Mileva Marić - Serbian Women, Facts and Family

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Mileva Marić's Personal Details

Mileva Marić was an exceptional physics scholar from Serbia who was also the first wife of Albert Einstein

InformationDetail
BirthdayDecember 19, 1875
Died onAugust 4, 1948
NationalitySerbian
FamousSerbian Women, Scientists, Physicists
SpousesAlbert Einstein
Known asMileva Maric
Childrens Eduard Einstein, Hans Albert Einstein, Lieserl Einstein
Universities
  • ETH Zurich
  • 1896 - University of Zurich
  • 1898 - Heidelberg University
Birth PlaceTitel
ReligionSerbian Orthodox Church
GenderFemale
FatherMiloš Marić
MotherMarija Ružić
Sun SignSagittarius
Born inTitel
Famous asPhysicist
Died at Age72

// Famous Serbian Women

Mileva Marić's photo

Who is Mileva Marić?

Mileva Marić was born in Serbia, to wealthy parents, and was the eldest of three children in the family. As a child, she showed a lot of promise and was educated at some of the finest schools in Serbia. She pursued her education from 'Royal Serbian Grammar School' and even the all-boys 'Royal Classical High School', after a special request made by her father had been granted. Excelling in subjects like mathematics and physics, the young student moved to Zurich, and after finishing high school she enrolled in a teaching diploma course at the 'Zurich Polytechnic'. Amongst five of her classmates, she became close to the 'Nobel Prize' winning physicist Albert Einstein. She attended physics and maths classes for a short semester at the 'Heidelberg University' in Germany, and returned to Zurich to complete her diploma. Though she was an exceptional learner, she could not clear her final examinations at the first attempt. The following year, she gave her examinations another try but failed once again. At this juncture, she gave up hope, and stopped working on a potential Ph.D. thesis paper. Subsequently, she got married to Einstein, took care of family, and got separated after a long marriage. Even though she made no major contribution to the field of Physics, she has been posthumously commemorated in Serbia and Zurich

// Famous Scientists

Childhood & Early Life

Mileva Marić was born to Miloš and Marija Ružić, in the municipality of Titel, belonging to present day Serbia, on December 19, 1875. She belonged to an influential family and had two younger siblings.

She started attending high school in the Serbian city of Novi Sad in 1886, but soon moved to the Sremska Mitrovica municipality. Four years later, she joined the 'Royal Serbian Grammar School', located in Šabac.

In 1891, Mileva's father got her admitted to the 'Royal Classical High School' in Zagreb, which was a school meant only for boys. The following year, she graduated from there, and joined tenth grade.

Later Life

The brilliant student was allowed to pursue Physics on a special request in 1894, and her scores in the subject were par excellence. The same year, she became sick and moved to Switzerland. There she pursued her higher studies from the 'Girls High School' in Zurich.

After graduating high school, the young lady started attending the 'University of Zurich' for a course in medicine. After studying for a semester, she dropped out and enrolled herself into the 'Zurich Polytechnic', which later came to be known as 'Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule' ('ETH').

At 'ETH', she pursued a diploma course in teaching, with a specialization in Physics and Mathematics. She was the only woman in the class of six students, which included ‘Nobel Prize’ winner Albert Einstein, and the two classmates soon became good friends.

In October, 1896, Marić moved to the German city of Heidelberg, and joined the 'Heidelberg University' to pursue further studies in Mathematics and Physics.

After the end of the semester, she returned to Zurich in 1898 and resumed classes at the 'Zurich Polytechnic'. She studied astronomy, theoretical physics, experimental physics, applied physics, differential and integral calculus, geometry and mechanics.

In 1900, Mileva failed to complete her diploma with good grades, and reappeared the following year. She failed her second attempt and gave up working on her diploma research that she had planned to convert into a thesis paper for her Ph.D., with Physicist Heinrich Weber as her guide.

Personal Life & Legacy

In 1901, Mileva became pregnant with famous physicist, Albert Einstein’s child. The daughter, often referred to as Lieserl, in the couple's letters, was born the following year. Whether Lieserl died or was abandoned and given for adoption, is still not known.

Marić got married to Einstein in 1903, at the city of Bern, Switzerland, because it was there that Einstein was employed by the 'Federal Office for Intellectual Property'.

In 1904, Hans Albert, the couple's first son was born, and the family lived in Bern for the next five years.

Einstein was offered the job of a lecturer at the 'University of Zurich', and the couple moved there with Hans Albert, in 1909. The following year, a second son, Eduard was born in Zurich. After changing jobs a few more times, Marić's and Einstein returned to Zurich, for the latter to teach at the 'Zurich Polytechnic'.

In 1913, Einstein was invited to Berlin by fellow physicists Walther Nernst and Max Planck. The decision to move to Berlin was against Mileva's wishes, but they settled there nevertheless. After a year of strained marriage, Einstein's wife decided to separate, and took Eduardo and Hans with her.

The couple got divorced in 1919, and Einstein got married to his cousin Elsa Löwenthal. When the ‘Nobel Prize’ was awarded, the prize money was given to Marić by her husband. With the money, the mother of two bought three houses as an investment which became a source of regular income.

In 1930, Eduard, her second son became afflicted with schizophrenia, and Marić had to take care of him.

Mileva died on August 4, 1948, and was laid to rest in Zurich's 'Nordheim-Cemetery'. Her son Eduard was confined to a mental asylum till he died at the age of fifty-five.

A book 'Mileva Marić Ajnštajn', written by Serbian writer Dragana Bukumirović, was published in 1995.

Three years later, a play titled 'Mileva Ajnštajn' was produced by famous Serbian theatre director Vida Ognjenović. The play was later translated in 2002, into English.

