Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex - Political Figure, Family and Family

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Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex's Personal Details

Robert Devereux Essex was the 2nd Earl of Essex, an English soldier and nobleman who was one of the favorites of Queen Elizabeth I.

InformationDetail
BirthdayNovember 10, 1565
Died onFebruary 25, 1601
NationalityBritish
FamousPolitical Figure, Trinity College, Cambridge, Miscellaneous, Soldiers
SpousesFrances Walsingham
SiblingsCountess of Devonshire, Countess of Northumberland, Dorothy Percy, Penelope Blount
Known asRobert, Earl of Essex, Robert Devreux, 2nd Earl of Essex
Childrens 3rd Earl of Essex, Duchess of Somerset, Frances Seymour, Robert Devereux
Universities
  • Trinity College, Cambridge
  • 1583 - Trinity College
  • Cambridge
Notable Alumnis
  • Trinity College
  • Cambridge
Cause of deathExecution
Birth PlaceEngland
GenderMale
FatherWalter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex
MotherLettice Knollys
Sun SignScorpio
Born inEngland
Famous asPolitical figure
Died at Age35

// Famous Political Figure

Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex's photo

Who is Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex?

Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, was an English soldier and nobleman who was one of the favorites of Queen Elizabeth I. But Devereux took the queen’s trust for granted and his later behavior towards her lacked due respect which ended their association in a tragic manner. Born as the son of Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex, he inherited the title of Earl of Essex upon his father’s death, becoming a ward of the powerful Lord Burghley. He first rose to prominence while serving as a cavalry officer against the Spanish in the Netherlands and later replaced his stepfather, Earl of Leicester, as the favorite of Queen Elizabeth I. Essex and Elizabeth had a turbulent relationship and while there were many arguments between them, Essex, with his charming manners ensured that she continued to grant him royal appointments. After serving as the commander of the force which captured Cadiz, he rose to the height of fame and was subsequently appointed to lead a mission against Spain, one that he failed to accomplish. His greatest letdown to the majesty occurred when he was sent on a mission to Ireland to defeat the rebels, but he ruined it with an unfavorable truce that humiliated the queen and the English authorities. Subsequently, he was deprived of his offices and after he tried to seize the power with an abortive coup d'état against the government, he was executed on charges of treason.

// Famous Alumni of Trinity College, Cambridge

Childhood & Early Life

Robert was born on November 10, 1565, at Netherwood, Herefordshire, England, to Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex, and his wife, Lettice Knollys. He was raised on his father's estates at Chartley Castle, Staffordshire, and at Lamphey, Pembrokeshire, in Wales.

Upon his father’s death in 1576, he became the new Earl of Essex and a ward of Lord Burghley. The following year, he was admitted as a fellow-commoner at Trinity College, Cambridge, matriculating in 1579 and later graduating as Master of Arts in 1581.

In 1578, his mother married Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, and thereafter Essex performed military service under his stepfather’s guidance in the Netherlands, before making an impact at English court and winning Queen Elizabeth’s favor.

Career

In 1584, Robert was first introduced to the royal court and over the next three years, he became a favorite of the Queen Elizabeth I who appreciated his dynamic personality and expressiveness.

In 1587, he replaced the Earl of Leicester as the ‘Master of the Horse’. After Leicester's death the following year, he gained control of the late Earl's royal monopoly on sweet wines. Later, the Queen also made him a member of her Privy Council.

In 1589, Essex disobeyed the Queen and took part in Francis Drake's English Armada, an unsuccessful attempt to drive home the English advantage gained by the defeat of the Spanish Armada.

In 1591, he commanded a force sent to assist the Protestant King Henry IV of Navarre in France. Over the next few years, he spent most of his time at court in England, becoming an expert on foreign affairs.

In 1596, he gained reputation as one of the commanders of the force which was successful in defeating the Spanish fleet, destroying 53 merchant vessels and capturing Cadiz. The following year, during the Islands Voyage expedition to the Azores, he defied the Queen's orders and faced defeat, failing to intercept the Spanish battle ships.

In 1599, his greatest failure came when the Queen sent him to Ireland as Lord Lieutenant, a post which he talked himself into. He led the largest ever expeditionary force sent to Ireland with orders to put an end to the rebellion that had risen in the middle of the Nine Years War (1595–1603).

It was expected of his force to crush the rebellion instantly but he failed completely to accomplish the mission. He led an unsuccessful campaign against the rebels and made an unauthorized truce which some considered demeaning to the Queen and the English authorities. Subsequently, he deserted his post and returned to England to justify his decisions privately to the Queen but the damage had already been done.

Upon his return, he faced trial for disobedience by a special council. The Queen deprived him of his offices and placed him under house arrest. Later, he was released but was banned from the court.

With his political career and finances in ruins, he along with his several hundred followers attempted to raise the people of London in revolt against the Queen in February 1601. But the coup to oust the government failed miserably and Essex was forced to surrender.

