William Golding - Novelists, Facts and Facts

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William Golding's Personal Details

Famous for his epic novel ‘Lord of the Flies’, Sir William Golding was an English poet, novelist, playwright and a winner of Nobel Prize and Booker Prize

InformationDetail
BirthdaySeptember 19, 1911
Died onJune 19, 1993
NationalityBritish
FamousNobel Laureates In Literature, Writers, Novelists, Science Fiction Writers
SpousesAnn Brookfield
Known asSir William Gerald Golding
Childrens David - Judith Diana
Universities
  • Brasenose College
  • Oxford - St John's School and Community College - University of Oxford
Birth PlaceNewquay
GenderMale
FatherAlec Golding
MotherMildred
Sun SignVirgo
Born inNewquay
Famous asNovelist
Died at Age81

// Famous Science Fiction Writers

William Golding's photo

Who is William Golding?

Sir William Gerald Golding was an English poet, novelist and a playwright. He went to Oxford to study natural science in order to become a scientist but 2 years after studying science he developed a love for literature and writing and changed his subjects to philosophy and literature. He got his first collection of poems published before he graduated but it did not gather much critical attention. He started teaching English at a school after graduating but abandoned the job to join Royal Navy to serve in the World War II. After his stint in the army for around 5 years, he came back to teaching and got his first novel ‘Lord of the Flies’ published after facing 21 initial rejections from the publishing houses. He wrote many novels after this but ‘Lord of the Flies’ proved to be the biggest success in his literary career. His writing mostly depicted his experiences with the army, war, brutality of the human nature and a will to survive. He won a Nobel Prize and was knighted by the Queen of England.

// Famous Novelists

Childhood & Early Years

William Golding was born on 19 September 1911 at his grandmother’s house in Newquay, Cornwall, England, to Alec and Mildred Golding. He grew up with his elder brother in Wiltshire. His father taught at the Marlborough Grammar School.

His mother was an active suffragette and fought for women’s right. He and his brother went to his father’s school where Golding was subjected to bullying and alienation, which is exclusively mentioned in his only biography written by John Carey.

He attended the Brasenose College, Oxford, where he was initially educated to be a scientist and he studied natural science for 2 years but he developed an interest in literature and got himself transferred to English literature and philosophy.

Career

In 1934, around the time when Golding was about to graduate from the Oxford, his book of poetry called ‘Poems’ was published by Macmillan & Co, London. It was materialized with the help of his oxford friend Adam Bittleston.

For a short period of time he worked at a settlement house and in theatre companies, exploring himself as an actor and a writer and eventually started to teach English and philosophy at Bishop’s Wordsworth’s School in Salisbury in 1935.

In 1940, Golding abandoned teaching and joined the Royal Navy to participate in World War II. He spent next 5 years of his life serving his nation and travelling on a boat. After his stint with the war, he went back to teaching.

In 1954, after facing at least 21 rejections from publishing companies all over England, Golding finally got his first work of fiction ‘Lord of the flies’ published by Faber & Faber, London. The book was based on the brutality of human nature.

The novel was based on his experiences that he gathered from working with the army in the adversity of the war. The story revolves around a bunch of adolescent boys who are left alone on an island and how they turn against each other in order to survive.

In 1955, he got another novel published with the name of ‘The Inheritors’. This was one of Golding’s most famous novels from his literary career. It was based on the violent and deceptive nature of human beings.

In 1956, his ‘Pincher Martin’ came out and it was a work of fiction that drew its inspiration from Golding’s experience with the army, war, survival and brutality, like ‘Lord of the Flies’. The protagonist of the novel is shown to be struggling hard to survive.

In 1959, the extension of his previous novel ‘Pincher Martin’ came out and it was called ‘Free Fall’. The main character of the novel is an artist who is narrating the whole story and struggling with the conflict between rationality and faith.

In 1964, Golding got ‘The Spire’ published, a fiction that deals with the concept of faith. The novel revolves around the whimsical thought of building an immense spire at the top of a cathedral by the dean of the cathedral.

In 1967, ‘The Pyramid’ was published. It is a novel based on music and the English society shown through a narrow point of view of an imaginary village in England named as Stilbourne. His next book was called ‘The Scorpion God: Three Short Novels’.

In 1979, ‘Darkness Visible’ was published. Golding explored the interdependence of the good and evil in this work of fiction. Next came ‘The Paper Men’ which was famously called out to be the worst work of his literary career.

From 1980-1989, ‘The Sea Trilogy’ was published. It comprised of three full length novels, ‘Rites of Passage’, ‘Close Quarters’ and ‘Fire Down Below’, in which emotional growth and moral enlightenment of a young voyager is portrayed.

In 1990, a film adaptation of Golding’s classic ‘Lord of the Flies’ came out. It was the second film adaptation of the novel - the first one was made in the 1960s by Peter Brook. The movies were critically acclaimed like the novel.

Other works of Golding include: ‘the Double Tongue’, ‘Pooman and Young’, ‘Heskey’s Biografy’, ‘The Hot Gates’, ‘An Egyptian Journal’, ‘The Brass Butterfly’, ‘The Pyramid’, ‘To the Ends of the Earth’, ‘A moving Target’, etc.

Awards & Achievements

In the 1980s Golding was recognized for his classical and critically acclaimed work ‘Lord of the Flies’ and was awarded with a Nobel Prize at the age of 73, nearly 2 decades after the novel was first written. He was also knighted by the queen.