In 2005, Marić's alma mater 'ETH' paid tribute to her by constructing a memorial plaque at her house in Zurich. During the same time, her high school unveiled a bust at the premises, as a mark of respect.

Trivia

This exceptional physics student was believed to have made a major contribution to Albert Einstein ‘Nobel Prize’ winning work. However, after extensive research, and first-hand accounts of her son, this speculation has been disproved, though some research scholars still claim the story’s credibility

// Famous Physicists

Mileva Marić biography timelines

  • // 19th Dec 1875
    Mileva Marić was born to Miloš and Marija Ružić, in the municipality of Titel, belonging to present day Serbia, on December 19, 1875. She belonged to an influential family and had two younger siblings.
  • // 1886
    She started attending high school in the Serbian city of Novi Sad in 1886, but soon moved to the Sremska Mitrovica municipality. Four years later, she joined the 'Royal Serbian Grammar School', located in Šabac.
  • // 1891
    In 1891, Mileva's father got her admitted to the 'Royal Classical High School' in Zagreb, which was a school meant only for boys. The following year, she graduated from there, and joined tenth grade.
  • // 1894
    The brilliant student was allowed to pursue Physics on a special request in 1894, and her scores in the subject were par excellence. The same year, she became sick and moved to Switzerland. There she pursued her higher studies from the 'Girls High School' in Zurich.
  • // 1896
    In October, 1896, Marić moved to the German city of Heidelberg, and joined the 'Heidelberg University' to pursue further studies in Mathematics and Physics.
  • // 1898
    After the end of the semester, she returned to Zurich in 1898 and resumed classes at the 'Zurich Polytechnic'. She studied astronomy, theoretical physics, experimental physics, applied physics, differential and integral calculus, geometry and mechanics.
  • // 1900
    In 1900, Mileva failed to complete her diploma with good grades, and reappeared the following year. She failed her second attempt and gave up working on her diploma research that she had planned to convert into a thesis paper for her Ph.D., with Physicist Heinrich Weber as her guide.
  • // 1901
    In 1901, Mileva became pregnant with famous physicist, Albert Einstein’s child. The daughter, often referred to as Lieserl, in the couple's letters, was born the following year. Whether Lieserl died or was abandoned and given for adoption, is still not known.
  • // 1903
    Marić got married to Einstein in 1903, at the city of Bern, Switzerland, because it was there that Einstein was employed by the 'Federal Office for Intellectual Property'.
  • // 1904
    In 1904, Hans Albert, the couple's first son was born, and the family lived in Bern for the next five years.
  • // 1909
    Einstein was offered the job of a lecturer at the 'University of Zurich', and the couple moved there with Hans Albert, in 1909. The following year, a second son, Eduard was born in Zurich. After changing jobs a few more times, Marić's and Einstein returned to Zurich, for the latter to teach at the 'Zurich Polytechnic'.
  • // 1913
    In 1913, Einstein was invited to Berlin by fellow physicists Walther Nernst and Max Planck. The decision to move to Berlin was against Mileva's wishes, but they settled there nevertheless. After a year of strained marriage, Einstein's wife decided to separate, and took Eduardo and Hans with her.
  • // 1919
    The couple got divorced in 1919, and Einstein got married to his cousin Elsa Löwenthal. When the ‘Nobel Prize’ was awarded, the prize money was given to Marić by her husband. With the money, the mother of two bought three houses as an investment which became a source of regular income.
  • // 1930
    In 1930, Eduard, her second son became afflicted with schizophrenia, and Marić had to take care of him.
  • // 4th Aug 1948
    Mileva died on August 4, 1948, and was laid to rest in Zurich's 'Nordheim-Cemetery'. Her son Eduard was confined to a mental asylum till he died at the age of fifty-five.
  • // 1995
    A book 'Mileva Marić Ajnštajn', written by Serbian writer Dragana Bukumirović, was published in 1995.
  • // 2002
    Three years later, a play titled 'Mileva Ajnštajn' was produced by famous Serbian theatre director Vida Ognjenović. The play was later translated in 2002, into English.
  • // 2005
    In 2005, Marić's alma mater 'ETH' paid tribute to her by constructing a memorial plaque at her house in Zurich. During the same time, her high school unveiled a bust at the premises, as a mark of respect.

// Sagittarius Celebrities

Mileva Marić's FAQ

  • What is Mileva Marić birthday?

    Mileva Marić was born at 1875-12-19

  • When was Mileva Marić died?

    Mileva Marić was died at 1948-08-04

  • Where was Mileva Marić died?

    Mileva Marić was died in Zürich

  • Which age was Mileva Marić died?

    Mileva Marić was died at age 72

  • Where is Mileva Marić's birth place?

    Mileva Marić was born in Titel

  • What is Mileva Marić nationalities?

    Mileva Marić's nationalities is Serbian

  • Who is Mileva Marić spouses?

    Mileva Marić's spouses is Albert Einstein

  • Who is Mileva Marić childrens?

    Mileva Marić's childrens is Eduard Einstein, Hans Albert Einstein, Lieserl Einstein

  • What was Mileva Marić universities?

    Mileva Marić studied at ETH Zurich, 1896 - University of Zurich, 1898 - Heidelberg University

  • What is Mileva Marić's religion?

    Mileva Marić's religion is Serbian Orthodox Church

  • Who is Mileva Marić's father?

    Mileva Marić's father is Miloš Marić

  • Who is Mileva Marić's mother?

    Mileva Marić's mother is Marija Ružić

  • What is Mileva Marić's sun sign?

    Mileva Marić is Sagittarius

  • How famous is Mileva Marić?

    Mileva Marić is famouse as Physicist