Pierre-Gilles de Gennes - Scientists, Timeline and Childhood

Home  ›  French  ›  Pierre-Gilles de GennesOctober 24, 193275 views

0.0 based on 0 rates

Pierre-Gilles de Gennes's Personal Details

Pierre Gilles de Gennes was a French scientist, well-known for his study of the order phenomena in liquid crystals and polymers

InformationDetail
BirthdayOctober 24, 1932
Died onMay 18, 2007
NationalityFrench
FamousScientists, Physicists
SpousesAnne Marie Elisabeth Eugenie Rouet
Universities
  • École Normale Supérieure
Birth PlaceParis, France
GenderMale
FatherRobert Joachim Pierre de Gennes
MotherMartha Marie Yvonne Morin-Pons
Sun SignScorpio
Born inParis, France
Famous asPhysicist
Died at Age74

// Famous Scientists

Pierre-Gilles de Gennes's photo

Who is Pierre-Gilles de Gennes?

Pierre Gilles de Gennes was a French scientist, well-known for his study of the order phenomena in liquid crystals and polymers. He won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1991 for the above mentioned work and was described as the ‘Isaac Newton of our time’ by the Nobel committee. Born to a nurse and a physician in Paris, France, he was initially schooled at home and subsequently studied at the Ecole Normale Superieure. Eventually, he became an engineer at Atomic Research Centre and was awarded his doctorate by the institute. He did his post doctoral research in the United States and after working for just over two years for the French Navy, he became a professor at the University of Paris-Sud, Orsay campus. Subsequently, he worked at the College de France as a professor and researcher before going on to become the director of the Ecole Superieure Physique et de Chimie Industrielles. He continued in the latter post for 22 years. His findings in relation to liquid crystals and polymers are considered to be one of the most significant findings in the history of physics.

// Famous Physicists

Childhood & Early Life

Pierre Gilles de Gennes was born on 24 October 1932 in Paris, France to Robert Joachim Pierre de Gennes and his wife Martha Marie Yvonne Morin-Pons. His father was a physician, while his mother worked as a nurse.

He did not go to a traditional school and tutored at home and that continued till the time he was 12-year-old. Subsequently, he enrolled at the Ecole Normale Superieure and graduated from there in 1955. One of his key subjects at the Ecole Normale Superieure was German.

In 1955, he started working in the capacity of a research engineer at the Atomic Research Centre, located in the region of Saclay in southern Paris. Two years later, he was awarded his doctorate by the institute. During his time at the Atomic Research Centre, he was primarily involved in the field of magnetism and neutron scattering.

Career

In 1959, he went to the United States as a visiting post doctoral scholar at the University of California, Berkley. He worked alongside another well-known researcher of the time, Charles Kittel during his stint at Berkeley. Subsequently, he went to work for the French Navy and worked for them for a period of 2 years and three months.

After the completion of his stint with the French Navy, he was appointed as a professor at the Orsay campus of the University of Paris-Sud in 1961 and before long he founded the group ‘Orsay group of semiconductors’. He worked on that particular project for a period of seven years before he changed his field to that of liquid crystals.

He started working at College de France as a professor in 1971 and during his stint there, he became a part of the joint research on polymer physics initiated by College de France, Starsbourg and Saclay, known as STRASACOL. He worked as a professor at the College de France for a period of five years.

In 1976, the Ecole Superieure Physique et de Chimie Industrielles appointed him as director and he continued at the position for 26 years. Four years after joining the institute, he started his research on interfacial studies and the dynamics involved in wetting and adhesion. His research on discovering a process of studying the order phenomena in liquid crystals and polymers won him the Nobel Prize in Physics.

Major Works

His most important work in a career that saw him conduct several path breaking studies in different institutions is without doubt his work on the order phenomena of different matter that saw him use mathematical techniques to work out general theories on matter. He won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1990 for the same and was even called the ‘Isaac Newton of our time’ by the committee.

Awards & Achievements

He was made a Fellow of the Royal Society of London in 1984.

He was awarded the Matteucci Medal in 1987.

In 1988 he won the Harvey Prize.

In 1990, he as awarded the Lorentz Medal as well as the Wolf Prize.

He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1991.

In 1998, he won the Eringen Medal.

Personal Life & Legacy

He got married to Anne Marie Elisabeth Eugenie Rouet in 1954 and the couple was married till his death. They had three children.

He died on 18 May 2007 in Orsay, France, at the age of 74. The reasons behind his death are unknown.

