Manuel Ortiz Guerrero - Playwrights, Life Achievements and Childhood

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Manuel Ortiz Guerrero's Personal Details

Paraguayan-born Manuel Ortiz Guerrero was a renowned bilingual poet, playwright and musician

InformationDetail
BirthdayJuly 16, 1897
Died onAugust 5, 1933
NationalityParaguayan
FamousWriters, Poets, Playwrights
Birth PlaceVillarrica
GenderMale
Sun SignCancer
Born inVillarrica
Famous asPoet
Died at Age36

// Famous Writers

Manuel Ortiz Guerrero's photo

Who is Manuel Ortiz Guerrero?

Manuel Ortiz Guerrero was a Paraguayan poet, playwright and musician. He is regarded as one of the most prolific writers in Paraguay, who rose to popularity through his works in Spanish and Guarani, in particular. His interest in poetry developed while he was still a young student. By the time he reached college, he had become a full-fledged poet, who later established as a renowned writer by publishing his works in the college student magazine. The 1920s period proved highly fruitful for him as he released several of his poems, apart from authoring two plays. His encounter with Paraguayan musician and creator of Guarania music genre led to the composition of the song ‘India’ which was later declared as the ‘national song’ by the Paraguayan government in 1944. Besides, he went on to create some amazing Guarania songs, like ‘Cerro Cora’, ‘Kerasy’, ‘Nde rendape aju’, and ‘Panambi Vera’, which are still considered classic pieces. However, his leprous condition, which he contracted as a teenager, together with the Hansen’s disease, cut short his literary career, ending his life at a very young age. Nevertheless, he works touched the lives of many Guarani readers through his impressive poetic productions, which is why he is counted among the most loved literary figures in Paraguay

// Famous Playwrights

Childhood & Early Life

Manuel Ortiz Guerrero was born on July 16, 1894, in Ybaroty, Villarrica del Espiritu Santo, Paraguay, to Vicente Ortiz and Susana Guerrero. His mother died while giving birth to him and he was, therefore, brought up by his grandmother, Dona Florencia Ortiz.

After completing his primary studies at a Villarrica school in 1908, he enrolled in the Colegio Nacional de Villarrica, where he was introduced to poetry and composed his first poems.

He went to Brazil with his father in 1912, where he participated in an armed struggle and put into exile. There, he fell terribly ill with leprosy.

Upon his return to Villarrica in 1913, he moved to Asuncion in 1914 to resume his studies at Colegio Nacional de la Capital.

Career

His work started getting recognized when he released his poems through his college student magazine, ‘Revista del Centro Estudiantil’, in 1915.

Among his most celebrated works was ‘Loca’, published in the ‘Letras’ magazine, as a representative of Paraguayan modernism. His other modernist works revolved around romanticism, like ‘Diana de gloria’, ‘Raida poty’, and ‘La sortija’.

In 1917, he left Asuncion and returned to Villarrica, where he was diagnosed with Hansen’s disease.

He chose to write in Guarani, the native and official language of Paraguay, and went on to publish a series of poems during the 1920s, which included ‘Surgente’ (1921), ‘Nubes del Este’ (1928), and ‘Pepitas’ (1930).

He launched the magazine, Orbita, in 1922 and opened a publishing house, Zurucu’a, in 1924, where he took up editing pamphlets, receipt books, brochures, and other documents to earn a living.

In 1928, he met Paraguayan composer and creator of Guarania music genre, Jose Asuncion Flores, with whom he created some beautiful Guarani songs, such as ‘Panambi vera’, ‘Kerasy’, ‘Nde rendape aju’, and ‘Paraguaype’.

He wrote his only collection of short poems titled ‘Nuggets’ in 1928.

He created a few pieces in Spanish as well - the most popular among them being ‘India’ and ‘Buenos Aires’.

He also established himself as a successful playwright, composing one-act comedy ‘Eirete’ (1921), three-act tragedy ‘El crimen de Tintalila’ (The Crime of Quintanilla, 1922), and four-act drama ‘La conquista’ (The Conquest, 1926).

Two of his works were published posthumously – ‘Obras completas’ (Complete Works) in 1952 and ‘Arenillas de mi Tierra’ (Sand from my Country) in 1969.

Major Works

His poem ‘India’, set to music by noted Paraguayan musician, Flores, became the ‘national song’ of Paraguay in 1944 and was regarded as his best composition.

Personal Life & Legacy

He married Dalmatia in 1921 in Villarrica. The duo relocated to Asuncion in 1922 and built a home in San Lorenzo where he stayed for the remaining of his life.

