Grace Hopper - Yale University, Career and Childhood

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Grace Hopper's Personal Details

Grace Murray hopper was an American computer scientist who is renowned for programming the first computers and was involved in development of COBOL

InformationDetail
BirthdayDecember 9, 1906
Died onJanuary 1, 1992
NationalityAmerican
FamousYale University, Computer Scientists, Miscellaneous, Soldiers
HobbiesPlaying the piano, Reading
SpousesVincent Foster Hopper
SiblingsDr. Roger Franklin Murray, II, Mary Murray Westcote
Known asGrace Murray Hopper, Amazing Grace, Rear Admiral Grace Brewster Murray Hopper
Universities
  • Yale University
  • 1930 - Yale University
  • 1928 - Vassar College
  • Wardlaw-Hartridge School
  • 1934 - Yale University
Notable Alumnis
  • Yale University
Birth PlaceNew York City
GenderFemale
FatherWalter Fletcher Murray
MotherMary Campbell Van Horne Murray
Sun SignSagittarius
Born inNew York City
Famous asComputer Scientist
Died at Age85

// Famous Alumni of Yale University

Grace Hopper's photo

Who is Grace Hopper?

Grace Murray Hooper was an American computer scientist, who was also responsible for developing the first compiler for computer programming language. Eldest among her siblings, Grace was a curious child and went to Hartridge School in New Jersey for preparatory education. Her attempt to enter the Vassar College was faced with rejection for the first time as she did not have satisfactory marks in Latin. She was accepted the following year, and graduated with her Bachelor’s degree in Physics and Mathematics. Two years later she earned her Master’s degree in the same discipline from Yale University. While doing her PhD under Oystein Ore, she taught in Vassar College, where she earned the position of Associate Professor after ten years of service. During World War II, she joined Navy and was commissioned as a lieutenant. She was assigned to the Bureau of Ordinance Computation Project in Harvard. After her naval duties ended, she joined Remington Rand, where she worked on UNIVAC. She became the Director of automatic programming and sought to find specifications of common business language in computer leading to the discovery of COBOL or Common Business-Oriented Language. This was the first user-friendly computer software and Grace was responsible for advocating the validation process to bring international standardization of computer languages. Read on to know more about her life and works.

// Famous Soldiers

Childhood & Early Life

Grace was born on December 9th, 1906 in New York and was the oldest among her siblings. Her parents Walter Fletcher Murray and Mary Campbell Van Horne were of mixed culture; Scottish and Dutch.

As a child Grace was curious and dismantled seven alarm clocks to understand its functionalities. She attended the ‘Hartridge School’ in New Jersey for preparatory education.

At the age of 16, she was rejected at the ‘Vassar College’, because of her insufficient marks in Latin. The next year, Grace was accepted and got her Bachelor’s degree in Mathematics and Physics, when she completed her graduation in 1928.

In 1930, she received her Master’s degree in Mathematics from ‘Yale University’.

She then began research work for her doctoral degree simultaneously taking up a position as member of faculty at the ‘Vassar College’ in 1931. Three years later she successfully obtained her PhD from Yale.

Career

She worked in Vassar till 1943 when she joined United States Naval Reserve to serve her country during wartime. The following year Grace was commissioned as a lieutenant.

She was assigned a project of ‘Bureau of Ordinance Computation Project’ in Harvard presenting her the opportunity to work in the university’s ‘Cruft Laboratories’ on Mark computers.

In 1946, Grace resigned from Vassar to become a research fellow in Harvard’s Computation Laboratory. She took up the position in applied physics and engineering.

In 1949, Grace joined ‘Eckert-Mauchly Corporation’ and was given the position of Senior Mathematician.

This company was taken over by Remington Rand in 1950 and was merged with ‘Sperry Corporation’ after five years.

During her years in Remington Rand, she was in charge of the programming of UNIVAC. In the year 1952, her team was responsible for creating the first compiler for computers.

In 1959, at the ‘Conference of Data Systems Languages’, Hopper was the technical consultant of the committee. She along with her colleagues defined COBOL, or ‘Common Business-Oriented Language’, which is till date one of the most famous business languages.

Grace took a leave from ‘Sperry Corporation’ in 1967, to serve in the Navy. Later in the same year, she was called to service as a leader in ‘Naval Data Automation Command’.

For ten years after that, Grace was the ‘Director of Navy Programming Languages Group’.

In 1973, she was promoted to the position of Captain. During her years in Navy, she was also called to create and standardize communication among different computer languages.

In 1986, Hopper retired as a rear admiral. She was the oldest serving officer in service.

Major Works

Grace led the team which invented COBOL or Common-Business Oriented Language, one of the user-friendly computer software programs which can be used for business purpose. Though she did not invent the language, she definitely encouraged its adaptation.Awards & Achievements

In 1969, Grace was awarded the first ‘Computer Science Man-of-the-Year Award’ from ‘Data Processing Management Association’.

In 1973, she was the first woman and the first US citizen to be honoured as the ‘Distinguished Fellow of the British Computer Society’.

In 1986, she was awarded the ‘Defense Distinguished Service Medal’.

In 1991, she was awarded the ‘National Medal of Technology’. She was the first woman recipient of this honour.

Personal Life & Legacy

Grace was married to Vincent Foster Hopper but the couple divorced in 1945. They had no children.

