John W. Campbell

John W. Campbell - Media Personalities, Life Achievements and Family

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John W. Campbell's Personal Details

John W

InformationDetail
BirthdayJune 8, 1910
Died onJuly 11, 1971
NationalityAmerican
FamousDuke University, Media Personalities, Editors, Science Fiction Writers
Nick namesDon A. Stuart
SpousesDona Stewart, Margaret (Peg) Winter
Universities
  • Duke University
  • Duke University
Notable Alumnis
  • Duke University
Birth PlaceNewark, New Jersey, USA
GenderMale
FatherJohn Wood Campbell
MotherDorothy Strahern
Sun SignGemini
Born inNewark, New Jersey, USA
Famous asScience Fiction Writer
Died at Age61

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John W. Campbell's photo

Who is John W. Campbell?

John W. Campbell was an American science fiction writer and editor. He started writing science fiction stories when he was 18 years old. He graduated with a Bachelor of Science in Physics from Duke University after studying in Massachusetts Institute of Technology where he failed in German. His initial stories were published by Amazing. By 21, he was a well-known science fiction writer. He wrote under various pseudonyms including Don A. Stuart, Karl Van Campen, and Arthur McCann. His novel ‘The Mightiest Machine’ was well received. Its three sequels featuring its hero Aarn Munro appeared in The Incredible Planet. He was editor of the magazine ‘Astounding Science Fiction’, later called ‘Analog Science Fiction and Fact; until his death. He started the fantasy magazine ‘Unknown’. As an editor, he helped launch the careers of Robert A. Heinlein, Isaac Asimov, Arthur C. Clarke, A.E. van Vogt and Theodore Sturgeon, and brought many already established writers into his camp. He wrote many articles on electronics and radio, and hosted a weekly science fiction radio program called Exploring Tomorrow. He is considered as one of the pioneers of the Golden Age of Science Fiction.

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Childhood & Early Life

John Wood Campbell, Jr. was born on June 8, 1910, to John Campbell, Sr. and Dorothy Strahern Campbell. His father was an electrical engineer. His mother had an identical twin, and young John could not tell them apart.

Campbell attended the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. After he failed in German, MIT dismissed him. He graduated with a Bachelor of Science in Physics in 1932 from Duke University.

He began writing science fiction at age 18. From January 1930 to June 1931, 'Amazing' magazine published six of his short stories, one novel, and six letters. By 21, he was a well-known pulp writer.

Career

Campbell started his writing career with the American science fiction magazine Amazing Stories. But his first manuscripted titled ' ‘Invaders of the Infinite', which was accepted by the magazine was lost by its editor. His next story ‘When the Atoms Failed’ and five more stories appeared in Amazing’s monthly and Quarterly in 1930.

He published stories such as ‘Twilight’, ‘Night’ and ‘Who Goes There?’ under the pseudonym Don A. Stuart derived from his wife’s name, Dona Stewart. He also used the name Karl Van Campen.

‘Who Goes There?’ was about a group of Antarctic researchers who discover a crashed alien vessel, with a malevolent shape-changing occupant. It was first filmed as ‘The Thing from Another World’ in 1951.

In 1936, he began series of 18 monthly articles on the solar system under his own name. He also published a number of articles as Arthur McCann.

He was hired as the editor of Astounding magazine from October 1937 issue. He gave the label ‘mutant’ for unusual stories, and changed the title from Astounding Stories to Astounding Science-Fiction.

He helped launch the careers of Robert A. Heinlein, Isaac Asimov, Arthur C. Clarke, A.E. van Vogt, and Theodore Sturgeon. Established writers like Hubbard, Leinster, and Simak became part of Campbell’s camp.

The July 1939 issue of Astounding contained A. E. van Vogt’s first story, ‘Black Destroyer’, and Asimov’s story ‘Trends’ followed by Robert A. Heinlein’s first story, ‘Life-Line’, and Theodore Sturgeon’s first story.

He was of the opinion that slavery should have ended with industrialization, and that the Civil War was unnecessary. He believed that the industrial management would accept any skilled and competent machinist irrespective of race or color.

He wrote many articles on electronics and radio. From December, 1957 he hosted a weekly science fiction radio program called Exploring Tomorrow with scripts written by authors like Gordon R. Dickson and Robert Silverberg.

Major Works

Campbell started the fantasy magazine Unknown in 1939. It was cancelled after only four years due to wartime paper shortages. It was, however, significant in the evolution of modern fantasy.

