Violeta Chamorro - Political Leaders, Timeline and Facts

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Violeta Chamorro's Personal Details

VioletaChamorro was the former President of Nicaragua and is credited for ending the raging Civil War and establishing peace in the country

InformationDetail
BirthdayOctober 18, 1929
NationalityNicaraguan
FamousPolitical Leaders, Leaders, Political Leaders, Presidents, Miscellaneous
SpousesPedro Joaquín Chamorro Alfaro
Known asVioleta Barrios de Chamorro, Violeta Barrios Torres de Chamorro
Birth PlaceRivas, Nicaragua
Political IdeologyPresident of Nicaragua, Head of a 14-party anti-Sandinista alliance known as the National Opposition Union (Unión Nacional Opositora, UNO)
Height163cm
GenderFemale
Net Worth$97 million as of Jan 28,2017
Sun SignLibra
Born inRivas, Nicaragua
Famous asPolitical leader

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Violeta Chamorro's photo

Who is Violeta Chamorro?

Violeta Chamorro was born in Nicaragua to a wealthy family with a history of political involvement and controversy. She grew up during a politically charged time, as the two major political parties warred within Nicaragua. She was well-educated and moved to the United States for a portion of her early years to attend school and learn English. When she came back to Nicaragua, a return prompted by the death of her father, she soon met Pedro Joaquín Chamorro, who was leading the politically charged newspaper ‘La Prensa’ at the time, and married him. When her husband was assassinated, she took over ‘La Prensa’ and dedicated her life to politics. She became deeply involved in politics and joined a ‘Sandinista Party’. After a fall-out, she shifted parties and the newspaper shut down. She joined the United States-funded ‘Contras Party’ and later was nominated as a presidential candidate. She was backed by the United States and won office, thus effectively ending civil war in Nicaragua. Though her policies and changes were not always popular, but her work to establish democracy and peace among the divided parties in Nicaragua are the highlights of her political career. She retired from politics at the end of her presidential term

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Childhood & Early Life

Violeta Barrios Torres de Chamorro was born on October 18, 1929 in Rivas, Nicaragua into anaffluent family. She was one of seven children.

Early on, her parents enrolled her at private schools in Nicaragua and then, to assure she was receiving the best education and learning English, sent her to the United States where she attended ‘Our Lady of the Lake University’ in San Antonio, Texas, and then ‘Blackstone College for Girls’ in Virginia. Her education in the United States met an abrupt end when her father died and she returned to Nicaragua.

She witnessed a period of civil war and revolution in Nicaragua while growing up, and her family was active in the politics of the time. They were driven into exile in 1957 for a period of time.

Career

Upon her husband Pedro Joaquín Chamorro's assassination, she took over his leading role at the newspaper ‘La Prensa’ in 1980 which was strongly against the then Nicaraguan leader Anastasio Somoza García.

She became a part of the ‘’Sandinista First Coalition Junta’ but due to conflicting views, left the organization and joined the opposition, ‘Contras’, which was being funded internationally at the time. During this time, ‘La Prensa’ was shut down.

In 1990, she was put up as a presidential candidate for the ‘National Opposition Union’. International support helped propel her to win office over Daniel Ortega.

The United States helped fund her campaign and infused a large amount of money into Nicaragua during her time in office. Her assumption of the presidential office ended 11 years of civil war.

She faced a number of challenges upon assuming office including a staggering inflation rate, widespread unemployment, divided political parties and high debt.

In 1992, funding from the United States was cut off. She tried to make a legal claim for the financial assistance but later withdrew it as Senator Jesse Helms claimed the forces they had fought against were influencing the Nicaraguan government.

Her governing strategy including economic reforms and cuts to spending on social programs was unpopular and did not improve the Nicaraguan economy as much as hoped. She did accomplish privatizing some industries, paring down the army and reducing censorship.

Despite the difficulties, she did improve Nicaragua during her time in office, growing the economy modestly and keeping the peace among the formerly warring factions.

Her term ended in 1997, and she did not run again, removing herself from politics at that time.

Major Works

She ran the newspaper ‘La Prensa’ after her husband's assassination which was a major political publication during the Nicaraguan civil war.

