George Koval - U.s. Born Soviet Spy, Life Achievements and Childhood

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George Koval's Personal Details

George Abramovich Koval was an American born Jew, who served the Soviet military intelligence as an agent during the ‘Second World War’

InformationDetail
BirthdayDecember 25, 1913
Died onJanuary 31, 2006
NationalityRussian
FamousU.s. Born Soviet Spy, Miscellaneous, Spies
SpousesLyudmila Ivanova
Universities
  • City College of New York
  • Granite Peaks High School
Birth PlaceSioux City, Iowa, United States
GenderMale
FatherAbram Koval
MotherShenitsky Koval
Sun SignCapricorn
Born inSioux City, Iowa, United States
Famous asU.S. Born Soviet Spy
Died at Age92

// Famous U.s. Born Soviet Spy

George Koval's photo

Who is George Koval?

George Abramovich Koval was an American born Jew, who became a Russian scientist and served the Soviet military intelligence, ‘Glavnoye Razvedyvatel'noye Upravleniye’ (GRU), as an agent during the ‘Second World War’. Though born in America, he spent significant period of his early adulthood in Soviet Union as his family moved there. He was appointed and trained by the ‘Main Intelligence Directorate’ of Soviet Union, who designated him with code name ‘Delmar’. After returning to the US he joined the American Army and was assigned at the atomic research labs. He passed on many research related classified information to the Soviet Union including volumes on different chemical elements like uranium, plutonium and polonium and their application in creating atomic ammunitions. The Soviet Union sources mentioned that his espionage in the ‘Manhattan Project’ "drastically reduced the amount of time it took for Russia to develop nuclear weapons”. He was posthumously conferred ‘Hero of the Russian Federation’ in 2007 by Russian President Vladimir Putin.

// Famous Miscellaneous

Childhood & Early Life

On December 25, 1913, he was born in Sioux City, Iowa, USA in the family of Jewish immigrants Abram Koval and Ethel Shenitsky Koval as one of their three sons.

His father was a carpenter and came from Telekhany in Belarus to the USA and settled in Sioux City in 1910.

His parents were in contact with their extended family in the Soviet Union. He studied at Central High School’, participated in debates and became a member of the ‘Honor Society’ there. In 1929 he completed his graduation.

His parents became associated with ‘IKOR’, the ‘Jewish Colonization in the Soviet Union’, that was set up in 1924 by American-Jewish Communists to aid Jewish settlement in Birobidzhan in Soviet Union. His father remained secretary of the organisation in its Sioux City branch.

George Koval had a strong belief in Communism since early life and would often express such views openly. Later he became a member of ‘Young Communist League’ and was its delegate in August 1930 during Communist Party’s Iowa convention.

In1932, due to Great Depression, the family was compelled to return to Soviet Union where they lived in Birobidzhan. There the family joined a collective farm.

He improved his Russian language and learnt skills of repairing machinery of the farm. Soon he became a primary mechanic and also one of the most remarkable and talented members of the commune.

In 1934 he joined ‘Mendeleev Institute of Chemical Technology’ in Moscow and in 1939 completed his graduation with honors. He was granted a Soviet citizenship.

Career

The ‘Main Intelligence Directorate’ of Soviet Union, the ‘GRU’ spotted him and selected him after a meticulous review for their American mission. He was given specialised training by ‘GRU’ and in 1939 he was commissioned by the Soviet army for a while. He was delegated with codename ‘Delmar’.

In 1940 he was sent to the U.S. where he was inducted as deputy command of the local wing of ‘GRU’, which conducted its functions under the cover of a supplier company, ‘Raven Electric Company’. Koval also took a cover job there.

He was initially assigned to extract information on chemical weapons research of America.

He was enlisted in the US Army in 1943. He placed fabricated documents showing that he attended a local college and received an Associate Degree in Chemistry.

He was trained at Fort Dix in New Jersey and then sent as a non-military in the 3410th Specialized Training and Reassignment Unit at the citadel in Charleston, South Carolina.

