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Arthur Ashe Life & Family, American - ๐€๐ซ๐ญ๐ก๐ฎ๐ซ ๐€๐ฌ๐ก๐ž Biography
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Jeanne Moutoussamy-Ashe
Johnnie
Arthur Robert Ashe
Camera
University of CaliforniaLos AngelesSumner High SchoolMaggie L. WalkerGovernor's School for Government and International Studies
AIDS
Richmond
Male
Arthur Ashe Sr.
Mattie Cordell Cunningham Ashe
Cancer
Richmond
49
New York City
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Who is Arthur Ashe?

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Arthur Ashe, Jr. was one of the most prominent tennis players of his time, ranked among the best players to have ever graced the game. An African American, he was the first black to be ranked No.1 in the world. He started playing tennis from the age of six and received coaching from the legendary Robert Walter Johnson who founded the American Tennis Association Junior Development Program for African American youths. After graduating from high school, he earned a tennis scholarship to University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). He was the first African American to be selected to play for United States Davis Cup Team. He also became the first black to win the United States Amateur Championship. He went on to win many more titles over the next few years and created several new world records. Unfortunately, health issues forced him to take an early retirement but still he was not disheartened. He used his celebrity status to campaign for various social causes, notably the fight against apartheid. He contracted HIV from a blood transfusion and started educating people about HIV and AIDS in spite of his own struggles with the condition. He founded the Arthur Ashe Foundation for the Defeat of AIDS shortly before his death.

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Arthur Ashe Childhood & Early Life

Arthur was the elder of two sons born to Arthur Ashe Sr. and Mattie Cunningham. His father worked as a handyman. His mother died of pregnancy related complications when he was just six years old.

He started playing tennis from a young age and attended Maggie L. Walker High school. Upon his graduation from high school he was awarded a tennis scholarship to the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) in 1963.

Arthur Ashe Career

He joined the U.S Army in 1966 taking breaks from time to time to pursue his tennis career. He was discharged from the army in 1969.

In 1968, while serving as 1st Lieutenant in the U.S army, he won the U.S Amateur Championship against Bob Lutz. He also won the U.S Open National Championship in the same year, becoming the only player to have won both the championships in the same year.

He won his second Grand Slam singles title at the Australian Open in 1970. The same year, he turned professional by signing a five-year contract with Lamar Huntโ€™s World Championship Tennis. In 1972, he helped to form the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP).

In 1975, Ashe played the Wimbledon Final against Jimmy Connors, who was 10-to-1 favorite in the final. But Ashe played brilliantly and defeated Jimmy to win the Wimbledon in an excitingly unexpected match.

The professional career of this exceptionally talented player was unfortunately cut short by health problems and a heart attack forced him to retire in 1980.

Even after he had stopped playing, he kept himself busy by commentating for ABC Sports and writing for Time Magazine.

Arthur Ashe Major Wins

He played the U.S Open final against Tom Okker of Netherlands and defeated him to clinch the title in 1968. It was his first ever Grand Slam title.

He won the Australian Open against Dick Crealy in 1970. This was a major victory for him since he had lost the finals to Roy Emerson in 1966 and 1967. He became the first non-Australian to win the title in 11 years.

He played in the 1971 French Open-Men's Doubles with partner Marty Riessen to defeat Tom Gorman and Stan Smith to win the finals.

In 1975, he became the first black man to win the Wimbledon Singlesโ€™ championship by beating the defending champion Jimmy Connors three sets to one. What made this victory even more special for Ashe is the fact that it was the much younger Jimmy and not he, who was the favorite to win the match.

Ashe and his partner Tony Roche beat Charlie Pasarell and Erik Van Dillen to clinch the Australian Open-Menโ€™s Doubles in 1977.

Arthur Ashe Awards & Achievements

Ashe was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1985 as an honour for his contribution to the sport of tennis.

He was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian award of the U.S in 1993. The medal honours individuals who have made "an especially meritorious contribution to the security or national interests of the United States, world peace, cultural or other significant public or private endeavors."

Arthur Ashe Personal Life & Legacy

Arthur Ashe married photographer Jeanne Moutoussamy in 1977. They had one adopted daughter.

