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Bob Hawke Family, Career, 23rd Prime Minister of Australia - 𝐁𝐨𝐛 𝐇𝐚𝐰𝐤𝐞 Biography
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Hazel Hawke
Robert James LeeRobert James Lee Hawke
Robert Hawke Jr.Roslyn HawkeStephen HawkeSusan Pieters-Hawke
Australian National UniversityPerth Modern School1953 - University of Western Australia1955 - University CollegeOxfordUniversity of Oxford
Australian National University
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
Bordertown
Agnosticism
173
Male
Clem Hawke
Edith Hawke
Sagittarius
Bordertown
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Who is Bob Hawke?

undefined - Bob HawkeBob Hawke

Robert James Lee ‘Bob’ Hawke is an Australian politician who was the 23rd Prime Minister of Australia, and leader of the Australian Labor Party; he was in the office from 1983 to 1991. Following his graduation in Arts and Law from the University of Western Australia, he received the Rhodes scholarship that allowed him to pursue doctorate studies in the University of Oxford and later at the Australian National University. However, shortly afterwards he discontinued his studies to be a part of the Australian Council of Trade Unions. He proved his skill as a trade-union official and earned multiple successful settlements for trade unions. He was later elected the leader of the Australian Labor Party and subsequently assumed his position as Prime Minister of Australia in 1983. He remained in office for 8 years after which he resigned from his post as Prime Minister and the party. As Prime Minister he brought about several reforms in the economic, environmental and health sectors. Unified wage policy, tax reforms, less inflation and introduction of Medicare, Landcare policies are part of his initiatives.

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Bob Hawke Childhood & Early Life

Robert James Lee ‘Bob’ Hawke was born on 9 December 1929 at Bordertown in Southern Australia, to congregational minister, Arthur Hawke, and his wife, Edith, who was a schoolteacher. He had an older brother, Neil, who died at the age of 17 due to meningitis.

Bob was known to be extremely self-confident as a child. He completed his school education at the Perth Modern School and subsequently enrolled into the University of Western Australia. Upon turning 18, he joined the Australian Labor Party, in 1947.

In 1952, he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Laws. He then applied for the Rhodes scholarship that allowed him to pursue studies at the University College at Oxford. He began his Bachelor of Arts in Philosophy, Politics and Economics, but later shifted studies to Bachelor of Letters.

In 1956, upon accepting a scholarship that allowed doctoral studies in arbitration law, he joined the Australian National University in Canberra. Soon, he was elected the student representative of the university council.

The following year, his mentor, H.P Brown, endorsed him to become President of the Australian Council of Trade Unions. Bob Hawke accepted the offer and gave up his doctoral studies to move to Melbourne.

Bob Hawke Career

The Australian Council of Trade Unions (ACTU) is the apex body that represents the workers in Australia and is an association of country’s highly structured labour movement. Soon after Bob Hawke joined the ACTU in 1958, he was in charge of presenting a case for higher wages at the national tribunal. His first appointment as an advocate for the ACTU was in 1959. The case resulted in a pay rise, which was a great achievement for him.

In 1969, he was elected the president of ACTU. While holding the position, he focused on the betterment of living conditions of workers. He was against with the Vietnam War; but encouraged alliances between USA and Australia.

He was a supporter of Jews, and for the same reason his assassination was planned by Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and its Australian counterpart.

Until 1980, while serving as the President of the ACTU, he successfully represented the association in front of arbitration councils for earning suitable settlements. Between 1973 and 1978, he also served as the Federal President of the Australian Labor Party.

In 1980, he contested the election to the House of Representatives and won the Melbourne seat of Wills. Soon after his election, he was appointed as the Shadow Minister of Industrial Relations, Employment and Youth, by Labor Leader Bill Hayden.

In 1982, he challenged the leadership of Bill Hayden and a ballot followed. Even though Bill Hayden won, the difference in the number of votes was minimal and this event gave Bob Hawke considerable recognition as a leader within the party.

In 1983, Bill Hayden announced his resignation as leader of party and Bob Hawke was named the acting leader of the Australian Labor Party. In the elections held the following month, he led the party to a landslide victory, thereby ending seven years of rule by the Liberal Party.

On 11 March 1983, he was sworn in as the 23rd Prime Minister of Australia. During his time as Prime Minister, he worked towards industrial accord by bringing about a uniform wage across labour unions of Australia. He was successful in effectively tackling inflation rate and maintained cordial relations with foreign nations like the USA. He was re-elected as Prime Minister in 1984.