He was relocated to an Army ‘Specialized Training Program’ on August 11, 1943, as one of the proficient appointees for technical and educational training. He joined the ‘City College of New York’ to study electrical engineering.

As an aged student, he was admired by his fellow students and soon he became popular among the ladies. His classmates were unaware of his past life, his Soviet connection and about his wife as he never discussed any such thing including politics.

After the program was dissolved, Koval was delegated in a ‘Special Engineer Detachment’, which was part of a secret project undertaken by Britain, America and Canada, called the ‘Manhattan Project’. It involved design, engineering and construction of an atomic bomb. He was posted in Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

The scientists of the Oak Ridge laboratories were researching on improved fabricated bombs based on plutonium and uranium. Koval was inducted as health physics officer and was given top-secret security clearance. Thus he enjoyed privilege of unrestricted entry.

As an in charge of radiation control, he had opportunity to have a first-hand look at the procedure undertaken in polonium and plutonium production, the scientific processes applied and quality and amount of production output. He could also observe the security measures that were followed.

He transferred this information to ‘Clyde’, a Soviet contact. Thereafter the coded information would be sent to Moscow through couriers and the Soviet Embassy.

Following a promotion as an Army Staff Sergeant, on June 27, 1945 he was relocated in Dayton Ohio in another top-secret installation of ‘Manhattan Project’. He was inducted in the Medical Department’s ‘Health Physics Branch’ and this time he had greater access to the confidential project.

Detonation of the first atomic bomb was carried out on July 16, 1945 in New Mexico.

On August 6 and August 9, 1945, atomic bombs were dropped on Japan following which Japan surrendered and the ‘Second World War’ ended.

He informed the Soviet Union in December 1945 that polonium was being produced by the US to apply in their atomic work. He mentioned the volume of such production in Oak Ridge per month. An outline of procedures applied by the US in production of polonium was sent to Moscow in February 1946. .

He received an honorary dismissal from the US Army at the end of ‘Second world War’ and was conferred with two medals.

He went back to New York and on February 1, 1948, received a bachelor degree in electrical engineering from the ‘City College of New York’.

He informed his American friends in 1948 that he got an offer to work on a power station development project in Europe. He boarded the ‘SS America’ and landed in Le Harve, a port in France, from where he managed to reach Soviet Union and never came back to the US.

In June 1949 he was discharged from the Soviet military. He became a ‘Candidate of Engineering’ in the next two years but failed to get a proper job due to his unusual CV.

He finally got a job as a lab assistant at the ‘Mendeleev Institute’ with the help of his old ‘GRU contacts. He published around hundred scientific works during his forty years of service in the institute.

Major Works

On August 29, 1949, the Soviet Union detonated their first atomic bomb, although the ‘Central Intelligence Agency’ of America approximated that the Soviets would not be able to accomplish such mission before 1950 to 1953. The Soviet Union sources mentioned that Delmar’s (Koval) espionage in the ‘Manhattan Project’ drastically reduced the amount of time it took for Russia to develop nuclear weapons”.

Personal Life & Legacy

He married Lyudmila Ivanova, a fellow student while studying at the ‘Mendeleev Institute’.

On January 31, 2006, he died in Moscow.

