Robert Rauschenberg
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Robert Rauschenberg Life & Family, Painters - ๐‘๐จ๐›๐ž๐ซ๐ญ ๐‘๐š๐ฎ๐ฌ๐œ๐ก๐ž๐ง๐›๐ž๐ซ๐  Biography
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Texas
Susan Weil (m. 1950โ€“1953)
Janet Begneaud
Christopher
University Of Texas
University Of Texas
Port Arthur, Texas
Male
Ernest R. Rauschenberg
Dora Carolina
Libra
Port Arthur, Texas
82
Captiva, Florida, United States
may 12, 2008
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Who is Robert Rauschenberg?

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One of the pioneers in the development of pop art in the 1960s, the renowned artist Robert Rauschenberg was known for his artistic innovations and use of unconventional methods in the creation of the works of arts. He was a painter, graphic artist and a sculptor best known for his โ€œcombinesโ€ which were combinations of both paintings and sculptures. He is credited with coining this term to describe his own creations that were composed of paintings attached to normal everyday items like photographs, clothing, and other three dimensional objects. He tried to bring together art and everyday life through his combines. The talented artist was also skilled in photography, printmaking and papermaking. He credited his painting instructor at the Black Mountain College, Josef Albers for having influenced his paintings, albeit indirectly. Albers was very strict and expected his students to follow the conventional rules of art; Robert decided to do just the oppositeโ€”he revolutionized the way works of art were created in the America of the 1960s. Along with painter Jasper Johns, he is credited to have contributed immensely to pop art in America through his Neo-Dadaist approach. This quirky artist was known to create combines from trash and other waste products he would collect from the roadside!

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Robert Rauschenberg Childhood & Early Life

He was born as Milton Ernest Rauschenberg to Dora Carolina and Ernest R. Rauschenberg. He was of mixed ancestry.

Artistically inclined from an early age, he studied at the Kansas City Art Institute and later went to the Academie Julian in France. In 1948 he went to the Black Mountain College in North Carolina.

He joined the Art Students League on New York in 1949 and studied with Vaclav Vytlacil and Morris Kantor till 1952. There he became acquainted with artists Knox Martin and Cy Twombly.

Robert Rauschenberg Career

He was an unconventional artist from the very beginning. He held his first solo show in 1951 at the Betty Parsons Gallery. The same year he also started making what he called the โ€œWhite Paintingsโ€™ which appeared to be plain white canvas. He also made โ€œBlack Paintingsโ€ which were single colour works.

He began working on the โ€œRed Paintingsโ€ by 1953-54. This series was created using multiple kinds of red paint applications to a canvas to which materials like wood, nails, newspaper clips, etc. were attached.

During the 1950s, he developed a unique art form which he called the โ€œcombinesโ€. He collected trash and other waste materials from the streets and integrated them into his work. He wanted to give new meanings to already existing, โ€œnormalโ€ things.

His combines blurred the boundaries between the works of sculpture and paintings by merging them together. His works from 1954 to 1962 fall under this category.

One of his first combines, โ€˜Bedโ€™ which he created in 1955 was simply made by dripping red paint over a quilt. Art critics regarded the work to a symbol of violence and rape.

Initially critics tried to decipher his combines based on their shape, colour, texture, etc. but over time it became increasingly difficult to decode the hidden symbolic messages in his art work.

Starting from the early 1950s he designed sets and costumes for Merce Cunningham, Paul Taylor and Trisha Brown. He was part of the radical theatre experiments during the 1960s.

โ€˜Lifeโ€™ magazine commissioned him to visualize a modern inferno in 1965. He included all the horrors of wars, racial violence, neo-Nazism and ecological disasters in his art work.

Throughout the 1970s and 1980s he continued his experimental works. He was highly intuitive and unconventional. Several career retrospectives were organized over these decades including the ones held by National Collection of Fine Arts and Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum.

He announced his Rauschenberg Overseas Culture Interchange (ROCI) at the United Nations in 1984. This led to a seven-year long tour covering ten countries including Mexico, Chile, Tibet, Japan, Cuba and Malaysia where he left pieces of his work to encourage world peace.

He created the Robert Rauschenberg Foundation (RFF) in 1990 to promote awareness about issues regarding environment, humanitarianism, and world peace. He also set up Change, Inc. to provide grants to visual artists in dire financial conditions.

Robert Rauschenberg Major Works

He is best remembered for ushering in the pop artist movement of the 1960s with Jasper Johns. He developed a new art form, the โ€œcombineโ€ which includes unconventional everyday items like wheels, pins, clothing, paper cuttings, etc. incorporated into paintings.

Robert Rauschenberg Awards & Achievements

In 1993, he received the National Medal of Arts.

He was presented with the Leonardo da Vinci World Award of Arts in 1995 in recognition of his more than four decades of contribution to meaningful art.

