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George Mason Family & Timeline, Sagittarius - 𝐆𝐞𝐨𝐫𝐠𝐞 𝐌𝐚𝐬𝐨𝐧 Biography
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Ann EilbeckSarah Brent
Thomson Mason
George Mason IV
James MasonWilliam Mason
Fairfax County, Virginia
Episcopal Church, Church of England
Male
George Mason III
Ann Stevens Thomson
Sagittarius
Fairfax County, Virginia
66
Gunston Hall
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Who is George Mason?

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George Mason was an American statesman. He was the son of George Mason III, a wealthy plantation owner, and Ann Thomson Mason. His father drowned in the Potomac River when he was ten. He grew up with his uncle John Mercer. He inherited a major portion of his father’s land. He was a neighbour of George Washington. He started his political career as justice of the Fairfax County court. He lost the County election for House of Burgesses. He lobbied for settlement to the west of the Appalachians, and acted as a supply agent for troops commanded by George Washington. He was elected to the Virginia House of Burgesses, and was also a trustee of the city of Alexandria, Virginia. He is importantly remembered for the drafting of the Fairfax Resolves that challenged Parliament’s authority over the colonies, the Virginia Declaration of Rights, and the Virginia Constitution. He held a large number of slaves, but while agreeing that it was morally wrong, he did not want to abolish slavery completely. He was against the import of slaves, and the spreading of slavery to other states. He declined to sign the proposed Constitution as it did not include these two clauses. He was invited to become one of Virginia’s senators, but refused choosing to retire to his mansion.

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George Mason Childhood & Early Life

George Mason was born on December 11, 1725 to George and Ann Thomson Mason. When he was 10, his father drowned in the Potomac, and his mother was left to raise George and his two siblings.

He went to live with his uncle John Mercer. His uncle’s 1,500 volume library cultivated a habit of reading in him. He studied under tutors, and attended a private academy in Maryland.

At 21, he inherited approximately 20,000 acres spread across several counties in Virginia and Maryland. He was a neighbour of George Washington. He took interest in public affairs from an early age.

George Mason Career & Later Life

George Mason was a justice of the Fairfax County court. He contested, but lost the County election for House of Burgesses in 1748. The following year, he became a partner in the Ohio Company.

The Ohio Company speculated in land, and lobbied for settlement to the west of the Appalachians. The British revoked the company’s rights, He wrote “Extracts from the Virginia Charters, with Some Remarks upon Them”.

The impact of “Extracts from the Virginia Charters” is evident in the 1783 peace treaty with Great Britain, which fixed the Anglo-American boundary at the Great Lakes instead of the Ohio River.

Mason acted as a supply agent for troops who were commanded by George Washington when war broke out on the frontier. It earned him the rank of colonel.

In 1759, he was elected to the Virginia House of Burgesses, and represented Fairfax County. He was also a trustee of the city of Alexandria, Virginia.

He served as a member of the Virginia House of Delegates from 1776 to 1780. Six years later he was elected again, but could not serve due to ill health.

He attended the Mount Vernon Conference in 1785 called by the states of Virginia and Maryland for the use of water from the Potomac River. It indirectly led to federal Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia.

In 1787, he attended the Federal Convention as part of a Virginia delegation that included George Washington and James Madison in Philadelphia for the purpose of revising the Articles of Confederation.

He was one of the largest slaveholders. Though he did concede that slavery was morally wrong, he did not want to abolish slavery at one go, and was against it spreading to other states.

He refused to sign the proposed Constitution owing to the absence of a “declaration of rights”. It cost him his friendship with Washington and a name as the founding fathers of the US constitution.

Mason participated in the Richmond convention in 1788. The convention was called for a ratification of the US Constitution. The Constitution was approved by a vote of 89 to 79.

He advocated for religious freedom, and won passage of the legislation repealing Virginia's laws that punished heresy and required church attendance in 1776. He persuaded the Virginia assembly to abolish the parish tax.

He was invited to become one of Virginia’s senators in the First US Senate, but declined and instead chose to retire to his home, where he remained until his death.

George Mason Major Works

In 1774, Mason drafted the Fairfax Resolves that challenged Parliament’s authority over the colonies. He called for a boycott of British goods, and proposed a continental congress to coordinate American resistance to British policy.

He was a delegate at the Fifth Virginia Convention in Williamsburg in 1776. He drafted the Virginia Declaration of Rights, and the Virginia Constitution, both of which were adopted after alterations.

