Pontius Pilate

Pontius Pilate - Presided over the Trial of Jesus, Timeline and Family

Violet FieldHome › Ancient RomanPontius Pilate133 views

0 based on 0 rates
Pontius Pilate Biography Stories 

Pontius Pilate's Personal Details

Pontius Pilate was the fifth prefect of the Roman province of Judaea and presided over the trial of Jesus

InformationDetail
Died onJanuary 1, 2039
NationalityAncient Roman
FamousMiscellaneous, Ancient Roman Men, Presided over the Trial of Jesus
SpousesClaudia Procula
Cause of death
  • Execution
Birth PlaceRoman Italy, Italy
GenderMale
FatherPontius
Born inRoman Italy, Italy
Famous asPresided Over the Trial of Jesus

// Famous Ancient Roman Men

Vitruvius

Vitruvius

Vitruvius was a Roman architect, author, and military engineer during the 1st century BC. Check out this biography to know about his childhood, family life, achievements and fun facts about his life.

Flavius Odoacer

Flavius Odoacer

Flavius Odoacer was a soldier who went on to become the King of Italy. This biography profiles his childhood, family, life history, and timeline.

Augustus

Augustus

Augustus was the founder of the Roman Empire and its first Emperor. This biography of Augustus provides detailed information about his childhood, life, achievements, works & timeline

Pontius Pilate's photo

Who is Pontius Pilate?

Pontius Pilate was the fifth prefect of the Roman province of Judaea, Samaria and Idumæa. He was appointed in his position by the Roman Emperor Tiberius. We know about his life from the four canonical gospels, Philo of Alexandria, Josephus, a brief mention by Tacitus, and an inscription known as the Pilate Stone, which authenticates his existence and ascertains his title as the prefect and that he was the judge at the trial of Jesus, and was in fact the prominent man who ordered his crucifixion. Although he is mentioned in the gospels to have pleaded for the innocence of Jesus and for him to be spared of execution in front of the important Jewish leaders and Roman authorities but the crowd was getting unruly and things were getting out of his hands, which is why he succumbed to the pressure and placed Jesus’ execution in effect. He is mentioned in the mythological history as a weak man who yielded to the Jewish establishment’s pressure on him to carry out Jesus’ execution. Italian archeologist Dr. Antonio Frova, during a 1961 excavation in Caesarea Maritima, discovered a piece of limestone emblazoned with Pilate’s name in Latin, linking him to Emperor Tiberius’s reign, which truly validates his historical existence.

Childhood & Early Life

Not much is documented about Pilate’s birth and early life but it is presumed that he was born in the small village of Bisenti, which is now in central Italy. There are ruins of his house in the village. But there are also other assumptions as to where he was born, some of these assumed places are: Fortingall in Scotland, Tarragona in Spain, Forchheim in Germany, etc. But the most accurate suggestion is still considered to be Central Italy.

Later Life & Career

In 26 A.D., Pilate was appointed as the prefect of the Roman provinces of Judaea, Samaria and Idum�a. The usual term for a Roman prefect was 1–3 years but he held his post for 10 years.

He was appointed in his position after Valerius Gratus. His main tasks were military, but as legislative body of the empire he was accountable for colleting colonial taxes and had some restricted judicial role as well.

He had small auxiliary armed force of locally employed soldiers stationed at all times in Caesarea and Jerusalem, and provisionally anywhere else that might need military. He had around 3000 soldiers at his disposal at all times.

Pilate mostly lived in Caesarea but travelled to Jerusalem, so as to perform his duties properly. During the Passover, a festival of prominence for the Jews, he, as the prefect, used to be in Jerusalem to maintain the order.

Pilate’s most vital liability was that of maintaining law and order in his province and he had the power of a supreme judge, which gave him the sole power to preside over and to order a criminal’s execution.

The canonical Christian Gospels state that Pilate supervised the trial of Jesus and, regardless of saying that in his opinion he found him not guilty of a crime worthy of a death sentence, sentenced him to be crucified.

Pilate faced a clash between the Roman Empire and the Sanhedrin Jewish council because Jesus claimed he was the King of the Jews. Pilate asked Jesus if he is the king of Jews and he replied ‘If you say so’.

This was considered an act of treason by the Roman government as it was thought as a challenge to Roman rule and to the Roman veneration of Caesar. It was claimed, by the Jewish leaders, as a political threat.

In the Gospel version of The Trial of Jesus, Philo and Joseph, it is said that Pilate was unjust. All four of the Gospels portray him as a weak man who yielded to the Jewish establishment’s pressure.

