Abbas Ibn Firnas - Polymath, Family and Childhood
Abbas Ibn Firnas's Personal Details
Abu al-Qasim Abbas ibn Firnas ibn Wirdas al-Takurini, better known as Abbas Ibn Firnas, was a renowned inventor, engineer, aviator, physician, Arabic poet and Andalusia musician.
|Died on||January 1, 887|
|Famous||Engineers, Inventors & Discoverers, Polymath|
|Known as||Abu al-Qasim Abbas ibn Firnas ibn Wirdas al-Takurini, Abu l-Qāsim Abbās ibn Firnās, Armen Firman|
|Birth Place||Izn-Rand Onda (Ronda), Al-Andalus|
|Born in||Izn-Rand Onda (Ronda), Al-Andalus|
|Died at Age||77|
// Famous Polymath
Ismail al-Jazari was a Muslim polymath. This biography provides detailed information about his childhood, family, personal life, achievements, etc.
Francis Galton was a famous English psychologist and geneticist who founded psychometrics and eugenics. To know more about his childhood, career, profile and timeline read on the following biography
Abbas Ibn Firnas's photo
Who is Abbas Ibn Firnas?
Abu al-Qasim Abbas ibn Firnas ibn Wirdas al-Takurini, better known as Abbas Ibn Firnas, was a renowned inventor, engineer, aviator, physician, Arabic poet and Andalusia musician who lived in the Emirates of Cordova (present day Spain) in the 8th century. He is best known for being the first person to successfully demonstrate a controlled flight of a human being, when he jumped off a cliff in his flying machine made out of a bamboo frame covered with silk cloth and bird feathers. He managed to stay aloft for about 10 minutes but had a crash landing due to which he injured his back. However, he learnt from his mistake and wrote a book in which he brought out the necessity of having a tail to stabilise flight. He is also credited with many other inventions that include clear glass used for correcting vision, a water clock and a device to cut rock crystal. His achievements have been recognised by naming a crater on the moon in his honour. The ‘Ibn Firnas Airport’ in Baghdad is named after him, so is a bridge over the Guadalquivir River in Cordova. The world may remember the Wright brothers as the first to make a flying machine, but Abbas Ibn Firnas is the lesser known scientist who first documented the idea in his book and inspired others to research the subject of aeronautics.
// Famous Engineers
Pietro Boselli is an Italian model, engineer, teacher, and fitness athlete who became famous as the ‘world’s sexiest math teacher’. Check out this biography to know about his birthday, childhood, family life, achievements and fun facts about him.
Satya Nadella is the current CEO of Microsoft. This biography provides detailed information about his childhood, profile, career, net worth & timeline
Robert Hawking is a British software engineer, better known as the eldest son of the English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, and author, Stephen Hawking. Let’s take a look at his family, personal life, career and other interesting facts.
Childhood & Early Life
Abbbas Ibn Firnas was born in the year 810 in Izn-Rand Onda, which was part of the Al-Andalusia Caliphate of Cordova. This is located in today’s Ronda, Spain, which was a Muslim dominated area. He was of ethnic North African, Berber descent and his name is derived from the word ‘Afernas’, which is a common name in today’s Morocco and Algeria.
During his time, Al-Andalusia was a great centre of learning for engineers, architects and scientists. Cordova and Baghdad were twin cultural centres of Islamic art and science. Young Abbas studied medicine and astrology but was more interested in engineering and making his own inventions. He was also fond of Andalusia classical music and Arabic poetry.
As a child he was very inquisitive and loved opening up things and putting them back together. He was good with his hands and also enjoyed music. He was enthusiastic about witnessing any event in his neighborhood.
Abbas Ibn Firnas lived in the Emirates of Cordova which covered parts of today’s Gibraltar (UK), Morocco, Portugal and Spain. He grew to be a polymath - he was an inventor, engineer, aviator, physician, Arabic poet and Andalusia musician.
He was influenced by Armen Firman, who in 852 had attempted to fly by jumping off a minaret of the grand mosque in Qurtuba, wearing a contraption fabricated out of a wooden frame and silk. The contraption dampened his fall and Armen got away with minor injuries from what may be referred to as the world’s first parachute attempt.
Firnas witnessed the jump and went on to make a scientific study of the shortcomings of Armen’s flight path. Twenty three year later in 875, he made his own flying machine out of a bamboo frame covered with silk cloth that had actual eagle feathers sewed to it. His machine had a harness, whereby he could be suspended and control the movement of the wings. This was an improvement on the contraption of Firman that had fixed wings.
Firnas took a long time to complete his study on avionics and satisfy himself on the reliability of his machine. Finally at the age of 70, he decided to jump off a cliff in the Jabal Al - ‘Arus hills to demonstrate his invention.
He invited an audience to witness the event and told them that if his invention was a success he would live to tell them about it. As per witnesses, he accomplished a flight of almost 10 minutes by flapping his wings up and down. Unfortunately, he had not worked out his landing and hit the ground with force leading to serious injuries to his back.
