Lyudmila Pavlichenko - Sniper, Birthday and Facts

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Lyudmila Pavlichenko's Personal Details

Lyudmila Mikhailovna Pavlichenko was a Soviet Union sniper

InformationDetail
BirthdayJuly 12, 1916
Died onOctober 10, 1974
NationalityRussian
FamousSniper, Women Soldiers, Miscellaneous, Soldiers
SpousesAlexei Pavlichenko (1932–19??; divorced)
Known asLyudmila Mykhailivna Pavlichenko
Childrens Rostyslav Pavlichenko
Universities
  • Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
Birth PlaceBila Tserkva
Born CountryRussian Federation
GenderFemale
FatherOlena Trokhymivna Byelova
MotherMykhaylo Byelov
Sun SignCancer
Born inBila Tserkva
Famous asSniper
Died at Age58

// Famous Sniper

Lyudmila Pavlichenko's photo

Who is Lyudmila Pavlichenko?

Lyudmila Mikhailovna Pavlichenko was a Soviet Union sniper, considered the most successful female sniper and one of the top military snipers in war history. An amateur sharpshooter, Lyudmila kept her university study on hold to join the Red Army as Germany invaded Soviet Union. Although she had choice of serving as a nurse she insisted to join the infantry and was assigned to the 25th Rifle Division of the Red Army. She recorded a total of 309 sniper kills in the Second World War and was pulled back from combat due to her growing status. She was sent to Canada and the United States for publicity visit. She became the first citizen of Soviet Union who was received by a US President when she was welcomed by Franklin D. Roosevelt to the White House. She was later promoted as major, however she never returned to the warfront and instead gave training to Soviet snipers till end of the war. She received several accolades for her war contributions including being awarded the Gold Star of the Hero of the Soviet Union.

// Famous Women Soldiers

Childhood & Early Life

She was born Lyudmila Mikhailovna Belova on July 12, 1916, in Bila Tserkva, Russian Empire (presently in Ukraine). When she was 14 years old she relocated to Kiev with her family where she got enrolled into an OSOAVIAKhIM shooting club and eventually evolved as an amateur sharpshooter. Meanwhile she worked at the Kiev Arsenal factory as a grinder.

She married Alexei Pavlichenko in 1932 when she was just 16 years old; however the marriage did not last long. The couple together had a son called Rostislav born in 1932.

Lyudmila obtained a master’s degree in history from the Kiev University in 1937 majoring on the life of Bohdan Khmelnytsky.

Role During the Second World War

The Axis invasion of the Soviet Union, in the midst of the Second World War code named as Operation Barbarossa began on June 22, 1941. During that time Lyudmila was attending her fourth year studies at the Kiev University. She came forward as one of the first round of volunteers at the Odessa recruiting office.

Although she was given the option of serving as a nurse, she requested to be assigned in the infantry and accordingly she was delegated to the 25th Rifle Division of the Red Army. With this she emerged among the 2000 female snipers who fought in the Second World War and remained one of the 500 snipers who survived the war.

She used a semi-automatic Tokarev SVT-40 rifle having 3.5X telescopic sight to accomplish her first two sniper kills that occurred close to Belyayevka in early August 1941. As the month progressed she garnered a hundred confirmed sniper kills to her name following which she was elevated to the rank of senior sergeant on that very month.

She recorded a total of 187 sniper kills fighting near Odessa for around 2 ½ months. On October 15, 1941, the Romanians seized control of Odessa following which her unit retreated to Sevastopol on the Crimean Peninsula. There she fought for over 8 months.

In May 1942, the Southern Army Council cited Lyudmila, who was recently elevated as a Lieutenant, for eliminating 257 German soldiers. The confirmed sniper kills by her amounted to 309 during the Second World War among whom 36 were snipers from the enemy sides.

A mortar fire injured her in June 1942 and although she eventually recovered from such wound, within a month of such recovery she was pulled back from the warfront due to her growing status.

She made publicity visit in support of the war to Allied countries, Canada and the United States. She emerged as the first citizen of the Soviet Union who was received by a President of the United States when Franklin D. Roosevelt welcomed the ace sniper to the White House. She also received invitation from the First Lady of the US Eleanor Roosevelt to tour across the US and share her experiences.