// Famous French

Pierre-Gilles de Gennes awards

YearNameAward

Other

Lorentz Medal (1990)
Wolf Prize (1990)
Nobel Prize for Physics (1991)
Eringen Medal (1998)
ForMemRS (1984)
Matteucci Medal (1987)
Harvey Prize (1988)

Pierre-Gilles de Gennes biography timelines

  • // 24th Oct 1932
    Pierre Gilles de Gennes was born on 24 October 1932 in Paris, France to Robert Joachim Pierre de Gennes and his wife Martha Marie Yvonne Morin-Pons. His father was a physician, while his mother worked as a nurse.
  • // 1954
    He got married to Anne Marie Elisabeth Eugenie Rouet in 1954 and the couple was married till his death. They had three children.
  • // 1955
    He did not go to a traditional school and tutored at home and that continued till the time he was 12-year-old. Subsequently, he enrolled at the Ecole Normale Superieure and graduated from there in 1955. One of his key subjects at the Ecole Normale Superieure was German.
  • // 1955
    In 1955, he started working in the capacity of a research engineer at the Atomic Research Centre, located in the region of Saclay in southern Paris. Two years later, he was awarded his doctorate by the institute. During his time at the Atomic Research Centre, he was primarily involved in the field of magnetism and neutron scattering.
  • // 1959
    In 1959, he went to the United States as a visiting post doctoral scholar at the University of California, Berkley. He worked alongside another well-known researcher of the time, Charles Kittel during his stint at Berkeley. Subsequently, he went to work for the French Navy and worked for them for a period of 2 years and three months.
  • // 1961
    After the completion of his stint with the French Navy, he was appointed as a professor at the Orsay campus of the University of Paris-Sud in 1961 and before long he founded the group ‘Orsay group of semiconductors’. He worked on that particular project for a period of seven years before he changed his field to that of liquid crystals.
  • // 1971
    He started working at College de France as a professor in 1971 and during his stint there, he became a part of the joint research on polymer physics initiated by College de France, Starsbourg and Saclay, known as STRASACOL. He worked as a professor at the College de France for a period of five years.
  • // 1976
    In 1976, the Ecole Superieure Physique et de Chimie Industrielles appointed him as director and he continued at the position for 26 years. Four years after joining the institute, he started his research on interfacial studies and the dynamics involved in wetting and adhesion. His research on discovering a process of studying the order phenomena in liquid crystals and polymers won him the Nobel Prize in Physics.
  • // 1984
    He was made a Fellow of the Royal Society of London in 1984.
  • // 1987
    He was awarded the Matteucci Medal in 1987.
  • // 1988
    In 1988 he won the Harvey Prize.
  • // 1990
    His most important work in a career that saw him conduct several path breaking studies in different institutions is without doubt his work on the order phenomena of different matter that saw him use mathematical techniques to work out general theories on matter. He won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1990 for the same and was even called the ‘Isaac Newton of our time’ by the committee.
  • // 1990
    In 1990, he as awarded the Lorentz Medal as well as the Wolf Prize.
  • // 1991
    He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1991.
  • // 1998
    In 1998, he won the Eringen Medal.
  • // 18th May 2007
    He died on 18 May 2007 in Orsay, France, at the age of 74. The reasons behind his death are unknown.

// Scorpio Celebrities

Pierre-Gilles de Gennes's FAQ

  • What is Pierre-Gilles de Gennes birthday?

    Pierre-Gilles de Gennes was born at 1932-10-24

  • When was Pierre-Gilles de Gennes died?

    Pierre-Gilles de Gennes was died at 2007-05-18

  • Where was Pierre-Gilles de Gennes died?

    Pierre-Gilles de Gennes was died in Orsay

  • Which age was Pierre-Gilles de Gennes died?

    Pierre-Gilles de Gennes was died at age 74

  • Where is Pierre-Gilles de Gennes's birth place?

    Pierre-Gilles de Gennes was born in Paris, France

  • What is Pierre-Gilles de Gennes nationalities?

    Pierre-Gilles de Gennes's nationalities is French

  • Who is Pierre-Gilles de Gennes spouses?

    Pierre-Gilles de Gennes's spouses is Anne Marie Elisabeth Eugenie Rouet

  • What was Pierre-Gilles de Gennes universities?

    Pierre-Gilles de Gennes studied at École Normale Supérieure

  • Who is Pierre-Gilles de Gennes's father?

    Pierre-Gilles de Gennes's father is Robert Joachim Pierre de Gennes

  • Who is Pierre-Gilles de Gennes's mother?

    Pierre-Gilles de Gennes's mother is Martha Marie Yvonne Morin-Pons

  • What is Pierre-Gilles de Gennes's sun sign?

    Pierre-Gilles de Gennes is Scorpio

  • How famous is Pierre-Gilles de Gennes?

    Pierre-Gilles de Gennes is famouse as Physicist