Cyril Connolly

Cyril Connolly - Writers, Facts and Life

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Cyril Connolly's Personal Details

Cyril Connolly was an English literary critic and novelist

InformationDetail
BirthdaySeptember 10, 1903
Died onNovember 26, 1974
NationalityBritish
FamousAtheists, Eton College, Writers, Novelists, Literary Critic, Writers
SpousesBarbara Skelton (m. 1950), Deirdre Craven (1959–1974), Jean Bakewell (1930–1939)
Known asCyril Vernon Connolly
Universities
  • Eton College
Notable Alumnis
  • Eton College
Birth PlaceWarwickshire, United Kingdom
GenderMale
FatherMatthew William Kemble Connolly
MotherMuriel Maud Vernon
Sun SignVirgo
Born inWarwickshire, United Kingdom
Famous asLiterary Critic & Writer
Died at Age71

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Cyril Connolly's photo

Who is Cyril Connolly?

Cyril Connolly was an English literary critic and novelist best known for his autobiography, ‘Enemies of Promise’ in which he explained why he failed to achieve the heights of success he once aspired to reach. Written with his characteristic terse sense of humor, he jokingly blamed his own laziness for keeping him from becoming the great writer he was supposed to become. Ironically, it was this very piece of writing which later on became known as his masterpiece and cemented his place in literary history! Known to be an eccentric, Connolly managed to charm his friends and family with his quirky sense of humor that irritated them as much as it amused. The son of an army major, he traveled a lot in childhood and this experience helped to shape the young boy’s views about the world. He attended the same school as George Orwell and Cecil Beaton and the trio became good friends. Intelligent and knowledgeable, he gained the reputation for being an intellectual in college, though by his own accounts he was never overly ambitious. His only novel, ‘The Rock Pool’ was published in 1936 though it was his autobiography that came out a couple of years later that made him famous as a writer.

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Childhood & Early Life

He was born on 10 September 1903 as the only child of Major Matthew William Kemble Connolly and his wife, Muriel Maud Vernon. His father was an officer in the King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry while his mother was the daughter of a colonel.

He traveled a lot as a child due to his father’s profession and spent some of his childhood days in South Africa where his father was posted.

He went to St. Cyprian’s School in Eastbourne where he met the future interior designer Cecil Beaton and would-be novelist George Orwell. He became good friends with both of them.

He won a scholarship to attend Eton College. There he became involved in school politics and charmed everyone around him with his intellect and wit. He won the Rosebery History Prize in 1922 and earned the Brackenbury History scholarship to Balliol College, Oxford.

Before joining Oxford he decided to travel extensively and went to Germany, Austria and Hungary. He developed a taste for traveling and having fun with his friends and thus his academic career at Oxford suffered. He also got used to spending lavishly. He graduated in 1925 with a third class degree in history.

Career

He struggled to find employment after leaving college as he did not possess a good academic record. He had incurred a huge pile of debts due to his extravagant spending which complicated his life further.

Finally he found a job tutoring a boy in Jamaica and went to the Caribbean in November 1925. He returned to England after some months in April 1926. His struggle to find a secure job continued.

He was employed as a secretary for Logan Pearsall Smith, an essayist and critic, in June 1926. Smith had a house called “Big Chilling”. This job introduced him to literary life and influenced his thoughts as a writer. He was paid �8 a week for this role.

A chance meeting with Desmond MacCarthy, the literary editor of the ‘New Statesman’ led him to embark on a literary career. MacCarthy invited Connolly to write book reviews for the ‘New Statesman’.

His job with Smith took him to Spain and from there he set off on a tour of his own before returning to England. In June 1927, the ‘New Statesman’ published his first signed work, a review of Lawrence Sterne.

He was asked to become a regular reviewer in August 1927, an opportunity Connolly gladly accepted as he joined the staff of the ‘New Statesman’. The very next month, he wrote a review of ‘The Hotel’ by Elizabeth Bowen.

Along with his job, he also began working on his own books. He started writing a novel called ‘Green Endings’, a travel book on Spain and ‘A Partial Guide to the Balkans’. However, he never completed any of these.

He published his first novel, ‘The Rock Pool’ in 1936. The content of the novel was considered obscene in those days and he was having problems finding a publisher before he convinced Obelisk Press of Paris to publish it. Incidentally his first novel proved to be his only one.

