Guglielmo Marconi - Inventors, Career and Childhood

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Guglielmo Marconi's Personal Details

Guglielmo Marconi was the Nobel Prize winning Italian engineer who is credited with the invention of wireless telegraphy

InformationDetail
BirthdayApril 25, 1874
Died onJuly 20, 1937
NationalityItalian
FamousInventors, Inventors & Discoverers, Scientists
SpousesMaria Cristina Bezzi-Scali
SiblingsAlfonso Marconi
Childrens Degna Marconi, Gioia Marconi Braga, Giulio Marconi, Lucia Marconi, Maria Eletra Elena Anna Marconi
Universities
  • Bedford School
  • Rugby School
  • University of Florence
  • University of Bologna
  • University of Liverpool
  • University of Cambridge
  • University of Oxford
  • University of Glasgow
Founder / Co-Founder
  • CMC Electronics
  • Marconi Company
  • Marconi Wireless
Birth PlaceBologna
ReligionAnglicanism, Catholicism
GenderMale
FatherA
MotherAnnie Jameson
Sun SignTaurus
Born inBologna
Famous asInventor
Died at Age63

// Famous Inventors

Guglielmo Marconi's photo

Who is Guglielmo Marconi?

Guglielmo Marconi was an Italian engineer and inventor who successfully demonstrated the working of long-distance wireless telegraph and radio signal. This Nobel-prize winner was born into a wealthy and educated family, and was first educated in Bologna and Florence, later moving to a technical school in Leghorn. As a boy he was impressed by the works of Hertz, Maxwell and Lodge. He began experimenting in his father’s estate and was successful in sending wireless signals over short distances, greater than a mile. He took his machine to England where his invention was received with enthusiasm. One of the interested parties was British Post Office. Within a year, his successful endeavour of broadcasting to 12 miles, Marconi applied for his first patent. Determined to establish that wireless waves were not influenced by the curves of Earth, he transmitted his historic wireless signals across the Atlantic. The claims of his transatlantic signal were however never quite verified. Marconi continuously explored the various possibilities of the usage of radio waves beyond the spectrum of telecommunications. His experimentation resulted in discovering the use of microwave in physical therapy. Guglielmo, as an entrepreneur was quite conservative when it came to patents, as he never disclosed the full design until the patent was given to him, allowing him to realize the full monetary benefit

// Famous Inventors & Discoverers

Childhood & Early Life

On April 25th, 1874, Marconi the second son of Giuseppe Marconi and Anne Jameson was born. His father was a wealthy Italian country gentleman and his mother, an Irish was the daughter of Daphne Castle and Andrew Jameson, a family of distillers.

He was privately tutored in Bologna, Florence and Leghorn. As a boy, Marconi was interested in electrical and physical science and studied works of masters like Maxwell, Hertz, and Lodge.

Later as a student in ‘Livorno Technical Institute’, he started experimenting on electromagnetics.

Career

In 1895, incorporating the theories of Hertz, he was capable to develop a basic model of wireless telegraphy. This was largely done in his laboratory which he set up in his father’s estate for experiments.

In 1896, Marconi took the machine to England and found some enthusiastic backers. One of them was William Preece, who was the Engineer-in-Chief in the British Post Office.

Within a year, Marconi was successfully sending broadcasting up to 12 miles, and it was in the latter half of 1896, that Marconi was granted the patent for wireless telegraphy.

In 1897, he started the ‘Wireless Telegraph and Signal Company’ which was renamed as ‘Marconi’s Wireless Telegraph Company’ three years later.

The pioneering inventor sent signals across the English Channel, and established wireless communication between France and England, in 1899. A wireless station was started in South Foreland for communication with Wimereux in France. The same year, British battleships also exchanged messages in a distance of 75 miles.

On September 1899, he equipped two American ships with his machine to report to the newspapers in New York about the progress of America’s Cup, a yacht race.

Guglielmo took his patent for ‘syntonic or tuned telegraphy’ in 1900. The following year, he established transatlantic communication between Cornwall and Newfoundland, thus establishing that Earth’s curvature can never interfere with wireless signals.

The visionary continued with his experiments on stretching the distance of wireless communication and soon established transatlantic services from Canada to Ireland, in 1902. The same year, he talked about daylight effect related to wireless technology.

