Horatio Nelson

Horatio Nelson - Admiral, Family and Family

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Horatio Nelson's Personal Details

Horatio Nelson was a British flag officer, known for his service during Napoleonic Wars.

InformationDetail
BirthdaySeptember 29, 1758
Died onOctober 21, 1805
NationalityBritish
FamousLeaders, Military Leaders, Soldiers, ESFP, Admiral
SpousesFrances Nelson (m. 1787–1805)
SiblingsWilliam Nelson
Known asHoratio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson
ChildrensHoratia Nelson
Universities
  • Norwich School
  • Paston College
Birth PlaceBurnham Thorpe
GenderMale
FatherEdmund Nelson
MotherCatherine Suckling
Sun SignLibra
Born inBurnham Thorpe
Famous asAdmiral
Died at Age47

Horatio Nelson's photo

Who is Horatio Nelson?

Lord Horatio Nelson is considered as one of the most heroic figures of Britain. Serving as the first Viscount, he was a British flag officer who was known for his commitments in the Royal Navy and his service during the Napoleonic Wars. What gave Nelson an edge over other Navy officers was his quick grasp of strategy and unconventional tactics. These abilities earned him a number of decisive naval victories. He steadily rose through the ranks and served with leading naval commanders of the period before obtaining his own command in 1778. Under Nelson's leadership, the Royal Navy proved its supremacy over the French. His most famous engagement, at Cape Trafalgar, saved Britain from threat of invasion by Napoleon. In 1805, his fleet was engaged at the Battle of Trafalgar where he was fatally wounded by a French sniper. His death secured him the position of one of Britain’s most heroic figures and recorded a legacy that remains highly influential till date.

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Childhood & Early Life

Born as Horatio Nelson to Reverend Edmund Nelson and Catherine, he was the sixth of the eleven children born to the couple.

Academically proficient, he completed his early education from Paston Grammar School in North Walsham. Thereafter, he enrolled at the King Edward VI’s Grammar School in Norwich.

Career

He commenced his career early at the age of 12 as an ordinary seaman and coxswain in the HMS Raisonnable. No sooner, he was appointed to the position of midshipman and started receiving his officer training.

He rose through various ranks, eventually achieving the rank of the captain in 1778. He then served in the West Indies, Baltic and Canada. In 1793, with the entry of Britain in the French Revolutionary Wars, he was given the command of the Agamemnon.

It was while serving in the Mediterranean that he helped in the capture of the Corsica and fought in the Battle at Calvi together with Lieutenant General Charles Stuart. While he looked after the bombardment of the enemy camp, Stuart moved forward taking control of the place. It was during the constant bombardment that he irreparably damaged his eye and eventually lost sight of his right eye.

Following this, he led British navy to record a stunning victory against French in the Battle of Cape St. Vincent in 1797. His trademark style of disregarding official orders and taking it on his own proved worthwhile as it only helped in the victory.

After the success at the Battle of Cape St Vincent, he participated in the attack on Santa Cruz de Tenerife in the Canary Islands where he wounded his right arm, leaving himself amputated. He was then forced to return to England to recuperate

The following year, he won a decisive victory at the Battle of the Nile over the French and remained in the Mediterranean to support the Kingdom of Naples against a French invasion.

He next fought at the Battle of Copenhagen. Despite losing his eyesight and having his arm amputated, he did not cease to have a dominating role in the combat and pursued the same in his own style disrespecting the orders to stop the action by putting his telescope to his blind eye and claiming he couldn't see the signal to withdraw.

By 1801, his prowess and calibre helped him gain the position of a Vice-Admiral. Attaining the position, he became increasingly engaged in Napoleonic wars with France.

After a brief return to England, he took over the C�diz blockade in 1805. The same year, he engaged himself in what would turn out to be the last battle of his life. The Franco-Spanish fleet came out of port and his fleet engaged them at the Battle of Trafalgar. The battle turned out to be Britain’s greatest naval victory but Nelson was badly fatally injured.

Awards & Achievements

In 1802, University of Oxford conferred upon him the honorary degree of Doctor of Civil Law.

He served as the Colonel of the Royal Marines and voted a Freeman of Bath, Salisbury, Exeter, Plymouth, Monmouth, Sandwich, Oxford, Hereford, and Worcester.

At the time of his death, he held numerous titles such as The Most Noble Lord Horatio Nelson, Viscount and Baron Nelson, of the Nile and of Burnham Thorpe in the County of Norfolk, Baron Nelson of the Nile and of Hilborough in the said County, Knight of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath, Vice Admiral of the White Squadron of the Fleet, Commander in Chief of his Majesty's Ships and Vessels in the Mediterranean, Duke of Bront� in the Kingdom of Sicily, Knight Grand Cross of the Sicilian Order of St Ferdinand and of Merit, Member of the Ottoman Order of the Crescent, Knight Grand Commander of the Order of St Joachim.