Personal Life & Legacy

In 1590, he married Frances Walsingham, daughter of Sir Francis Walsingham and widow of Sir Philip Sidney. The couple had several children, three of whom survived into adulthood. Essex also had an illegitimate child with his mistress, Elizabeth Southwell, in 1591.

In February 1601, Robert Devereux Essex was tried before his peers on charges of treason. After being found guilty of treason, he was beheaded on Tower Green on February 25, 1601, and became the last person to be beheaded in the Tower of London.

// Famous Soldiers

Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex biography timelines

  • // 10th Nov 1565
    Robert was born on November 10, 1565, at Netherwood, Herefordshire, England, to Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex, and his wife, Lettice Knollys. He was raised on his father's estates at Chartley Castle, Staffordshire, and at Lamphey, Pembrokeshire, in Wales.
  • // 1576 To 1581
    Upon his father’s death in 1576, he became the new Earl of Essex and a ward of Lord Burghley. The following year, he was admitted as a fellow-commoner at Trinity College, Cambridge, matriculating in 1579 and later graduating as Master of Arts in 1581.
  • // 1578
    In 1578, his mother married Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, and thereafter Essex performed military service under his stepfather’s guidance in the Netherlands, before making an impact at English court and winning Queen Elizabeth’s favor.
  • // 1584
    In 1584, Robert was first introduced to the royal court and over the next three years, he became a favorite of the Queen Elizabeth I who appreciated his dynamic personality and expressiveness.
  • // 1587
    In 1587, he replaced the Earl of Leicester as the ‘Master of the Horse’. After Leicester's death the following year, he gained control of the late Earl's royal monopoly on sweet wines. Later, the Queen also made him a member of her Privy Council.
  • // 1589
    In 1589, Essex disobeyed the Queen and took part in Francis Drake's English Armada, an unsuccessful attempt to drive home the English advantage gained by the defeat of the Spanish Armada.
  • // 1590 To 1591
    In 1590, he married Frances Walsingham, daughter of Sir Francis Walsingham and widow of Sir Philip Sidney. The couple had several children, three of whom survived into adulthood. Essex also had an illegitimate child with his mistress, Elizabeth Southwell, in 1591.
  • // 1591
    In 1591, he commanded a force sent to assist the Protestant King Henry IV of Navarre in France. Over the next few years, he spent most of his time at court in England, becoming an expert on foreign affairs.
  • // 1595
    In 1599, his greatest failure came when the Queen sent him to Ireland as Lord Lieutenant, a post which he talked himself into. He led the largest ever expeditionary force sent to Ireland with orders to put an end to the rebellion that had risen in the middle of the Nine Years War (1595–1603).
  • // 1596
    In 1596, he gained reputation as one of the commanders of the force which was successful in defeating the Spanish fleet, destroying 53 merchant vessels and capturing Cadiz. The following year, during the Islands Voyage expedition to the Azores, he defied the Queen's orders and faced defeat, failing to intercept the Spanish battle ships.
  • // Feb 1601
    With his political career and finances in ruins, he along with his several hundred followers attempted to raise the people of London in revolt against the Queen in February 1601. But the coup to oust the government failed miserably and Essex was forced to surrender.
  • // 25th Feb 1601
    In February 1601, Robert Devereux Essex was tried before his peers on charges of treason. After being found guilty of treason, he was beheaded on Tower Green on February 25, 1601, and became the last person to be beheaded in the Tower of London.

// Famous Miscellaneous

Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex's FAQ

  • What is Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex birthday?

    Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex was born at 1565-11-10

  • When was Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex died?

    Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex was died at 1601-02-25

  • Where was Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex died?

    Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex was died in Tower of London

  • Which age was Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex died?

    Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex was died at age 35

  • Where is Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex's birth place?

    Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex was born in England

  • What is Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex nationalities?

    Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex's nationalities is British

  • Who is Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex spouses?

    Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex's spouses is Frances Walsingham

  • Who is Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex siblings?

    Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex's siblings is Countess of Devonshire, Countess of Northumberland, Dorothy Percy, Penelope Blount

  • Who is Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex childrens?

    Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex's childrens is 3rd Earl of Essex, Duchess of Somerset, Frances Seymour, Robert Devereux

  • What was Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex universities?

    Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex studied at Trinity College, Cambridge, 1583 - Trinity College, Cambridge

  • What was Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex notable alumnis?

    Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex's notable alumnis is Trinity College, Cambridge

  • What is Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex's cause of dead?

    Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex dead because of Execution

  • Who is Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex's father?

    Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex's father is Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex

  • Who is Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex's mother?

    Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex's mother is Lettice Knollys

  • What is Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex's sun sign?

    Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex is Scorpio

  • How famous is Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex?

    Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex is famouse as Political figure