He lived another 12 years after his flight and continued his studies in avionics. Though he did not make another attempt to fly, he studied the shortcomings of his landing and came to the conclusion that besides wings there is a necessity of having a tail to act a rudder to control flight.
In addition to his attempt to fly, Abbas studied astronomy and designed a mechanized planetarium that had revolving planets that moved in relation to each other as they do in the universe.
He also experimented with crystal, quartz and sand to create transparent glass of high quality that was used for making famous Andalusian glasses for drinking water. He further studied the magnifying properties of glass and made lenses for correcting eyesight.
He is also known to have designed a water clock called Al-Maqata for keeping track of time. His other contribution was to devise a means of cutting rock crystal that was only known in Egypt at that time.
Abbas Ibn Firnas devoted his entire life to science and wrote many books on mathematics, physics, astronomy and engineering that were taught in the University of Al-Andalusia. His book describing his first flight and the lessons learnt went on to inspire many more who endeavoured to fly, including Leonardo Da Vinci.
Abbas Ibn Firnas was an inventor, engineer, aviator, physician, Arabic poet and Andalusia musician. His inventions include the water clock, clear glass and a device to cut rock crystal.
However, his greatest work was his maiden attempt to fly and the book he wrote avionics that went on to inspire others.
Firnas made the first known controlled human flight many years before the Wright brothers. His achievement was recognised in 1979, by the Working Group for Planetary Systems Nomenclature (IAU / WGPSN) when they named a crater, ‘Ibn Firnas’, on the moon in his honour.
The ‘Ibn Firnas Airport’ in Baghdad is also named after Abbas Ibn Firnas and so is a bridge over the Guadalquivir River in Cordova. The Libyans even have issued a postage stamp to honour him.
Personal Life & Legacy
Abbas Ibn Firnas was a great fan of the Iraqi musician, Ziryab. He learnt Andalusian classical music and read Arabic poetry in his free time. He lived to a ripe old age and died in the year 887.
Some people say that his life slowed down after his injury during his first flight. However, his mind remained active and he diverted his attention from doing physical things to putting his experiences down on paper.
Very little is known about his family life as his biography was not recorded at that time.
The relationship between wings and a tail to stabilise flight first developed by Abbas Ibn Firnas contributed to the success of the Wright brothers’ flying machine in 1903.
Firnas was a multi-talented man. He even became one of the first teachers at the famous Cordovan school of music run by the Iraqi musician, Ziryab.
// Famous Inventors & Discoverers
Nikola Tesla was a Serbian-American inventor, best known for his development of alternating current electrical systems. This biography of Nikola Tesla provides detailed information about his childhood, life, achievements, works & timeline.
Thomas Newcomen was a British inventor who developed the world’s first steam engine. Browse through this biography to learn in details about his life, career, works and timeline.
The famous inventor and educationist, Erno Rubik is known world-wide for his invention the ‘Rubik’s Cube’. To know more about the childhood, profile, timeline and career of this famous architect-inventor read on.
Abbas Ibn Firnas biography timelines
- // 810Abbbas Ibn Firnas was born in the year 810 in Izn-Rand Onda, which was part of the Al-Andalusia Caliphate of Cordova. This is located in today’s Ronda, Spain, which was a Muslim dominated area. He was of ethnic North African, Berber descent and his name is derived from the word ‘Afernas’, which is a common name in today’s Morocco and Algeria.
// Famous Spanish peoples
Check out all that you wanted to know about Manu Rios, the famous Spanish TV actor; his birthday, his family and personal life, his girlfriends, fun trivia facts and more.
Georgina Rodríguez is a Spanish model who is best known as the partner of Portuguese professional footballer Cristiano Ronaldo. Check out this biography to know about her birthday, childhood, family life, achievements and fun facts about her.
Check out all that you wanted to know about Malu Trevejo, the famous American Musical.ly Star; her birthday, her family and personal life, her boyfriends, fun trivia facts and more.
Chábeli Iglesias is a Spanish socialite and a TV host. Check out this biography to know about her childhood, family life, achievements and fun facts about her life.
Sergio Ramos is an ace Spanish footballer, who is also the captain of Spain’s national football team and the Spanish club ‘Real Madrid.’ This biography profiles his childhood, family, personal life, career, etc.
Al-Zahrawi, was an illustrious medieval Arab Muslim physician and surgeon. Check out this biography to know about his childhood, family life, achievements and interesting facts about him.
Abbas Ibn Firnas's FAQ
When was Abbas Ibn Firnas died?
Abbas Ibn Firnas was died at 0887-01-01
Where was Abbas Ibn Firnas died?
Abbas Ibn Firnas was died in Cordoba
Which age was Abbas Ibn Firnas died?
Abbas Ibn Firnas was died at age 77
Where is Abbas Ibn Firnas's birth place?
Abbas Ibn Firnas was born in Izn-Rand Onda (Ronda), Al-Andalus
What is Abbas Ibn Firnas nationalities?
Abbas Ibn Firnas's nationalities is Spanish
How famous is Abbas Ibn Firnas?
Abbas Ibn Firnas is famouse as Polymath