Alexei Kosygin - Former Premier of the Soviet Union, Life Achievements and Life

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Alexei Kosygin's Personal Details

Alexei Kosygin was a Soviet-Russian political leader

InformationDetail
BirthdayFebruary 20, 1904
Died onDecember 18, 1980
NationalityRussian
FamousFormer Premier of the Soviet Union, Leaders, Political Leaders
SpousesClaudia Andreyevna Krivosheina (m. 1908–1967)
Childrens Lyudmila Alexeevna
Birth PlaceSt. Petersburg, Russian Empire
Born CountryRussia
Political IdeologyCommunist Party of the Soviet Union
GenderMale
FatherNikolai Ilyich
MotherMatrona Alexandrovna
Sun SignPisces
Born inSt. Petersburg, Russian Empire
Famous asFormer Premier of the Soviet Union
Died at Age76

// Famous Former Premier of the Soviet Union

Alexei Kosygin's photo

Who is Alexei Kosygin?

Alexei Kosygin was an important statesman of Soviet-Russia during the cold war. As part of his evacuation process of civilians from Leningrad, he developed his famous “Road of Life”, an ice transport route which also included several roads and underwater pipelines and power-lines. This route played a crucial role to provide food, ammunition and fuel to the civilians as well as defenders of Leningrad, encircled by the Nazi armed forces and the Finnish Army. The credit of evacuating more than one and a half million civilians at that time goes to him. Moreover, his intelligent effort saved major industries for their timely evacuation. For this contribution, he received the Order of Red Star. Rising up in the Soviet hierarchy, he became the Minister of Finance and later acted as the Minister of Light Industry. After Stalin’s death in 1953, he was appointed to the position of the First Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministries. To improve the condition of Soviet industry, he introduced “Kosygin reform”. He believed that decentralisation, semi-public companies and cooperatives can promote growth and profit in industry. But he had to face opposition for the failure of his reform. In later years of his life, he remained busy in improving the economic administration of his country through modifications of targets. Besides this, he worked for the improvement of food security and ensured the future intensification of production.

// Famous Political Leaders

Childhood & Early Life

Hailing from a working class family of St. Petersburg, Russia, Alexei Kosygin was the son of Nikolai Kosygin, a technician at Lessner plant, and Matrona Alexandrovna.

He lost his mother when he was very young. In 1919, he became a part of the Labor Army whose leader was Trotsky. After joining the Soviet Communist Party in 1921, he received necessary support for his education from the party as a reward of his loyalty and commitment.

In 1924, he completed his graduation from the Leningrad Cooperative Technical Institute. In the same year, he started a small British-Russian joint-venture for digging and selling Siberian gold. He continued his business till 1927.

After returning to St. Petersburg, he attended Leningrad Institute of Textile Industry from 1930 to 1935. He graduated as an Engineer from this institute.

Career

After completing his education, he served for the Chair of Leningrad City Department of Industry. In 1937, he took-up the responsibility of the director of the October Spinning Mill.

In the year 1938, he became Mayor of Leningrad. After becoming minister of the textile industry in 1939, he achieved the position of the Vice-Chairman of the U.S.S.R. Supreme Economic Council.

To save the civilians of Leningrad (encircled by the Nazi Wermacht and the Finnish Army) during the summer of 1941, he developed “Road of Life”, an ice transport route across Lake Ladoga.

For his great contribution in evacuating the civilians of Leningrad, he was made the Premier of the Russian Federation. From 1943 to 1946, he served as the Prime Minister of Russia.

The turning point of his career came while working as Joseph Stalin’s minister of finance in 1948.

In 1949, he was blamed for misappropriation of funds and stealing gold and jewels. Later, he was absolved from this accusation due to his loyalty and hard work.

From 1949 to 1953, he was the Minister of Light Industry. After Stalin’s death in 1953, Kosygin’s rank was reduced. However, within a brief period he acquired the position of an official of the State Planning Committee in 1957.

