Herbert Hoover

Herbert Hoover - 31st U.s. President, Timeline and Family

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Herbert Hoover's Personal Details

Herbert Hoover was the 31st President of the United States who served from 1929 to 1933

InformationDetail
BirthdayAugust 10, 1874
Died onOctober 20, 1964
NationalityAmerican
FamousHumanitarian, Left Handed, Stanford University, Leaders, Political Leaders, Presidents, 31st U.s. President
HobbiesHiking, Fishing, Reading
City/StateIowa
Nick namesThe Hermit Author of Palo Alto, The Grand Old Man, Friend of Helpless Children, The Man of Great Heart, The Chief, Bert, The Great Engineer, The Great Humanitarian
SpousesLou Henry Hoover
SiblingsTheodore J. Hoover
Known asHerbert Clark Hoover
ChildrensAllan Hoover, Herbert Hoover Jr.
Universities
  • Stanford University
  • 1895 - Stanford University
  • George Fox University
Notable Alumnis
  • Stanford University
Founder / Co-Founder
  • Hoover Institution
  • Stanford Graduate School of Business
  • Federal Home Loan Banks
  • Reconstruction Finance Corporation
  • Consolidated Zinc
  • Federal Bureau of Prisons
  • Council on Foreign Relations
  • UNICEF
  • Commission for Relief in Belgium
Birth PlaceWest Branch
Political IdeologyPolitical party - Republican
ReligionQuakers
Height182
GenderMale
FatherJesse Hoover
MotherHulda Hoover
Sun SignLeo
Born inWest Branch
Famous as31st U.S. President
Died at Age90

Herbert Hoover's photo

Who is Herbert Hoover?

Herbert Hoover was the 31st President of the United States who served from 1929 to 1933. A Republican, he became very well-known for his humanitarian efforts to provide relief to millions of Europeans during and after the World War I. A mining engineer by occupation, Hoover was one of the few Presidents of the US to be elected without electoral experience or high military rank. Born to hard-working Quaker parents in Iowa, he had an idyllic childhood until the age of six when his father died. His mother too died three years later leaving him an orphan. He was then raised by his uncle, Dr. John Minthorn, who inculcated in the young boy strong work ethics and moral values. He graduated from the University of Stanford with a degree in geology and embarked on a successful career as a mining engineer. When the World War I began, he became active in the relief efforts and led a team of volunteers in distributing food, clothing, and other necessities. He also became the Chairman of the Commission for Relief in Belgium (CRB) during this time. He then went on to become the U.S. secretary of commerce and eventually decided to run for presidency and easily won the election. However, his stint as the president was not much successful as the Wall Street Crash of 1929 which precipitated the Great Depression struck just months after he took office

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Childhood & Early Life

Herbert Hoover was born on August 10, 1874, in Iowa to Jesse Hoover and Hulda Randall Minthorn. His father was a blacksmith and farm implement store owner, and both his parents were Quakers. Herbert had one brother and one sister.

Tragedy struck the family when his father died in 1880 and his mother too perished a few years later in 1884. Herbert eventually went to live with his uncle Dr. John Minthorn, a physician and businessman. He received a good education at the Minthorn household and developed strong work ethics.

In 1891, he enrolled in the Stanford University and graduated in 1895 with a degree in geology. As a college student he did various jobs to fend for himself.

Career

He began his career in 1897 as an employee of Bewick, Moreing & Co., a London-based gold mining company in Western Australia. Then he went to China where he worked as a chief engineer for the Chinese Bureau of Mines, and as general manager for the Chinese Engineering and Mining Corporation.

He worked hard over the next few years and became a very successful mining engineer. He started working as an independent mining consultant in 1908 and travelled all over the world. Eventually he set up offices in San Francisco, London, New York City, St. Petersburg, Paris and Burma. He was a wealthy man by 1914 with an estimated personal fortune of $4 million.

The World War I began in August 1914 and Hoover became involved in the relief work. He led a large group of 500 volunteers in distributing food and other necessities to the affected people and helped organize the return of thousands of Americans from Europe.

He became the chairman of the Commission for Relief in Belgium (CRB) and worked together with the leader of the Belgian Comité National de Secours et d'Alimentation (CNSA) to help feed the Belgians during a period of severe food crisis.

In 1917, the United States entered the war and President Woodrow Wilson appointed Hoover to head the U.S. Food Administration. He continued his relief work even after the war and helped in providing relief to millions of starving people in Central Europe and Russia.

