India's Automakers Gear Up: Stricter Emission Norms 1

India’s automobile industry is transitioning to the second phase of Bharat Stage VI (BS-VI) emission norms, equivalent to Euro-VI standards, which will take effect from April 1. The new emission standards require four-wheeler passenger and commercial vehicles to have advanced equipment to meet the new level of emission standards. Tata Motors, Maruti Suzuki India, and Mahindra & Mahindra are all working to transition their respective product range before the deadline. In addition, vehicles will require an on-board self-diagnostic device to monitor real-time driving emission levels, and programmed fuel injectors and upgraded semiconductors to control emissions. The government introduced the stricter vehicular emission norms due to deteriorating air pollution, with the primary difference between the previous BS-IV and the new BS-VI norms being the sulphur content.

Tata Motors, Maruti, and Mahindra prepare for stricter emission norms in India

The Indian automobile industry is gearing up to meet the second phase of Bharat Stage VI (BS-VI) emission norms, equivalent to Euro-VI standards, in real-time driving conditions. Four-wheeler passenger and commercial vehicles will require more advanced equipment to meet the new level of emission standards, which are set to kick in from April 1.

Tata Motors has already upgraded its passenger vehicle portfolio to conform to the stricter norms. “Our portfolio has already transitioned to BS-VI phase 2 emission norms in February 2023, ahead of the regulation timelines. We have also enhanced the products with improved performance, added new technology features and increased warranty of our vehicles,” said Shailesh Chandra, the Managing Director of Tata Motors Passenger Vehicles.

Maruti Suzuki India and Mahindra & Mahindra are also confident of transitioning their respective product range before the April 1 deadline. Maruti Suzuki India Executive Director Corporate Affairs, Rahul Bharti, stated that the company is fully committed to a cleaner environment and had transitioned 31 applications to BS-VI phase-2 almost a year ahead of the compliance date.

Similarly, Mahindra & Mahindra President Automotive Division, Veejay Nakra, noted that all the company’s models will comply with BS-VI phase 2 norms as per timelines set by the government. ”The cost increase is much lower than the cost of BS-IV to BS-VI transition and will be passed on to consumers in a phased manner,” he added.

However, the transition to the stricter norms comes with a cost increase for consumers. Car prices are expected to rise as automobile companies invest in additional equipment for their powertrains. “Remaining part may be passed on in the next price hike. Can’t confirm any timeline on the same,” said Shailesh Chandra of Tata Motors Passenger Vehicles.

Moreover, from April 1, vehicles will require an on-board self-diagnostic device to monitor real-time driving emission levels. The device will constantly monitor key parts such as the catalytic converter and oxygen sensors to ensure emissions are within the set standards.

It is worth noting that the Maruti Suzuki fleet currently has the least CO2 emission per car among all car manufacturers in India, which is set to continue.

India transitions to BS-VI emission regime with upgraded automobile technology

India has moved to the Bharat Stage VI (BS-VI) emission regime from the BS-IV norm as of April 1, 2020, with the domestic automobile industry investing around INR 70,000 crore to upgrade its technology. In 2016, the government had asked the automobile industry to upgrade to BS-VI norms by April 2020, which was an unprecedented leap from BS-IV to BS-VI in a short time frame. One of the prominent reasons for ushering in stricter vehicular emission norms was the deteriorating air pollution situation in various cities, including Delhi-NCR. The major difference between BS-IV and BS-VI norms is the sulphur content.

To control emissions and comply with the new norms, vehicles will carry programmed fuel injectors that control the timing and amount of fuel injected into the petrol engine. Additionally, vehicles will also have upgraded semiconductors that monitor throttle, crankshaft positions, air intake pressure, temperature of the engine, and the contents of the emissions from the exhaust, including particulate matter, nitrogen oxide, CO2, sulphur, etc.

Moreover, vehicles will require an on-board self-diagnostic device to monitor real-time driving emission levels, indicating through warning lights that the vehicle be submitted for a service in case emissions exceed the parameters.

(This story has not been edited by Devdiscourse staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

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