Alfredo Stroessner - Former President of Paraguay, Career and Childhood

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Alfredo Stroessner's Personal Details

Alfredo Stroessner was the President of Paraguay who ruled his country with an iron grip for over three decades

InformationDetail
BirthdayNovember 3, 1912
Died onAugust 16, 2006
NationalityParaguayan
FamousFormer President of Paraguay, Paraguayan Leaders, Leaders, Political Leaders
SpousesEligia Mora
Known asAlfredo Stroessner Matiauda
Birth PlaceEncarnación
Political IdeologyPolitical party - Colorado Party
GenderMale
Sun SignScorpio
Born inEncarnación
Famous asFormer President of Paraguay
Died at Age93

// Famous Former President of Paraguay

Alfredo Stroessner's photo

Who is Alfredo Stroessner?

Alfredo Stroessner Matiauda was the long-time president of Paraguay. Born to the top echelon of his country's social class, Alfredo was enormously proud of his elite status. At a young age, he enrolled at a top military school and graduated with an active commission. Serving honorably in several battles, he was repeatedly promoted. After successfully navigating several shifting political alliances, Stroessner seized the presidency for himself. After imposing martial law, he enjoyed nearly unchallenged power for the next few decades. Due to strategic alliances with foreign countries, he was able to secure international aid, some of which was used to build large infrastructure projects. His close cooperation with key foreign leaders taught him valuable techniques for successfully repressing any and all domestic dissent. Stroessner's international foreign policy brought him key concessions and military aid from valuable foreign allies. While his government welcomed exiled war criminals from Europe and fleeing military chiefs of neighboring countries, the military was ordered to work diligently to ethnically cleanse minority populations. When neither of his sons was deemed suitable to replace him, Stroessner was deposed by a military general. Alfredo then retired peacefully to a nearby country, where he faded away into obscurity until his life was claimed by an illness

// Famous Paraguayan Leaders

Childhood & Early Life

Alfredo Stroessner Matiauda was born on November 3, 1912 in Encarnacion, Paraguay. Alfredo's father was Hugo Stroessner, an immigrant from Germany who worked as an accountant. Alfredo's mother was a native Paraguayan from a wealthy family.

At age 16, Alfredo enrolled in national military school. When he was 18, he graduated, receiving a commission as a lieutenant.

Career

In 1932, Stroessner served in the artillery and fought in the ‘Chaco War’ against Bolivia.

The ambitious lad moved up the ranks quickly and three years later, in 1946, he was appointed to the general staff of the military.

In 1947, during the ‘Paraguayan Civil War’, he backed the forces of President Morinigo. A year later, he was promoted to the rank of brigadier.

In 1949, he backed President Felipe Molas Lopez as he fended off a coup. Six months later, the brigadier switched his support to Federico Chavez, who overthrew Lopez in a coup d’état.

In 1951, Chavez appointed Stroessner as the army chief of staff.

On May 4, 1954 the military head overthrew Chavez in a bid to gain the highest level of authority in the nation.

On July 11, 1954 Alfredo successfully became elected as the President of Paraguay in an unopposed election.

He immediately imposed martial law on the country. He took office on August 15 of the same year.

In 1955, Alfredo successfully repelled a coup led by the president of the Central Bank. The following year Rafael Franco, a former dictator led a coup against the President but it was successfully repulsed.

In 1958, he was re-elected president by a wide margin in an uncontested election.

In 1959, the President granted citizenship to former Nazi leader Josef Mengele. Later, he welcomed many other former high-ranking Nazis to emigrate to Paraguay.

In 1962, Stroessner started receiving military aid and training from the United States. In the following two years, over 400 Paraguayan military were given elite training by American instructors.

In 1963, he successfully orchestrated another win at the polls to become re-elected. International observers routinely classified the elections as unfair.

In 1968, he recaptured the presidential post after sweeping another round of voting that was characterized by fraud, ballot stuffing and other undemocratic acts.

In 1972, the authoritarian leader ordered the police to destroy ‘Asuncion University’. As a result, the Archbishop of Paraguay excommunicated the chief of police.

In 1973, Alfredo was re-elected as leader by a comfortable margin. The final results of the vote were widely derided as being undemocratic.

In 1974, the United Nation officially condemned Paraguay for slavery and genocide in response to Stroessner's lengthy campaign to eradicate the native Ache Indian population in his country.

In 1975, Paraguay participated in ‘Operation Condor’ along with Chile, Argentina, Bolivia, Uruguay and Brazil. An elaborate system of kidnappings, murders and torture was used effectively to quash all domestic opposition.

In 1978, Stroessner dominated the presidential elections and was re-elected by a wide margin.

In 1983, he was re-elected after a lopsided win at the polls. The results were internationally criticized for being unfair. In the same year he also ordered work begin on the construction of the Yacreta Dam.

In 1988, he was once again re-elected president with little competition. The results were judged by global observers as being unfair.

On February 3, 1989, Stroessner was removed from office in a coup d'etat led by General Andres Rodriguez. He left the country for self-imposed exile in Brazil.

Major Works

During his tenure as the President of Paraguay, the authoritarian leader inaugurated the Itaipu Dam which generates over 80 TWh of electricity per year.

Personal Life & Legacy

Alfredo was married to Eligia Mora. Together they had three children, including one daughter, Graciela. Graciela's son, Alfredo Dominguez Stroessner, is currently a senator in Paraguay.

