Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye - an Explorer, Birthday and Personal Life

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Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye's Personal Details

Pierre Gaultier was a French Canadian military officer, fur trader and explorer

InformationDetail
BirthdayNovember 17, 1685
Died onDecember 5, 1749
NationalityCanadian, French
Famousan Explorer, Business People, Miscellaneous, Explorers
Childrens François de La Vérendrye, Jean Baptiste de La Vérendrye, Louis-Joseph Gaultier de La Vérendrye, Pierre Gaultier de La Vérendrye
Birth PlaceTrois-Rivières
Born CountryCanada
GenderMale
Sun SignScorpio
Born inTrois-Rivières
Famous asAn explorer
Died at Age64

// Famous an Explorer

Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye's photo

Who is Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye?

Pierre Gaultier was a French Canadian military officer, fur trader and explorer. He is credited to have organized the expeditions which opened up the area west of Lake Superior and paved the way for the addition of Western Canada to the original New France in the Saint Lawrence basin in future. His accomplishments however went unnoticed during his lifetime though years later he was ranked as one of the greatest explorers of the Canadian West. He was joined by his sons in his explorations and had built a string of trading posts in the course of their search for an overland route to the “western sea” which for a while helped strengthen French claims in North America. Born as the youngest son in a large family of French settlers in Canada, Pierre Gaultier decided early on in his life to embark on a military career. As a young man he took part in Queen Anne's War and was also present at the Raid on Deerfield. He fought in Flanders during the War of the Spanish Succession and sustained grievous injuries in the war. After recovering he embarked on a career as a fur-trader. He soon yearned for adventure and set out on an expedition to explore the areas near Lake Superior which helped to lay the foundation for further exploration of the region

// Famous Miscellaneous

Childhood & Early Life

Pierre Gaultier de Varennes was born on November 17, 1685 in Trois-Rivières, Quebec, as the youngest son of René Gaultier de Varennes and Marie. He had 12 siblings, seven of whom reached maturity.

He lost his father when he was just six. He received a few years of formal education at the seminary of Quebec where he was a student from 1696 to 1699.

Career

Pierre Gaultier decided at a young age to join the army and received a cadet’s commission in the colonial regulars at the age of 14. He participated in Queen Anne's War in 1704 and 1705 and was present at the Raid on Deerfield which involved a long journey through the wilderness to attack the inhabitants of a sleeping village.

He was promoted to ensign shortly afterwards. This was, however, a minor rank and did not satisfy the ambitious young man. So, he decided to enlist in the French army where he expected better chances of advancement. He moved to France in 1708 and joined the Régiment de Bretagne.

He fought in Flanders during the War of the Spanish Succession and was severely wounded by gunshot and eight sabre cuts at the Battle of Malplaquet in 1709. He was then taken as a prisoner of war by the enemy and released in 1710.

Following his release he was promoted to lieutenant. However, by this time he was yearning to return to Canada and was permitted to go back in 1712. Back home he got married and started earning his livelihood by farming and fur-trading.

His mundane life underwent a big change in 1726 when his brother Jacques-René was appointed commander of the poste du Nord, the north shore of Lake Superior. Gaultier began trading in the area and became commandant in 1728 when his brother left the post to participate in the war against the Foxes.

During this time, he heard of a great river that might lead to the Pacific and hence to the riches of the Orient. He decided to explore the routes that led to the fabled lands of riches in the Pacific.

He met Governor Beauharnois at Quebec in 1730 and worked out a plan with him. He set out from Montreal with three of his sons and 50 engages in 1731. By autumn, his son Jean-Baptiste had built Fort St. Pierre on Rainy Lake.

They proceeded on their expedition, and built Fort St. Charles on Lake of the Woods which would serve as his headquarters for the next several years. The expedition reached Lake Winnipeg in 1734 and built Fort Maurepas near the mouth of the Red River at the southern end of the lake.

He also focused on his fur-trade over the course of his expedition which angered Maurepas, the French Minister of Marine, who believed that Pierre Gaultier was more interested in fur-trade than in exploration.

The expedition reached the Mandan Indian villages on the Missouri River in present North Dakota in 1738. By now the men were physically and financially exhausted. Inspite of their best efforts, they had been unable to discover the routes they had intended to find.

On their return journey, they placed a lead tablet near present Pierre, S.D., claiming the country for France. Upon his return Gaultier was heavily criticized as his expedition was considered a failure. It would be decades before his accomplishments would be recognized by the French-Canadians.

