Giuseppe Tartini - Musicians, Birthday and Childhood

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Giuseppe Tartini's Personal Details

Giuseppe Tartini was an Italian composer and a violinist

InformationDetail
BirthdayApril 8, 1692
Died onFebruary 26, 1770
NationalityItalian
FamousMusicians, Composers
HobbiesFencing
Universities
  • University of Padua
Birth PlacePiran
GenderMale
Sun SignAries
Born inPiran
Famous asComposer
Died at Age77

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Giuseppe Tartini's photo

Who is Giuseppe Tartini?

Giuseppe Tartini was an Italian composer and a violinist of the Baroque style, born in a town in the Republic of Venice (modern-day Slovenia). Today, he is best remembered for his compositions for violin, his playing style and for a large body of theoretical work related to Baroque composition. Many contemporary violinists and music historians attribute the modern style of violin blowing to his influence. Tartini established a violin school, where he taught students who hailed from all over the Europe. He also focused more intently on theoretical works, such as studies of harmony and acoustics, toward the end of his life. Almost all of Tartini’s compositions are violin concerti and violin sonatas. One of his best-known works is notable for its extremely challenging passages, which make use of repeated “double stop trills.” As a musical theorist, he is also credited with making several landmark discoveries and observations. For example, he is widely acknowledged as the first music theorist to have observed the sum and difference tones of string instruments. In general, his theoretical writings largely expanded the understandings of ornamentation and harmony in Western music, shaping the future development of composition and playing

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Childhood & Early Life

Giuseppe Tartini was born on 8 April 1692, born in Pirano, a village in Istria on the Adriatic Sea, which was formerly part of the Republic of Venice, but now belongs to Slovenia.

His parents, Gianantonio and Caterina Zangrando, were from Florence and Pirano, respectively; Tartini’s mother’s family was among the oldest aristocrats from the region.

Tartini parents wanted him to become a Franciscan friar and he was therefore given a basic level of musical education.

He studied law at the University of Padua, against his parents’ wishes, where he also learned to fence with great skill.

Career

According to the legend surrounding Tartini’s life, in 1716, he heard Francesco Maria Veracini playing violin and was inspired to hone his own violin playing skills. He locked himself in a room, in a town far away from his home, to devote himself solely to violin practice.

By 1721, Tartini had sufficiently improved his violin playing skills to gain the seat of Maestro di Cappella at Padua’s Basilica di Sant’Antonio, a position with a contract that left him fairly free to play elsewhere, as well.

In 1728, he founded his own violin school at Padua, named, ‘Scuola di Nazioni’, which succeeded in attracting ambitious musicians from throughout Europe.

In 1750, he began focusing more intently on theoretical works, a pursuit that he would remain faithful to until his final years.

Tartini retired from his position at Basilica di Sant’Antonio in 1765.

Major Works

The ‘Devil’s Trill Sonata’ is Tartini’s most famous composition. It’s a solo violin sonata that requires a number of technically demanding double stop trills .

Tartini’s sacred work, ‘Miserere’, is one of the few pieces with a composition date that can be loosely approximated; he wrote it between 1739 and 1741, at Pope Clement XII’s request.

In 1754, he published a treatise entitled ‘Trattato di musica secondo la vera scienza dell’armonia’, which explained his discoveries related to sum and difference tones.

In 1769, Tartini wrote another sacred work, a ‘Stabat Mater’.

Awards & Achievements

Tartini so greatly improved his violin playing skills through his long-term, solo practice that the Basilica di Sant’Antonio of Padua requested him to be be their Maestro di Cappella.

Personal Life & Legacy

In 1710, upon the death of his father, Tartini married Elisabetta Premazone, a young woman of a far lower social caste than his own family.

As Tartini’s wife was favored by the Cardinal Giorgio Cornaro, their marriage prompted his spite and forced Tartini to flee to Padua to avoid trumped-up prosecution charges; while in exile, he learned to play the violin.

He died, on Feb. 26, 1770, in Padua, at the age of 77.

