Red Auerbach - Basketball Coach, Life Achievements and Childhood

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Red Auerbach's Personal Details

Red Auerbach was an American basketball coach considered to be the mastermind behind the success of Boston Celtics

InformationDetail
BirthdaySeptember 20, 1917
Died onOctober 28, 2006
NationalityAmerican
FamousBasketball Coach, George Washington University, Sportspersons, Coaches
Nick namesRed
SpousesDorothy Lewis
SiblingsZang Auerbach
Childrens Nancy Auerbach Collins, Randy Auerbach
Universities
  • George Washington University
  • George Washington University
Notable Alumnis
  • George Washington University
Birth PlaceBrooklyn, New York, U.S.
GenderMale
FatherHyman Auerbach
MotherMarie Auerbach
Sun SignVirgo
Born inBrooklyn, New York, U.S.
Famous asAmerican basketball coach
Died at Age89

// Famous Basketball Coach

Red Auerbach's photo

Who is Red Auerbach?

Arnold Jacob “Red” Auerbach was an American basketball coach regarded as the mastermind behind the success of the Boston Celtics. One of the most game’s successful coaches ever, he led the teams he coached to 938 wins, a record at his retirement. Considered to be a pioneer of modern basketball, he was highly competitive and would motivate his players to give their best and achieve synergy as a team. His astute managerial skills and sharp judgment ensured that he won seven NBA titles as the general manager and team president of the Celtics. As a coach he helped to redefine basketball as a team sport in which the whole team and not just a few star players dominated the game. Many players who had trained under him went on to be inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame. One of his most distinguishing features was that he helped to break down the colour barriers by sending the first African-American starting five in the 1960s. As an athletic youngster he had started playing basketball during high school and attended the George Washington University on a basketball scholarship. He began his coaching career by coaching high school teams before being hired by Walter Brown, owner of the Boston Celtics.

// Famous Alumni of George Washington University

Childhood & Early Life

He was born to Hyman and Marie Auerbach. He had three siblings. His father was a Russian Jewish immigrant who had married American born Marie. His parents owned a delicatessen store.

He started playing basketball as a child. He went to the Eastern District High School where he proved to be a star basketball player.

He received a basketball scholarship at the George Washington University. He graduated with an M.A. in 1941.

Career

He was always interested in teaching and coaching and it was no surprise that he began coaching basketball at the St. Albans School and Roosevelt High School in 1941 soon after his graduation.

In 1943, he joined the U.S. Navy and coached the Navy Basketball team in Norfolk for three years. During this time he was noticed by Mike Uline who hired him to coach the Washington Capitols for the 1946-47 season.

He joined Tri-Cities Blackhawks for the 1949-1950 season but resigned after a season after his favorite player John Mankhen was traded by Blackhawks.

Walter Brown, the owner of the Boston Celtics approached him before the 1950-1951 season to coach his struggling team. After joining the team, Auerbach introduced some radical changes.

He broke the colour barrier and appointed Chuck Cooper, the first African American player in an NBA club. He was not bothered about the race or colour of his players; he only wanted the best performers in his team.

Under Auerbach’s leadership, the Celtics achieved a 39-30 record but lost in the 1951 NBA Playoffs. For the next season, he picked Bill Sharman. Along with Macauley, and Cousy—two already established players—Sharman added a new vitality to the team.

Up till 1956, the Celtics often made it to the playoffs but never won the title. He acquired Bill Russell who would eventually become one of the best basketball players of all time.

Determined to make his charges a winning team, he emphasized on team play and stressed on the importance of defense over offense. He trained his players extensively and turned his team into a tough squad.

His efforts paid off and staring from 1957 the Celtics went on to win nine out of ten NBA championships including eight consecutive championships with six victories over the Los Angeles Lakers.

Auerbach, who had created history by recruiting the first NBA black player, once again broke the colour barrier by sending out the first ever NBA starting five consisting of five black players in 1964.

After winning nine titles in 11 years, he stepped down as the coach in 1966 and made Bill Russell the player-coach—this was again a revolution in NBA history as Bill Russell was black.

The efficiency of his mentoring can be seen by the fact that ten players he coached went on to be inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame. Several of his players, including Russell and Sharman went on to become famous coaches themselves.

After his retirement as a coach, he became the general manager of the Boston Celtics and served in this role till 1984. After he stepped down from his duties as the general manager, he became the president and later vice-chairman of the Celtics. He remained associated with the team till his death in 2006.

