John Garang - Politician, Family and Life

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John Garang's Personal Details

John Garang is a Sudanese politician, who founded and led the 'Sudan People's Liberation Army' in the ‘Second Civil War’

InformationDetail
BirthdayJune 23, 1945
Died onJuly 30, 2005
NationalitySudanese
FamousPolitician, Marxists, Leaders, Political Leaders
IdeologiesMarxists
SpousesRebecca Nyandeng De Mabior
Childrens Chol Garang, Mabior Garang, Majok Garang
Universities
  • Iowa State University
  • Iowa State University
  • Grinnell College
  • University of Dar es Salaam
Founder / Co-Founder
  • Sudan People's Liberation Army
Cause of deathPlane Crash
Birth PlaceTwic East County
Political IdeologyPolitical party - SPLM
ReligionChristianity
GenderMale
Sun SignCancer
Born inTwic East County
Famous asPolitician
Died at Age60

// Famous Politician

John Garang's photo

Who is John Garang?

John Garang, a member of the poor ethnic Dinka tribe, was a political leader, who initially served in the first ‘Sudanese Civil War’. While serving in the Sudanese army, he managed to complete his education, obtaining a PhD in agricultural economics from the 'Iowa State University'. The political leader continued to serve in the army, even after the 'Civil War' had ended. After serving eleven years in the regiment, he conspired against the government and formed a political organization named 'Sudan People's Liberation Army' ('SPLA'), comprising of more than 3000 soldiers. The organization revolted against the Islamic government with the aim of ousting the President Omar al-Bashir. This movement lasted for more than twenty years and came to be known as the 'Second Sudanese Civil War'. The civil war came to a close when the 'Comprehensive Peace Agreement' was signed between the 'SPLA' and President al-Bashir. Within a few months, Garang was declared the Vice-President of the nation of Sudan, and the sole leader of South Sudan. However, the newly appointed Vice-President held his office for less than a month, before a helicopter crash caused his untimely death. Despite being criticised by many, this politician is famous for having envisioned a united nation, named ‘New Sudan’, that would be ruled by representatives of all tribes of the country

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Childhood & Early Life

John Garang was born on June 23, 1945, to poor ethnic Dinka parents, in Sudan's Wangulei village. His parents died when he was just ten years old, and was educated at elementary schools in Wau and Rumbek, by a close relative.

At the age of seventeen, in 1962 he had to take part in the first 'Sudanese Civil War', also called the 'Anyanya Rebellion'. With motivation from his leaders, the young man managed to complete his secondary education from Tanzania, while the war still ravaged in his homeland.

Continuing his education on a scholarship, in 1969, he graduated in Economics from 'Grinnell College', in Iowa, USA. A brilliant student, John won a scholarship to the 'University of California', Berkeley.

However, he came back to Tanzania and joined the 'University of Dar es Salaam' to pursue a ‘Thomas J. Watson Fellowship’ in East African Agricultural Economics. At the university, he joined the 'University Students' African Revolutionary Front'.

Career

After completing his studies in Tanzania, he came back to Sudan, and from 1972-83, he served in the nation's army. This happened after the 'Addis Ababa Agreement' was signed and the civil war came to a halt.

In the course of his servitude he was promoted to the post of a colonel after pursuing the 'Infantry Officers Advanced Course' from Georgia, USA. John also took a break for four years to complete his master’s degree and PhD in agricultural economics, from the 'Iowa State University'.

During this time he became an instructor at a military academy in the district of Wadi Sayedna. He was also employed by the 'Army Head Quarters' in Sudan's capital city Khartoum, for their research department.

The same year, he travelled to Bor, South Sudan, apparently with the aim of consoling soldiers belonging to 'Battalion 105', who refused to be transferred to North Sudan. However, Garang's actual plan was to join these soldiers and abandon the army in order to join the insurgents who were rebelling against the government.

During the attack on Bor, the soldiers left the army, and joined the mutineers in Ethiopia under the leadership of John. Within the next two months the leader had formed the ‘Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement’ (‘SPLA/M’), comprising of more than 3000 agitators.

The 'SPLA/M' revolted against the Islamic government and its military rule, inspiring soldiers from other regiments to protest. From here began the 'Second Sudanese Civil War', which dragged on for more than twenty years. Even though the rebels were non-Muslims, religion wasn't the primary inspiration behind the revolt.

The political leader campaigned for the creation of a region named 'New Sudan', which would be a region marked by unity. He aimed at dethroning President Omar al-Bashir, and establishing a government ruled by representatives of all minority groups. In 1985, the first step towards this goal was taken when 'SPLA/M' attacked Kordofan, a province in central Sudan.

The political organisation took over some southern areas, naming it New Sudan, and was supported by the people of Uganda, Libya, and Ethiopia. However, its struggle for freedom was often characterised by racial discord.

