René Cassin - Jurist, Timeline and Family

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René Cassin's Personal Details

René Cassin was a French jurist known for his work in drafting the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

InformationDetail
BirthdayOctober 5, 1887
Died onFebruary 20, 1976
NationalityFrench
FamousJudges, Jurist, Lawyers, Lawyers & Judges
Known asRene Cassin
Founder / Co-Founder
  • International Institute of Human Rights
  • French Institute of Administrative Sciences
Birth PlaceBayonne
GenderMale
Sun SignLibra
Born inBayonne
Famous asFrench Jurist
Died at Age88

// Famous Jurist

René Cassin's photo

Who is René Cassin?

René Cassin was a French jurist known for his work in drafting the Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 10 December 1948. He was honored with the Nobel Peace Prize in 1968 for this work. The son of a French-Jewish merchant, he studied law before entering the French Army in World War I. The war experience was very traumatic for the young lawyer. He was severely wounded and in great pain. This experience made him realize the futility of war and deeply influenced the future course of his life. After the war, he embarked on a successful career as a law professor and devoted himself to the cause of disarmament. He travelled widely and lectured at different countries around the world and also made extensive contributions to legal scholarship and published dozens of articles. After World War II Cassin became president of the Council of State (Conseil d’État) and helped found the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). He was also instrumental in the drafting of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. He was a French delegate to the Assembly of the United Nations five times, and for many years between 1945 and 1960, a delegate to the UNESCO conferences.

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Childhood & Early Life

René Samuel Cassin was born on 5 October 1887 in Bayonne, Basque Country, France, to Gabrielle (Dreyfus) Cassin and Henri Cassin. His father was a French-Jewish merchant.

He was a brilliant student and excelled in his studies at the Lycée of Nice. He then joined the University of Aix-en-Provence for his advanced studies and received a degree in the humanities, along with one in law, in 1908. He furthered his education to earn his doctorate in juridical, economic, and political sciences in 1914.

Career

During the World War I, he was inducted into the infantry in 1914. Fighting in the war, he sustained severe injuries in 1916 by German shrapnel. He was on the verge of death but survived miraculously. The injury remained uncomfortable for the rest of his life, a continuous remainder of the horrors of the war.

He embarked on a career as a professor of law at Aix late in 1916. He moved to Lille as a law professor in 1920 and to the chair of fiscal and civil law at the University of Paris in 1929. He remained there until his retirement from formal teaching in 1960.

His career as a professor was a highly successful one. He travelled to several countries on various scholarly assignments and lectured at the National School of Overseas Territories and at the Academy of International Law at The Hague, and undertook academic missions in Europe, French Africa, the Middle East, and the Far East.

Meanwhile he also became involved in pacifist activities and served as a French delegate to the League of Nations assemblies and disarmament conferences in Geneva from 1924 to 1938. He was a prolific writer and wrote extensively on legal matters especially those pertaining to aspects of human rights.

During the World War II, he served as the commissioner of public instruction. After France was liberated in 1945, he became president of the Council of the National School of Administration.

He helped found the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in 1944 and was a French delegate to UNESCO from 1945 to 1952. He also served as a French representative to the United Nations from 1946 to 1968.

René Cassin created, and served as the first president of the French Institute of Administrative Sciences (IFSA), in 1947. This association organized many conferences that helped to develop the French doctrine in administrative law.

He was the president of the UN Commission on the Rights of Man (1947–48). In this position, he helped draft the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Working from a draft originally composed by Canadian scholar and professor of law, John Humphrey, he developed the final version of the declaration which was eventually adopted by the United Nations General Assembly.

Over the course of his career he also promoted education and law by serving as the president of several organizations including the French branch of the World Federation of Democratic Jurists (1949), the Society of Comparative Legislation (1952-1956), and the International Institute of Administrative Sciences (1953-1956).

Major Works

Rene Cassin is best remembered for the role he played in drafting the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, working from the original writing of John Humphrey. The declaration was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 10 December 1948. He received several prestigious awards for this work.

Awards & Achievements

He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize 1968 for his work in drafting the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The same year, he was also given the United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights.

Personal Life & Legacy

Rene Cassin was married to Simone Yzombard of Marseilles.

He died on 20 February 1976 in Paris, France.

In 2003, the Basque Government created the René Cassin Award, "with the goal of publicly acknowledging and rewarding individuals or collectives that, through their personal or professional path, showed a strong commitment to the promotion, defence and divulgation of Human Rights".

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René Cassin awards

YearNameAward

Other

1968 - Nobel Peace Prize
1966 - United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights

René Cassin biography timelines

  • // 5th Oct 1887
    René Samuel Cassin was born on 5 October 1887 in Bayonne, Basque Country, France, to Gabrielle (Dreyfus) Cassin and Henri Cassin. His father was a French-Jewish merchant.
  • // 1908 To 1914
    He was a brilliant student and excelled in his studies at the Lycée of Nice. He then joined the University of Aix-en-Provence for his advanced studies and received a degree in the humanities, along with one in law, in 1908. He furthered his education to earn his doctorate in juridical, economic, and political sciences in 1914.
  • // 1914 To 1916
    During the World War I, he was inducted into the infantry in 1914. Fighting in the war, he sustained severe injuries in 1916 by German shrapnel. He was on the verge of death but survived miraculously. The injury remained uncomfortable for the rest of his life, a continuous remainder of the horrors of the war.
  • // 1924 To 1938
    Meanwhile he also became involved in pacifist activities and served as a French delegate to the League of Nations assemblies and disarmament conferences in Geneva from 1924 to 1938. He was a prolific writer and wrote extensively on legal matters especially those pertaining to aspects of human rights.
  • // 1945
    During the World War II, he served as the commissioner of public instruction. After France was liberated in 1945, he became president of the Council of the National School of Administration.
  • // 1947
    René Cassin created, and served as the first president of the French Institute of Administrative Sciences (IFSA), in 1947. This association organized many conferences that helped to develop the French doctrine in administrative law.
  • // 1947
    He was the president of the UN Commission on the Rights of Man (1947–48). In this position, he helped draft the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Working from a draft originally composed by Canadian scholar and professor of law, John Humphrey, he developed the final version of the declaration which was eventually adopted by the United Nations General Assembly.
  • // 10th Dec 1948
    Rene Cassin is best remembered for the role he played in drafting the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, working from the original writing of John Humphrey. The declaration was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 10 December 1948. He received several prestigious awards for this work.
  • // 1968
    He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize 1968 for his work in drafting the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The same year, he was also given the United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights.
  • // 20th Feb 1976
    He died on 20 February 1976 in Paris, France.

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René Cassin's FAQ

  • What is René Cassin birthday?

    René Cassin was born at 1887-10-05

  • When was René Cassin died?

    René Cassin was died at 1976-02-20

  • Where was René Cassin died?

    René Cassin was died in Paris

  • Which age was René Cassin died?

    René Cassin was died at age 88

  • Where is René Cassin's birth place?

    René Cassin was born in Bayonne

  • What is René Cassin nationalities?

    René Cassin's nationalities is French

  • Which company or organization was founded by René Cassin?

    René Cassin was the founder/co-founder of International Institute of Human Rights, French Institute of Administrative Sciences

  • What is René Cassin's sun sign?

    René Cassin is Libra

  • How famous is René Cassin?

    René Cassin is famouse as French Jurist