George Richards Minot

George Richards Minot - Medical Researcher, Birthday and Family

Violet FieldHome › AmericanGeorge Richards MinotDecember 2, 188599 views

0 based on 0 rates
George Richards Minot Biography Stories 

George Richards Minot's Personal Details

George Richards Minot was an eminent American medical researcher, who is remembered for his revolutionary achievement in field of hematology

InformationDetail
BirthdayDecember 2, 1885
Died onFebruary 25, 1950
NationalityAmerican
FamousHarvard University, Physicians, Medical Researcher
SpousesMarian Linzee Weld
SiblingsHenry Whitney Minot, James Jackson Minot Jr
ChildrensCharles Sedgwick Minot, Elizabeth Whitney Minot, Marian Linzee Minot
Universities
  • Harvard University
  • BA
  • Harvard University (1908)
Notable Alumnis
  • Harvard University
Birth PlaceBoston
GenderMale
FatherJames Jackson Minot
MotherElizabeth Whitney
Sun SignSagittarius
Born inBoston
Famous asMedical Researcher
Died at Age64

// Famous Medical Researcher

Jonas Salk

Jonas Salk

Jonas Salk was a famous American virologist and medical researcher who discovered the polio vaccine. To know more about his childhood, career, profile and timeline read on.

Daniel Carleton Gajdusek

Daniel Carleton Gajdusek

Daniel Carleton Gajdusek was a physician and medical researcher. Read on to know more about his profile, childhood, life and timeline in this biography.

George Richards Minot's photo

Who is George Richards Minot?

George Richards Minot was a famous American medical researcher. Minot pursued medicine with great passion and became interested in the study of human blood. It was his passion for this profession and his dedication that led to the phenomenal discovery —the treatment for pernicious anemia, for which he shared the 1934 Nobel Prize in medicine with William P. Murphy of Boston and with George Hoyt Whipple. Minot had a busy life, in which he was associated with several medical organizations and institutions, studying, researching and contributing towards physiology at the same time. He was appointed the 'Assistant in Medicine' in 1915, at the Harvard Medical School and the Massachusetts General Hospital. Eventually, he moved to higher positions, both in Harvard and other renowned hospitals like Collis P. Huntington Memorial Hospital of Harvard University. Minot led an honorable life, which involved a continuous effort to contribute towards the cure of anemia and some other blood related diseases.

// Famous Harvard University

Xi Mingze

Xi Mingze

Xi Mingze is the daughter of Chinese Leader Xi Jinping, Check out this biography to know about her birthday, childhood, family life, achievements and fun facts about her.

Michael Schur

Michael Schur

Michael Schur is an American television actor, producer, and writer. Check out this biography to know about his birthday, childhood, family life, achievements and fun facts about him.

Pete Hegseth

Pete Hegseth

Pete Hegseth is a FOX News Channel contributor from America. Check out this biography to know about his childhood, family life, achievements and fun facts about him.

Biography detail

Childhood

George Richards Minot was born on December 2, 1885, in Boston, Massachusetts. He was the eldest of the three sons of Dr. James Jackson and Elizabeth Whitney Minot. His family was affluent, as his ancestors had a successful businesses and professional careers. One of his great grandfathers was the founder of Massachusetts General Hospital. Minot’s father was a physician and was also a medical teacher at the Massachusetts Hospital for many years. As a child, Minot was very delicate, needing a lot of care and nourishing food as suffered from frequent fevers. He would spend most the winters in Southern California with his parents, which gave him the opportunity come closer to nature. Two of his articles were on butterflies and were published as scientific papers in 1902. This showed his interest in natural history.  

Journey to the Nobel Prize

Minot entered The Harvard Medical School on October 1, 1908. Even as a student, Minot worked at a clinic meant for outpatients, operated by Harvard. He expressed interest in the disorders of blood and he published many scientific articles on the same. After receiving his M.D. in 1912, he began internship in the Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. He then continued his studies as an assistant at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore. He conducted several analyses on the clotting of blood, the transfusion of blood and many blood disorders. His studies also included state of blood in cases on industrial poisoning, Leukemia (blood cancer), lymphatic tissue disorders and polycythemia. But most important of all his studies was the one related to anemia, to which he devoted a lifetime. In the course of his research, he came in close association with William P. Murphy and George Hoyt Whipple. He was impressed by Whipple’s work on experimental ways of treating anemia in dogs. In 1926, Minot and Murphy came up with the treatment of pernicious anemia. Pernicious anemia, then, was a fatal disease with no cure.  IMinot, in association with Murphy and Whipple, came up with the treatment of anemia through the liver. All three of them were awarded the Nobel Prize for medicine in 1934.