Besides achieving an important position in the committee, he became a candidate member of the Politburo. Gradually, he was promoted to the State Planning Committee chairmanship.

In 1960, he acted as Khrushchev’s First Deputy Premier. As a part of his job, he travelled to several countries for trade purpose. After the Cuban Missile Crisis, he endeavoured to improve relations between the Soviet Union and the United States as the Soviet spokesman.

After Khrushchev’s removal from the Politburo in 1964, he took over Khrushchev’s position. During this time, he faced criticism for his unrealistic economic plan and producing excessive consumer goods.

In 1965, he introduced an economic reform, known as the “Kosygin reform”. Through this, he tried to increase the quantity of production and incentives for managers and workers.

After receiving invitation from the US Government, he attended the Glassboro Summit Conference in June 1967 but both sides failed to reach any agreement on limiting anti-ballistic missile system.

His reform also aimed to free managers from the centralized state bureaucracy. During its testing phase, the reform was applied to 336 enterprises in light industry. During the signing of the Tashkent Declaration in 1966, he acted as a mediator between India and Pakistan.

In 1970, along with Gromyko, he signed the 1970 Moscow Treaty. The relation between Soviet and Iraq strengthened after he signed a Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation with the government of Iraq in 1972.

In 1973, he proposed an economic reform to weaken the central ministries and to empower the regional authorities at republican and local levels. Through his 1979 reform, he tried to increase the central government’s economic involvement.

Personal Life & Legacy

He got married to Claudia Andreyevna Krivosheina in 1927 and had a child Lyudmila Alexeevna, with her.

In October 1980, he was hospitalized after suffering a heart attack.

After he breathed his last, none of his Politburo colleagues or former aids visited him. As he passed away on the eve of Brezhnev’s birthday, the information of Kosygin’s death was officially spread only after three days so that people could remain festive.

Trivia

This influential statesman was popular for his ability to memorize large volumes of data. Moreover, he had an expertise in mathematical calculations without using any computing device.

In 1980, when this powerful personality was hospitalized after illness, he was forced to write his resignation. According to witnesses, a few minutes before his death, he was mumbling the numbers of the new five-year plan for Soviet’s economic development.

// Famous Leaders

Alexei Kosygin awards

YearNameAward

Other

1970Grand Cross of the Order of the Sun
1964 - Order of Lenin
1964 - Hammer and Sickle
1964 - Hero of Socialist Labour

