Mohammad Reza Pahlavi - Last Shah of Iran, Birthday and Childhood

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Mohammad Reza Pahlavi's Personal Details

Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi was the Last Shah of Iran who introduced many reforms to foster economic developments in the country

InformationDetail
BirthdayOctober 26, 1919
Died onJuly 27, 1980
NationalityIranian
FamousEmperors, Kings, Last Shah of Iran, Historical Personalities, Emperors & Kings, Leaders
Nick namesThe Emperor of Oil
SpousesFarah Diba, Fawzia Fuad of Egypt, Soraya Esfandiary-Bakhtiari
SiblingsAbdul Reza Pahlavi, Ahmad Reza Pahlavi, Ali Reza Pahlavi, Ashraf Pahlavi, Fatimeh Pahlavi, Gholam Reza Pahlavi, Hamdamsaltaneh Pahlavi, Hamid Reza Pahlavi, Mahmud Reza Pahlavi, Shams Pahlavi
Known asMohammad Reza Shah
Childrens Ali-Reza Pahlavi, Farahnaz Pahlavi, Leila Pahlavi, Reza Pahlavi, Shahnaz Pahlavi
Universities
  • Institut Le Rosey
Founder / Co-Founder
  • SAVAK
  • Rastakhiz Party
Birth PlaceTehran
ReligionIslam, Shia Islam
GenderMale
FatherRezā Shāh
MotherTadj ol-Molouk
Sun SignScorpio
Born inTehran
Famous asLast Shah of Iran
Died at Age60

// Famous Kings

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi's photo

Who is Mohammad Reza Pahlavi?

Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi was the last Shah of Iran who reigned from 1941 to 1979 and introduced many reforms to foster economic developments in Iran. One of the 11 children of his father, he was the eldest son among his siblings and was proclaimed the crown prince when his father established the Pahlavi dynasty in Iran. During the World War II, he was crowned as the Shah of Iran, at the age of 20, amidst international political commotion. During his reign, he maintained a pro-Western foreign policy and fostered economic development in Iran. He instituted a ‘White Revolution’ to modernize the country and redistributed extensive land holdings from the wealthiest, dividing them among four million small-holder farmers. He also supported new schools and adult literacy programs in small villages, and gave women the right to vote. He sponsored new manufacturing plants and universities in the cities. Corruption in the government and political turmoil resulted in a revolution which forced him to go into exile and was followed by the declaration of an Islamic republic in Iran. He assumed power during the turmoil of World War II, and his rule ended in similarly tumultuous circumstances. He served as the last Shah of Iran ending 2,500 years of monarchy.

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Childhood & Early Life

He, along with his twin sister, Ashraf, was born on October 26, 1919, to Reza Pahlavi and his second wife, Tadj ol-Molouk. He was the third child and the eldest son of the father’s eleven children from four wives.

In 1925, when he was five years old, his father overthrew the Qajar Dynasty with British assistance, founded the Pahlavi Dynasty, and became the Shah of Iran. Upon his father’s coronation in April 1926, he was proclaimed crown prince.

In 1931, he went to the ‘Institut Le Rosey’ in Switzerland becoming the first Iranian heir apparent to study overseas. In 1936, he graduated from a high school in Iran and spent the following two years at the military academy in Tehran.

Career

In the fall of 1941, his father was forced to abdicate the throne by the British and Russian forces who had occupied the country after a short struggle and he was crowned as the new Shah of Iran.

When World War II ended in 1945, the US and Britain withdrew from their spheres, but the Soviets refused to leave. With considerable American help, his government was able to pressurize the Soviet into withdrawing from northern Iran.

Later, with assistance from the United States, he started the ‘White Revolution’ in which he nationalized forests and water, established profit-sharing plans for the workers, emancipated women, and established literacy, sanitation, and development corps.

Gradually, he grew increasingly autocratic and took the extreme measure of outlawing all political parties except for his own favored Rastakhiz Party, thus abolishing the multi-party system. Displeased with his rule, his opponents soon began to hold strikes and street rallies to which he responded by deploying the army on the streets of Tehran.

