Annie Jump Cannon - Astronomers, Family and Childhood

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Annie Jump Cannon's Personal Details

Annie Jump Cannon was an American astronomer and physicist

InformationDetail
BirthdayDecember 11, 1863
Died onApril 13, 1941
NationalityAmerican
FamousUniversity Of Delaware, Scientists, Astronomers, Physicists
City/StateDelaware
Known asКэннон, Энни Джамп, 安妮·坎农
Universities
  • University Of Delaware
  • Wellesley College
  • Radcliffe College
Notable Alumnis
  • University Of Delaware
Birth PlaceDover
GenderFemale
Sun SignSagittarius
Born inDover
Famous asAstronomer
Died at Age77

// Famous Alumni of University Of Delaware

Annie Jump Cannon's photo

Who is Annie Jump Cannon?

Annie Jump Cannon was an American astronomer and physicist who made some of the biggest contributions in the field of astronomy that went on to lay the foundations of the subject as it is known in the present day. Cannon’s mother encouraged her to take an interest in astronomy and she went on to study physics. Cannon is credited with classifying more than half a million stars and her method of classification is still regarded as the standard as far as the classification of stars is concerned. It is often stated that she could identify a star simply by having a look at it and the books in which she published her finding are still regarded as the most authoritative book by trained astronomers. On the other hand, it is also important to point out that she worked in academia at a time when women weren’t encouraged to be in academics and her role in turning that theory on its head must also be lauded. She devoted her life to research and unwittingly broke down plenty of barriers, which is why it must be said that she left behind a rich legacy that is still celebrated in the scientific circles to this day.

// Famous Physicists

Childhood & Early Life

Annie Jump Cannon was born to Wilson Cannon and Mary Jump on December 11, 1863 in Dover, Delaware. Her father was a state senator and also had a ship building business. Her mother Mary was his father’s second wife.

The family had three daughters and Cannon was the eldest among them; which is probably why her mother took a special interest in her. She encouraged Annie Jump Cannon to study the constellations and in fact insisted that she studied mathematics and astronomy when she grew up.

Annie Jump Cannon studied at the exclusive Wilmington Conference Academy located in her hometown of Dover and during her time at the school she excelled in the sciences especially in Mathematics.

Upon graduation, Annie Jump Cannon took admission in the prestigious Wellesley College located in Boston, Massachusetts, in the year 1880. Her subjects included physics, mathematics and astronomy. Additionally, the celebrated female physicist of the time Sarah Frances Whiting was one of her teachers.

Cannon graduated from Wellesley College in the year 1884 and was awarded a bachelor’s degree in physics. However, she went back to her hometown of Dover in Delaware since she could not find any viable career option.

Career

Following her graduation from Wellesley College, Cannon spent her time at home learning the intricacies of photography. When her mother passed away in 1894, she decided to get a job and was offered a teaching role in physics at her alma mater Wellesley by her former teacher Sarah Frances Whiting.

During her time as a teacher at the Wellesley College, Cannon further studied chemistry as well as astronomy at a post graduate level and later on took admission at Radcliffe College due to the better facilities on offer.

In 1896, the Harvard College Observatory hired her as an assistant. Cannon’s employment at the Harvard College Observatory was a part of the larger outreach planned by Harvard Observatory director Edward C. Pickering to involve women in his project of classifying stars.

In 1901, Cannon came up with a procedure of classifying the stars in different classes in accordance with the temperatures as well as spectral classifications.

Annie Jump Cannon’s work for the Harvard College Observatory rightly drew accolades and her work was widely appreciated and recognised. In 1911, William Fleming, the curator of the Observatory retired and Annie Jump Cannon became the new curator. She retired after holding the post for 29 years.

Annie Jump Cannon expanded on her research and published the Henry Draper Extension, which identified hundreds of thousands of other stars that would prove to be extremely important for further studies in astronomy. The book was published around 1924 and is considered a seminal work in astronomical research.

In 1938, Harvard University appointed Annie Jump Cannon as the William Cranch Bond Professor of Astronomy.

Major Works

Annie Jump Cannon devoted herself to the field of astronomical research till her last days and during her life as an academic she came up with groundbreaking findings in her chosen field. As far as her greatest achievement is concerned; it is without doubt the fact that she came up with a standard procedure for classifying stars that continues to be used to this day.

Cannon was successful in identifying and classifying more than half a million stars in the galaxy. Her entire body of work in that regard has been documented in the volumes of the Henry Draper Extension and Henry Draper Catalogue.

