Mohammed Zahir Shah - Emperors, Birthday and Childhood

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Mohammed Zahir Shah's Personal Details

Mohammed Zahir Shah was the king of Afghanistan from 1933 to 1973

InformationDetail
BirthdayOctober 15, 1914
Died onJuly 23, 2007
NationalityAfghan
FamousEmperors, Former King of Afghanistan, Kings, Rulers of Afghanistan, Historical Personalities, Emperors & Kings
SpousesHumaira Begum
Known asFather of the Nation
Childrens Ahmad Shah Khan, Crown Prince of Afghanistan, Muhammed Daoud Pashtunyar Khan, Muhammed Nadir Khan
Universities
  • University of Montpellier
Birth PlaceKabul
ReligionSunni Islam
GenderMale
FatherMohammed Nadir Shah
MotherMah Parwar Begum
Sun SignLibra
Born inKabul
Famous asFormer King of Afghanistan
Died at Age92

// Famous Rulers of Afghanistan

Mohammed Zahir Shah's photo

Who is Mohammed Zahir Shah?

Mohammed Zahir Shah was the king of Afghanistan from 1933 to 1973 and during his time as the monarch he transformed the country in more ways than one as a result of which he is regarded as a towering figure in the country’s history. Mohammad Zahir Shah was educated in his native Kabul and in France and right from the time he was a teenager he served as a diplomatic envoy of his country to France. After returning to his native Afghanistan he served in different capacities in the government and in 1933, when he was only 19 years old he became the king after the assassination of his father. Shah proved himself to be a very able ruler as he allowed people more experienced than himself to govern the country while he gathered enough experience and in 1963 he assumed full control of the country. He ushered in a new era of democratic republic, established a parliament and did a lot to make sure that the country moved in the right direction. Shah wanted to modernise Afghanistan right from his early days as the king but in 1973 his government was overthrown and he spent nearly thirty years in exile. However, he did return to Afghanistan and helped establish a democratic government after the Taliban were overthrown.

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Childhood & Early Life

Mohammed Zahir Shah was born in Kabul, Afghanistan on 15 October, 1914 to Mohammad Nadir Shah and Mah Parwar Begum. Shah’s family belonged to the Barakzai royal family of Afghanistan and his father also served as the head of the Afghan Army during the reign of Amanullah Khan.

Mohammad Zahir Shah was initially educated at the Habibia High School located in Kabul, where he studied in segregation for being a prince and after that he continued his education in France, where he was sent in the capacity of diplomatic envoy. At first he studied at the Pasteur Institute and then went on to study at the University of Montpellier.

Upon his return to Afghanistan as a teenager, Zahir Shah helped his father and family members in their quest in ensuring that the country did not spiral out of control in the 1920s when wanton lawlessness was an everyday issue. Shah served as the education minister as well as a deputy to the war minister during those years.

Career

In 1933, when Mohammad Zahir Shah was only 19 years old, he became the King of Afghanistan following the assassination of his father Mohammad Nadir Shah. However, Shah did not have an active role in governing the country as he played a peripheral role in governance. Mohammad Hashim Khan and Shah Mahmud Khan, his uncles were the ones who ruled the country.

Mohammad Zahir Shah was instrumental in modernising Afghanistan during his time as the king and in 1934 the country was inducted into the League of Nations. A few years later, the country also signed pacts with countries like Germany, Japan as well as Italy with regards to foreign aid. He also helped the cause of the Uighur and Kirghiz rebels in Turkestan by sending soldiers, weaponry and money but the rebellion was crushed.

Mohammad Zahir Shah was a modernist and after the conclusion of the Second World War, he employed the services of foreign advisors in order to usher in a modern Afghanistan. In 1963, Zahir Shah decided to become the primary ruler of Afghanistan and the following year he was instrumental in introducing the new constitution. The constitution brought in democracy with a constitutional monarchy, established a parliament and introduced elections.

During Zahir Shah’s reign, Afghanistan became a country that adopted a neutral stance as far as international politics was concerned and despite his efforts to reenergise the country with his reforms there was little to show for his efforts in terms of economic progress.

In 1973, his cousin Mohammad Daoud Khan overthrew Zahir Shah’s government when he had been in Italy for eye surgery and a new conservative government was established. For 29 years, Mohammed Zahir Shah lived in Italy in exile.

Zahir Shah returned to Afghanistan from exile in the year 2002 after the Taliban leadership had been ousted and helped in establishing the ‘Loya Jirga’ which was a temporary assembly. Hamid Karzai became the new president of the country and despite demands for a return to monarchy; Zahir Shah did not rise to it. During his later years in Afghanistan he became a highly respected figure in country.

Major Works

Mohammed Zahir Shah tried to turn Afghanistan into a modern democratic state. He gave Afghanistan a new constitution, introduced free elections, civil rights, women's rights and universal suffrage.

