Gustav Suits - Estonian Writers, Facts and Facts

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Gustav Suits's Personal Details

Gustav Suits was an Estonian poet

InformationDetail
BirthdayNovember 30, 1883
Died onMay 23, 1956
NationalityEstonian
FamousEstonian Writers, Writers, Poets
Birth PlaceVõnnu Parish
GenderMale
Sun SignSagittarius
Born inVõnnu Parish
Famous asPoet
Died at Age72

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Gustav Suits's photo

Who is Gustav Suits?

Gustav Suits was an Estonian poet and one of the greatest writers of his times. He was also an early leader of the literary movement group ‘Noor-Eesti’. Born in Estonia, he decided to pursue a career in literature quite early in life and published his first article in a newspaper at the age of 16. Then he became a part of Noor-Eesti, a literary society which exerted a significant influence on the Estonian culture. His poetry combined extremely personal elements with very general statements which addressed Estonian history and the fate of humanity. He published six collections of poetry, and almost all of them are landmarks in Estonian literature. Later, he served as a professor at the University of Tartu, and became the first person in Estonia to teach literature at the university level. Gustav Suits emerged as one of Estonia’s greatest poets, and occupies a significant position in Estonian literature. His last days were spent in Sweden conducting literary research and writing poems before he contracted a serious illness which eventually took his life. His poems were an amalgamation of radical, romantic and melancholic tones which were marked with the frequent use of symbolism, metaphors and allusions

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Childhood & Early Life

Gustav Suits was born on November 30, 1883, in the parish of Võnnu, in southern Estonia, in the family of a village teacher.

In 1895, he moved to Tartu, Estonia, where he was enrolled at the Alexander Gymnasium. The university atmosphere of the town had a deep impact on him and he decided to become a part of its literary society.

At the age of 16, he published his first newspaper article titled ‘Uus Aeg’ (New Time). Subsequently, his first poem ‘Water Lilies’ was also published in the same newspaper.

Career

In 1901, Gustav Suits founded the literary society ‘Friends of Literature’ (Kirjanduse Sõbrad) which published a journal titled 'Rays', between 1901 and 1902.

Around the same period, he became the intellectual and conceptual mentor of the literary group, Noor-Eesti (Young Estonia), which was considered to be the most influential literary group in Estonian cultural history.

In 1905, his first poetry collection titled ‘The Fire of Life’ was published. It became one of his most popular and appealing works due to its youthful enthusiasm. His early poetry mirrored the revolution gaining momentum in Estonia between 1900 and 1917 as well as the youth movement.

Between 1905 and 1916, he became closely connected to the aforementioned Estonian literary movement group. It brought European influence into Estonian literature and also merged European literature with Estonian styles.

During this time, he read European literature, and the Finnish language, literature and folklore at the Helsinki University. From 1917 to 1919, he was politically active in the Estonian Socialist Revolutionary Party.

In 1921, after Estonia became an independent state, Gustav Suits was appointed as the Professor at the University of Tartu, a post he held until 1944. He delivered lectures in literary theory, comparative literature and Estonian literary history.

He highly valued his European connections and frequently traveled to Finland, France, Germany, Holland, Sweden, and the Soviet Union. He delivered lectures at the Universities of Königsberg, Stockholm, and Göteborg.

He was elected as a corresponding member of the Finnish Literary Society and the French Academy.

In 1941, during the Second World War, Gustav Suits lost his home in Tartu which was burnt down, along with its huge library, and his numerous unpublished scholarly papers perished.

In 1944, he along with thousands of other Estonians fled the Soviet-occupied Estonia and traveled via Finland to Sweden. He spent the last days of his life in Stockholm, where he was prolific in research work and wrote poems as well.

In his lifetime, Gustav Suits published six collections of poetry including ‘The Land of Winds’ (1913) and ‘It Is All But a Dream’ (1922). In addition to poetry, he published two essays ‘Targets and Views’ (1906) and ‘The Young Estonia Slopes’ (1931).

Major Works

Gustav Suits became the first university level professor of literature in Estonia, and his work as a scholar and university professor was revolutionary.

On his initiative, the Academic Literary Society was founded at Tartu University in 1924, where lectures and meetings were organized. The society also issued its own publications.

His collection of poetry, ‘The Land of Winds’ (1913)’, reflected the post-revolutionary mood of decline, disappointment of his generation, and a sense of premature ageing. It is regarded as a masterful collection of poetry in Estonian literature.