Awards & Achievements

Annie Jump Cannon became the first woman to be awarded with an honorary doctorate degree from the famous University of Oxford. She was awarded the degree in 1925.

In 1931, she was awarded with Henry Draper Medal by the National Academy of Sciences.

A lunar crater ‘Cannon’ and an asteroid ‘1120 Cannonia’ is named after her

Personal Life & Legacy

Having suffered from Scarlet fever in her youth, Cannon had gone nearly deaf and that was the reason why she never married. She led a solitary life and gave her life to astronomical research.

Annie Jump Cannon died on April 13, 1941, Cambridge, Massachusetts, at the age of 77. She had established the Annie Jump Cannon Award for outstanding female astronomers in North America, eight years prior to her death and the award is given away to this day.

// Famous Scientists

Annie Jump Cannon awards

YearNameAward

Other

1931 - Henry Draper Medal
1932 - Ellen Richards Prize

Annie Jump Cannon biography timelines

  • // 11th Dec 1863
    Annie Jump Cannon was born to Wilson Cannon and Mary Jump on December 11, 1863 in Dover, Delaware. Her father was a state senator and also had a ship building business. Her mother Mary was his father’s second wife.
  • // 1880
    Upon graduation, Annie Jump Cannon took admission in the prestigious Wellesley College located in Boston, Massachusetts, in the year 1880. Her subjects included physics, mathematics and astronomy. Additionally, the celebrated female physicist of the time Sarah Frances Whiting was one of her teachers.
  • // 1884
    Cannon graduated from Wellesley College in the year 1884 and was awarded a bachelor’s degree in physics. However, she went back to her hometown of Dover in Delaware since she could not find any viable career option.
  • // 1894
    Following her graduation from Wellesley College, Cannon spent her time at home learning the intricacies of photography. When her mother passed away in 1894, she decided to get a job and was offered a teaching role in physics at her alma mater Wellesley by her former teacher Sarah Frances Whiting.
  • // 1896
    In 1896, the Harvard College Observatory hired her as an assistant. Cannon’s employment at the Harvard College Observatory was a part of the larger outreach planned by Harvard Observatory director Edward C. Pickering to involve women in his project of classifying stars.
  • // 1901
    In 1901, Cannon came up with a procedure of classifying the stars in different classes in accordance with the temperatures as well as spectral classifications.
  • // 1911
    Annie Jump Cannon’s work for the Harvard College Observatory rightly drew accolades and her work was widely appreciated and recognised. In 1911, William Fleming, the curator of the Observatory retired and Annie Jump Cannon became the new curator. She retired after holding the post for 29 years.
  • // 1924
    Annie Jump Cannon expanded on her research and published the Henry Draper Extension, which identified hundreds of thousands of other stars that would prove to be extremely important for further studies in astronomy. The book was published around 1924 and is considered a seminal work in astronomical research.
  • // 1925
    Annie Jump Cannon became the first woman to be awarded with an honorary doctorate degree from the famous University of Oxford. She was awarded the degree in 1925.
  • // 1931
    In 1931, she was awarded with Henry Draper Medal by the National Academy of Sciences.
  • // 1938
    In 1938, Harvard University appointed Annie Jump Cannon as the William Cranch Bond Professor of Astronomy.
  • // 13th Apr 1941
    Annie Jump Cannon died on April 13, 1941, Cambridge, Massachusetts, at the age of 77. She had established the Annie Jump Cannon Award for outstanding female astronomers in North America, eight years prior to her death and the award is given away to this day.

// Famous Astronomers

Annie Jump Cannon's FAQ

  • What is Annie Jump Cannon birthday?

    Annie Jump Cannon was born at 1863-12-11

  • When was Annie Jump Cannon died?

    Annie Jump Cannon was died at 1941-04-13

  • Where was Annie Jump Cannon died?

    Annie Jump Cannon was died in Cambridge

  • Which age was Annie Jump Cannon died?

    Annie Jump Cannon was died at age 77

  • Where is Annie Jump Cannon's birth place?

    Annie Jump Cannon was born in Dover

  • What is Annie Jump Cannon nationalities?

    Annie Jump Cannon's nationalities is American

  • What was Annie Jump Cannon universities?

    Annie Jump Cannon studied at University Of Delaware, Wellesley College, Radcliffe College

  • What was Annie Jump Cannon notable alumnis?

    Annie Jump Cannon's notable alumnis is University Of Delaware

  • What is Annie Jump Cannon's sun sign?

    Annie Jump Cannon is Sagittarius

  • How famous is Annie Jump Cannon?

    Annie Jump Cannon is famouse as Astronomer