The town of Pirano (now ‘Piran’) has a statue of Tartini in the town square, previously part of the port, which is now named ‘Tartini Square’.

His birthday is celebrated each year in Piran with a concert of his music at the cathedral.

He has been mentioned in a story by Madame Blavatsky, entitled ‘The Ensouled Violin’.

His composition ‘The Devil’s Trill’ is featured in Daniel Silva’s ‘The English Assassin’ and in the anime ‘Descendants of Darkness’.

The 20th century Italian composer Luigi Dalapiccola wrote a piece based on Tartini’s themes, called ‘Tartiana’.

Trivia

He is the first-known musician to have owned a violin created by Antonio Stradivari; the violin in question was made in 1715.

He never wrote the date on his compositions and regularly edited and rewrote old compositions, making it nearly impossible for musicians and music historians to determine the actual chronological order of his compositions.

Many myths have circulated about Tartini, including one in the 19th century that claimed he was born with six fingers on his left hands; another claims that his inspiration for the ‘Devil’s Trill Sonata’ came to him in a dream, in which he saw the devil playing a violin.

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Giuseppe Tartini biography timelines

  • // 8th Apr 1692
    Giuseppe Tartini was born on 8 April 1692, born in Pirano, a village in Istria on the Adriatic Sea, which was formerly part of the Republic of Venice, but now belongs to Slovenia.
  • // 1710
    In 1710, upon the death of his father, Tartini married Elisabetta Premazone, a young woman of a far lower social caste than his own family.
  • // 1715
    He is the first-known musician to have owned a violin created by Antonio Stradivari; the violin in question was made in 1715.
  • // 1716
    According to the legend surrounding Tartini’s life, in 1716, he heard Francesco Maria Veracini playing violin and was inspired to hone his own violin playing skills. He locked himself in a room, in a town far away from his home, to devote himself solely to violin practice.
  • // 1721
    By 1721, Tartini had sufficiently improved his violin playing skills to gain the seat of Maestro di Cappella at Padua’s Basilica di Sant’Antonio, a position with a contract that left him fairly free to play elsewhere, as well.
  • // 1728
    In 1728, he founded his own violin school at Padua, named, ‘Scuola di Nazioni’, which succeeded in attracting ambitious musicians from throughout Europe.
  • // 1739 To 1741
    Tartini’s sacred work, ‘Miserere’, is one of the few pieces with a composition date that can be loosely approximated; he wrote it between 1739 and 1741, at Pope Clement XII’s request.
  • // 1750
    In 1750, he began focusing more intently on theoretical works, a pursuit that he would remain faithful to until his final years.
  • // 1754
    In 1754, he published a treatise entitled ‘Trattato di musica secondo la vera scienza dell’armonia’, which explained his discoveries related to sum and difference tones.
  • // 1765
    Tartini retired from his position at Basilica di Sant’Antonio in 1765.
  • // 1769
    In 1769, Tartini wrote another sacred work, a ‘Stabat Mater’.
  • // 1770
    He died, on Feb. 26, 1770, in Padua, at the age of 77.

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Giuseppe Tartini's FAQ

  • What is Giuseppe Tartini birthday?

    Giuseppe Tartini was born at 1692-04-08

  • When was Giuseppe Tartini died?

    Giuseppe Tartini was died at 1770-02-26

  • Where was Giuseppe Tartini died?

    Giuseppe Tartini was died in Padua

  • Which age was Giuseppe Tartini died?

    Giuseppe Tartini was died at age 77

  • Where is Giuseppe Tartini's birth place?

    Giuseppe Tartini was born in Piran

  • What is Giuseppe Tartini nationalities?

    Giuseppe Tartini's nationalities is Italian

  • What is Giuseppe Tartini hobbies?

    Giuseppe Tartini's hobbies is Fencing

  • What was Giuseppe Tartini universities?

    Giuseppe Tartini studied at University of Padua

  • What is Giuseppe Tartini's sun sign?

    Giuseppe Tartini is Aries

  • How famous is Giuseppe Tartini?

    Giuseppe Tartini is famouse as Composer