On January 1st, 1992, the renowned computer scientist breathed her last, in Arlington, Virginia.

In her honour, the ‘Grace Hopper Celebration of Women in Computer Science’, a technical conference is organized which encourage women to be part of the computing world. She was an inspirational speaker who encouraged young people to learn programming.

A ‘Grace Murray Hopper Award’ is given in her honour by the ‘Association for Computing Machinery’.

Trivia

For her distinguished work in the field of computers Grace was known as the ‘Amazing Grace’. She also earned the nickname Grandma COBOL for leading COBOL’s development.

// Famous Computer Scientists

Grace Hopper awards

YearNameAward

Other

1991 - National Medal of Technology and Innovation
American Campaign Medal
Defense Distinguished Service Medal
1988 - IEEE Emanuel R. Piore Award

Grace Hopper biography timelines

  • // 9th Dec 1906
    Grace was born on December 9th, 1906 in New York and was the oldest among her siblings. Her parents Walter Fletcher Murray and Mary Campbell Van Horne were of mixed culture; Scottish and Dutch.
  • // 1928
    At the age of 16, she was rejected at the ‘Vassar College’, because of her insufficient marks in Latin. The next year, Grace was accepted and got her Bachelor’s degree in Mathematics and Physics, when she completed her graduation in 1928.
  • // 1930
    In 1930, she received her Master’s degree in Mathematics from ‘Yale University’.
  • // 1931
    She then began research work for her doctoral degree simultaneously taking up a position as member of faculty at the ‘Vassar College’ in 1931. Three years later she successfully obtained her PhD from Yale.
  • // 1943
    She worked in Vassar till 1943 when she joined United States Naval Reserve to serve her country during wartime. The following year Grace was commissioned as a lieutenant.
  • // 1945
    Grace was married to Vincent Foster Hopper but the couple divorced in 1945. They had no children.
  • // 1946
    In 1946, Grace resigned from Vassar to become a research fellow in Harvard’s Computation Laboratory. She took up the position in applied physics and engineering.
  • // 1949
    In 1949, Grace joined ‘Eckert-Mauchly Corporation’ and was given the position of Senior Mathematician.
  • // 1950
    This company was taken over by Remington Rand in 1950 and was merged with ‘Sperry Corporation’ after five years.
  • // 1952
    During her years in Remington Rand, she was in charge of the programming of UNIVAC. In the year 1952, her team was responsible for creating the first compiler for computers.
  • // 1959
    In 1959, at the ‘Conference of Data Systems Languages’, Hopper was the technical consultant of the committee. She along with her colleagues defined COBOL, or ‘Common Business-Oriented Language’, which is till date one of the most famous business languages.
  • // 1967
    Grace took a leave from ‘Sperry Corporation’ in 1967, to serve in the Navy. Later in the same year, she was called to service as a leader in ‘Naval Data Automation Command’.
  • // 1969
    In 1969, Grace was awarded the first ‘Computer Science Man-of-the-Year Award’ from ‘Data Processing Management Association’.
  • // 1973
    In 1973, she was promoted to the position of Captain. During her years in Navy, she was also called to create and standardize communication among different computer languages.
  • // 1973
    In 1973, she was the first woman and the first US citizen to be honoured as the ‘Distinguished Fellow of the British Computer Society’.
  • // 1986
    In 1986, Hopper retired as a rear admiral. She was the oldest serving officer in service.
  • // 1986
    In 1986, she was awarded the ‘Defense Distinguished Service Medal’.
  • // 1991
    In 1991, she was awarded the ‘National Medal of Technology’. She was the first woman recipient of this honour.
  • // 1st Jan 1992
    On January 1st, 1992, the renowned computer scientist breathed her last, in Arlington, Virginia.

// Famous Miscellaneous

Grace Hopper's FAQ

  • What is Grace Hopper birthday?

    Grace Hopper was born at 1906-12-09

  • When was Grace Hopper died?

    Grace Hopper was died at 1992-01-01

  • Where was Grace Hopper died?

    Grace Hopper was died in Arlington County

  • Which age was Grace Hopper died?

    Grace Hopper was died at age 85

  • Where is Grace Hopper's birth place?

    Grace Hopper was born in New York City

  • What is Grace Hopper nationalities?

    Grace Hopper's nationalities is American

  • What is Grace Hopper hobbies?

    Grace Hopper's hobbies is Playing the piano,Reading

  • Who is Grace Hopper spouses?

    Grace Hopper's spouses is Vincent Foster Hopper

  • Who is Grace Hopper siblings?

    Grace Hopper's siblings is Dr. Roger Franklin Murray, II, Mary Murray Westcote

  • What was Grace Hopper universities?

    Grace Hopper studied at Yale University, 1930 - Yale University, 1928 - Vassar College, Wardlaw-Hartridge School, 1934 - Yale University

  • What was Grace Hopper notable alumnis?

    Grace Hopper's notable alumnis is Yale University

  • Who is Grace Hopper's father?

    Grace Hopper's father is Walter Fletcher Murray

  • Who is Grace Hopper's mother?

    Grace Hopper's mother is Mary Campbell Van Horne Murray

  • What is Grace Hopper's sun sign?

    Grace Hopper is Sagittarius

  • How famous is Grace Hopper?

    Grace Hopper is famouse as Computer Scientist