In 1909, Marconi shared his Nobel Prize with Karl F. Braun. Karl helped to modify the transmitters of Marconi to enhance their usage and range.

Though he was awarded the Nobel Prize for co-discovering the wireless telegraphy his title ‘Father of Radio’ was challenged several times by others. According to claims, Alexander Popov, a Russian scientist was broadcasting between structures; while in India Jagadish Chandra Bose was using radio waves for ringing the bells.

In 1912, he patented ‘timed spark’ system. The initial wireless transmissions used spark technology for communication. Marconi used spark technology to get timed spark in a semi-continuous manner to send and receive messages. Later, it was Fessenden who identified the need of continuous wave transmission for speech.

During the years of 1914 to 1916, he served the Navy rising to the position of Commander.

He was sent on several diplomatic and peace missions to United States and France.

After the war, Marconi was devoted to perfecting the working of short wave radio technology.

In the 1920s, he established the beam system as a way of imperial communication.

In 1931, he worked on still shorter waves leading to the invention of microwave radio telephone link.

Major Works

In 1895, this accomplished inventor first used wireless telegraphy to send signals over distances as long as one and a half miles. Throughout his career he worked on perfecting his technique and telegraph and radio remained highly useful means of communication before the arrival of more sophisticated means of conversation.

Awards & Achievements

Marconi received honorary doctorates from several universities.

He was awarded the ‘Albert Medal of the Royal Society of Arts’, the ‘Kelvin Medal’ and the ‘John Fritz Medal’.

He was decorated with the ‘Order of St. Anne by the Tsar of Russia’.

In 1902, Marconi was honoured with the ‘Grand Cross of the Order of the Crown of Italy’.

He was given the position of ‘Chevalier of the Civil Order of Savoy’ in the year 1905.

In 1909, Marconi shared the ‘Nobel Prize’ for developing wireless telegraphy.

In 1914, Marconi was appointed as the ‘Honorary Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order’ in England.

Personal Life & Legacy

In 1905, Marconi exchanged nuptial vows with Beatrice O’Brien. They had three children, a son named Giulio, and two daughters named as Degna and Gioia.

After Guglielmo and Beatrice separated in 1927, the former married Countess Bezzi-Scali of Rome. He had a daughter from the second marriage, Elettra, after which he named his favourite yacht.

On 20th July, 1937, the erudite inventor breathed his last after suffering from multiple heart attacks.

Trivia

In the year 1943, the US Supreme Court declared that Marconi’s radio patent was invalid as other scientists like Nikola Tesla has already discovered certain theories related to wireless telegraphy before him.

// Famous Scientists

Guglielmo Marconi awards

YearNameAward

Other

1932John Scott Legacy Medal and Premium
1932Goethe-Medaille für Kunst und Wissenschaft
1932Lord Kelvin Medal of the Institute of Civil Engineers
1927Silver Medal of the Iinternational Mark Twain Society
1909 - Nobel Prize in Physics
1920 - IEEE Medal of Honor
1923 - John Fritz Medal