On September 8, 1978, his troops opened fire on a demonstration by religious dissidents, killing many people. This event, known as ‘Black Friday’ turned out to be the beginning of the end for him as a ruler.

In 1979, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomenei led a revolution forcing him and his family into exile. His family traveled to Morocco, the Bahamas, and Mexico within the first six months of exile. Later, he became ill and was granted permission to receive medical treatment in the United States where he spent some time and then went to Egypt.

Major Works

He introduced a national development program called the ‘White Revolution’ that included construction of an expanded road, rail, and air network, the encouragement and support to industrial growth, and land reforms.

He also established literacy and health corps for the isolated rural population. In the 1960-70s, he sought to develop a more independent foreign policy and established working relationships with the Soviet Union and eastern European nations.

Awards & Achievements

In 1957, he was decorated with the ‘Grand Collar of the Order of the Yoke and Arrows of Spain’. The same year, he received the ‘Grand Cross w/ Collar of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Italy’.

In 1959, he was knighted with the ‘Order of the Elephant of Denmark’. The same year, he also got decorated with the ‘Grand Cross of the Order of the Netherlands Lion’.

In 1960, he received the ‘Grand Cross of the Order of the Redeemer of Greece’ and the ‘Grand Cordon of the Order of Leopold of Belgium’.

In 1965, he was decorated with the ‘Grand Collar of the Order of the Southern Cross of Brazil’.

In 1966, he was conferred with the ‘Order of the Flag with Diamonds’ by Hungary and the ‘Grand Cordon of the Grand Star of Yugoslavia’.

Personal Life & Legacy

In 1939, he married Dilawar Princess Fawzia of Egypt, daughter of King Fuad I of Egypt. They had one child together, Princess Shahnaz Pahlavi, but the couple later got divorced.

In 1951, Soraya Esfandiary-Bakhtiari, a half-German half-Iranian woman, became his second wife. However, when it became apparent that even with help from medical doctors she could not bear children, he divorced her.

Then he married Farah Diba and they were blessed with four children; two sons, Prince Reza Pahlavi and Prince Ali-Reza Pahlavi, and two daughters, Princess Farahnaz Pahlavi and Princess Leila Pahlavi .

In March 1980, he underwent treatment in Cairo for non-Hodgkin lymphoma, a type of blood cancer. He died on July 27, 1980 at the age of 60, and was buried in the Al Rifa'i Mosque in Cairo.

// Famous Last Shah of Iran

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi biography timelines

  • // 26th Oct 1919
    He, along with his twin sister, Ashraf, was born on October 26, 1919, to Reza Pahlavi and his second wife, Tadj ol-Molouk. He was the third child and the eldest son of the father’s eleven children from four wives.
  • // 1925 To Apr 1926
    In 1925, when he was five years old, his father overthrew the Qajar Dynasty with British assistance, founded the Pahlavi Dynasty, and became the Shah of Iran. Upon his father’s coronation in April 1926, he was proclaimed crown prince.
  • // 1931 To 1936
    In 1931, he went to the ‘Institut Le Rosey’ in Switzerland becoming the first Iranian heir apparent to study overseas. In 1936, he graduated from a high school in Iran and spent the following two years at the military academy in Tehran.
  • // 1939
    In 1939, he married Dilawar Princess Fawzia of Egypt, daughter of King Fuad I of Egypt. They had one child together, Princess Shahnaz Pahlavi, but the couple later got divorced.
  • // 1941
    In the fall of 1941, his father was forced to abdicate the throne by the British and Russian forces who had occupied the country after a short struggle and he was crowned as the new Shah of Iran.
  • // 1945
    When World War II ended in 1945, the US and Britain withdrew from their spheres, but the Soviets refused to leave. With considerable American help, his government was able to pressurize the Soviet into withdrawing from northern Iran.
  • // 1951
    In 1951, Soraya Esfandiary-Bakhtiari, a half-German half-Iranian woman, became his second wife. However, when it became apparent that even with help from medical doctors she could not bear children, he divorced her.
  • // 1957
    In 1957, he was decorated with the ‘Grand Collar of the Order of the Yoke and Arrows of Spain’. The same year, he received the ‘Grand Cross w/ Collar of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Italy’.
  • // 1959
    In 1959, he was knighted with the ‘Order of the Elephant of Denmark’. The same year, he also got decorated with the ‘Grand Cross of the Order of the Netherlands Lion’.
  • // 1960
    He also established literacy and health corps for the isolated rural population. In the 1960-70s, he sought to develop a more independent foreign policy and established working relationships with the Soviet Union and eastern European nations.
  • // 1960
    In 1960, he received the ‘Grand Cross of the Order of the Redeemer of Greece’ and the ‘Grand Cordon of the Order of Leopold of Belgium’.
  • // 1965
    In 1965, he was decorated with the ‘Grand Collar of the Order of the Southern Cross of Brazil’.
  • // 1966
    In 1966, he was conferred with the ‘Order of the Flag with Diamonds’ by Hungary and the ‘Grand Cordon of the Grand Star of Yugoslavia’.
  • // 8th Sep 1978
    On September 8, 1978, his troops opened fire on a demonstration by religious dissidents, killing many people. This event, known as ‘Black Friday’ turned out to be the beginning of the end for him as a ruler.
  • // 1979
    In 1979, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomenei led a revolution forcing him and his family into exile. His family traveled to Morocco, the Bahamas, and Mexico within the first six months of exile. Later, he became ill and was granted permission to receive medical treatment in the United States where he spent some time and then went to Egypt.
  • // 27th Jul 1980
    In March 1980, he underwent treatment in Cairo for non-Hodgkin lymphoma, a type of blood cancer. He died on July 27, 1980 at the age of 60, and was buried in the Al Rifa'i Mosque in Cairo.