// Famous Spies

George Koval biography timelines

  • // 1910
    His father was a carpenter and came from Telekhany in Belarus to the USA and settled in Sioux City in 1910.
  • // 25th Dec 1913
    On December 25, 1913, he was born in Sioux City, Iowa, USA in the family of Jewish immigrants Abram Koval and Ethel Shenitsky Koval as one of their three sons.
  • // 1924
    His parents became associated with ‘IKOR’, the ‘Jewish Colonization in the Soviet Union’, that was set up in 1924 by American-Jewish Communists to aid Jewish settlement in Birobidzhan in Soviet Union. His father remained secretary of the organisation in its Sioux City branch.
  • // 1929
    His parents were in contact with their extended family in the Soviet Union. He studied at Central High School’, participated in debates and became a member of the ‘Honor Society’ there. In 1929 he completed his graduation.
  • // Aug 1930
    George Koval had a strong belief in Communism since early life and would often express such views openly. Later he became a member of ‘Young Communist League’ and was its delegate in August 1930 during Communist Party’s Iowa convention.
  • // 1932
    In1932, due to Great Depression, the family was compelled to return to Soviet Union where they lived in Birobidzhan. There the family joined a collective farm.
  • // 1934 To 1939
    In 1934 he joined ‘Mendeleev Institute of Chemical Technology’ in Moscow and in 1939 completed his graduation with honors. He was granted a Soviet citizenship.
  • // 1939
    The ‘Main Intelligence Directorate’ of Soviet Union, the ‘GRU’ spotted him and selected him after a meticulous review for their American mission. He was given specialised training by ‘GRU’ and in 1939 he was commissioned by the Soviet army for a while. He was delegated with codename ‘Delmar’.
  • // 1940
    In 1940 he was sent to the U.S. where he was inducted as deputy command of the local wing of ‘GRU’, which conducted its functions under the cover of a supplier company, ‘Raven Electric Company’. Koval also took a cover job there.
  • // 1943
    He was enlisted in the US Army in 1943. He placed fabricated documents showing that he attended a local college and received an Associate Degree in Chemistry.
  • // 11th Aug 1943
    He was relocated to an Army ‘Specialized Training Program’ on August 11, 1943, as one of the proficient appointees for technical and educational training. He joined the ‘City College of New York’ to study electrical engineering.
  • // 27th Jun 1945
    Following a promotion as an Army Staff Sergeant, on June 27, 1945 he was relocated in Dayton Ohio in another top-secret installation of ‘Manhattan Project’. He was inducted in the Medical Department’s ‘Health Physics Branch’ and this time he had greater access to the confidential project.
  • // 16th Jul 1945
    Detonation of the first atomic bomb was carried out on July 16, 1945 in New Mexico.
  • // 9th Aug 1945
    On August 6 and August 9, 1945, atomic bombs were dropped on Japan following which Japan surrendered and the ‘Second World War’ ended.
  • // Dec 1945 To Feb 1946
    He informed the Soviet Union in December 1945 that polonium was being produced by the US to apply in their atomic work. He mentioned the volume of such production in Oak Ridge per month. An outline of procedures applied by the US in production of polonium was sent to Moscow in February 1946. .
  • // 1948
    He informed his American friends in 1948 that he got an offer to work on a power station development project in Europe. He boarded the ‘SS America’ and landed in Le Harve, a port in France, from where he managed to reach Soviet Union and never came back to the US.
  • // 1st Feb 1948
    He went back to New York and on February 1, 1948, received a bachelor degree in electrical engineering from the ‘City College of New York’.
  • // Jun 1949
    In June 1949 he was discharged from the Soviet military. He became a ‘Candidate of Engineering’ in the next two years but failed to get a proper job due to his unusual CV.
  • // 31st Jan 2006
    On January 31, 2006, he died in Moscow.

// Capricorn Celebrities

George Koval's FAQ

  • What is George Koval birthday?

    George Koval was born at 1913-12-25

  • When was George Koval died?

    George Koval was died at 2006-01-31

  • Where was George Koval died?

    George Koval was died in Moscow

  • Which age was George Koval died?

    George Koval was died at age 92

  • Where is George Koval's birth place?

    George Koval was born in Sioux City, Iowa, United States

  • What is George Koval nationalities?

    George Koval's nationalities is Russian

  • Who is George Koval spouses?

    George Koval's spouses is Lyudmila Ivanova

  • What was George Koval universities?

    George Koval studied at City College of New York, Granite Peaks High School

  • Who is George Koval's father?

    George Koval's father is Abram Koval

  • Who is George Koval's mother?

    George Koval's mother is Shenitsky Koval

  • What is George Koval's sun sign?

    George Koval is Capricorn

  • How famous is George Koval?

    George Koval is famouse as U.S. Born Soviet Spy