She wrote her autobiography 'Dreams of the Heart: The Autobiography of President Violeta Barrios de Chamorro of Nicaragua' which detailed the adversities she faced as she ran for office.

Awards & Achievements

She received the 1986 ‘Louis M. Lyons Award for Conscience and Integrity in Journalism’ for her work on ‘La Prensa’.

In 1991, she received the ‘Democracy Award’ from the ‘National Endowment for Democracy’, for her efforts to establish democracy in Nicaragua.

In 1997, she was awarded the ‘Path to Peace Award’by the ‘Path to Peace Foundation’, for her work in managing the opposing political parties in Nicaragua.

Personal Life & Legacy

She married in 1950 to Pedro Joaquín Chamorro and had five children with him. He was killed twenty eight years later, allegedly by a wealthy business man whom Chamorro had criticized in his newspaper ‘La Prensa’.

Her children have been divided politically, but she has been able to unite them as a family periodically.

She may be best known for helping establish democracy in Nicaragua and her work in steadying the peace between the formerly warring Contras and Sandinistas during her presidency.

She has a park named after her ‘Chamorro's Peace Park’ where a cement-covered tank stands to symbolize the Nicaraguan desire to never experience the violence of civil war again.

Trivia

This famous politician was unable to campaign full-time as the elections for president of Nicaragua approached due to a broken kneecap

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Violeta Chamorro biography timelines

  • // 18th Oct 1929
    Violeta Barrios Torres de Chamorro was born on October 18, 1929 in Rivas, Nicaragua into anaffluent family. She was one of seven children.
  • // 1950
    She married in 1950 to Pedro Joaquín Chamorro and had five children with him. He was killed twenty eight years later, allegedly by a wealthy business man whom Chamorro had criticized in his newspaper ‘La Prensa’.
  • // 1957
    She witnessed a period of civil war and revolution in Nicaragua while growing up, and her family was active in the politics of the time. They were driven into exile in 1957 for a period of time.
  • // 1980
    Upon her husband Pedro Joaquín Chamorro's assassination, she took over his leading role at the newspaper ‘La Prensa’ in 1980 which was strongly against the then Nicaraguan leader Anastasio Somoza García.
  • // 1986
    She received the 1986 ‘Louis M. Lyons Award for Conscience and Integrity in Journalism’ for her work on ‘La Prensa’.
  • // 1990
    In 1990, she was put up as a presidential candidate for the ‘National Opposition Union’. International support helped propel her to win office over Daniel Ortega.
  • // 1991
    In 1991, she received the ‘Democracy Award’ from the ‘National Endowment for Democracy’, for her efforts to establish democracy in Nicaragua.
  • // 1992
    In 1992, funding from the United States was cut off. She tried to make a legal claim for the financial assistance but later withdrew it as Senator Jesse Helms claimed the forces they had fought against were influencing the Nicaraguan government.
  • // 1997
    Her term ended in 1997, and she did not run again, removing herself from politics at that time.
  • // 1997
    In 1997, she was awarded the ‘Path to Peace Award’by the ‘Path to Peace Foundation’, for her work in managing the opposing political parties in Nicaragua.

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Violeta Chamorro's FAQ

  • What is Violeta Chamorro birthday?

    Violeta Chamorro was born at 1929-10-18

  • Where is Violeta Chamorro's birth place?

    Violeta Chamorro was born in Rivas, Nicaragua

  • What is Violeta Chamorro nationalities?

    Violeta Chamorro's nationalities is Nicaraguan

  • Who is Violeta Chamorro spouses?

    Violeta Chamorro's spouses is Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Alfaro

  • What is Violeta Chamorro's political ideology?

    Violeta Chamorro's political ideology is President of Nicaragua, Head of a 14-party anti-Sandinista alliance known as the National Opposition Union (Unión Nacional Opositora, UNO)

  • How tall is Violeta Chamorro?

    Violeta Chamorro's height is 163

  • What is Violeta Chamorro's sun sign?

    Violeta Chamorro is Libra

  • How famous is Violeta Chamorro?

    Violeta Chamorro is famouse as Political leader