Guglielmo Marconi biography timelines

  • // 25th Apr 1874
    On April 25th, 1874, Marconi the second son of Giuseppe Marconi and Anne Jameson was born. His father was a wealthy Italian country gentleman and his mother, an Irish was the daughter of Daphne Castle and Andrew Jameson, a family of distillers.
  • // 1895
    In 1895, incorporating the theories of Hertz, he was capable to develop a basic model of wireless telegraphy. This was largely done in his laboratory which he set up in his father’s estate for experiments.
  • // 1895
    In 1895, this accomplished inventor first used wireless telegraphy to send signals over distances as long as one and a half miles. Throughout his career he worked on perfecting his technique and telegraph and radio remained highly useful means of communication before the arrival of more sophisticated means of conversation.
  • // 1896
    In 1896, Marconi took the machine to England and found some enthusiastic backers. One of them was William Preece, who was the Engineer-in-Chief in the British Post Office.
  • // 1896
    Within a year, Marconi was successfully sending broadcasting up to 12 miles, and it was in the latter half of 1896, that Marconi was granted the patent for wireless telegraphy.
  • // 1897
    In 1897, he started the ‘Wireless Telegraph and Signal Company’ which was renamed as ‘Marconi’s Wireless Telegraph Company’ three years later.
  • // 1899
    The pioneering inventor sent signals across the English Channel, and established wireless communication between France and England, in 1899. A wireless station was started in South Foreland for communication with Wimereux in France. The same year, British battleships also exchanged messages in a distance of 75 miles.
  • // Sep 1899
    On September 1899, he equipped two American ships with his machine to report to the newspapers in New York about the progress of America’s Cup, a yacht race.
  • // 1900
    Guglielmo took his patent for ‘syntonic or tuned telegraphy’ in 1900. The following year, he established transatlantic communication between Cornwall and Newfoundland, thus establishing that Earth’s curvature can never interfere with wireless signals.
  • // 1902
    The visionary continued with his experiments on stretching the distance of wireless communication and soon established transatlantic services from Canada to Ireland, in 1902. The same year, he talked about daylight effect related to wireless technology.
  • // 1902
    In 1902, Marconi was honoured with the ‘Grand Cross of the Order of the Crown of Italy’.
  • // 1905
    He was given the position of ‘Chevalier of the Civil Order of Savoy’ in the year 1905.
  • // 1905
    In 1905, Marconi exchanged nuptial vows with Beatrice O’Brien. They had three children, a son named Giulio, and two daughters named as Degna and Gioia.
  • // 1909
    In 1909, Marconi shared his Nobel Prize with Karl F. Braun. Karl helped to modify the transmitters of Marconi to enhance their usage and range.
  • // 1909
    In 1909, Marconi shared the ‘Nobel Prize’ for developing wireless telegraphy.
  • // 1912
    In 1912, he patented ‘timed spark’ system. The initial wireless transmissions used spark technology for communication. Marconi used spark technology to get timed spark in a semi-continuous manner to send and receive messages. Later, it was Fessenden who identified the need of continuous wave transmission for speech.
  • // 1914 To 1916
    During the years of 1914 to 1916, he served the Navy rising to the position of Commander.
  • // 1914
    In 1914, Marconi was appointed as the ‘Honorary Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order’ in England.
  • // 1927
    After Guglielmo and Beatrice separated in 1927, the former married Countess Bezzi-Scali of Rome. He had a daughter from the second marriage, Elettra, after which he named his favourite yacht.
  • // 1931
    In 1931, he worked on still shorter waves leading to the invention of microwave radio telephone link.
  • // 20th Jul 1937
    On 20th July, 1937, the erudite inventor breathed his last after suffering from multiple heart attacks.

// Famous Italian

Guglielmo Marconi's FAQ

  • What is Guglielmo Marconi birthday?

    Guglielmo Marconi was born at 1874-04-25

  • When was Guglielmo Marconi died?

    Guglielmo Marconi was died at 1937-07-20

  • Where was Guglielmo Marconi died?

    Guglielmo Marconi was died in Rome

  • Which age was Guglielmo Marconi died?

    Guglielmo Marconi was died at age 63

  • Where is Guglielmo Marconi's birth place?

    Guglielmo Marconi was born in Bologna

  • What is Guglielmo Marconi nationalities?

    Guglielmo Marconi's nationalities is Italian

  • Who is Guglielmo Marconi spouses?

    Guglielmo Marconi's spouses is Maria Cristina Bezzi-Scali

  • Who is Guglielmo Marconi siblings?

    Guglielmo Marconi's siblings is Alfonso Marconi

  • Who is Guglielmo Marconi childrens?

    Guglielmo Marconi's childrens is Degna Marconi, Gioia Marconi Braga, Giulio Marconi, Lucia Marconi, Maria Eletra Elena Anna Marconi

  • What was Guglielmo Marconi universities?

    Guglielmo Marconi studied at Bedford School, Rugby School, University of Florence, University of Bologna, University of Liverpool, University of Cambridge, University of Oxford, University of Glasgow

  • Which company or organization was founded by Guglielmo Marconi?

    Guglielmo Marconi was the founder/co-founder of CMC Electronics, Marconi Company, Marconi Wireless

  • What is Guglielmo Marconi's religion?

    Guglielmo Marconi's religion is Anglicanism, Catholicism

  • Who is Guglielmo Marconi's father?

    Guglielmo Marconi's father is A

  • Who is Guglielmo Marconi's mother?

    Guglielmo Marconi's mother is Annie Jameson

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    Guglielmo Marconi is Taurus

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    Guglielmo Marconi is famouse as Inventor