Boris Yeltsin - Political Leaders, Career and Life

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Boris Yeltsin's Personal Details

Boris Yeltsin was the first President of Russian Federation

InformationDetail
BirthdayFebruary 1, 1931
Died onApril 23, 2007
NationalityRussian
FamousLeaders, Political Leaders, Presidents
SpousesNaina Yeltsina
Childrens Elena Borisovna Okulova, Tatyana Yumasheva
Universities
  • Pushkin High School
  • Ural Polytechnic Institute
Birth Place Butka
Political IdeologyCommunist Party of the Soviet Union
ReligionRussian Orthodox
GenderMale
FatherNikolai Yeltsin
MotherKlavdiya Vasilyevna Yeltsina
Sun SignAquarius
Born inButka
Died at Age76

// Famous Leaders

Boris Yeltsin's photo

Who is Boris Yeltsin?

He is popularly remembered as the first President of the Russian Federation who served from 1991 until 1999. Boris Yeltsin was a prominent Russian politician who guided Russia through the stormy decade of the 1990s. Interestingly, his political career began as a staunch supporter of Mikhail Gorbachev, assisting the latter in eradicating corruption from the Moscow party organization. However with time, he became one of Gorbachev's most powerful political opponents, criticizing the slow pace of the reforms brought about by Gorbachev. No sooner the tables of his political fortune turned as he was demoted to an administrative office. Nevertheless, not the one to succumb down, he soon returned to the heat of the politics after being elected as the chairman of the Russian Supreme Soviet and the rest as they say is history. He became the first elected President of Russian Federation in 1991 and was re-elected to the post in 1996. During his rule as the President, he sought to bring about radical changes in the Russia’s social and economic policies by liberalization and privatization. However his reformative policy backfired as corruption, inflation, economic collapse and enormous political and social problems became rampant. Not the one to hold on to power, he stepped down at the brink of the new century for new leaders to take charge of the country. To know more about his life, scroll further.

// Famous Political Leaders

Childhood & Early Life

Boris Yeltsin was born to Nikolai Yeltsin and Klavdiya Vasilyevna Yeltsina in the village of Butka. After the takeover of the harvest by the state, his family moved to Kazan, where his father made a living by working in a construction site. His mother worked as a seamstress.

In 1949, he took admission in Ural Polytechnic Institute and graduated from the same in 1955, majoring in construction.

Post attaining his graduation degree, he worked as a foreman until 1957 with the building trust Uraltyazhtrubstroy.

From 1957 to 1963 he worked in Sverdlovsk, and was promoted from construction site superintendent to chief of the Construction Directorate with the Yuzhgorstroy Trust. Meanwhile, in 1961, he joined the Communist Party.

In 1963, he was promoted as the chief engineer and by 1965 became the head of the Sverdlovsk House-Building Combine, with duties pertaining to the sewerage and technical plumbing.

Political Career

From the year 1968, he started contributing full time to the Communist Party. He was appointed head of construction with the Sverdlovsk Regional Party Committee.

In 1975, he was appointed as the Secretary of the regional committee in charge of the industrial development and the following year, became the First Secretary of the CPSU Committee of Sverdlovsk Oblast.

In 1985, when Gorbachev took to power, Yeltsin was appointed First Secretary of the Moscow Communist Party, with a task of sweeping out the corruption, thus reforming the political and social structure of the Communist nation.

In 1986, he was appointed as the nonvoting member of the Politburo. However, his alliance with Gorbachev met with a downfall as he criticized the latter for the slow pace of reform. This brought an end to his leadership at the Moscow party in 1987 and his removal from the Politburo in 1988.

Despite being demoted to the position of a deputy minister for construction, he did not get disheartened and turned the tables of his political fortune soon by winning a seat in the U.S.S.R. Congress of People’s Deputies in 1989.

In 1990, he was promoted to the chair of the President of the Russian Republic. He supported the rights of the Soviet Republics to greater autonomy and voiced his support for a market-oriented economy and a multiparty political system. Same year, he resigned from Communist Party.

In 1991, Yeltsin won 57% of the popular votes in the presidential elections and became the first elected President of Russian Federation. He assumed office on July 10, 1991.

In the August 1991 coup against Gorbachev, he openly voiced his stand against the coup and took to rest only after rescuing Gorbachev. For his act, he was greatly appreciated and applauded.