Personal Life & Legacy

In 1939, Golding got married to Ann Brookfield, an analytic chemist and had two children with her, Judith and David. He remained married to her until his death and died beside her at their house in Cornwall.

In 1993, Golding died of heart failure in Tullimaar House at Perranarworthal, Cornwall. He is buried in the village churchyard, South Wiltshire. His son David and daughter Judith now lives at the Tullimaar House.

Trivia

After Golding’s death, his novel ‘The Double Tongue’ was published.

‘Seahorse’, ‘Circle Under the Sea’ and ‘Short Measure’ are amongst some of his works that never got published.

Golding was of a reclusive nature and did not give many interviews to the media and always restrained from getting any biography published on himself.

It was after his death that John Carey came up with his only biography called ‘William Golding: The Man Who Wrote Lord of the Flies’.

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William Golding biography timelines

  • // 19th Sep 1911
    William Golding was born on 19 September 1911 at his grandmother’s house in Newquay, Cornwall, England, to Alec and Mildred Golding. He grew up with his elder brother in Wiltshire. His father taught at the Marlborough Grammar School.
  • // 1934
    In 1934, around the time when Golding was about to graduate from the Oxford, his book of poetry called ‘Poems’ was published by Macmillan & Co, London. It was materialized with the help of his oxford friend Adam Bittleston.
  • // 1935
    For a short period of time he worked at a settlement house and in theatre companies, exploring himself as an actor and a writer and eventually started to teach English and philosophy at Bishop’s Wordsworth’s School in Salisbury in 1935.
  • // 1939
    In 1939, Golding got married to Ann Brookfield, an analytic chemist and had two children with her, Judith and David. He remained married to her until his death and died beside her at their house in Cornwall.
  • // 1940
    In 1940, Golding abandoned teaching and joined the Royal Navy to participate in World War II. He spent next 5 years of his life serving his nation and travelling on a boat. After his stint with the war, he went back to teaching.
  • // 1954
    In 1954, after facing at least 21 rejections from publishing companies all over England, Golding finally got his first work of fiction ‘Lord of the flies’ published by Faber & Faber, London. The book was based on the brutality of human nature.
  • // 1955
    In 1955, he got another novel published with the name of ‘The Inheritors’. This was one of Golding’s most famous novels from his literary career. It was based on the violent and deceptive nature of human beings.
  • // 1956
    In 1956, his ‘Pincher Martin’ came out and it was a work of fiction that drew its inspiration from Golding’s experience with the army, war, survival and brutality, like ‘Lord of the Flies’. The protagonist of the novel is shown to be struggling hard to survive.
  • // 1959
    In 1959, the extension of his previous novel ‘Pincher Martin’ came out and it was called ‘Free Fall’. The main character of the novel is an artist who is narrating the whole story and struggling with the conflict between rationality and faith.
  • // 1964
    In 1964, Golding got ‘The Spire’ published, a fiction that deals with the concept of faith. The novel revolves around the whimsical thought of building an immense spire at the top of a cathedral by the dean of the cathedral.
  • // 1967
    In 1967, ‘The Pyramid’ was published. It is a novel based on music and the English society shown through a narrow point of view of an imaginary village in England named as Stilbourne. His next book was called ‘The Scorpion God: Three Short Novels’.
  • // 1979
    In 1979, ‘Darkness Visible’ was published. Golding explored the interdependence of the good and evil in this work of fiction. Next came ‘The Paper Men’ which was famously called out to be the worst work of his literary career.
  • // 1980 To 1989
    From 1980-1989, ‘The Sea Trilogy’ was published. It comprised of three full length novels, ‘Rites of Passage’, ‘Close Quarters’ and ‘Fire Down Below’, in which emotional growth and moral enlightenment of a young voyager is portrayed.
  • // 1990
    In 1990, a film adaptation of Golding’s classic ‘Lord of the Flies’ came out. It was the second film adaptation of the novel - the first one was made in the 1960s by Peter Brook. The movies were critically acclaimed like the novel.
  • // 1993
    In 1993, Golding died of heart failure in Tullimaar House at Perranarworthal, Cornwall. He is buried in the village churchyard, South Wiltshire. His son David and daughter Judith now lives at the Tullimaar House.

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William Golding's FAQ

  • What is William Golding birthday?

    William Golding was born at 1911-09-19

  • When was William Golding died?

    William Golding was died at 1993-06-19

  • Where was William Golding died?

    William Golding was died in Perranarworthal

  • Which age was William Golding died?

    William Golding was died at age 81

  • Where is William Golding's birth place?

    William Golding was born in Newquay

  • What is William Golding nationalities?

    William Golding's nationalities is British

  • Who is William Golding spouses?

    William Golding's spouses is Ann Brookfield

  • Who is William Golding childrens?

    William Golding's childrens is David - Judith Diana

  • What was William Golding universities?

    William Golding studied at Brasenose College, Oxford - St John's School and Community College - University of Oxford

  • Who is William Golding's father?

    William Golding's father is Alec Golding

  • Who is William Golding's mother?

    William Golding's mother is Mildred

  • What is William Golding's sun sign?

    William Golding is Virgo

  • How famous is William Golding?

    William Golding is famouse as Novelist