Awards & Achievements

At the 1953 World Science Fiction Convention, Campbell and Astounding shared the inaugural Hugo Awards with H. L. Gold and Galaxy. They won the Hugo Award for Best Professional Magazine seven times.

Personal Life & Legacy

Campbell married Dona Stewart married in 1931. They divorced after eighteen years.

He then married Margaret Winter in 1950. They had three children. He spent most of his life in New Jersey.

He was a heavy smoker throughout his life, and was seldom seen without a cigarette. He was alienated from many illustrious writers due to his eccentric editorial demands.

He died of heart failure on July 11, 1971, in New Jersey, at the age of 71.

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John W. Campbell's awards

YearNameAward

Other

01965 - Hugo Award for Best Professional Magazine

John W. Campbell biography timelines

  • // 8th Jun 1910
    John Wood Campbell, Jr. was born on June 8, 1910, to John Campbell, Sr. and Dorothy Strahern Campbell. His father was an electrical engineer. His mother had an identical twin, and young John could not tell them apart.
  • // 1930
    Campbell started his writing career with the American science fiction magazine Amazing Stories. But his first manuscripted titled ' ‘Invaders of the Infinite', which was accepted by the magazine was lost by its editor. His next story ‘When the Atoms Failed’ and five more stories appeared in Amazing’s monthly and Quarterly in 1930.
  • // 1931
    Campbell married Dona Stewart married in 1931. They divorced after eighteen years.
  • // 1932
    Campbell attended the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. After he failed in German, MIT dismissed him. He graduated with a Bachelor of Science in Physics in 1932 from Duke University.
  • // 1936
    In 1936, he began series of 18 monthly articles on the solar system under his own name. He also published a number of articles as Arthur McCann.
  • // Oct 1937
    He was hired as the editor of Astounding magazine from October 1937 issue. He gave the label ‘mutant’ for unusual stories, and changed the title from Astounding Stories to Astounding Science-Fiction.
  • // 1939
    The July 1939 issue of Astounding contained A. E. van Vogt’s first story, ‘Black Destroyer’, and Asimov’s story ‘Trends’ followed by Robert A. Heinlein’s first story, ‘Life-Line’, and Theodore Sturgeon’s first story.
  • // 1939
    Campbell started the fantasy magazine Unknown in 1939. It was cancelled after only four years due to wartime paper shortages. It was, however, significant in the evolution of modern fantasy.
  • // 1950
    He then married Margaret Winter in 1950. They had three children. He spent most of his life in New Jersey.
  • // 1951
    ‘Who Goes There?’ was about a group of Antarctic researchers who discover a crashed alien vessel, with a malevolent shape-changing occupant. It was first filmed as ‘The Thing from Another World’ in 1951.
  • // 1953
    At the 1953 World Science Fiction Convention, Campbell and Astounding shared the inaugural Hugo Awards with H. L. Gold and Galaxy. They won the Hugo Award for Best Professional Magazine seven times.
  • // 1957
    He wrote many articles on electronics and radio. From December, 1957 he hosted a weekly science fiction radio program called Exploring Tomorrow with scripts written by authors like Gordon R. Dickson and Robert Silverberg.
  • // 11th Jul 1971
    He died of heart failure on July 11, 1971, in New Jersey, at the age of 71.

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John W. Campbell's FAQ

  • What is John W. Campbell birthday?

    John W. Campbell was born at 1910-06-08

  • When was John W. Campbell died?

    John W. Campbell was died at 1971-07-11

  • Where was John W. Campbell died?

    John W. Campbell was died in Mountainside, New Jersey, USA

  • Which age was John W. Campbell died?

    John W. Campbell was died at age 61

  • Where is John W. Campbell's birth place?

    John W. Campbell was born in Newark, New Jersey, USA

  • What is John W. Campbell nationalities?

    John W. Campbell's nationalities is American

  • What is John W. Campbell nick names?

    John W. Campbell's nickNames is Don A. Stuart

  • Who is John W. Campbell spouses?

    John W. Campbell's spouses is Dona Stewart, Margaret (Peg) Winter

  • What was John W. Campbell universities?

    John W. Campbell studied at Duke University, Duke University

  • What was John W. Campbell notable alumnis?

    John W. Campbell's notable alumnis is Duke University

  • Who is John W. Campbell's father?

    John W. Campbell's father is John Wood Campbell

  • Who is John W. Campbell's mother?

    John W. Campbell's mother is Dorothy Strahern

  • What is John W. Campbell's sun sign?

    John W. Campbell is Gemini

  • How famous is John W. Campbell?

    John W. Campbell is famouse as Science Fiction Writer