Nero - Ancient Roman Men, Birthday and Childhood

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Nero's Personal Details

Nero was the last Roman emperor in the Julio-Claudian dynasty who ruled from 54 to 68 AD

InformationDetail
BirthdayDecember 15, 2037
Died onJune 9, 1968
NationalityAncient Roman
FamousAncient Roman Men, Emperor of Rome, Emperors, Kings, Historical Personalities, Emperors & Kings, ISFP
HobbiesProwling the city in disguise, Horses, Singing, Murdering men at random
SpousesClaudia Octavia, Poppaea Sabina, Sporus, Statilia Messalina
Known asLucius Domitius Ahenobarbus, Nero Claudius Caesar Drusus Germanicus
Childrens Claudia Augusta
Cause of deathSuicide
Birth PlaceAnzio
ReligionPaganism
GenderMale
FatherGnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus
MotherAgrippina the Younger
Sun SignSagittarius
Born inAnzio
Famous asEmperor of Rome
Died at Age30

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Nero's photo

Who is Nero?

Nero was a Roman Emperor who ruled from 54 to 68 AD. The last emperor in the Julio-Claudian dynasty, he was notorious as a brutal, tyrannical and ineffective leader. Born as the son of Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus and Agrippina the Younger, he lost his father at an early age. His mother went on to marry her own uncle Claudius who was the Roman Emperor at that time. She persuaded him to adopt her own son and proclaim him the heir to the throne. Many ancient historians state that Agrippina then poisoned Claudius to death in order to pave the way for her son to ascend to the throne. Nero became the emperor following Claudius’ death in 54. Aged just 17 at that time, he became the youngest emperor crowned so far. During the initial years of his rule, his mother’s influence was tremendous. Over time, Nero became progressively more powerful and had his own mother murdered. He became notorious for his extravagant lifestyle and deviant sexual practices. He proved to be an ineffectual ruler and Rome was in turmoil for the greater part of his reign. His tyrannical reign and cruelty made him highly despised, forcing the senate to declare him a public enemy and condemn him to death by beating. In order to escape the death sentence, he committed suicide in 68 AD.

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Childhood & Early Life

Nero was born as Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus on 15 December 37, in Antium near Rome, as the only son of Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus and Agrippina the Younger.

Ahenobarbus died in 48 AD following which Agrippina married her own uncle Claudius who was the emperor. Claudius adopted Lucius Domitius and gave him the name Nero Claudius Caesar Drusus Germanicus. Agrippina then persuaded Claudius to proclaim Nero the heir to the throne.

Nero attained the age of 14 in 51 AD and was proclaimed an adult. He was appointed proconsul and began taking an active part in the governance. He started addressing the Senate and was featured in coinage.

Accession & Reign

Claudius died in 54 AD. Many historians believe he was poisoned to death by Agrippina in order to pave the way for her son to ascend the throne. Nero became the emperor, and aged just 17, he was the youngest emperor until that time.

His mother was a highly ambitious and domineering woman and she tried to influence him greatly during the initial years of his reign. The other major influences in his life were his tutor Lucius Annaeus Seneca and the Praetorian Prefect Sextus Afranius Burrus who developed a dislike for the overbearing Agrippina.

For the first few years of his rule Nero proved to be a reasonable leader. He lowered taxes, was empathetic towards slaves, and eliminated capital punishment. He also strived to become a more independent leader and paid more heed to the advice of the wise Seneca than to his mother.

However, things started changing soon after. Tired of his mother’s interference in his public and private life, Nero had her murdered in 59 AD. His trusted advisor Burrus died in 62 AD and Seneca retired from public life. Around this time accusations of treason against Nero and the Senate began to surface, and a defensive Nero executed a number of people including his rivals Pallas, Rubellius Plautus and Faustus Sulla.

Over the next few years he eliminated several others of his rivals and consolidated his power. His reputation as a reasonable leader greatly diminished because of his tyrannical behavior.

A war between the Roman Empire and the Parthian Empire over control of Armenia, a vital buffer state between the two realms, had been going on since 58 AD. In spite of his young age and aversion to battles, Nero handled the situation bravely and was finally able to establish Armenia as a buffer state following a peace deal in 63 AD.

A great fire ravaged Rome in 64 AD, destroying a major portion of the city. The fire, which erupted on the night of 18 July 64, raged on for five days and destroyed three of the fourteen Roman districts and severely damaged seven. Even though it could not be ascertained whether the fire was accidental or arson, people widely believed that it was Nero who started the fire.

In the wake of the fire he implemented large scale relief efforts in order to provide succor to the victims. He used his own funds and even personally took part in the search and rescue of the victims. He is also said to have provided shelter to the homeless in his own palaces.

Still Nero was unpopular among the masses and had several antagonists. In 65 AD, Gaius Calpurnius Piso, a Roman statesman, plotted a conspiracy to kill Nero and take the crown for himself. However Nero learned of the conspiracy and the leading conspirators including Piso, Nero’s former mentor Seneca, and his nephew, the epic poet Lucan, were executed.

Hardly three years had passed when in March 68 AD, the governor Gaius Julius Vindex rebelled against Nero's tax policies. He was soon joined by another governor, Servius Sulpicius Galba. The revolt spread and people, who were already much dissatisfied with Nero, started demanding that Galba be made the emperor. Nero was reportedly declared a public enemy by the senate which condemned him to die a slave’s death: on a cross and under the whip.

Personal Life & Legacy

He married his stepsister Claudia Octavia in 53 AD. He was, however, unhappy with her and became romantically involved with Poppaea Sabina, the wife of his friend and future emperor Otho. He divorced Octavia and married Poppaea in 62 AD. Poppaea died in 65 AD while pregnant with her second child. At that time it was widely reported that Nero had kicked her to death though modern historians postulate that Poppaea may have died because of complications of miscarriage or childbirth.

