children, and 10 shillings a week for insured workers and their wives at 65 years of age.

Under his tenure the government even endured the General Strike of 1926 which created pandemonium in the UK. A year later he passed the Trade Disputes Act which made general strikes illegal.

The 1929 general elections were won by the Labor party and Baldwin endured a severe party crisis, with attempts to force his resignation as party leader. In 1931 he returned to the government as a member of Ramsey’s National Coalition and in 1935 he became the PM again when Ramsey resigned.

In 1936 King Edward VIII expressed his wish to marry the divorcee Wallis Simpson. This was unacceptable to the royal family and the king was given the choice of renouncing her or abdicating the throne. He chose to abdicate in December 1936. Baldwin’s management of this abdication crisis was highly praised and he regained his popularity.

King Edward VIII was succeeded by his brother, George VI and after his coronation Baldwin announced his retirement. His last act was raising the salaries of MPs and also giving the leader of opposition a salary.

Major Works

Stanley Baldwin’s political career had several highlights. He was given credit for sustaining the government peacefully and successfully through the turbulent times of the 1926 General Strike and a year later when the government passed the 1927 Trades Disputes Act to restrict the interference of the power unions.

The work that let him bid a happy adieu was the successful abdication of King Edward. The king wished to marry Wallis Simpson, a woman thoroughly despised by Baldwin and distrusted by the government. Even the citizens wouldn’t have tolerated a 2-time divorced woman as their queen. Baldwin understood the dicey equation and asked the king to chose the path that would rebuild the constitutional integrity and love for the king or quit the throne altogether. This bold and outright proclamation raised the status of Baldwin amongst the citizens.

Awards & Achievements

After retirement, Stanley Baldwin was created Earl Baldwin of Bewdley and Viscount Corvedale, of Corvedale in the county of Shropshire and was created a Knight of the Garter (KG).

Personal Life & Legacy

Stanley Baldwin married Lucy Ridsdale on September 12, 1892 and together they had six children, Diana Lucy, Leonara Stanley, Pamela Margaret, Oliver Ridsdale, Esthera Louisa and Arthur Windham.

He passed away in his sleep at Astley Hall in Worcestershire on December 14, 1947 and was cremated at the Golders Green Crematorium.

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Stanley Baldwin biography timelines

  • // 3rd Aug 1867
    Stanley Baldwin was born on August 3, 1867 in Worcestershire, England, to Alfred Baldwin and Louisa Baldwin. His family owned iron and steel making business.
  • // 12th Sep 1892
    Stanley Baldwin married Lucy Ridsdale on September 12, 1892 and together they had six children, Diana Lucy, Leonara Stanley, Pamela Margaret, Oliver Ridsdale, Esthera Louisa and Arthur Windham.
  • // 1897
    He was a Second Lieutenant at Malvern’s Artillery Volunteers in his teens and in 1897 he became Worcestershire County’s Justice of the Peace.
  • // 1908
    In 1908, Stanley Baldwin was elected as the Conservative Member of Parliament (MP) for Bewdley, a post previously held by his father.
  • // 1917
    He became the Parliamentary Private Secretary to the party leader Andrew Bonar Law during the First World War and in 1917 he was named the Financial Secretary to the Treasury. In this position he did tremendous work to arrange funds for repaying UK’s war debt.
  • // 1920
    In the 1920 Birthday Honors he was elevated to the Privy Council and a year later he was promoted to the Cabinet as President of the Board of Trade.
  • // 1922
    The Conservative Party won the 1922 general elections and Andrew Law became the Prime Minister, but within a year he was diagnosed with terminal cancer and he retired. The two available options to succeed Law were Lord Curzon and Stanley Baldwin, a choice that fell upon King George V, who chose Baldwin
  • // 1923
    Stanley Baldwin became the Prime Minister for the first time in 1923 and called a general election to seek approval and support for the government’s plans to introduce protective tariffs and trade protection in order to reduce unemployment. He failed to retain a majority and Ramsay Macdonald’s first labor government came to power.
  • // 1924
    For the next 10 months, Baldwin supported MacDonald’s government on a couple of issues, but decided to vote against them over the Russian treaties. In the 1924 general elections the Conservatives won with a huge majority and Baldwin became the Prime Minister again.
  • // 1925
    During his term, came the Widows, Orphans and Old Age Contributory Pensions Act of 1925. The act provided a pension of 10 shillings a week for widows, and more if they had children, and 10 shillings a week for insured workers and their wives at 65 years of age.
  • // 1926
    Under his tenure the government even endured the General Strike of 1926 which created pandemonium in the UK. A year later he passed the Trade Disputes Act which made general strikes illegal.
  • // 1926 To 1927
    Stanley Baldwin’s political career had several highlights. He was given credit for sustaining the government peacefully and successfully through the turbulent times of the 1926 General Strike and a year later when the government passed the 1927 Trades Disputes Act to restrict the interference of the power unions.
  • // 1929 To 1935
    The 1929 general elections were won by the Labor party and Baldwin endured a severe party crisis, with attempts to force his resignation as party leader. In 1931 he returned to the government as a member of Ramsey’s National Coalition and in 1935 he became the PM again when Ramsey resigned.
  • // Dec 1936
    In 1936 King Edward VIII expressed his wish to marry the divorcee Wallis Simpson. This was unacceptable to the royal family and the king was given the choice of renouncing her or abdicating the throne. He chose to abdicate in December 1936. Baldwin’s management of this abdication crisis was highly praised and he regained his popularity.
  • // 14th Dec 1947
    He passed away in his sleep at Astley Hall in Worcestershire on December 14, 1947 and was cremated at the Golders Green Crematorium.

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Stanley Baldwin's FAQ

  • What is Stanley Baldwin birthday?

    Stanley Baldwin was born at 1867-08-03

  • When was Stanley Baldwin died?

    Stanley Baldwin was died at 1947-12-14

  • Where was Stanley Baldwin died?

    Stanley Baldwin was died in Stourport-on-Severn

  • Which age was Stanley Baldwin died?

    Stanley Baldwin was died at age 80

  • Where is Stanley Baldwin's birth place?

    Stanley Baldwin was born in Bewdley

  • What is Stanley Baldwin nationalities?

    Stanley Baldwin's nationalities is British

  • What is Stanley Baldwin hobbies?

    Stanley Baldwin's hobbies is Sports,Games

  • Who is Stanley Baldwin spouses?

    Stanley Baldwin's spouses is Countess Baldwin of Bewdley, Lucy Baldwin

  • Who is Stanley Baldwin childrens?

    Stanley Baldwin's childrens is 2nd Earl Baldwin of Bewdley, 3rd Earl Baldwin of Bewdley, Arthur Baldwin, Oliver Baldwin

  • What was Stanley Baldwin universities?

    Stanley Baldwin studied at Trinity College, Cambridge, Trinity College, Cambridge, Harrow School, Mason Science College

  • What was Stanley Baldwin notable alumnis?

    Stanley Baldwin's notable alumnis is Trinity College, Cambridge

  • What is Stanley Baldwin's political ideology?

    Stanley Baldwin's political ideology is Political party - Conservative

  • What is Stanley Baldwin's religion?

    Stanley Baldwin's religion is Anglicanism, Church of England

  • Who is Stanley Baldwin's father?

    Stanley Baldwin's father is Alfred Baldwin

  • What is Stanley Baldwin's sun sign?

    Stanley Baldwin is Leo

  • How famous is Stanley Baldwin?

    Stanley Baldwin is famouse as Former British Prime Minister