She attended the International Student Assembly in Washington, D.C. and also the Congress of Industrial Organizations’ meetings. She appeared in public rallies and gave speeches in the New York City and Chicago.

She received a Colt semi-automatic pistol from the US and a sighted Winchester rifle from Canada. The latter is now displayed in Moscow’s Central Armed Forces Museum.

She went to the UK and visited Coventry on November 21, 1942. There the Coventry workers gave her donations to garner 3 X-ray units for the Red Army. Her visits of the day included the Standard Car Factory, which garnered her much of the funds collected, the Birmingham factory, the Alfred Herbert works and the Coventry Cathedral ruins.

Lyudmila was elevated to the rank of a major however she did not get back to the warfront and instead started training the Soviet snipers as an instructor till the end of the war.

She was presented with the Gold Star of the Hero of the Soviet Union award, the highest distinction in the Soviet Union in 1943. Her efforts during the war were also recognised that year by issuing a Soviet postage stamp in her honour.

Over the years she had also received several honours and accolades for her war contributions. These included the Order of Lenin twice; Medal "For the Victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945"; the Medal "For the Defence of Sevastopol"; the Medal "For Battle Merit"; and Medal "For the Defence of Odessa".

Life After the War, Death & Legacy

As the war ended, Lyudmila resumed and completed her studies at the Kiev University and then commenced a career of a historian. She served the Chief Headquarters of the Soviet Navy as a research assistant from 1945 to 1953. Later she got actively involved with the Soviet Committee of the Veterans of War.

This ace sniper who earned international repute for her valour and war contributions passed away on October 10, 1974, at 58 years of age in Moscow, Soviet Union. Her remains were interred in Moscow’s Novodevichye Cemetery.

In 1976, the Soviet Union issued another commemorative stamp featuring her portrait.

American singer-songwriter and one of the most prominent figures in American folk music Woody Guthrie composed a song ("Miss Pavlichenko") commemorating Lyudmila’s war contributions and visits to Canada and the US. The song was included in ‘The Asch Recordings’, presumably the most famous recordings of Guthrie.

The commercially successful biographical war film ‘Battle for Sevastopol’, a joint Russian-Ukrainian production that released in both the nations on April 2, 2015 was based on the life of Lyudmila. The film had its international premiere a couple of weeks later at the Beijing International Film Festival.

In February 2018, Greenhill Books published ‘Lady Death’, the first English language edition of Lyudmila’s memoirs.