He became involved with a married woman, Statilia Messalina, in 65 AD. Nero drove her husband to suicide so that he could marry her. The marriage took place in 66 AD.

In 67, Nero ordered a young freeman, Sporus—who bore an uncanny resemblance to Poppaea Sabina—to be castrated so that he could marry him.

Following the rebellions against him in 68 AD, Nero lost most of his supporters--even his bodyguards left him. When he heard that the Senate had condemned him to death by beating, he panicked and decided to commit suicide. His private secretary, Epaphroditos, assisted him in killing himself. He died on 9 June 68

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Nero biography timelines

  • // 15th Dec 37
    Nero was born as Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus on 15 December 37, in Antium near Rome, as the only son of Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus and Agrippina the Younger.
  • // 48
    Ahenobarbus died in 48 AD following which Agrippina married her own uncle Claudius who was the emperor. Claudius adopted Lucius Domitius and gave him the name Nero Claudius Caesar Drusus Germanicus. Agrippina then persuaded Claudius to proclaim Nero the heir to the throne.
  • // 51
    Nero attained the age of 14 in 51 AD and was proclaimed an adult. He was appointed proconsul and began taking an active part in the governance. He started addressing the Senate and was featured in coinage.
  • // 53
    He married his stepsister Claudia Octavia in 53 AD. He was, however, unhappy with her and became romantically involved with Poppaea Sabina, the wife of his friend and future emperor Otho. He divorced Octavia and married Poppaea in 62 AD. Poppaea died in 65 AD while pregnant with her second child. At that time it was widely reported that Nero had kicked her to death though modern historians postulate that Poppaea may have died because of complications of miscarriage or childbirth.
  • // 54
    Claudius died in 54 AD. Many historians believe he was poisoned to death by Agrippina in order to pave the way for her son to ascend the throne. Nero became the emperor, and aged just 17, he was the youngest emperor until that time.
  • // 58 To 63
    A war between the Roman Empire and the Parthian Empire over control of Armenia, a vital buffer state between the two realms, had been going on since 58 AD. In spite of his young age and aversion to battles, Nero handled the situation bravely and was finally able to establish Armenia as a buffer state following a peace deal in 63 AD.
  • // 59 To 62
    However, things started changing soon after. Tired of his mother’s interference in his public and private life, Nero had her murdered in 59 AD. His trusted advisor Burrus died in 62 AD and Seneca retired from public life. Around this time accusations of treason against Nero and the Senate began to surface, and a defensive Nero executed a number of people including his rivals Pallas, Rubellius Plautus and Faustus Sulla.
  • // 64
    A great fire ravaged Rome in 64 AD, destroying a major portion of the city. The fire, which erupted on the night of 18 July 64, raged on for five days and destroyed three of the fourteen Roman districts and severely damaged seven. Even though it could not be ascertained whether the fire was accidental or arson, people widely believed that it was Nero who started the fire.
  • // 65
    Still Nero was unpopular among the masses and had several antagonists. In 65 AD, Gaius Calpurnius Piso, a Roman statesman, plotted a conspiracy to kill Nero and take the crown for himself. However Nero learned of the conspiracy and the leading conspirators including Piso, Nero’s former mentor Seneca, and his nephew, the epic poet Lucan, were executed.
  • // 65
    He became involved with a married woman, Statilia Messalina, in 65 AD. Nero drove her husband to suicide so that he could marry her. The marriage took place in 66 AD.
  • // 67
    In 67, Nero ordered a young freeman, Sporus—who bore an uncanny resemblance to Poppaea Sabina—to be castrated so that he could marry him.
  • // 68
    Hardly three years had passed when in March 68 AD, the governor Gaius Julius Vindex rebelled against Nero's tax policies. He was soon joined by another governor, Servius Sulpicius Galba. The revolt spread and people, who were already much dissatisfied with Nero, started demanding that Galba be made the emperor. Nero was reportedly declared a public enemy by the senate which condemned him to die a slave’s death: on a cross and under the whip.
  • // 9th Jun 68
    Following the rebellions against him in 68 AD, Nero lost most of his supporters
  • // even his bodyguards left him. When he heard that the Senate had condemned him to death by beating, he panicked and decided to commit suicide. His private secretary, Epaphroditos, assisted him in killing himself. He died on 9 June 68

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Nero's FAQ

  • What is Nero birthday?

    Nero was born at 2037-12-15

  • When was Nero died?

    Nero was died at 1968-06-09

  • Where was Nero died?

    Nero was died in Rome

  • Which age was Nero died?

    Nero was died at age 30

  • Where is Nero's birth place?

    Nero was born in Anzio

  • What is Nero nationalities?

    Nero's nationalities is Ancient Roman

  • What is Nero hobbies?

    Nero's hobbies is Prowling the city in disguise,Horses,Singing,Murdering men at random

  • Who is Nero spouses?

    Nero's spouses is Claudia Octavia, Poppaea Sabina, Sporus, Statilia Messalina

  • Who is Nero childrens?

    Nero's childrens is Claudia Augusta

  • What is Nero's cause of dead?

    Nero dead because of Suicide

  • What is Nero's religion?

    Nero's religion is Paganism

  • Who is Nero's father?

    Nero's father is Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus

  • Who is Nero's mother?

    Nero's mother is Agrippina the Younger

  • What is Nero's sun sign?

    Nero is Sagittarius

  • How famous is Nero?

    Nero is famouse as Emperor of Rome