Major Work

Pierre Gaultier is counted amongst the greatest explorers of the Canadian West for the expeditions he undertook with his sons which opened up the area west of Lake Superior, laying the foundation for the addition of Western Canada to the original New France in the Saint Lawrence basin. He did not receive much recognition for his achievements in his lifetime but was much honored in the years following his death.

Awards & Achievements

He was awarded the Order of Saint Louis shortly before his death in December 1749.

Personal Life & Legacy

Pierre Gaultier married Marie-Anne, daughter of Louis Dandonneau Du Sablé in October 1712. The couple had six children—four sons and two daughters. His sons also became well-known explorers in their own rights.

He died on December 5, 1749, aged 64.

Several places are named in his honor. These include La Vérendrye Provincial Park in Ontario, La Vérendrye Wildlife Reserve in Quebec, and Boulevard de La Vérendrye in Montreal, Quebec.

// Famous Business People

Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye biography timelines

  • // 17th Nov 1685
    Pierre Gaultier de Varennes was born on November 17, 1685 in Trois-Rivières, Quebec, as the youngest son of René Gaultier de Varennes and Marie. He had 12 siblings, seven of whom reached maturity.
  • // 1696 To 1699
    He lost his father when he was just six. He received a few years of formal education at the seminary of Quebec where he was a student from 1696 to 1699.
  • // 1704 To 1705
    Pierre Gaultier decided at a young age to join the army and received a cadet’s commission in the colonial regulars at the age of 14. He participated in Queen Anne's War in 1704 and 1705 and was present at the Raid on Deerfield which involved a long journey through the wilderness to attack the inhabitants of a sleeping village.
  • // 1708
    He was promoted to ensign shortly afterwards. This was, however, a minor rank and did not satisfy the ambitious young man. So, he decided to enlist in the French army where he expected better chances of advancement. He moved to France in 1708 and joined the Régiment de Bretagne.
  • // 1709 To 1710
    He fought in Flanders during the War of the Spanish Succession and was severely wounded by gunshot and eight sabre cuts at the Battle of Malplaquet in 1709. He was then taken as a prisoner of war by the enemy and released in 1710.
  • // 1712
    Following his release he was promoted to lieutenant. However, by this time he was yearning to return to Canada and was permitted to go back in 1712. Back home he got married and started earning his livelihood by farming and fur-trading.
  • // Oct 1712
    Pierre Gaultier married Marie-Anne, daughter of Louis Dandonneau Du Sablé in October 1712. The couple had six children—four sons and two daughters. His sons also became well-known explorers in their own rights.
  • // 1726 To 1728
    His mundane life underwent a big change in 1726 when his brother Jacques-René was appointed commander of the poste du Nord, the north shore of Lake Superior. Gaultier began trading in the area and became commandant in 1728 when his brother left the post to participate in the war against the Foxes.
  • // 1730 To 1731
    He met Governor Beauharnois at Quebec in 1730 and worked out a plan with him. He set out from Montreal with three of his sons and 50 engages in 1731. By autumn, his son Jean-Baptiste had built Fort St. Pierre on Rainy Lake.
  • // 1734
    They proceeded on their expedition, and built Fort St. Charles on Lake of the Woods which would serve as his headquarters for the next several years. The expedition reached Lake Winnipeg in 1734 and built Fort Maurepas near the mouth of the Red River at the southern end of the lake.
  • // 1738
    The expedition reached the Mandan Indian villages on the Missouri River in present North Dakota in 1738. By now the men were physically and financially exhausted. Inspite of their best efforts, they had been unable to discover the routes they had intended to find.
  • // Dec 1749
    He was awarded the Order of Saint Louis shortly before his death in December 1749.
  • // 5th Dec 1749
    He died on December 5, 1749, aged 64.

// Famous Explorers

Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye's FAQ

  • What is Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye birthday?

    Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye was born at 1685-11-17

  • When was Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye died?

    Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye was died at 1749-12-05

  • Where was Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye died?

    Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye was died in Montreal

  • Which age was Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye died?

    Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye was died at age 64

  • Where is Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye's birth place?

    Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye was born in Trois-Rivières

  • What is Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye nationalities?

    Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye's nationalities is Canadian,French

  • Who is Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye childrens?

    Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye's childrens is François de La Vérendrye, Jean Baptiste de La Vérendrye, Louis-Joseph Gaultier de La Vérendrye, Pierre Gaultier de La Vérendrye

  • What is Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye's sun sign?

    Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye is Scorpio

  • How famous is Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye?

    Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye is famouse as An explorer