George Mason Personal Life & Legacy

In 1750, he married Anne Eilbeck, the daughter of William Eilbeck, a wealthy planter in Charles County, Maryland. They had five sons and four daughters in 23 years of marriage.

Mason was devastated by the death of his wife, Ann Eilbeck Mason, in 1773 at the age of 39 from complications following the birth of twins, who died in infancy.

He remained a widower until 1780 when he married Sarah Brent, the fifty-year-old daughter of George Brent, a family friend. He did not have any children by her.

George Mason Trivia

This wealthy plantation owner and statesman built his elegant mansion, Gunston Hall, on Dogue's Neck, Virginia, which was completed in 1759, with the interiors designed by noted architect William Buckland.

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George Mason biography timelines

  • George Mason was born on December 11, 1725 to George and Ann Thomson Mason. When he was 10, his father drowned in the Potomac, and his mother was left to raise George and his two siblings.
    11th Dec 1725
  • George Mason was a justice of the Fairfax County court. He contested, but lost the County election for House of Burgesses in 1748. The following year, he became a partner in the Ohio Company.
    1748
  • In 1750, he married Anne Eilbeck, the daughter of William Eilbeck, a wealthy planter in Charles County, Maryland. They had five sons and four daughters in 23 years of marriage.
    1750
  • In 1759, he was elected to the Virginia House of Burgesses, and represented Fairfax County. He was also a trustee of the city of Alexandria, Virginia.
    1759
  • This wealthy plantation owner and statesman built his elegant mansion, Gunston Hall, on Dogue's Neck, Virginia, which was completed in 1759, with the interiors designed by noted architect William Buckland.
    1759
  • Mason was devastated by the death of his wife, Ann Eilbeck Mason, in 1773 at the age of 39 from complications following the birth of twins, who died in infancy.
    1773
  • In 1774, Mason drafted the Fairfax Resolves that challenged Parliament’s authority over the colonies. He called for a boycott of British goods, and proposed a continental congress to coordinate American resistance to British policy.
    1774
  • He served as a member of the Virginia House of Delegates from 1776 to 1780. Six years later he was elected again, but could not serve due to ill health.
    1776 To 1780
  • He advocated for religious freedom, and won passage of the legislation repealing Virginia's laws that punished heresy and required church attendance in 1776. He persuaded the Virginia assembly to abolish the parish tax.
    1776
  • He was a delegate at the Fifth Virginia Convention in Williamsburg in 1776. He drafted the Virginia Declaration of Rights, and the Virginia Constitution, both of which were adopted after alterations.
    1776
  • He remained a widower until 1780 when he married Sarah Brent, the fifty-year-old daughter of George Brent, a family friend. He did not have any children by her.
    1780
  • The impact of “Extracts from the Virginia Charters” is evident in the 1783 peace treaty with Great Britain, which fixed the Anglo-American boundary at the Great Lakes instead of the Ohio River.
    1783
  • He attended the Mount Vernon Conference in 1785 called by the states of Virginia and Maryland for the use of water from the Potomac River. It indirectly led to federal Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia.
    1785
  • In 1787, he attended the Federal Convention as part of a Virginia delegation that included George Washington and James Madison in Philadelphia for the purpose of revising the Articles of Confederation.
    1787
  • Mason participated in the Richmond convention in 1788. The convention was called for a ratification of the US Constitution. The Constitution was approved by a vote of 89 to 79.
    1788
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Frequently asked questions about George Mason

  • What is George Mason birthday?

    George Mason was born at December 11, 1725

  • Where is George Mason's birth place?

    George Mason was born in Fairfax County, Virginia

  • What is George Mason nationalities?

    George Mason's nationalities is American

  • Who is George Mason spouses?

    George Mason's spouses is Ann Eilbeck, Sarah Brent

  • Who is George Mason siblings?

    George Mason's siblings is Thomson Mason

  • Who is George Mason childrens?

    George Mason's childrens is James Mason, William Mason

  • What is George Mason's religion?

    George Mason's religion is Episcopal Church, Church of England

  • Who is George Mason's father?

    George Mason's father is George Mason III

  • Who is George Mason's mother?

    George Mason's mother is Ann Stevens Thomson

  • What is George Mason's sun sign?

    George Mason is Sagittarius

  • When was George Mason died?

    George Mason was died at October 7, 1792

  • Where was George Mason died?

    George Mason was died in Gunston Hall

  • Which age was George Mason died?

    George Mason was died at age 66