Personal Life & Legacy

He married Frances Fanny Nisbet, a young widow at Montpelier Estate on the Island of Nevis on March 11, 1787.

He was in a relationship with Emma Hamilton, the wife of William Hamilton, the then British Ambassador to the Kingdom of Naples. It was while on a voyage to England that the two were blessed with an illegitimate daughter - Horatia.

At the Battle of Trafalgar, he was fatally wounded by a French sniper, which led to his death. His body was later brought back to England from Victory at the Nore. He was laid in state for three days at the Painted Hall at Greenwich

His coffin, which was taken to the Admiralty for the night, was later taken to a funeral procession with 32 admirals, over a hundred captains, and an escort of 10,000 soldiers who took the coffin from the Admiralty to St Paul's Cathedral. Four hours later, he was interred within a sarcophagus originally carved for Cardinal Wolsey

Posthumously, numerous monuments such as Nelson's Column in Trafalgar Square, London, Nelson’s Pillar in Dublin, a statue in Montreal and a Royal Society of Arts blue plaque were created in his memory.

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Horatio Nelson's awards

YearNameAward

Other

0- Knight of the Order of the Bath
0 - Order of the Turkish Crescent for his role in restoring Ottoman rule in Egypt
0 - Freedom of the City of London

Horatio Nelson biography timelines

  • // 29th Sep 1758
    Born as Horatio Nelson to Reverend Edmund Nelson and Catherine, he was the sixth of the eleven children born to the couple.
  • // 1778 To 1793
    He rose through various ranks, eventually achieving the rank of the captain in 1778. He then served in the West Indies, Baltic and Canada. In 1793, with the entry of Britain in the French Revolutionary Wars, he was given the command of the Agamemnon.
  • // 11th Mar 1787
    He married Frances Fanny Nisbet, a young widow at Montpelier Estate on the Island of Nevis on March 11, 1787.
  • // 1797
    Following this, he led British navy to record a stunning victory against French in the Battle of Cape St. Vincent in 1797. His trademark style of disregarding official orders and taking it on his own proved worthwhile as it only helped in the victory.
  • // 1801
    By 1801, his prowess and calibre helped him gain the position of a Vice-Admiral. Attaining the position, he became increasingly engaged in Napoleonic wars with France.
  • // 1802
    In 1802, University of Oxford conferred upon him the honorary degree of Doctor of Civil Law.
  • // 1805
    After a brief return to England, he took over the C�diz blockade in 1805. The same year, he engaged himself in what would turn out to be the last battle of his life. The Franco-Spanish fleet came out of port and his fleet engaged them at the Battle of Trafalgar. The battle turned out to be Britain’s greatest naval victory but Nelson was badly fatally injured.
  • // 21st Oct 1805
    At the Battle of Trafalgar, he was fatally wounded by a French sniper, which led to his death. His body was later brought back to England from Victory at the Nore. He was laid in state for three days at the Painted Hall at Greenwich

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Horatio Nelson's FAQ

  • What is Horatio Nelson birthday?

    Horatio Nelson was born at 1758-09-29

  • When was Horatio Nelson died?

    Horatio Nelson was died at 1805-10-21

  • Where was Horatio Nelson died?

    Horatio Nelson was died in Cape Trafalgar

  • Which age was Horatio Nelson died?

    Horatio Nelson was died at age 47

  • Where is Horatio Nelson's birth place?

    Horatio Nelson was born in Burnham Thorpe

  • What is Horatio Nelson nationalities?

    Horatio Nelson's nationalities is British

  • Who is Horatio Nelson spouses?

    Horatio Nelson's spouses is Frances Nelson (m. 1787–1805)

  • Who is Horatio Nelson siblings?

    Horatio Nelson's siblings is William Nelson

  • Who is Horatio Nelson childrens?

    Horatio Nelson's childrens is Horatia Nelson

  • What was Horatio Nelson universities?

    Horatio Nelson studied at Norwich School, Paston College

  • Who is Horatio Nelson's father?

    Horatio Nelson's father is Edmund Nelson

  • Who is Horatio Nelson's mother?

    Horatio Nelson's mother is Catherine Suckling

  • What is Horatio Nelson's sun sign?

    Horatio Nelson is Libra

  • How famous is Horatio Nelson?

    Horatio Nelson is famouse as Admiral