Gough Whitlam - Former Prime Minister of Australia, Timeline and Family

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Gough Whitlam's Personal Details

Gough Whitlam was a former Australian Prime Minister who was known for implanting numerous ground breaking and progressive policies during his reign

InformationDetail
BirthdayJuly 11, 1916
Died onOctober 21, 2014
NationalityAustralian
FamousFormer Prime Minister of Australia, Leaders, Political Leaders, Prime Ministers
SpousesMargaret Whitlam
Known asEdward Gough Whitlam
Childrens Catherine Whitlam, Nicholas Whitlam, Stephen Whitlam, Tony Whitlam
Universities
  • University of Sydney
  • Canberra Grammar School
  • Mowbray House School
Birth PlaceKew Vic
Political IdeologyPolitical party - Australian Labor Party
ReligionAgnosticism, Anglican Church of Australia, Atheism
GenderMale
Sun SignCancer
Born inKew Vic
Famous asFormer Prime Minister of Australia
Died at Age98

// Famous Former Prime Minister of Australia

Gough Whitlam's photo

Who is Gough Whitlam?

Gough Whitlam was Australia’s Prime Minister and a visionary who had ideas much ahead of his time. This academic genius was able to set Australia’s future agenda for social policy, national identity, and foreign relations in his short three year reign. During his time he made some serious and controversial decisions such as the removal of troops from Vietnam, the release of all draft resisters, and the recognition of Communist China. His parliament passed a record breaking amount of progressive and groundbreaking Bills. He tackled globally controversial issues like health insurance, wildlife conservation, racial discrimination, and divorce. He was greatly interested in international matters and traveled more often than any previous Prime Minister. It would seem that this man would be the perfect leader except his achievements were highly shadowed by his lack of economic and political skill. When it came to financial matters his clumsy and unsure nature created the budget mess which eventually led to his dismissal. When the opposition refused to pass the budget the government’s monetary supply was halted and Whitlam was effectively removed from office. After a few years of political defeat he decided to retire. He wrote and took tours around Europe for the remainder of his life. To know more about his life and works read on.

// Famous Leaders

Childhood & Early Life

He was born on July 11, 1916 in Kew, Melbourne. He was the oldest of two children and the son of Frederick Whitlam, who worked at the tax office for the ‘Commonwealth Public Service’. His father’s work took him from Melbourne to Sydney and Canberra during his young years.

He spent his early educational career in the schools ‘Mowbray House’, ‘Knox Grammar School’, ‘Telopea Park High School’, and Canberra Boys' Grammar School. While in high school he edited the school magazines, the ‘Telopea’, and ‘The Canberran’.

In 1935 he began studying at the ‘University of Sydney’ where he received his arts degree and law degree. He edited the college journal ‘The Pauline,’ and the magazine ‘Hermes.’

Career

’Pearl Harbor’ incident during the World War inspired him to register with the ‘Royal Australian Air Force’. He was not called right away but in June of 1942 he was called to service. He was a navigator and served to protect certain convoys in northern Australia for much of the war.

On August 8, 1945 he decided to join the ‘Labor Party’. He joined the Darlinghurst branch and wrapped up his military service a few months later.

In 1947 he was admitted to the New South Wales and federal courts after completing his law degree. For the next few years he campaigned for positions within the local government and became a more well-known local figure.

In late November of 1952 he was elected to the House of Representatives. He joined the ‘American Labor Party’ minority and began gaining popularity within the group.

In 1960 he became deputy leader of the ‘American Labor Party’ by election. His modern outlook, coupled with the fact that he was significantly younger than other party leaders, appealed more to the youth of the nation.

On December 5, 1972 he became the first Prime Minister hailing from Labor Party. His program was immediately put in place. During his reign the amount of Bills that were initiated and enacted was record breaking.

In 1975 Whitlam’s parliament was in a terrible political deadlock and was having difficulty agreeing upon and passing the budget. On November 11 Governor John Kerr made a move which effectively dismissed him as Prime Minister.

In the 1977 election he lost and decided to quit the party leadership. A year later he resigned from parliament.

Major Works

In January of 1973 he recognized Communist China and resumed diplomatic relations with the country which had been halted for over 24 years. In October he became the first Prime Minister to visit the People’s Republic of China.

In 1975, the revolutionary ‘Family Law Act’ was enacted. It established the very first no fault divorce law in the world. The first national Family Court was created.

In 1979, he published ‘The Truth of the Matter.’ The book explains the events which led to his dismissal as Prime Minister.

He was appointed as Australian Ambassador to UNESCO, in 1983. He took part in the ‘Independent Commission on International Humanitarian Issues’ and the ‘World Heritage Committee’.

Awards & Achievements

In 1962 he was appointed Queen’s Counsel. This Counsel is filled with the top ranking lawyers. After his extraordinary academic performance it was unsurprising he was able to achieve so much in his law career.

In 1976 he was bestowed the honor of ‘Socialist International Plate of Honour’. He was given this honor for all of the progressive and groundbreaking Bills he was able to pass during his time as Prime Minister.

In 1978 he was awarded the ‘Companion of the Order of Australia’. This award was given for his dedication to human rights and the environment.

Personal Life & Legacy

He married Margaret Elaine on April 22, 1942. The couple went on to have four children together: Antony, Nicholas, Stephen, and Catherine.

He passed away on October 21, 2014 of old age at 98.