As President, he first set to put the failing economy of the country back on track. For the same, he terminated the government price subsidies on food and consumer goods and allowed the free markets and private enterprise to emerge.

In 1993, he dissolved the Congress and proposed a new constitution for Russia. During his term, he put the democracy on hold for several times and used force occasionally. This was visible in the 1993 suspended Russian parliament due to a clash with the conservatives.

In 1994, he ordered the Russian troops to Chechnya to supress the rebels. However, the army failed to meet the order. This coupled with the failure of the economic reform to establish growth led to his declining popularity.

In the 1996 elections, he however made a strong comeback defeating communist opposition leader in the second round. At the start of his second term, he signed a peace treaty with Chechnya.

Much of the later years of 1990s witnessed major political changes in the country’s government. He dismissed four of his premiers and many of his cabinet members who were later re-appointed. This caused a major panic in the financial markets thus causing the 1998 Russian financial crisis.

In 1999, he raised a strong voice against the NATO military campaign against Yugoslavia and openly stated the Russian involvement if NATO deployed ground troops to Kosovo.

On December 31, 1999, he resigned from his post of the President, electing Prime Minister Vladimir Putin as the acting president. His resignation came as a shock and surprise to the world. He argued his stand by stating that Russia needed new political leaders to enter the new century on a positive note.

Post resignation, he maintained a low political profile rarely making public statements or appearances.

Awards & Achievements

His exceptional political career won him several prestigious Russian and soviet awards including, Order of Merit for the Fatherland, Order of Lenin, Order of the Red Banner of Labour, Order of the Badge of Honour and so on.

Countries across the globe conferred upon him their highest decorations such as Order of Francisc Skorina (Belarus), Knight Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour (France), Knight Grand Cross with collar of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (Italy), Order of Good Hope (South Africa), Grand Cross of the Order of the Cross of Vytis (Lithuania), Order ‘For Personal Courage’ (Mongolia) and Order of the Three Stars, (Latvia).

Posthumously, he was bestowed with the title, Honorary Citizen of the Sverdlovsk Oblast, Kazan, Samara Oblast, Yerevan (Armenia) and Turkmenistan.

Personal Life & Legacy

He tied the nuptial knot with Naina Iosifovna Yeltsina in 1956. The couple was blessed with two daughters Yelena and Tatyana in 1957 and 1959 respectively

He suffered from heart disease ever since he became the President. He breathed his last on April 23, 2007 due to congestive heart failure.

He was laid in state in the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour in Moscow. Two days later, he was cremated in the Novodevichy Cemetery.

A new memorial was built in Moscow’s Novodevichy Cemetery in 2008 to honor the contributions of the first President of Russia.

Trivia

He was the first elected President of the Russian Federation. He voluntarily resigned from the post after nine years, at the brink of the new century, leaving the job to Vladimir Putin.