Some of the most noteworthy decisions concerning the Australian economy that he took during his reign were the deregulation of the banking system and floating of the Australian Dollar. These decisions helped revamp the Australian economy.

Other steps that were taken include the introduction of tax reforms, privatization of state owned enterprises and the trading of financial institutions owned by state like CSL Limited, Qantas and Commonwealth Bank of Australia.

In 1989, in a move to improve economic cooperation among the nations of Asia Pacific, he formed the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum that promoted free trade among nations of the region.

He took several initiatives in the environmental sector, such as, stopping of a dam construction in Tasmania and supporting Landcare groups of farmers in the country. His health care initiatives included a widespread public health campaign regarding AIDS. A universal health care system in Australia was established under the name Medicare.

The Labor party won the 1987 and 1990 elections. As a result of the late 1980s recession, Hawke won the 1990 elections by a very tight margin.

He appointed Paul Keating as Deputy Prime Minister and in December 1991 Hawke resigned as prime minister and Keating assumed the prime ministership of Australia.

After resignation, he became more prominent in the business world and showed minimal involvement with the Labor Party during Paul Keating’s time as Prime Minister. After 1996, when John Howard assumed the position of Prime Minister, he became more involved with the works and campaigns of the Labor Party. He is known to supported candidates like Kevin Rudd, Julia Gillard and Kristina Keneally in their campaigns.

In 2009, he assisted in the setting up of a Centre for Muslim and Non-Muslim Understanding at the University of South Australia. According to him interfaith dialogue is essential and lack of understanding of religion was one of the greatest potential threats of the world.

Bob Hawke Major Works

Bob Hawke is regarded as the greatest Labor leader in Australian history. He has been instrumental in strengthening Australian economy with several initiatives like tax reforms, privatization of state owned industries, and floating of the Australian Dollar and de-regularization of banks. He also took initiatives in the environment and health sector by providing aid to Landcare and launched health care initiatives like public campaign regarding AIDS and establishment of Medicare policies.

Bob Hawke Awards & Achievements

In 1979, he was honored with the ‘Companion of the Order of Australia’.

He was awarded the most prestigious order of Thailand, the ‘Knight Grand Cordon of the Order of the White Elephant’ in 1989.

In 2008, he was honoured with the ‘Grand Companion of the Order of Logohu’ by the Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea, for his support to the people of Papua New Guinea.

In 2009, he was received a Life Time membership of the Australian Labor Party. He was the third person to get the honour.

Bob Hawke Personal Life & Legacy

He married Hazel Masterson in 1956. The couple had four children; daughter Susan (born in 1957), son Stephen (born in 1959), daughter Roslyn (born in 1960) and son Robert Jr. (born in 1963). Robert Jr. died in his infancy. The couple separated ways in 1995.

In 1995, he married Australian writer Blanche d'Alpuget and the couple currently live in Northbridge, Sydney.

In his honour, the University of South Australia has established the ‘Bob Hawke Prime Ministerial Library’ in 1997.

Bob Hawke Trivia

He created a Guinness world record by drinking 2.5 pints of beer non-stop in 11 seconds.

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Bob Hawke biography timelines