In spite of being intelligent, highly knowledgeable and a respected literary critic, Connolly was never able to gain fame as a writer. It was this predicament which prompted him to write the autobiographical piece ‘Enemies of Promise’ in 1938 which ironically established him as a writer.

In 1940, he founded the literary magazine, ‘Horizon’ with financial help from Peter Watson. He edited the magazine till 1950. He became the joint chief book reviewer for the ‘Sunday Times’ along with Raymond Mortimer in 1952 and held the post until his death.

Major Works

He is most famous as the author of the autobiographical work, ‘Enemies of Promise’. In this critical work, he tries to describe why, in spite of being a good writer he was unable to produce a major work of literature. This book is considered to be his masterpiece.

Personal Life & legacy

He married Jean Bakewell in 1930. She however left him in 1939. He married for the second time in 1950—this marriage too did not last long.

He tied the knot for the third time with Deirdre Craven in 1959. The couple had two children and remained together till Connolly’s death.

He died on 26 November 1974, at the age of 71.

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Cyril Connolly biography timelines

  • // 10th Sep 1903
    He was born on 10 September 1903 as the only child of Major Matthew William Kemble Connolly and his wife, Muriel Maud Vernon. His father was an officer in the King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry while his mother was the daughter of a colonel.
  • // 1922
    He won a scholarship to attend Eton College. There he became involved in school politics and charmed everyone around him with his intellect and wit. He won the Rosebery History Prize in 1922 and earned the Brackenbury History scholarship to Balliol College, Oxford.
  • // 1926
    He was employed as a secretary for Logan Pearsall Smith, an essayist and critic, in June 1926. Smith had a house called “Big Chilling”. This job introduced him to literary life and influenced his thoughts as a writer. He was paid �8 a week for this role.
  • // 1927
    His job with Smith took him to Spain and from there he set off on a tour of his own before returning to England. In June 1927, the ‘New Statesman’ published his first signed work, a review of Lawrence Sterne.
  • // 1930
    He married Jean Bakewell in 1930. She however left him in 1939. He married for the second time in 1950—this marriage too did not last long.
  • // 1936
    He published his first novel, ‘The Rock Pool’ in 1936. The content of the novel was considered obscene in those days and he was having problems finding a publisher before he convinced Obelisk Press of Paris to publish it. Incidentally his first novel proved to be his only one.
  • // 1938
    In spite of being intelligent, highly knowledgeable and a respected literary critic, Connolly was never able to gain fame as a writer. It was this predicament which prompted him to write the autobiographical piece ‘Enemies of Promise’ in 1938 which ironically established him as a writer.
  • // 1940
    In 1940, he founded the literary magazine, ‘Horizon’ with financial help from Peter Watson. He edited the magazine till 1950. He became the joint chief book reviewer for the ‘Sunday Times’ along with Raymond Mortimer in 1952 and held the post until his death.
  • // 1959
    He tied the knot for the third time with Deirdre Craven in 1959. The couple had two children and remained together till Connolly’s death.
  • // 26th Nov 1974
    He died on 26 November 1974, at the age of 71.

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Cyril Connolly's FAQ

  • What is Cyril Connolly birthday?

    Cyril Connolly was born at 1903-09-10

  • When was Cyril Connolly died?

    Cyril Connolly was died at 1974-11-26

  • Where was Cyril Connolly died?

    Cyril Connolly was died in Berwick, East Sussex

  • Which age was Cyril Connolly died?

    Cyril Connolly was died at age 71

  • Where is Cyril Connolly's birth place?

    Cyril Connolly was born in Warwickshire, United Kingdom

  • What is Cyril Connolly nationalities?

    Cyril Connolly's nationalities is British

  • Who is Cyril Connolly spouses?

    Cyril Connolly's spouses is Barbara Skelton (m. 1950), Deirdre Craven (1959–1974), Jean Bakewell (1930–1939)

  • What was Cyril Connolly universities?

    Cyril Connolly studied at Eton College

  • What was Cyril Connolly notable alumnis?

    Cyril Connolly's notable alumnis is Eton College

  • Who is Cyril Connolly's father?

    Cyril Connolly's father is Matthew William Kemble Connolly

  • Who is Cyril Connolly's mother?

    Cyril Connolly's mother is Muriel Maud Vernon

  • What is Cyril Connolly's sun sign?

    Cyril Connolly is Virgo

  • How famous is Cyril Connolly?

    Cyril Connolly is famouse as Literary Critic & Writer