// Famous Miscellaneous

Lyudmila Pavlichenko awards

YearNameAward

Other

Order of Lenin
Medal
Order of Lenin
Hero of the Soviet Union
Gold Star

Lyudmila Pavlichenko biography timelines

  • // 12th Jul 1916
    She was born Lyudmila Mikhailovna Belova on July 12, 1916, in Bila Tserkva, Russian Empire (presently in Ukraine). When she was 14 years old she relocated to Kiev with her family where she got enrolled into an OSOAVIAKhIM shooting club and eventually evolved as an amateur sharpshooter. Meanwhile she worked at the Kiev Arsenal factory as a grinder.
  • // 1932
    She married Alexei Pavlichenko in 1932 when she was just 16 years old; however the marriage did not last long. The couple together had a son called Rostislav born in 1932.
  • // 1937
    Lyudmila obtained a master’s degree in history from the Kiev University in 1937 majoring on the life of Bohdan Khmelnytsky.
  • // 1941 To 1945
    Over the years she had also received several honours and accolades for her war contributions. These included the Order of Lenin twice; Medal "For the Victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945"; the Medal "For the Defence of Sevastopol"; the Medal "For Battle Merit"; and Medal "For the Defence of Odessa".
  • // 22nd Jun 1941
    The Axis invasion of the Soviet Union, in the midst of the Second World War code named as Operation Barbarossa began on June 22, 1941. During that time Lyudmila was attending her fourth year studies at the Kiev University. She came forward as one of the first round of volunteers at the Odessa recruiting office.
  • // Aug 1941
    She used a semi-automatic Tokarev SVT-40 rifle having 3.5X telescopic sight to accomplish her first two sniper kills that occurred close to Belyayevka in early August 1941. As the month progressed she garnered a hundred confirmed sniper kills to her name following which she was elevated to the rank of senior sergeant on that very month.
  • // 15th Oct 1941
    She recorded a total of 187 sniper kills fighting near Odessa for around 2 ½ months. On October 15, 1941, the Romanians seized control of Odessa following which her unit retreated to Sevastopol on the Crimean Peninsula. There she fought for over 8 months.
  • // May 1942
    In May 1942, the Southern Army Council cited Lyudmila, who was recently elevated as a Lieutenant, for eliminating 257 German soldiers. The confirmed sniper kills by her amounted to 309 during the Second World War among whom 36 were snipers from the enemy sides.
  • // Jun 1942
    A mortar fire injured her in June 1942 and although she eventually recovered from such wound, within a month of such recovery she was pulled back from the warfront due to her growing status.
  • // 21st Nov 1942
    She went to the UK and visited Coventry on November 21, 1942. There the Coventry workers gave her donations to garner 3 X-ray units for the Red Army. Her visits of the day included the Standard Car Factory, which garnered her much of the funds collected, the Birmingham factory, the Alfred Herbert works and the Coventry Cathedral ruins.
  • // 1943
    She was presented with the Gold Star of the Hero of the Soviet Union award, the highest distinction in the Soviet Union in 1943. Her efforts during the war were also recognised that year by issuing a Soviet postage stamp in her honour.
  • // 1945 To 1953
    As the war ended, Lyudmila resumed and completed her studies at the Kiev University and then commenced a career of a historian. She served the Chief Headquarters of the Soviet Navy as a research assistant from 1945 to 1953. Later she got actively involved with the Soviet Committee of the Veterans of War.
  • // 10th Oct 1974
    This ace sniper who earned international repute for her valour and war contributions passed away on October 10, 1974, at 58 years of age in Moscow, Soviet Union. Her remains were interred in Moscow’s Novodevichye Cemetery.
  • // 1976
    In 1976, the Soviet Union issued another commemorative stamp featuring her portrait.
  • // 2000
    Although she was given the option of serving as a nurse, she requested to be assigned in the infantry and accordingly she was delegated to the 25th Rifle Division of the Red Army. With this she emerged among the 2000 female snipers who fought in the Second World War and remained one of the 500 snipers who survived the war.
  • // 2nd Apr 2015
    The commercially successful biographical war film ‘Battle for Sevastopol’, a joint Russian-Ukrainian production that released in both the nations on April 2, 2015 was based on the life of Lyudmila. The film had its international premiere a couple of weeks later at the Beijing International Film Festival.
  • // Feb 2018
    In February 2018, Greenhill Books published ‘Lady Death’, the first English language edition of Lyudmila’s memoirs.

// Famous Soldiers

Lyudmila Pavlichenko's FAQ

  • What is Lyudmila Pavlichenko birthday?

    Lyudmila Pavlichenko was born at 1916-07-12

  • When was Lyudmila Pavlichenko died?

    Lyudmila Pavlichenko was died at 1974-10-10

  • Where was Lyudmila Pavlichenko died?

    Lyudmila Pavlichenko was died in Moscow

  • Which age was Lyudmila Pavlichenko died?

    Lyudmila Pavlichenko was died at age 58

  • Where is Lyudmila Pavlichenko's birth place?

    Lyudmila Pavlichenko was born in Bila Tserkva

  • What is Lyudmila Pavlichenko nationalities?

    Lyudmila Pavlichenko's nationalities is Russian

  • Who is Lyudmila Pavlichenko spouses?

    Lyudmila Pavlichenko's spouses is Alexei Pavlichenko (1932–19??; divorced)

  • Who is Lyudmila Pavlichenko childrens?

    Lyudmila Pavlichenko's childrens is Rostyslav Pavlichenko

  • What was Lyudmila Pavlichenko universities?

    Lyudmila Pavlichenko studied at Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv

  • Who is Lyudmila Pavlichenko's father?

    Lyudmila Pavlichenko's father is Olena Trokhymivna Byelova

  • Who is Lyudmila Pavlichenko's mother?

    Lyudmila Pavlichenko's mother is Mykhaylo Byelov

  • What is Lyudmila Pavlichenko's sun sign?

    Lyudmila Pavlichenko is Cancer

  • How famous is Lyudmila Pavlichenko?

    Lyudmila Pavlichenko is famouse as Sniper