  • Robert James Lee ‘Bob’ Hawke was born on 9 December 1929 at Bordertown in Southern Australia, to congregational minister, Arthur Hawke, and his wife, Edith, who was a schoolteacher. He had an older brother, Neil, who died at the age of 17 due to meningitis.
    9th Dec 1929
  • Bob was known to be extremely self-confident as a child. He completed his school education at the Perth Modern School and subsequently enrolled into the University of Western Australia. Upon turning 18, he joined the Australian Labor Party, in 1947.
    1947
  • In 1952, he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Laws. He then applied for the Rhodes scholarship that allowed him to pursue studies at the University College at Oxford. He began his Bachelor of Arts in Philosophy, Politics and Economics, but later shifted studies to Bachelor of Letters.
    1952
  • In 1956, upon accepting a scholarship that allowed doctoral studies in arbitration law, he joined the Australian National University in Canberra. Soon, he was elected the student representative of the university council.
    1956
  • He married Hazel Masterson in 1956. The couple had four children; daughter Susan (born in 1957), son Stephen (born in 1959), daughter Roslyn (born in 1960) and son Robert Jr. (born in 1963). Robert Jr. died in his infancy. The couple separated ways in 1995.
    1956
  • The Australian Council of Trade Unions (ACTU) is the apex body that represents the workers in Australia and is an association of country’s highly structured labour movement. Soon after Bob Hawke joined the ACTU in 1958, he was in charge of presenting a case for higher wages at the national tribunal. His first appointment as an advocate for the ACTU was in 1959. The case resulted in a pay rise, which was a great achievement for him.
    1958 To 1959
  • In 1969, he was elected the president of ACTU. While holding the position, he focused on the betterment of living conditions of workers. He was against with the Vietnam War; but encouraged alliances between USA and Australia.
    1969
  • In 1979, he was honored with the ‘Companion of the Order of Australia’.
    1979
  • In 1980, he contested the election to the House of Representatives and won the Melbourne seat of Wills. Soon after his election, he was appointed as the Shadow Minister of Industrial Relations, Employment and Youth, by Labor Leader Bill Hayden.
    1980
  • In 1982, he challenged the leadership of Bill Hayden and a ballot followed. Even though Bill Hayden won, the difference in the number of votes was minimal and this event gave Bob Hawke considerable recognition as a leader within the party.
    1982
  • In 1983, Bill Hayden announced his resignation as leader of party and Bob Hawke was named the acting leader of the Australian Labor Party. In the elections held the following month, he led the party to a landslide victory, thereby ending seven years of rule by the Liberal Party.
    1983
  • On 11 March 1983, he was sworn in as the 23rd Prime Minister of Australia. During his time as Prime Minister, he worked towards industrial accord by bringing about a uniform wage across labour unions of Australia. He was successful in effectively tackling inflation rate and maintained cordial relations with foreign nations like the USA. He was re-elected as Prime Minister in 1984.
    11th Mar 1983 To 1984
  • In 1989, in a move to improve economic cooperation among the nations of Asia Pacific, he formed the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum that promoted free trade among nations of the region.
    1989
  • He was awarded the most prestigious order of Thailand, the ‘Knight Grand Cordon of the Order of the White Elephant’ in 1989.
    1989
  • He appointed Paul Keating as Deputy Prime Minister and in December 1991 Hawke resigned as prime minister and Keating assumed the prime ministership of Australia.
    Dec 1991
  • In 1995, he married Australian writer Blanche d'Alpuget and the couple currently live in Northbridge, Sydney.
    1995
  • After resignation, he became more prominent in the business world and showed minimal involvement with the Labor Party during Paul Keating’s time as Prime Minister. After 1996, when John Howard assumed the position of Prime Minister, he became more involved with the works and campaigns of the Labor Party. He is known to supported candidates like Kevin Rudd, Julia Gillard and Kristina Keneally in their campaigns.
    1996
  • In his honour, the University of South Australia has established the ‘Bob Hawke Prime Ministerial Library’ in 1997.
    1997
  • In 2008, he was honoured with the ‘Grand Companion of the Order of Logohu’ by the Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea, for his support to the people of Papua New Guinea.
    2008
  • In 2009, he assisted in the setting up of a Centre for Muslim and Non-Muslim Understanding at the University of South Australia. According to him interfaith dialogue is essential and lack of understanding of religion was one of the greatest potential threats of the world.
    2009
  • In 2009, he was received a Life Time membership of the Australian Labor Party. He was the third person to get the honour.
    2009
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Frequently asked questions about Bob Hawke

  • What is Bob Hawke birthday?

    Bob Hawke was born at December 9, 1929

  • Where is Bob Hawke's birth place?

    Bob Hawke was born in Bordertown

  • What is Bob Hawke nationalities?

    Bob Hawke's nationalities is Australian

  • Who is Bob Hawke spouses?

    Bob Hawke's spouses is Hazel Hawke

  • Who is Bob Hawke childrens?

    Bob Hawke's childrens is Robert Hawke Jr., Roslyn Hawke, Stephen Hawke, Susan Pieters-Hawke

  • What was Bob Hawke universities?

    Bob Hawke studied at Australian National University, Perth Modern School, 1953 - University of Western Australia, 1955 - University College, Oxford, University of Oxford university

  • What was Bob Hawke notable alumnis?

    Bob Hawke's notable alumnis is Australian National University

  • Which company or organization was founded by Bob Hawke?

    Bob Hawke was the founder/co-founder of Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation

  • What is Bob Hawke's religion?

    Bob Hawke's religion is Agnosticism

  • How tall is Bob Hawke?

    Bob Hawke's height is 173

  • Who is Bob Hawke's father?

    Bob Hawke's father is Clem Hawke

  • Who is Bob Hawke's mother?

    Bob Hawke's mother is Edith Hawke

  • What is Bob Hawke's sun sign?

    Bob Hawke is Sagittarius