In January 2005, President Omar al-Bashir signed the 'Comprehensive Peace Agreement' ('CPA') with the leader of 'SPLA'. Six months later, Garang was appointed as the first Vice-President of Sudan, and subsequently the President of Southern Sudan.

Even though the political leader's vision was to see a united nation, he was accused by many of being intolerant of anyone who tried to voice their opinions. Also, many consider that the ideology followed by the 'SPLA' was an unstructured blend of different philosophies, including Christianity and Marxism.

Major Works

The first Vice-President of Sudan is famous for having formed the ‘Sudan People's Liberation Army’, an association of soldiers who fought for more than twenty years in the second ‘Sudanese Civil War’ of independence. The leader envisioned a united Sudan where people of all religion will be involved in the administration and co-habit peacefully.

Personal Life & Legacy

Garang was married to Rebecca Nyandeng De Mabior, who is currently serving as the Advisor for the President of The Republic of South Sudan.

On July 30, 2005, John Garang was returning on a Ugandan Mi-172 helicopter, from a meeting with Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni, when the aircraft crashed, killing the Sudanese politician.

The helicopter had been missing for more than a day, and Museveni showed concern over the matter. News reports were flashed that the political leader had landed safely. However, later it was found to be a false report, and his demise was announced to the public.

Though most people claim that the plane crashed owing to bad weather, it is also rumoured that it could be a result of foul play. The politician's body was brought back to New Cush, in South Sudan for his followers to pay homage.

On August 3, the funeral service was held in Juba, where the leader's wife Rebecca promised to carry on his mission.

The famous politician's grave lies in Juba, the capital city of Sudan, where a statue in his honour was also erected in 2011.

Trivia

President George W. Bush, always advocated this South Sudanese leader, and referred to him as a "partner in peace"

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John Garang biography timelines

  • // 23rd Jun 1945
    John Garang was born on June 23, 1945, to poor ethnic Dinka parents, in Sudan's Wangulei village. His parents died when he was just ten years old, and was educated at elementary schools in Wau and Rumbek, by a close relative.
  • // 1962
    At the age of seventeen, in 1962 he had to take part in the first 'Sudanese Civil War', also called the 'Anyanya Rebellion'. With motivation from his leaders, the young man managed to complete his secondary education from Tanzania, while the war still ravaged in his homeland.
  • // 1969
    Continuing his education on a scholarship, in 1969, he graduated in Economics from 'Grinnell College', in Iowa, USA. A brilliant student, John won a scholarship to the 'University of California', Berkeley.
  • // 1972 To 1983
    After completing his studies in Tanzania, he came back to Sudan, and from 1972-83, he served in the nation's army. This happened after the 'Addis Ababa Agreement' was signed and the civil war came to a halt.
  • // 1985
    The political leader campaigned for the creation of a region named 'New Sudan', which would be a region marked by unity. He aimed at dethroning President Omar al-Bashir, and establishing a government ruled by representatives of all minority groups. In 1985, the first step towards this goal was taken when 'SPLA/M' attacked Kordofan, a province in central Sudan.
  • // Jan 2005
    In January 2005, President Omar al-Bashir signed the 'Comprehensive Peace Agreement' ('CPA') with the leader of 'SPLA'. Six months later, Garang was appointed as the first Vice-President of Sudan, and subsequently the President of Southern Sudan.
  • // 30th Jul 2005
    On July 30, 2005, John Garang was returning on a Ugandan Mi-172 helicopter, from a meeting with Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni, when the aircraft crashed, killing the Sudanese politician.
  • // 2011
    The famous politician's grave lies in Juba, the capital city of Sudan, where a statue in his honour was also erected in 2011.

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John Garang's FAQ

  • What is John Garang birthday?

    John Garang was born at 1945-06-23

  • When was John Garang died?

    John Garang was died at 2005-07-30

  • Where was John Garang died?

    John Garang was died in New Cush

  • Which age was John Garang died?

    John Garang was died at age 60

  • Where is John Garang's birth place?

    John Garang was born in Twic East County

  • What is John Garang nationalities?

    John Garang's nationalities is Sudanese

  • What is John Garang ideologies?

    John Garang's ideologies is Marxists

  • Who is John Garang spouses?

    John Garang's spouses is Rebecca Nyandeng De Mabior

  • Who is John Garang childrens?

    John Garang's childrens is Chol Garang, Mabior Garang, Majok Garang

  • What was John Garang universities?

    John Garang studied at Iowa State University, Iowa State University, Grinnell College, University of Dar es Salaam

  • Which company or organization was founded by John Garang?

    John Garang was the founder/co-founder of Sudan People's Liberation Army

  • What is John Garang's cause of dead?

    John Garang dead because of Plane Crash

  • What is John Garang's political ideology?

    John Garang's political ideology is Political party - SPLM

  • What is John Garang's religion?

    John Garang's religion is Christianity

  • What is John Garang's sun sign?

    John Garang is Cancer

  • How famous is John Garang?

    John Garang is famouse as Politician