In 1921, he was chosen to serve as the United States Secretary of Commerce by the President Warren G. Harding. He retained his position in the administration of President Calvin Coolidge who succeeded Harding in 1923.

As the Secretary, Hoover focused on eliminating waste and increasing efficiency in business and industry. He promoted product standardizations and international trade. He was very successful in this position and it is often said that Herbert Hoover was the best Secretary of Commerce in United States history.

In 1927, President Calvin Coolidge announced that he would not seek a second full term of office in the 1928 presidential election. Following this Herbert Hoover was nominated as the Republican candidate in 1928. Hoover ran against Alfred E. Smith whom he easily defeated.

He assumed office as the President of the United States on March 4, 1929. He was a progressive reformer and he immediately set about implementing plans to reform the country’s regulatory system.

As the president, he had several ambitious plans for his nation which were thwarted by the Wall Street Crash of 1929 that plunged the economy into crisis within months of his taking office. The Wall Street Crash led to the Great Depression which affected the American economy very adversely.

During this period he issued the Hoover Moratorium, enacted the Revenue Act of 1932, and attempted to rescue the economy with the passage of the Emergency Relief and Construction Act, which authorized funds for public works programs and the creation of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC).

In spite of his best efforts he was not able to stabilize the economy and people became disillusioned with his performance as the president. He ran for presidency again in 1932 against Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt who promised recovery with a New Deal for the American people. Roosevelt easily won by a landslide and Hoover vacated the office on March 4, 1933.

Herbert Hoover and his successor Franklin D. Roosevelt had a strained relationship. After his retirement Hoover attacked Roosevelt’s government policies in the books he wrote, such ‘The Challenge to Liberty’ (1934) and the eight-volume ‘Addresses Upon the American Road’ (1936–1961).

Major Works

Herbert Hoover is best remembered for his works as a humanitarian during and after the World War I. He was actively involved in providing relief to millions of starving people around Europe and especially respected for his work as the head of the Commission for Relief in Belgium.

Personal Life & Legacy

Herbert Hoover met Lou Henry while they were both students at the Stanford University. The couple fell in love and subsequently married in 1899. Over the years Lou Henry went on to become a cultivated scholar and linguist in her own right. The couple had two sons.

He lived a long life and died at the age of 90 in New York City on October 20, 1964.

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Herbert Hoover's awards

YearNameAward

Other

01920 - Public Welfare Medal
0 1930 - Hoover Medal
0 1929 - John Fritz Medal

Herbert Hoover biography timelines

  • // 10th Aug 1874
    Herbert Hoover was born on August 10, 1874, in Iowa to Jesse Hoover and Hulda Randall Minthorn. His father was a blacksmith and farm implement store owner, and both his parents were Quakers. Herbert had one brother and one sister.
  • // 1880 To 1884
    Tragedy struck the family when his father died in 1880 and his mother too perished a few years later in 1884. Herbert eventually went to live with his uncle Dr. John Minthorn, a physician and businessman. He received a good education at the Minthorn household and developed strong work ethics.
  • // 1891 To 1895
    In 1891, he enrolled in the Stanford University and graduated in 1895 with a degree in geology. As a college student he did various jobs to fend for himself.
  • // 1897
    He began his career in 1897 as an employee of Bewick, Moreing & Co., a London-based gold mining company in Western Australia. Then he went to China where he worked as a chief engineer for the Chinese Bureau of Mines, and as general manager for the Chinese Engineering and Mining Corporation.
  • // 1899
    Herbert Hoover met Lou Henry while they were both students at the Stanford University. The couple fell in love and subsequently married in 1899. Over the years Lou Henry went on to become a cultivated scholar and linguist in her own right. The couple had two sons.
  • // 1908 To 1914
    He worked hard over the next few years and became a very successful mining engineer. He started working as an independent mining consultant in 1908 and travelled all over the world. Eventually he set up offices in San Francisco, London, New York City, St. Petersburg, Paris and Burma. He was a wealthy man by 1914 with an estimated personal fortune of $4 million.
  • // Aug 1914
    The World War I began in August 1914 and Hoover became involved in the relief work. He led a large group of 500 volunteers in distributing food and other necessities to the affected people and helped organize the return of thousands of Americans from Europe.
  • // 1917
    In 1917, the United States entered the war and President Woodrow Wilson appointed Hoover to head the U.S. Food Administration. He continued his relief work even after the war and helped in providing relief to millions of starving people in Central Europe and Russia.
  • // 1921 To 1923
    In 1921, he was chosen to serve as the United States Secretary of Commerce by the President Warren G. Harding. He retained his position in the administration of President Calvin Coolidge who succeeded Harding in 1923.
  • // 1927 To 1928
    In 1927, President Calvin Coolidge announced that he would not seek a second full term of office in the 1928 presidential election. Following this Herbert Hoover was nominated as the Republican candidate in 1928. Hoover ran against Alfred E. Smith whom he easily defeated.
  • // 1929
    As the president, he had several ambitious plans for his nation which were thwarted by the Wall Street Crash of 1929 that plunged the economy into crisis within months of his taking office. The Wall Street Crash led to the Great Depression which affected the American economy very adversely.
  • // 4th Mar 1929
    He assumed office as the President of the United States on March 4, 1929. He was a progressive reformer and he immediately set about implementing plans to reform the country’s regulatory system.
  • // 1932
    During this period he issued the Hoover Moratorium, enacted the Revenue Act of 1932, and attempted to rescue the economy with the passage of the Emergency Relief and Construction Act, which authorized funds for public works programs and the creation of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC).
  • // 1932 To 4th Mar 1933
    In spite of his best efforts he was not able to stabilize the economy and people became disillusioned with his performance as the president. He ran for presidency again in 1932 against Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt who promised recovery with a New Deal for the American people. Roosevelt easily won by a landslide and Hoover vacated the office on March 4, 1933.
  • // 1934 To 1961
    Herbert Hoover and his successor Franklin D. Roosevelt had a strained relationship. After his retirement Hoover attacked Roosevelt’s government policies in the books he wrote, such ‘The Challenge to Liberty’ (1934) and the eight-volume ‘Addresses Upon the American Road’ (1936–1961).
  • // 20th Oct 1964
    He lived a long life and died at the age of 90 in New York City on October 20, 1964.