In 2000 the ‘Whitlam Institute’ was developed. It was created within the ‘University of Western Sydney’.

Trivia

He actually received his leaving certificate for high school in 1931 but was unable to go to university at the young age of 15. Until he could attend college, he continued studying with a focus on Ancient Greek

// Famous Political Leaders

Gough Whitlam biography timelines

  • // 11th Jul 1916
    He was born on July 11, 1916 in Kew, Melbourne. He was the oldest of two children and the son of Frederick Whitlam, who worked at the tax office for the ‘Commonwealth Public Service’. His father’s work took him from Melbourne to Sydney and Canberra during his young years.
  • // 1931
    He actually received his leaving certificate for high school in 1931 but was unable to go to university at the young age of 15. Until he could attend college, he continued studying with a focus on Ancient Greek
  • // 1935
    In 1935 he began studying at the ‘University of Sydney’ where he received his arts degree and law degree. He edited the college journal ‘The Pauline,’ and the magazine ‘Hermes.’
  • // 1942
    ’Pearl Harbor’ incident during the World War inspired him to register with the ‘Royal Australian Air Force’. He was not called right away but in June of 1942 he was called to service. He was a navigator and served to protect certain convoys in northern Australia for much of the war.
  • // 22nd Apr 1942
    He married Margaret Elaine on April 22, 1942. The couple went on to have four children together: Antony, Nicholas, Stephen, and Catherine.
  • // 8th Aug 1945
    On August 8, 1945 he decided to join the ‘Labor Party’. He joined the Darlinghurst branch and wrapped up his military service a few months later.
  • // 1947
    In 1947 he was admitted to the New South Wales and federal courts after completing his law degree. For the next few years he campaigned for positions within the local government and became a more well-known local figure.
  • // 1952
    In late November of 1952 he was elected to the House of Representatives. He joined the ‘American Labor Party’ minority and began gaining popularity within the group.
  • // 1960
    In 1960 he became deputy leader of the ‘American Labor Party’ by election. His modern outlook, coupled with the fact that he was significantly younger than other party leaders, appealed more to the youth of the nation.
  • // 1962
    In 1962 he was appointed Queen’s Counsel. This Counsel is filled with the top ranking lawyers. After his extraordinary academic performance it was unsurprising he was able to achieve so much in his law career.
  • // 5th Dec 1972
    On December 5, 1972 he became the first Prime Minister hailing from Labor Party. His program was immediately put in place. During his reign the amount of Bills that were initiated and enacted was record breaking.
  • // 1973
    In January of 1973 he recognized Communist China and resumed diplomatic relations with the country which had been halted for over 24 years. In October he became the first Prime Minister to visit the People’s Republic of China.
  • // 1975
    In 1975 Whitlam’s parliament was in a terrible political deadlock and was having difficulty agreeing upon and passing the budget. On November 11 Governor John Kerr made a move which effectively dismissed him as Prime Minister.
  • // 1975
    In 1975, the revolutionary ‘Family Law Act’ was enacted. It established the very first no fault divorce law in the world. The first national Family Court was created.
  • // 1976
    In 1976 he was bestowed the honor of ‘Socialist International Plate of Honour’. He was given this honor for all of the progressive and groundbreaking Bills he was able to pass during his time as Prime Minister.
  • // 1977
    In the 1977 election he lost and decided to quit the party leadership. A year later he resigned from parliament.
  • // 1978
    In 1978 he was awarded the ‘Companion of the Order of Australia’. This award was given for his dedication to human rights and the environment.
  • // 1979
    In 1979, he published ‘The Truth of the Matter.’ The book explains the events which led to his dismissal as Prime Minister.
  • // 1983
    He was appointed as Australian Ambassador to UNESCO, in 1983. He took part in the ‘Independent Commission on International Humanitarian Issues’ and the ‘World Heritage Committee’.
  • // 2000
    In 2000 the ‘Whitlam Institute’ was developed. It was created within the ‘University of Western Sydney’.
  • // 21st Oct 2014
    He passed away on October 21, 2014 of old age at 98.

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Gough Whitlam's FAQ

  • What is Gough Whitlam birthday?

    Gough Whitlam was born at 1916-07-11

  • When was Gough Whitlam died?

    Gough Whitlam was died at 2014-10-21

  • Which age was Gough Whitlam died?

    Gough Whitlam was died at age 98

  • Where is Gough Whitlam's birth place?

    Gough Whitlam was born in Kew Vic

  • What is Gough Whitlam nationalities?

    Gough Whitlam's nationalities is Australian

  • Who is Gough Whitlam spouses?

    Gough Whitlam's spouses is Margaret Whitlam

  • Who is Gough Whitlam childrens?

    Gough Whitlam's childrens is Catherine Whitlam, Nicholas Whitlam, Stephen Whitlam, Tony Whitlam

  • What was Gough Whitlam universities?

    Gough Whitlam studied at University of Sydney, Canberra Grammar School, Mowbray House School

  • What is Gough Whitlam's political ideology?

    Gough Whitlam's political ideology is Political party - Australian Labor Party

  • What is Gough Whitlam's religion?

    Gough Whitlam's religion is Agnosticism, Anglican Church of Australia, Atheism

  • What is Gough Whitlam's sun sign?

    Gough Whitlam is Cancer

  • How famous is Gough Whitlam?

    Gough Whitlam is famouse as Former Prime Minister of Australia