Minot’s discovery regarding the reticulocytes or the young red blood cells was remarkable. He found that anemia was related to malfunction of the bone marrow (which produces red blood cells) of a person suffering from it, which is turn is connected with his dietary habits. Minot spent most of his time in the Collis P. Huntington Memorial Hospital in Boston, researching on the several forms of leukemia. He became an assistant professor at the Harvard Medical School in 1918. Minot was inspired by the experiments of George Hoyt Whipple on pernicious anemia, which indicated that anemia in dogs can be cured by feeding red meat, especially liver. Minot conducted a similar experiment on patients suffering from anemia. He and Dr. William P. Murphy began to feed half a pound of liver to as many the anemic patients they could. The experiment turned out to be a success. All those patients, who were persuaded to consume liver, showed dramatic signs of improvement. It was seen that their condition improved rapidly without any deteriorations.

Development of Fraction G

Minot and Murphy went ahead to submit the reports on the successful treatment of at least forty five patients suffering from pernicious anemia, at a conference of the American Medical Association in Atlantic City, New Jersey. They produced reports of successful treatment of 105 patients at a meeting in Washington, D.C., the following year. Their research did not end here. They went ahead to discover that pure liver extracts can be beneficial to the patients as they can be taken in considerably smaller doses. So, they approached Dr. Edward J. Cohn, a professor of physical chemistry at the Harvard medical school, and convinced him to work on the development of pure liver extracts. Dr. Cohn could accomplish this task by separating “Fraction G” from pure liver. It was the Eli Lilly Company which began to manufacture Fraction G. Later, in 1929, Minot and his associates found that small doses of the substance had the same effect as the large amount liver given to the patients.

Death

On April 16, 1947, Minot underwent a severe stroke and eventually died on February 25, 1950, in Brookline, Massachusetts.

Legacy

Minot is still remembered for his discovery on the therapy of anemia.

Awards And Recognitions

Minot’s research on the disorders of blood, especially pernicious anemia and the remedy to the terminal disease earned him the Nobel Prize in Physiology or medicine in 1934.

// Famous Physicians

Jabir Ibn Hayyan

Jabir Ibn Hayyan

Jabir Ibn Hayyan was a medieval era polymath. Check out this biography to know about his life, works and achievements.

René Gerónimo Favaloro

René Gerónimo Favaloro

René Gerónimo Favaloro was a renowned Argentinean cardiovascular surgeon. Check out this biography to know about his childhood, family life, achievements and other facts related to his life.

Maria Montessori

Maria Montessori

Maria Montessori was a physician and educator who developed the approach of Montessori education. This biography of Maria Montessori provides detailed information about her childhood, life, achievements, works & timeline.

George Richards Minot's awards

YearNameAward

Other

01934 - Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

// Famous Sagittarius Celebrities peoples

Jacelyn Reeves

Jacelyn Reeves

Jacelyn Reeves is a former flight attendant who once had a fling with Clint Eastwood. Check out this biography to know about her birthday, childhood, family life, achievements and fun facts about her.

Billie Eilish

Billie Eilish

Billie Eilish Pirate Baird O’Connell is an American singer and songwriter. Check out this biography to know about her childhood, family, personal life, birthday, etc.

Edmund Kemper

Edmund Kemper

Edmund Kemper is a convicted serial killer from America who murdered ten people. Check out this biography to know about his childhood, life, crimes and other facts about him.

Pietro Boselli

Pietro Boselli

Pietro Boselli is an Italian model, engineer, teacher, and fitness athlete who became famous as the ‘world’s sexiest math teacher’. Check out this biography to know about his birthday, childhood, family life, achievements and fun facts about him.

Park Seo-joon

Park Seo-joon

Park Seo-joon is a famous South Korean actor. Check out this biography to know about his childhood, family life, achievements and fun facts about him.

Cavetown

Cavetown

Cavetown is an English YouTuber who posts music videos. Check out this biography to know about his birthday, childhood, family life, achievements and fun facts about him.

George Richards Minot's FAQ

  • What is George Richards Minot birthday?

    George Richards Minot was born at 1885-12-02

  • When was George Richards Minot died?

    George Richards Minot was died at 1950-02-25

  • Where was George Richards Minot died?

    George Richards Minot was died in Boston

  • Which age was George Richards Minot died?

    George Richards Minot was died at age 64

  • Where is George Richards Minot's birth place?

    George Richards Minot was born in Boston

  • What is George Richards Minot nationalities?

    George Richards Minot's nationalities is American

  • Who is George Richards Minot spouses?

    George Richards Minot's spouses is Marian Linzee Weld

  • Who is George Richards Minot siblings?

    George Richards Minot's siblings is Henry Whitney Minot, James Jackson Minot Jr

  • Who is George Richards Minot childrens?

    George Richards Minot's childrens is Charles Sedgwick Minot, Elizabeth Whitney Minot, Marian Linzee Minot

  • What was George Richards Minot universities?

    George Richards Minot studied at Harvard University, BA, Harvard University (1908)

  • What was George Richards Minot notable alumnis?

    George Richards Minot's notable alumnis is Harvard University

  • Who is George Richards Minot's father?

    George Richards Minot's father is James Jackson Minot

  • Who is George Richards Minot's mother?

    George Richards Minot's mother is Elizabeth Whitney

  • What is George Richards Minot's sun sign?

    George Richards Minot is Sagittarius

  • How famous is George Richards Minot?

    George Richards Minot is famouse as Medical Researcher