He is also the author of seven books on basketball, including ‘Basketball for the Player, the Fan and Coach’ which was a best-seller and has been translated into seven languages.

Awards & Achievements

The Professional Basketball Writers Association of America (PBWAA) named him the greatest coach in the history of the NBA in 1980.

Personal Life & Legacy

He married Dorothy Lewis in 1941. The couple had two daughters, Nancy and Randy.

He lived a long and productive life and was active till the very end. He died in 2006 at the age of 89.

The Arnold “Red” Auerbach award was created in 2006 by the Celtics in his honour. It is given to players and coaches who best exemplify the spirit and meaning of what it is to be a Celtic.

Trivia

This basketball coach acquired the nickname “Red” because of his flaming red hair.

// Famous Coaches

Red Auerbach awards

YearNameAward

Other

1965 - NBA Coach of the Year

Red Auerbach biography timelines

  • // 20th Sep 1917
    He was born to Hyman and Marie Auerbach. He had three siblings. His father was a Russian Jewish immigrant who had married American born Marie. His parents owned a delicatessen store.
  • // 1941
    He received a basketball scholarship at the George Washington University. He graduated with an M.A. in 1941.
  • // 1941
    He was always interested in teaching and coaching and it was no surprise that he began coaching basketball at the St. Albans School and Roosevelt High School in 1941 soon after his graduation.
  • // 1941
    He married Dorothy Lewis in 1941. The couple had two daughters, Nancy and Randy.
  • // 1943 To 1947
    In 1943, he joined the U.S. Navy and coached the Navy Basketball team in Norfolk for three years. During this time he was noticed by Mike Uline who hired him to coach the Washington Capitols for the 1946-47 season.
  • // 1949
    He joined Tri-Cities Blackhawks for the 1949-1950 season but resigned after a season after his favorite player John Mankhen was traded by Blackhawks.
  • // 1950
    Walter Brown, the owner of the Boston Celtics approached him before the 1950-1951 season to coach his struggling team. After joining the team, Auerbach introduced some radical changes.
  • // 1957
    His efforts paid off and staring from 1957 the Celtics went on to win nine out of ten NBA championships including eight consecutive championships with six victories over the Los Angeles Lakers.
  • // 1966
    After winning nine titles in 11 years, he stepped down as the coach in 1966 and made Bill Russell the player-coach—this was again a revolution in NBA history as Bill Russell was black.
  • // 1967
    Auerbach, who had created history by recruiting the first NBA black player, once again broke the colour barrier by sending out the first ever NBA starting five consisting of five black players in 1964.
  • // 1980
    The Professional Basketball Writers Association of America (PBWAA) named him the greatest coach in the history of the NBA in 1980.
  • // 28th Oct 2006
    He lived a long and productive life and was active till the very end. He died in 2006 at the age of 89.

// Famous Sportspersons

Red Auerbach's FAQ

  • What is Red Auerbach birthday?

    Red Auerbach was born at 1917-09-20

  • When was Red Auerbach died?

    Red Auerbach was died at 2006-10-28

  • Where was Red Auerbach died?

    Red Auerbach was died in Washington, D.C., United States

  • Which age was Red Auerbach died?

    Red Auerbach was died at age 89

  • Where is Red Auerbach's birth place?

    Red Auerbach was born in Brooklyn, New York, U.S.

  • What is Red Auerbach nationalities?

    Red Auerbach's nationalities is American

  • What is Red Auerbach nick names?

    Red Auerbach's nickNames is Red

  • Who is Red Auerbach spouses?

    Red Auerbach's spouses is Dorothy Lewis

  • Who is Red Auerbach siblings?

    Red Auerbach's siblings is Zang Auerbach

  • Who is Red Auerbach childrens?

    Red Auerbach's childrens is Nancy Auerbach Collins, Randy Auerbach

  • What was Red Auerbach universities?

    Red Auerbach studied at George Washington University, George Washington University

  • What was Red Auerbach notable alumnis?

    Red Auerbach's notable alumnis is George Washington University

  • Who is Red Auerbach's father?

    Red Auerbach's father is Hyman Auerbach

  • Who is Red Auerbach's mother?

    Red Auerbach's mother is Marie Auerbach

  • What is Red Auerbach's sun sign?

    Red Auerbach is Virgo

  • How famous is Red Auerbach?

    Red Auerbach is famouse as American basketball coach