Matthew 27:19 explains Pilate’ innocence: So when Pilate saw that he was gaining nothing, but rather a riot was beginning, he took water and washed his hands before the crowd, saying, "I am innocent of this man’s blood; see to it yourselves."

After Jesus’ crucifixion, Pilate ordered ‘INRI’ be emblazoned on Jesus's crypt. In Latin, ‘INRI’ meant Jesus's name and his title of King of the Jews. It is said that it was meant mockingly, to ridicule Jesus’ supercilious claim.

Pilate’s sentencing Jesus’ crucifixion is considered to be the most important event in his life. Besides being the prefect of the Roman provinces of Judaea, Samaria and Idum�a, he is a critical character in the New Testament accounts of Jesus.

Personal Life & Legacy

It is known that Pilate died in 37 A.D. but it not known for certain that under what circumstances did he die. According to some myths, the Roman emperor Caligula ordered him to death by execution or suicide.

He chose to go into exile and kill himself and these myths also state that after he committed suicide, his body was thrown into the Tiber River.

Trivia

Some myths believe that towards the end of his life, Pilate was converted to Christianity and was later canonized.

He is considered a saint by the Ethiopian Orthodox Church.

Italian archeologist Dr. Antonio Frova, during a 1961 excavation in Caesarea Maritima, discovered a piece of limestone emblazoned with Pilate’s name in Latin, linking him to Emperor Tiberius’s reign.

There is a legend that places his death at Mount Pilatus, in Switzerland.

Some say that he was exiled to Gaul and eventually committed suicide there in Vienne.

// Famous Miscellaneous

Jason Simpson

Jason Simpson

Jason Simpson is the son of former NFL running back, broadcaster and actor O. J. Simpson. Check out this biography to know about his childhood, family, life, and little known facts about him.

Melissa Brim

Melissa Brim

Melissa Brim is the ex-girlfriend of former professional boxer Floyd Mayweather Jr. Check out this biography to know about her birthday, childhood, family life, achievements and fun facts about her.

Joyce Meyer

Joyce Meyer

Joyce Meyer is a Christian author and speaker. This biography provides detailed information about her childhood, life, achievements, works & timeline

Pontius Pilate biography timelines

  • // 26
    In 26 A.D., Pilate was appointed as the prefect of the Roman provinces of Judaea, Samaria and Idum�a. The usual term for a Roman prefect was 1–3 years but he held his post for 10 years.
  • // 37
    It is known that Pilate died in 37 A.D. but it not known for certain that under what circumstances did he die. According to some myths, the Roman emperor Caligula ordered him to death by execution or suicide.
  • // 1961
    Italian archeologist Dr. Antonio Frova, during a 1961 excavation in Caesarea Maritima, discovered a piece of limestone emblazoned with Pilate’s name in Latin, linking him to Emperor Tiberius’s reign.

// Famous Ancient Roman peoples

Vitruvius

Vitruvius

Vitruvius was a Roman architect, author, and military engineer during the 1st century BC. Check out this biography to know about his childhood, family life, achievements and fun facts about his life.

Flavius Odoacer

Flavius Odoacer

Flavius Odoacer was a soldier who went on to become the King of Italy. This biography profiles his childhood, family, life history, and timeline.

Augustus

Augustus

Augustus was the founder of the Roman Empire and its first Emperor. This biography of Augustus provides detailed information about his childhood, life, achievements, works & timeline

Horace

Horace

Horace was an ancient Roman poet who was one of the leading poets of Augustan Age. Read more about the life and the works of this poet in the following article.

Julius Caesar

Julius Caesar

Julius Caesar, one of Ancient Rome's most famous individuals, was a statesman who changed the face of Rome. This biography of Julius Caesar provides detailed information about his childhood, life, achievements, works and timeline.

Commodus

Commodus

Commodus (Lucius Aurelius Commodus) was a Roman emperor during the early years of the first millennium. This biography provides detailed information about his childhood, family, rule, life history, achievements, death etc.

Pontius Pilate's FAQ

  • When was Pontius Pilate died?

    Pontius Pilate was died at 2039-01-01

  • Where is Pontius Pilate's birth place?

    Pontius Pilate was born in Roman Italy, Italy

  • What is Pontius Pilate nationalities?

    Pontius Pilate's nationalities is Ancient Roman

  • Who is Pontius Pilate spouses?

    Pontius Pilate's spouses is Claudia Procula

  • What is Pontius Pilate's cause of dead?

    Pontius Pilate dead because of Execution

  • Who is Pontius Pilate's father?

    Pontius Pilate's father is Pontius

  • How famous is Pontius Pilate?

    Pontius Pilate is famouse as Presided Over the Trial of Jesus