Robert Rauschenberg Personal Life & Legacy

He married fellow artist Susan Weil in 1950 and had a son the next year. The couple divorced soon after in 1953.

He was reported to have had relationships with the artists Cy Twombly and Jasper Johns.

He died of heart failure in May 2008, aged 82. A memorial exhibition was held at the Guggenheim Museum on 22 October 2008 on the occasion of what would have been his 83rd birthday.

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Robert Rauschenberg awards

  • Other

    • 1993 - National Medal of Arts
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Robert Rauschenberg biography timelines

  • He was born as Milton Ernest Rauschenberg to Dora Carolina and Ernest R. Rauschenberg. He was of mixed ancestry.
    22nd Oct 1925
  • Artistically inclined from an early age, he studied at the Kansas City Art Institute and later went to the Academie Julian in France. In 1948 he went to the Black Mountain College in North Carolina.
    1948
  • He joined the Art Students League on New York in 1949 and studied with Vaclav Vytlacil and Morris Kantor till 1952. There he became acquainted with artists Knox Martin and Cy Twombly.
    1949 To 1952
  • He married fellow artist Susan Weil in 1950 and had a son the next year. The couple divorced soon after in 1953.
    1950 To 1953
  • He was an unconventional artist from the very beginning. He held his first solo show in 1951 at the Betty Parsons Gallery. The same year he also started making what he called the โ€œWhite Paintingsโ€™ which appeared to be plain white canvas. He also made โ€œBlack Paintingsโ€ which were single colour works.
    1951
  • He began working on the โ€œRed Paintingsโ€ by 1953-54. This series was created using multiple kinds of red paint applications to a canvas to which materials like wood, nails, newspaper clips, etc. were attached.
    1953 To 1954
  • His combines blurred the boundaries between the works of sculpture and paintings by merging them together. His works from 1954 to 1962 fall under this category.
    1954 To 1962
  • One of his first combines, โ€˜Bedโ€™ which he created in 1955 was simply made by dripping red paint over a quilt. Art critics regarded the work to a symbol of violence and rape.
    1955
  • โ€˜Lifeโ€™ magazine commissioned him to visualize a modern inferno in 1965. He included all the horrors of wars, racial violence, neo-Nazism and ecological disasters in his art work.
    1965
  • He announced his Rauschenberg Overseas Culture Interchange (ROCI) at the United Nations in 1984. This led to a seven-year long tour covering ten countries including Mexico, Chile, Tibet, Japan, Cuba and Malaysia where he left pieces of his work to encourage world peace.
    1984
  • He created the Robert Rauschenberg Foundation (RFF) in 1990 to promote awareness about issues regarding environment, humanitarianism, and world peace. He also set up Change, Inc. to provide grants to visual artists in dire financial conditions.
    1990
  • In 1993, he received the National Medal of Arts.
    1993
  • He was presented with the Leonardo da Vinci World Award of Arts in 1995 in recognition of his more than four decades of contribution to meaningful art.
    1995
  • He died of heart failure in May 2008, aged 82. A memorial exhibition was held at the Guggenheim Museum on 22 October 2008 on the occasion of what would have been his 83rd birthday.
    12th May 2008
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Frequently asked questions about Robert Rauschenberg

  • What is Robert Rauschenberg birthday?

    Robert Rauschenberg was born at October 22, 1925

  • Where is Robert Rauschenberg's birth place?

    Robert Rauschenberg was born in Port Arthur, Texas

  • What is Robert Rauschenberg nationalities?

    Robert Rauschenberg's nationalities is American

  • Who is Robert Rauschenberg spouses?

    Robert Rauschenberg's spouses is Susan Weil (m. 1950โ€“1953)

  • Who is Robert Rauschenberg siblings?

    Robert Rauschenberg's siblings is Janet Begneaud

  • Who is Robert Rauschenberg childrens?

    Robert Rauschenberg's childrens is Christopher

  • What was Robert Rauschenberg universities?

    Robert Rauschenberg studied at University Of Texas university

  • What was Robert Rauschenberg notable alumnis?

    Robert Rauschenberg's notable alumnis is University Of Texas

  • Who is Robert Rauschenberg's father?

    Robert Rauschenberg's father is Ernest R. Rauschenberg

  • Who is Robert Rauschenberg's mother?

    Robert Rauschenberg's mother is Dora Carolina

  • What is Robert Rauschenberg's sun sign?

    Robert Rauschenberg is Libra

  • When was Robert Rauschenberg died?

    Robert Rauschenberg was died at May 12, 2008

  • Where was Robert Rauschenberg died?

    Robert Rauschenberg was died in Captiva, Florida, United States

  • Which age was Robert Rauschenberg died?

    Robert Rauschenberg was died at age 82