Awards & Achievements

In 2002, he was given the title of 'Father of the Nation'.

Personal Life & Legacy

Mohammed Zahir Shaw married Humaira Begum, his first cousin, on 7 November, 1931. The couple had 9 children, seven sons and two daughters.

Mohammad Zahir Shah died on 23 July 2007 in his residence in Kabul at the age of 92. He had been suffering from illness for some time.

// Famous Former King of Afghanistan

Mohammed Zahir Shah awards

YearNameAward

Other

Royal Victorian Chain

Mohammed Zahir Shah biography timelines

  • // 15th Oct 1914
    Mohammed Zahir Shah was born in Kabul, Afghanistan on 15 October, 1914 to Mohammad Nadir Shah and Mah Parwar Begum. Shah’s family belonged to the Barakzai royal family of Afghanistan and his father also served as the head of the Afghan Army during the reign of Amanullah Khan.
  • // 7th Nov 1931
    Mohammed Zahir Shaw married Humaira Begum, his first cousin, on 7 November, 1931. The couple had 9 children, seven sons and two daughters.
  • // 1933
    In 1933, when Mohammad Zahir Shah was only 19 years old, he became the King of Afghanistan following the assassination of his father Mohammad Nadir Shah. However, Shah did not have an active role in governing the country as he played a peripheral role in governance. Mohammad Hashim Khan and Shah Mahmud Khan, his uncles were the ones who ruled the country.
  • // 1934
    Mohammad Zahir Shah was instrumental in modernising Afghanistan during his time as the king and in 1934 the country was inducted into the League of Nations. A few years later, the country also signed pacts with countries like Germany, Japan as well as Italy with regards to foreign aid. He also helped the cause of the Uighur and Kirghiz rebels in Turkestan by sending soldiers, weaponry and money but the rebellion was crushed.
  • // 1963
    Mohammad Zahir Shah was a modernist and after the conclusion of the Second World War, he employed the services of foreign advisors in order to usher in a modern Afghanistan. In 1963, Zahir Shah decided to become the primary ruler of Afghanistan and the following year he was instrumental in introducing the new constitution. The constitution brought in democracy with a constitutional monarchy, established a parliament and introduced elections.
  • // 1973
    In 1973, his cousin Mohammad Daoud Khan overthrew Zahir Shah’s government when he had been in Italy for eye surgery and a new conservative government was established. For 29 years, Mohammed Zahir Shah lived in Italy in exile.
  • // 2002
    Zahir Shah returned to Afghanistan from exile in the year 2002 after the Taliban leadership had been ousted and helped in establishing the ‘Loya Jirga’ which was a temporary assembly. Hamid Karzai became the new president of the country and despite demands for a return to monarchy; Zahir Shah did not rise to it. During his later years in Afghanistan he became a highly respected figure in country.
  • // 2002
    In 2002, he was given the title of 'Father of the Nation'.
  • // 23rd Jul 2007
    Mohammad Zahir Shah died on 23 July 2007 in his residence in Kabul at the age of 92. He had been suffering from illness for some time.

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Mohammed Zahir Shah's FAQ

  • What is Mohammed Zahir Shah birthday?

    Mohammed Zahir Shah was born at 1914-10-15

  • When was Mohammed Zahir Shah died?

    Mohammed Zahir Shah was died at 2007-07-23

  • Where was Mohammed Zahir Shah died?

    Mohammed Zahir Shah was died in Kabul

  • Which age was Mohammed Zahir Shah died?

    Mohammed Zahir Shah was died at age 92

  • Where is Mohammed Zahir Shah's birth place?

    Mohammed Zahir Shah was born in Kabul

  • What is Mohammed Zahir Shah nationalities?

    Mohammed Zahir Shah's nationalities is Afghan

  • Who is Mohammed Zahir Shah spouses?

    Mohammed Zahir Shah's spouses is Humaira Begum

  • Who is Mohammed Zahir Shah childrens?

    Mohammed Zahir Shah's childrens is Ahmad Shah Khan, Crown Prince of Afghanistan, Muhammed Daoud Pashtunyar Khan, Muhammed Nadir Khan

  • What was Mohammed Zahir Shah universities?

    Mohammed Zahir Shah studied at University of Montpellier

  • What is Mohammed Zahir Shah's religion?

    Mohammed Zahir Shah's religion is Sunni Islam

  • Who is Mohammed Zahir Shah's father?

    Mohammed Zahir Shah's father is Mohammed Nadir Shah

  • Who is Mohammed Zahir Shah's mother?

    Mohammed Zahir Shah's mother is Mah Parwar Begum

  • What is Mohammed Zahir Shah's sun sign?

    Mohammed Zahir Shah is Libra

  • How famous is Mohammed Zahir Shah?

    Mohammed Zahir Shah is famouse as Former King of Afghanistan