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Mohammad Reza Pahlavi's FAQ

  • What is Mohammad Reza Pahlavi birthday?

    Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was born at 1919-10-26

  • When was Mohammad Reza Pahlavi died?

    Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was died at 1980-07-27

  • Where was Mohammad Reza Pahlavi died?

    Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was died in Cairo

  • Which age was Mohammad Reza Pahlavi died?

    Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was died at age 60

  • Where is Mohammad Reza Pahlavi's birth place?

    Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was born in Tehran

  • What is Mohammad Reza Pahlavi nationalities?

    Mohammad Reza Pahlavi's nationalities is Iranian

  • What is Mohammad Reza Pahlavi nick names?

    Mohammad Reza Pahlavi's nickNames is The Emperor of Oil

  • Who is Mohammad Reza Pahlavi spouses?

    Mohammad Reza Pahlavi's spouses is Farah Diba, Fawzia Fuad of Egypt, Soraya Esfandiary-Bakhtiari

  • Who is Mohammad Reza Pahlavi siblings?

    Mohammad Reza Pahlavi's siblings is Abdul Reza Pahlavi, Ahmad Reza Pahlavi, Ali Reza Pahlavi, Ashraf Pahlavi, Fatimeh Pahlavi, Gholam Reza Pahlavi, Hamdamsaltaneh Pahlavi, Hamid Reza Pahlavi, Mahmud Reza Pahlavi, Shams Pahlavi

  • Who is Mohammad Reza Pahlavi childrens?

    Mohammad Reza Pahlavi's childrens is Ali-Reza Pahlavi, Farahnaz Pahlavi, Leila Pahlavi, Reza Pahlavi, Shahnaz Pahlavi

  • What was Mohammad Reza Pahlavi universities?

    Mohammad Reza Pahlavi studied at Institut Le Rosey

  • Which company or organization was founded by Mohammad Reza Pahlavi?

    Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was the founder/co-founder of SAVAK, Rastakhiz Party

  • What is Mohammad Reza Pahlavi's religion?

    Mohammad Reza Pahlavi's religion is Islam, Shia Islam

  • Who is Mohammad Reza Pahlavi's father?

    Mohammad Reza Pahlavi's father is Rezā Shāh

  • Who is Mohammad Reza Pahlavi's mother?

    Mohammad Reza Pahlavi's mother is Tadj ol-Molouk

  • What is Mohammad Reza Pahlavi's sun sign?

    Mohammad Reza Pahlavi is Scorpio

  • How famous is Mohammad Reza Pahlavi?

    Mohammad Reza Pahlavi is famouse as Last Shah of Iran