At the end of Stroessner's reign, his son, Alfredo, suffered from substance abuse and his other son, Gustavo, was openly homosexual. Because of these two perceived deficiencies, neither of his sons was deemed acceptable to replace him as President of Paraguay.

The political leader died in Santa Luzia Hospital in Brasilia, Brazil on August 16, 2006. A case of pneumonia ravaged him while he was trying to recover from a hernia operation.

Trivia

Approximately 4,000 people were murdered at the orders of this President and an additional 500 people were permanently "disappeared". He detested being referred to as a dictator and only gave one interview to the media during his entire reign as president.

The authoritarian leader was a hard worker. During his decades in office, he worked from 6:00 am to 9:00 pm. He often heard hundreds of petitions from ordinary citizens per day

// Famous Political Leaders

Alfredo Stroessner biography timelines

  • // 3rd Nov 1912
    Alfredo Stroessner Matiauda was born on November 3, 1912 in Encarnacion, Paraguay. Alfredo's father was Hugo Stroessner, an immigrant from Germany who worked as an accountant. Alfredo's mother was a native Paraguayan from a wealthy family.
  • // 1932
    In 1932, Stroessner served in the artillery and fought in the ‘Chaco War’ against Bolivia.
  • // 1946
    The ambitious lad moved up the ranks quickly and three years later, in 1946, he was appointed to the general staff of the military.
  • // 1947
    In 1947, during the ‘Paraguayan Civil War’, he backed the forces of President Morinigo. A year later, he was promoted to the rank of brigadier.
  • // 1949
    In 1949, he backed President Felipe Molas Lopez as he fended off a coup. Six months later, the brigadier switched his support to Federico Chavez, who overthrew Lopez in a coup d’état.
  • // 1951
    In 1951, Chavez appointed Stroessner as the army chief of staff.
  • // 4th May 1954
    On May 4, 1954 the military head overthrew Chavez in a bid to gain the highest level of authority in the nation.
  • // 11th Jul 1954
    On July 11, 1954 Alfredo successfully became elected as the President of Paraguay in an unopposed election.
  • // 1955
    In 1955, Alfredo successfully repelled a coup led by the president of the Central Bank. The following year Rafael Franco, a former dictator led a coup against the President but it was successfully repulsed.
  • // 1958
    In 1958, he was re-elected president by a wide margin in an uncontested election.
  • // 1959
    In 1959, the President granted citizenship to former Nazi leader Josef Mengele. Later, he welcomed many other former high-ranking Nazis to emigrate to Paraguay.
  • // 1962
    In 1962, Stroessner started receiving military aid and training from the United States. In the following two years, over 400 Paraguayan military were given elite training by American instructors.
  • // 1963
    In 1963, he successfully orchestrated another win at the polls to become re-elected. International observers routinely classified the elections as unfair.
  • // 1968
    In 1968, he recaptured the presidential post after sweeping another round of voting that was characterized by fraud, ballot stuffing and other undemocratic acts.
  • // 1972
    In 1972, the authoritarian leader ordered the police to destroy ‘Asuncion University’. As a result, the Archbishop of Paraguay excommunicated the chief of police.
  • // 1973
    In 1973, Alfredo was re-elected as leader by a comfortable margin. The final results of the vote were widely derided as being undemocratic.
  • // 1974
    In 1974, the United Nation officially condemned Paraguay for slavery and genocide in response to Stroessner's lengthy campaign to eradicate the native Ache Indian population in his country.
  • // 1975
    In 1975, Paraguay participated in ‘Operation Condor’ along with Chile, Argentina, Bolivia, Uruguay and Brazil. An elaborate system of kidnappings, murders and torture was used effectively to quash all domestic opposition.
  • // 1978
    In 1978, Stroessner dominated the presidential elections and was re-elected by a wide margin.
  • // 1983
    In 1983, he was re-elected after a lopsided win at the polls. The results were internationally criticized for being unfair. In the same year he also ordered work begin on the construction of the Yacreta Dam.
  • // 1988
    In 1988, he was once again re-elected president with little competition. The results were judged by global observers as being unfair.
  • // 3rd Feb 1989
    On February 3, 1989, Stroessner was removed from office in a coup d'etat led by General Andres Rodriguez. He left the country for self-imposed exile in Brazil.
  • // 16th Aug 2006
    The political leader died in Santa Luzia Hospital in Brasilia, Brazil on August 16, 2006. A case of pneumonia ravaged him while he was trying to recover from a hernia operation.

// Famous Leaders

Alfredo Stroessner's FAQ

  • What is Alfredo Stroessner birthday?

    Alfredo Stroessner was born at 1912-11-03

  • When was Alfredo Stroessner died?

    Alfredo Stroessner was died at 2006-08-16

  • Where was Alfredo Stroessner died?

    Alfredo Stroessner was died in Brasília

  • Which age was Alfredo Stroessner died?

    Alfredo Stroessner was died at age 93

  • Where is Alfredo Stroessner's birth place?

    Alfredo Stroessner was born in Encarnación

  • What is Alfredo Stroessner nationalities?

    Alfredo Stroessner's nationalities is Paraguayan

  • Who is Alfredo Stroessner spouses?

    Alfredo Stroessner's spouses is Eligia Mora

  • What is Alfredo Stroessner's political ideology?

    Alfredo Stroessner's political ideology is Political party - Colorado Party

  • What is Alfredo Stroessner's sun sign?

    Alfredo Stroessner is Scorpio

  • How famous is Alfredo Stroessner?

    Alfredo Stroessner is famouse as Former President of Paraguay