// Famous Presidents

Boris Yeltsin biography timelines

  • // 1st Feb 1931
    Boris Yeltsin was born to Nikolai Yeltsin and Klavdiya Vasilyevna Yeltsina in the village of Butka. After the takeover of the harvest by the state, his family moved to Kazan, where his father made a living by working in a construction site. His mother worked as a seamstress.
  • // 1949 To 1955
    In 1949, he took admission in Ural Polytechnic Institute and graduated from the same in 1955, majoring in construction.
  • // 1955 To 1957
    Post attaining his graduation degree, he worked as a foreman until 1957 with the building trust Uraltyazhtrubstroy.
  • // 1956
    He tied the nuptial knot with Naina Iosifovna Yeltsina in 1956. The couple was blessed with two daughters Yelena and Tatyana in 1957 and 1959 respectively
  • // 1957 To 1963
    From 1957 to 1963 he worked in Sverdlovsk, and was promoted from construction site superintendent to chief of the Construction Directorate with the Yuzhgorstroy Trust. Meanwhile, in 1961, he joined the Communist Party.
  • // 1963 To 1965
    In 1963, he was promoted as the chief engineer and by 1965 became the head of the Sverdlovsk House-Building Combine, with duties pertaining to the sewerage and technical plumbing.
  • // 1968
    From the year 1968, he started contributing full time to the Communist Party. He was appointed head of construction with the Sverdlovsk Regional Party Committee.
  • // 1975
    In 1975, he was appointed as the Secretary of the regional committee in charge of the industrial development and the following year, became the First Secretary of the CPSU Committee of Sverdlovsk Oblast.
  • // 1985
    In 1985, when Gorbachev took to power, Yeltsin was appointed First Secretary of the Moscow Communist Party, with a task of sweeping out the corruption, thus reforming the political and social structure of the Communist nation.
  • // 1986 To 1988
    In 1986, he was appointed as the nonvoting member of the Politburo. However, his alliance with Gorbachev met with a downfall as he criticized the latter for the slow pace of reform. This brought an end to his leadership at the Moscow party in 1987 and his removal from the Politburo in 1988.
  • // 1989
    Despite being demoted to the position of a deputy minister for construction, he did not get disheartened and turned the tables of his political fortune soon by winning a seat in the U.S.S.R. Congress of People’s Deputies in 1989.
  • // 1990
    In 1990, he was promoted to the chair of the President of the Russian Republic. He supported the rights of the Soviet Republics to greater autonomy and voiced his support for a market-oriented economy and a multiparty political system. Same year, he resigned from Communist Party.
  • // 10th Jul 1991
    In 1991, Yeltsin won 57% of the popular votes in the presidential elections and became the first elected President of Russian Federation. He assumed office on July 10, 1991.
  • // Aug 1991
    In the August 1991 coup against Gorbachev, he openly voiced his stand against the coup and took to rest only after rescuing Gorbachev. For his act, he was greatly appreciated and applauded.
  • // 1993
    In 1993, he dissolved the Congress and proposed a new constitution for Russia. During his term, he put the democracy on hold for several times and used force occasionally. This was visible in the 1993 suspended Russian parliament due to a clash with the conservatives.
  • // 1994
    In 1994, he ordered the Russian troops to Chechnya to supress the rebels. However, the army failed to meet the order. This coupled with the failure of the economic reform to establish growth led to his declining popularity.
  • // 1996
    In the 1996 elections, he however made a strong comeback defeating communist opposition leader in the second round. At the start of his second term, he signed a peace treaty with Chechnya.
  • // 1999
    In 1999, he raised a strong voice against the NATO military campaign against Yugoslavia and openly stated the Russian involvement if NATO deployed ground troops to Kosovo.
  • // 31st Dec 1999
    On December 31, 1999, he resigned from his post of the President, electing Prime Minister Vladimir Putin as the acting president. His resignation came as a shock and surprise to the world. He argued his stand by stating that Russia needed new political leaders to enter the new century on a positive note.
  • // 23rd Apr 2007
    He suffered from heart disease ever since he became the President. He breathed his last on April 23, 2007 due to congestive heart failure.

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Boris Yeltsin's FAQ

  • What is Boris Yeltsin birthday?

    Boris Yeltsin was born at 1931-02-01

  • When was Boris Yeltsin died?

    Boris Yeltsin was died at 2007-04-23

  • Where was Boris Yeltsin died?

    Boris Yeltsin was died in Moscow

  • Which age was Boris Yeltsin died?

    Boris Yeltsin was died at age 76

  • Where is Boris Yeltsin's birth place?

    Boris Yeltsin was born in Butka

  • What is Boris Yeltsin nationalities?

    Boris Yeltsin's nationalities is Russian

  • Who is Boris Yeltsin spouses?

    Boris Yeltsin's spouses is Naina Yeltsina

  • Who is Boris Yeltsin childrens?

    Boris Yeltsin's childrens is Elena Borisovna Okulova, Tatyana Yumasheva

  • What was Boris Yeltsin universities?

    Boris Yeltsin studied at Pushkin High School, Ural Polytechnic Institute

  • What is Boris Yeltsin's political ideology?

    Boris Yeltsin's political ideology is Communist Party of the Soviet Union

  • What is Boris Yeltsin's religion?

    Boris Yeltsin's religion is Russian Orthodox

  • Who is Boris Yeltsin's father?

    Boris Yeltsin's father is Nikolai Yeltsin

  • Who is Boris Yeltsin's mother?

    Boris Yeltsin's mother is Klavdiya Vasilyevna Yeltsina

  • What is Boris Yeltsin's sun sign?

    Boris Yeltsin is Aquarius