He died prematurely on May 8, 1933, aged 39, in exile in Buenos Aires.

His body was flown to his hometown, Asuncion, where his ashes were interred in a central square, bearing the name ‘Manuel Ortiz Guerrero y Jose Asuncion Flores’.

Trivia

To make ends meet, he used a typography machine to print his own poems and went door-to-door selling them.

During his last days, he used to ask his visiting friends and well-wishers to stay at a distance from his bed, where he laid ill in the darkest corner of his room

// Famous Poets

Manuel Ortiz Guerrero biography timelines

  • // 16th Jul 1894
    Manuel Ortiz Guerrero was born on July 16, 1894, in Ybaroty, Villarrica del Espiritu Santo, Paraguay, to Vicente Ortiz and Susana Guerrero. His mother died while giving birth to him and he was, therefore, brought up by his grandmother, Dona Florencia Ortiz.
  • // 1908
    After completing his primary studies at a Villarrica school in 1908, he enrolled in the Colegio Nacional de Villarrica, where he was introduced to poetry and composed his first poems.
  • // 1912
    He went to Brazil with his father in 1912, where he participated in an armed struggle and put into exile. There, he fell terribly ill with leprosy.
  • // 1913 To 1914
    Upon his return to Villarrica in 1913, he moved to Asuncion in 1914 to resume his studies at Colegio Nacional de la Capital.
  • // 1915
    His work started getting recognized when he released his poems through his college student magazine, ‘Revista del Centro Estudiantil’, in 1915.
  • // 1917
    In 1917, he left Asuncion and returned to Villarrica, where he was diagnosed with Hansen’s disease.
  • // 1921 To 1930
    He chose to write in Guarani, the native and official language of Paraguay, and went on to publish a series of poems during the 1920s, which included ‘Surgente’ (1921), ‘Nubes del Este’ (1928), and ‘Pepitas’ (1930).
  • // 1921 To 1926
    He also established himself as a successful playwright, composing one-act comedy ‘Eirete’ (1921), three-act tragedy ‘El crimen de Tintalila’ (The Crime of Quintanilla, 1922), and four-act drama ‘La conquista’ (The Conquest, 1926).
  • // 1921 To 1922
    He married Dalmatia in 1921 in Villarrica. The duo relocated to Asuncion in 1922 and built a home in San Lorenzo where he stayed for the remaining of his life.
  • // 1922 To 1924
    He launched the magazine, Orbita, in 1922 and opened a publishing house, Zurucu’a, in 1924, where he took up editing pamphlets, receipt books, brochures, and other documents to earn a living.
  • // 1928
    In 1928, he met Paraguayan composer and creator of Guarania music genre, Jose Asuncion Flores, with whom he created some beautiful Guarani songs, such as ‘Panambi vera’, ‘Kerasy’, ‘Nde rendape aju’, and ‘Paraguaype’.
  • // 1928
    He wrote his only collection of short poems titled ‘Nuggets’ in 1928.
  • // 8th May 1933
    He died prematurely on May 8, 1933, aged 39, in exile in Buenos Aires.
  • // 1944
    His poem ‘India’, set to music by noted Paraguayan musician, Flores, became the ‘national song’ of Paraguay in 1944 and was regarded as his best composition.
  • // 1952 To 1969
    Two of his works were published posthumously – ‘Obras completas’ (Complete Works) in 1952 and ‘Arenillas de mi Tierra’ (Sand from my Country) in 1969.

// Famous Paraguayan

Manuel Ortiz Guerrero's FAQ

  • What is Manuel Ortiz Guerrero birthday?

    Manuel Ortiz Guerrero was born at 1897-07-16

  • When was Manuel Ortiz Guerrero died?

    Manuel Ortiz Guerrero was died at 1933-08-05

  • Where was Manuel Ortiz Guerrero died?

    Manuel Ortiz Guerrero was died in Buenos Aires

  • Which age was Manuel Ortiz Guerrero died?

    Manuel Ortiz Guerrero was died at age 36

  • Where is Manuel Ortiz Guerrero's birth place?

    Manuel Ortiz Guerrero was born in Villarrica

  • What is Manuel Ortiz Guerrero nationalities?

    Manuel Ortiz Guerrero's nationalities is Paraguayan

  • What is Manuel Ortiz Guerrero's sun sign?

    Manuel Ortiz Guerrero is Cancer

  • How famous is Manuel Ortiz Guerrero?

    Manuel Ortiz Guerrero is famouse as Poet