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Herbert Hoover's FAQ

  • What is Herbert Hoover birthday?

    Herbert Hoover was born at 1874-08-10

  • When was Herbert Hoover died?

    Herbert Hoover was died at 1964-10-20

  • Where was Herbert Hoover died?

    Herbert Hoover was died in New York City

  • Which age was Herbert Hoover died?

    Herbert Hoover was died at age 90

  • Where is Herbert Hoover's birth place?

    Herbert Hoover was born in West Branch

  • What is Herbert Hoover nationalities?

    Herbert Hoover's nationalities is American

  • What is Herbert Hoover hobbies?

    Herbert Hoover's hobbies is Hiking, Fishing, Reading

  • What is Herbert Hoover nick names?

    Herbert Hoover's nickNames is The Hermit Author of Palo Alto, The Grand Old Man, Friend of Helpless Children, The Man of Great Heart, The Chief, Bert, The Great Engineer, The Great Humanitarian

  • Who is Herbert Hoover spouses?

    Herbert Hoover's spouses is Lou Henry Hoover

  • Who is Herbert Hoover siblings?

    Herbert Hoover's siblings is Theodore J. Hoover

  • Who is Herbert Hoover childrens?

    Herbert Hoover's childrens is Allan Hoover, Herbert Hoover Jr.

  • What was Herbert Hoover universities?

    Herbert Hoover studied at Stanford University, 1895 - Stanford University, George Fox University

  • What was Herbert Hoover notable alumnis?

    Herbert Hoover's notable alumnis is Stanford University

  • Which company or organization was founded by Herbert Hoover?

    Herbert Hoover was the founder/co-founder of Hoover Institution, Stanford Graduate School of Business, Federal Home Loan Banks, Reconstruction Finance Corporation, Consolidated Zinc, Federal Bureau of Prisons, Council on Foreign Relations, UNICEF, Commission for Relief in Belgium

  • What is Herbert Hoover's political ideology?

    Herbert Hoover's political ideology is Political party - Republican

  • What is Herbert Hoover's religion?

    Herbert Hoover's religion is Quakers

  • How tall is Herbert Hoover?

    Herbert Hoover's height is 182

  • Who is Herbert Hoover's father?

    Herbert Hoover's father is Jesse Hoover

  • Who is Herbert Hoover's mother?

    Herbert Hoover's mother is Hulda Hoover

  • What is Herbert Hoover's sun sign?

    Herbert Hoover is Leo

  • How famous is Herbert Hoover?

    Herbert Hoover is famouse as 31st U.S. President