Alexei Kosygin biography timelines

  • // 20th Feb 1904
    Hailing from a working class family of St. Petersburg, Russia, Alexei Kosygin was the son of Nikolai Kosygin, a technician at Lessner plant, and Matrona Alexandrovna.
  • // 1919 To 1921
    He lost his mother when he was very young. In 1919, he became a part of the Labor Army whose leader was Trotsky. After joining the Soviet Communist Party in 1921, he received necessary support for his education from the party as a reward of his loyalty and commitment.
  • // 1924 To 1927
    In 1924, he completed his graduation from the Leningrad Cooperative Technical Institute. In the same year, he started a small British-Russian joint-venture for digging and selling Siberian gold. He continued his business till 1927.
  • // 1927
    He got married to Claudia Andreyevna Krivosheina in 1927 and had a child Lyudmila Alexeevna, with her.
  • // 1930 To 1935
    After returning to St. Petersburg, he attended Leningrad Institute of Textile Industry from 1930 to 1935. He graduated as an Engineer from this institute.
  • // 1937
    After completing his education, he served for the Chair of Leningrad City Department of Industry. In 1937, he took-up the responsibility of the director of the October Spinning Mill.
  • // 1938 To 1939
    In the year 1938, he became Mayor of Leningrad. After becoming minister of the textile industry in 1939, he achieved the position of the Vice-Chairman of the U.S.S.R. Supreme Economic Council.
  • // 1941
    To save the civilians of Leningrad (encircled by the Nazi Wermacht and the Finnish Army) during the summer of 1941, he developed “Road of Life”, an ice transport route across Lake Ladoga.
  • // 1943 To 1946
    For his great contribution in evacuating the civilians of Leningrad, he was made the Premier of the Russian Federation. From 1943 to 1946, he served as the Prime Minister of Russia.
  • // 1948
    The turning point of his career came while working as Joseph Stalin’s minister of finance in 1948.
  • // 1949
    In 1949, he was blamed for misappropriation of funds and stealing gold and jewels. Later, he was absolved from this accusation due to his loyalty and hard work.
  • // 1949 To 1957
    From 1949 to 1953, he was the Minister of Light Industry. After Stalin’s death in 1953, Kosygin’s rank was reduced. However, within a brief period he acquired the position of an official of the State Planning Committee in 1957.
  • // 1960
    In 1960, he acted as Khrushchev’s First Deputy Premier. As a part of his job, he travelled to several countries for trade purpose. After the Cuban Missile Crisis, he endeavoured to improve relations between the Soviet Union and the United States as the Soviet spokesman.
  • // 1964
    After Khrushchev’s removal from the Politburo in 1964, he took over Khrushchev’s position. During this time, he faced criticism for his unrealistic economic plan and producing excessive consumer goods.
  • // 1965
    In 1965, he introduced an economic reform, known as the “Kosygin reform”. Through this, he tried to increase the quantity of production and incentives for managers and workers.
  • // 1966
    His reform also aimed to free managers from the centralized state bureaucracy. During its testing phase, the reform was applied to 336 enterprises in light industry. During the signing of the Tashkent Declaration in 1966, he acted as a mediator between India and Pakistan.
  • // 1967
    After receiving invitation from the US Government, he attended the Glassboro Summit Conference in June 1967 but both sides failed to reach any agreement on limiting anti-ballistic missile system.
  • // 1970 To 1972
    In 1970, along with Gromyko, he signed the 1970 Moscow Treaty. The relation between Soviet and Iraq strengthened after he signed a Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation with the government of Iraq in 1972.
  • // 1973 To 1979
    In 1973, he proposed an economic reform to weaken the central ministries and to empower the regional authorities at republican and local levels. Through his 1979 reform, he tried to increase the central government’s economic involvement.
  • // 1980
    In October 1980, he was hospitalized after suffering a heart attack.
  • // 1980
    In 1980, when this powerful personality was hospitalized after illness, he was forced to write his resignation. According to witnesses, a few minutes before his death, he was mumbling the numbers of the new five-year plan for Soviet’s economic development.

// Famous Russian

Alexei Kosygin's FAQ

  • What is Alexei Kosygin birthday?

    Alexei Kosygin was born at 1904-02-20

  • When was Alexei Kosygin died?

    Alexei Kosygin was died at 1980-12-18

  • Where was Alexei Kosygin died?

    Alexei Kosygin was died in Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union

  • Which age was Alexei Kosygin died?

    Alexei Kosygin was died at age 76

  • Where is Alexei Kosygin's birth place?

    Alexei Kosygin was born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire

  • What is Alexei Kosygin nationalities?

    Alexei Kosygin's nationalities is Russian

  • Who is Alexei Kosygin spouses?

    Alexei Kosygin's spouses is Claudia Andreyevna Krivosheina (m. 1908–1967)

  • Who is Alexei Kosygin childrens?

    Alexei Kosygin's childrens is Lyudmila Alexeevna

  • What is Alexei Kosygin's political ideology?

    Alexei Kosygin's political ideology is Communist Party of the Soviet Union

  • Who is Alexei Kosygin's father?

    Alexei Kosygin's father is Nikolai Ilyich

  • Who is Alexei Kosygin's mother?

    Alexei Kosygin's mother is Matrona Alexandrovna

  • What is Alexei Kosygin's sun sign?

    Alexei Kosygin is Pisces

  • How famous is Alexei Kosygin?

    Alexei Kosygin is famouse as Former Premier of the Soviet Union