Another one of his classics was the 1922 poetry collection titled ‘It Is All But a Dream’ which was written in a much more modernist and intellectual vein as compared to his previous works.

Awards & Achievements

In 1939, Gustav Suits received the ‘Third Class Order of the White Star’.

He was conferred with an honorary doctorate by Uppsala University.

Personal Life & Legacy

In 1911, Gustav Suits married Aino Thauvón. The couple was blessed with two daughters.

Gustav Suits died on May 23, 1956, in Stockholm, Sweden, after contracting a serious illness. He was buried in the Stockholm Forest Cemetery.

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Gustav Suits biography timelines

  • // 30th Nov 1883
    Gustav Suits was born on November 30, 1883, in the parish of Võnnu, in southern Estonia, in the family of a village teacher.
  • // 1895
    In 1895, he moved to Tartu, Estonia, where he was enrolled at the Alexander Gymnasium. The university atmosphere of the town had a deep impact on him and he decided to become a part of its literary society.
  • // 1900 To 1917
    In 1905, his first poetry collection titled ‘The Fire of Life’ was published. It became one of his most popular and appealing works due to its youthful enthusiasm. His early poetry mirrored the revolution gaining momentum in Estonia between 1900 and 1917 as well as the youth movement.
  • // 1901 To 1902
    In 1901, Gustav Suits founded the literary society ‘Friends of Literature’ (Kirjanduse Sõbrad) which published a journal titled 'Rays', between 1901 and 1902.
  • // 1905 To 1916
    Between 1905 and 1916, he became closely connected to the aforementioned Estonian literary movement group. It brought European influence into Estonian literature and also merged European literature with Estonian styles.
  • // 1911
    In 1911, Gustav Suits married Aino Thauvón. The couple was blessed with two daughters.
  • // 1913 To 1931
    In his lifetime, Gustav Suits published six collections of poetry including ‘The Land of Winds’ (1913) and ‘It Is All But a Dream’ (1922). In addition to poetry, he published two essays ‘Targets and Views’ (1906) and ‘The Young Estonia Slopes’ (1931).
  • // 1913
    His collection of poetry, ‘The Land of Winds’ (1913)’, reflected the post-revolutionary mood of decline, disappointment of his generation, and a sense of premature ageing. It is regarded as a masterful collection of poetry in Estonian literature.
  • // 1917 To 1919
    During this time, he read European literature, and the Finnish language, literature and folklore at the Helsinki University. From 1917 to 1919, he was politically active in the Estonian Socialist Revolutionary Party.
  • // 1921 To 1944
    In 1921, after Estonia became an independent state, Gustav Suits was appointed as the Professor at the University of Tartu, a post he held until 1944. He delivered lectures in literary theory, comparative literature and Estonian literary history.
  • // 1922
    Another one of his classics was the 1922 poetry collection titled ‘It Is All But a Dream’ which was written in a much more modernist and intellectual vein as compared to his previous works.
  • // 1924
    On his initiative, the Academic Literary Society was founded at Tartu University in 1924, where lectures and meetings were organized. The society also issued its own publications.
  • // 1939
    In 1939, Gustav Suits received the ‘Third Class Order of the White Star’.
  • // 1941
    In 1941, during the Second World War, Gustav Suits lost his home in Tartu which was burnt down, along with its huge library, and his numerous unpublished scholarly papers perished.
  • // 1944
    In 1944, he along with thousands of other Estonians fled the Soviet-occupied Estonia and traveled via Finland to Sweden. He spent the last days of his life in Stockholm, where he was prolific in research work and wrote poems as well.
  • // 23rd May 1956
    Gustav Suits died on May 23, 1956, in Stockholm, Sweden, after contracting a serious illness. He was buried in the Stockholm Forest Cemetery.

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Gustav Suits's FAQ

  • What is Gustav Suits birthday?

    Gustav Suits was born at 1883-11-30

  • When was Gustav Suits died?

    Gustav Suits was died at 1956-05-23

  • Where was Gustav Suits died?

    Gustav Suits was died in Stockholm

  • Which age was Gustav Suits died?

    Gustav Suits was died at age 72

  • Where is Gustav Suits's birth place?

    Gustav Suits was born in Võnnu Parish

  • What is Gustav Suits nationalities?

    Gustav Suits's nationalities is Estonian

  • What is Gustav Suits's sun sign?

    Gustav Suits is Sagittarius

  • How famous is Gustav Suits?

    Gustav Suits is famouse as Poet