He suffered a heart attack in 1979 and underwent bypass surgery. He had another heart surgery in 1983. In 1988 it was discovered that he was HIV+; he had contracted the virus from a tainted blood transfusion during his previous surgery.

He went public with his illness in 1992 and began to work to raise awareness about AIDS. He founded the Arthur Ashe Foundation for the Defeat of AIDS.

He died from AIDS-related pneumonia in 1993 at the age of 49.

Arthur Ashe Trivia

He is the only black man to win the singles title at Wimbledon, the US Open, or Australian Open.

He was the first famous athlete to die of AIDS.

His daughter is named โ€˜Cameraโ€™ as his wife was a photographer.

He spent the last years of his life writing his memoir โ€˜Days of Graceโ€™ which he completed days before his death.

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Arthur Ashe awards

  • Other

    • 1993 - Presidential Medal of Freedom
    • ESPY Award
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Arthur Ashe biography timelines

  • He started playing tennis from a young age and attended Maggie L. Walker High school. Upon his graduation from high school he was awarded a tennis scholarship to the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) in 1963.
    1963
  • He joined the U.S Army in 1966 taking breaks from time to time to pursue his tennis career. He was discharged from the army in 1969.
    1966 To 1969
  • In 1968, while serving as 1st Lieutenant in the U.S army, he won the U.S Amateur Championship against Bob Lutz. He also won the U.S Open National Championship in the same year, becoming the only player to have won both the championships in the same year.
    1968
  • He won his second Grand Slam singles title at the Australian Open in 1970. The same year, he turned professional by signing a five-year contract with Lamar Huntโ€™s World Championship Tennis. In 1972, he helped to form the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP).
    1970
  • In 1975, Ashe played the Wimbledon Final against Jimmy Connors, who was 10-to-1 favorite in the final. But Ashe played brilliantly and defeated Jimmy to win the Wimbledon in an excitingly unexpected match.
    1975
  • Arthur Ashe married photographer Jeanne Moutoussamy in 1977. They had one adopted daughter.
    1977
  • He suffered a heart attack in 1979 and underwent bypass surgery. He had another heart surgery in 1983. In 1988 it was discovered that he was HIV+; he had contracted the virus from a tainted blood transfusion during his previous surgery.
    1979
  • The professional career of this exceptionally talented player was unfortunately cut short by health problems and a heart attack forced him to retire in 1980.
    1980
  • Ashe was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1985 as an honour for his contribution to the sport of tennis.
    1985
  • He went public with his illness in 1992 and began to work to raise awareness about AIDS. He founded the Arthur Ashe Foundation for the Defeat of AIDS.
    1992
  • He was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian award of the U.S in 1993. The medal honours individuals who have made "an especially meritorious contribution to the security or national interests of the United States, world peace, cultural or other significant public or private endeavors."
    1993
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Frequently asked questions about Arthur Ashe

  • What is Arthur Ashe birthday?

    Arthur Ashe was born at July 10, 1943

  • Where is Arthur Ashe's birth place?

    Arthur Ashe was born in Richmond

  • What is Arthur Ashe nationalities?

    Arthur Ashe's nationalities is American

  • Who is Arthur Ashe spouses?

    Arthur Ashe's spouses is Jeanne Moutoussamy-Ashe

  • Who is Arthur Ashe siblings?

    Arthur Ashe's siblings is Johnnie

  • Who is Arthur Ashe childrens?

    Arthur Ashe's childrens is Camera

  • What was Arthur Ashe universities?

    Arthur Ashe studied at University of California, Los Angeles, Sumner High School, Maggie L. WalkerGovernor's School for Government and International Studies university

  • What is Arthur Ashe's cause of dead?

    Arthur Ashe dead because of AIDS

  • Who is Arthur Ashe's father?

    Arthur Ashe's father is Arthur Ashe Sr.

  • Who is Arthur Ashe's mother?

    Arthur Ashe's mother is Mattie Cordell Cunningham Ashe

  • What is Arthur Ashe's sun sign?

    Arthur Ashe is Cancer

  • When was Arthur Ashe died?

    Arthur Ashe was died at February 6, 1993

  • Where was Arthur Ashe died?

    Arthur Ashe was died in New York City

  • Which age was Arthur Ashe died?

    Arthur Ashe was died at age 49