Mamadou Dia - Politician, Family and Childhood

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Mamadou Dia's Personal Details

Mamadou Dia was a Senegalese politician who became the first Prime Minister of Senegal

InformationDetail
BirthdayJuly 18, 1910
Died onJanuary 25, 2009
NationalitySenegalese
FamousPolitician, Leaders, Political Leaders, Prime Ministers
Birth PlaceSenegal
Political IdeologySenegalese Democratic Bloc
ReligionIslam
GenderMale
Sun SignCancer
Born inSenegal
Famous asPolitician
Died at Age98

// Famous Politician

Mamadou Dia's photo

Who is Mamadou Dia?

Mamadou Dia was a Senegalese politician who became the first Prime Minister of Senegal. Born into a Muslim family, he attended a Qur'anic school and then received his training as a teacher from the reputed William Ponty School. He worked as a teacher and journalist before entering politics in the early 1940s. He was a part of the French Senate from 1948 to 1956, and the French National Assembly from 1956 to 1958. He served as the vice president and president of Senegal’s Government Council before being appointed as the prime minister in 1959. He was appointed the prime minister by the French National Assembly to serve alongside the newly elected President Léopold Sédar Senghor. As the prime minister of the state, he often became involved in controversies when his radical socialist views clashed with those of the more moderate president. He retained the post after Senegal gained independence but was later accused of plotting a conspiracy against the president. As a result, he was ousted by the president in a power struggle that Senghor denounced as an attempted constitutional coup. He was forced to resign and was subsequently sentenced to life in prison, but was absolved in 1974. Although he never returned to a position of power, he remained an iconic figure who contributed significantly in shaping Senegalese politics.

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Childhood & Early Life

Mamadou Dia was born on July 18, 1910, at Khombole in the Thiès region in western Senegal, to a Toucouleur war veteran turned policeman.

He received his early education from a Qur'anic school as well as at Diourbel regional school. After his father died, he moved to the upper primary school, St. Louis, in 1924.

In 1927, he got enrolled at the William Ponty School which served as the principal training ground for people of the elite community in French Africa during that period. Being from a low-caste, he was considered a remarkable fellow when he graduated from the school, fully trained as a teacher.

He became a teacher in St. Louis and Fissel and also served as the director of the Regional School of Fatick later on. He served at the post for a short while before moving to Paris to study economics.

Career

Before entering politics, Mamadou Dia regularly published articles in the press about the economic situation of Senegal, particularly the poverty of the peasants for whom he advocated the formation of cooperatives.

In 1943, after the collapse of the Vichy Regime, he became motivated to enter politics. He collaborated with Leopold Sedar Senghor, the rising star of politics who being a Catholic in a largely Islamic country, treasured him as a widely connected and able Muslim.

He united with Senghor to lay the foundation of a successful political party and was appointed as its first secretary-general. He supported Senghor throughout the 1950s which was a politically turbulent period in Senegal.

From 1948 to 1956, he represented Senegal in the French senate in Paris, and later headed Senegal’s government after key territorial elections for self-rule.

When Senegal achieved independence in 1960, Mamadou Dia was appointed as the first prime minister of the country, to serve along with Senghor who was made the first president.

He also served as the vice-president of the unsuccessful Mali Federation of Senegal and French Sudan until the federation collapsed in September 1960.

Over the next three years, the government dealt with the difficulty of power-sharing in young states, which was already evident by the break-up of the Mali Federation.

Mamadou Dia took control of the economy and began to implement some radical ideas, particularly in the reformation of the key groundnut sector. His ideas offended some of vested interests of the powerful religious leaders who controlled the groundnut business, and also snubbed the French who were used to Senghor's casual approach towards socialism.

This gave rise to a severe power struggle between the two former political allies, and, in December 1962, a group of dissident parliamentarians tabled a vote of censure on Dia. He responded by invoking executive powers and ordered the army to lock the assembly building before the vote could be taken.

Senghor described it as an attempted coup, in turn calling out the army, which was majorly loyal to the president. Subsequently, Dia and his ministers were arrested and tried for treachery, finally being sentenced to jail where they remained for more than a decade.

After a long period of confinement in the eastern town of Kédougou, he was first brought back to Dakar, then pardoned and was released in the mid-1970s.

In 1981, he attempted to restart his career by forming a small political party, People's Democratic Movement (CDM), but was unsuccessful in it and found little support.

Later in life, he gained respect among Senegal's fractious opposition parties as he continued to regularly write diatribes in the local press well into his old age.

Personal Life & Legacy

Mamadou Dia died on January 25, 2009, in Dakar, Senegal, at the age of 98.

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Mamadou Dia biography timelines

  • // 18th Jul 1910
    Mamadou Dia was born on July 18, 1910, at Khombole in the Thiès region in western Senegal, to a Toucouleur war veteran turned policeman.
  • // 1924
    He received his early education from a Qur'anic school as well as at Diourbel regional school. After his father died, he moved to the upper primary school, St. Louis, in 1924.
  • // 1927
    In 1927, he got enrolled at the William Ponty School which served as the principal training ground for people of the elite community in French Africa during that period. Being from a low-caste, he was considered a remarkable fellow when he graduated from the school, fully trained as a teacher.
  • // 1943
    In 1943, after the collapse of the Vichy Regime, he became motivated to enter politics. He collaborated with Leopold Sedar Senghor, the rising star of politics who being a Catholic in a largely Islamic country, treasured him as a widely connected and able Muslim.
  • // 1948 To 1956
    From 1948 to 1956, he represented Senegal in the French senate in Paris, and later headed Senegal’s government after key territorial elections for self-rule.
  • // 1960
    When Senegal achieved independence in 1960, Mamadou Dia was appointed as the first prime minister of the country, to serve along with Senghor who was made the first president.
  • // Sep 1960
    He also served as the vice-president of the unsuccessful Mali Federation of Senegal and French Sudan until the federation collapsed in September 1960.
  • // Dec 1962
    This gave rise to a severe power struggle between the two former political allies, and, in December 1962, a group of dissident parliamentarians tabled a vote of censure on Dia. He responded by invoking executive powers and ordered the army to lock the assembly building before the vote could be taken.
  • // 1981
    In 1981, he attempted to restart his career by forming a small political party, People's Democratic Movement (CDM), but was unsuccessful in it and found little support.
  • // 25th Jan 2009
    Mamadou Dia died on January 25, 2009, in Dakar, Senegal, at the age of 98.

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Mamadou Dia's FAQ

  • What is Mamadou Dia birthday?

    Mamadou Dia was born at 1910-07-18

  • When was Mamadou Dia died?

    Mamadou Dia was died at 2009-01-25

  • Where was Mamadou Dia died?

    Mamadou Dia was died in Dakar

  • Which age was Mamadou Dia died?

    Mamadou Dia was died at age 98

  • Where is Mamadou Dia's birth place?

    Mamadou Dia was born in Senegal

  • What is Mamadou Dia nationalities?

    Mamadou Dia's nationalities is Senegalese

  • What is Mamadou Dia's political ideology?

    Mamadou Dia's political ideology is Senegalese Democratic Bloc

  • What is Mamadou Dia's religion?

    Mamadou Dia's religion is Islam

  • What is Mamadou Dia's sun sign?

    Mamadou Dia is Cancer

  • How famous is Mamadou Dia?

    Mamadou Dia is famouse as Politician