Leonid Brezhnev - Ukrainian Men, Timeline and Family

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Leonid Brezhnev's Personal Details

Leonid Brezhnev was a leader of the Soviet Union

InformationDetail
BirthdayDecember 19, 1906
Died onNovember 10, 1982
NationalityRussian, Ukrainian
FamousUkrainian Men, Communists, Leaders, Political Leaders
IdeologiesCommunists
SpousesViktoria Brezhneva
SiblingsVera, Yakov
Childrens Galina Brezhneva, Yuri Brezhnev
Birth PlaceKamenskoe, Yekaterinoslav Governorate, Russian Empire
Born CountryUkraine
Political IdeologyCommunist Party of the Soviet Union
Height173cm
GenderMale
Fathermetalworker Ilya Yakovlevich Brezhnev
MotherNatalia Denisovna
Sun SignSagittarius
Born inKamenskoe, Yekaterinoslav Governorate, Russian Empire
Died at Age75

// Famous Ukrainian Men

Leonid Brezhnev's photo

Who is Leonid Brezhnev?

Leonid Brezhnev was a Communist Party official and a statesman of the former Soviet Union. He served as the leader of the Soviet Union for eighteen years. Due to his initiatives, the Soviet Union acquired an equal position with the US in the field of strategic nuclear weapons. Under his leadership, the Soviet Union achieved remarkable success in its space programme. Unfortunately, the agriculture, consumer-goods industries and health care sectors experienced shortage of funds due to excessive importance given to defence and aerospace industries. He played an active role in the removal of Khruschev from power. It was the same Khruschev whom he regarded his mentor in politics. The praiseworthy feature of his character was that he was a team player and used to take political decisions after consulting with his colleagues. He played a crucial role in normalizing relation between West Germany and maintaining a peaceful relation with the United States by employing his policy of détente. He is blamed for marking the beginning of an era of economic stagnation in which serious problems were overlooked which ultimately led to the disintegration of the Soviet Union. It is assumed that his political activities were responsible for spreading corruption and discrimination within the Soviet bureaucracy during the later parts of 1970s and early 1980s.

// Famous Communists

Childhood & Early Life

He was born to Ilya Yakovlevich Brezhnev, a metalworker, and Natalia Denisovna in Kamenskoe (presently Dniprodzerzhynsk, Ukraine). Leonid Brezhnev witnessed a civil war during his childhood days.

After the Russian Revolution of 1917, he received a technical education, first in land management and then in metallurgy.

He joined the Communist Party youth organization, the Komsomol in 1923. This organisation used to express its opposition against the idea of possessing private property.

After graduating from the Dniprodzerzhynsk Metallurgical Technicum in 1935, he started working as a metallurgical engineer in the iron and steel industry, in Ukraine. But he left engineering field after a brief period to serve for the government and the party.

At that time, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin ordered peasant farmers to sell their surplus grain to the state instead of preserving it for themselves. To follow Stalin’s order, Leonid tortured the peasants to get their co-operation.

Career

From 1935 to 1936, he served his compulsory military period. Thereafter, he acted as a political commissar in a tank factory. It was in 1936, when he became director of the Dniprodzerzhynsk Metallurgical Technicum.

In the year 1936, he was transferred to the regional centre of Dnipropetrovsk. He acquired the position of an important party leader during the World War II.

At that time, he also served for the Soviet Red Army that used to work for the implementation of Stalin’s “Russification” policy. Gradually, he achieved the position of major general in this Army.

After leaving the service of Army in 1946, he devoted his time for party works. His election as the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Moldavian S.S.R. in 1950 brought him national recognition.

After two years, he visited Moscow to serve for Stalin in the Secretariat of the Central Committee of the Communist Party. After Stalin’s death in 1953, he was removed from the Secretariat.

After his removal, he was appointed at lower post in the Ministry of Defence. After that, he also served in the Central Committee of the Kazakh Republic, another insignificant post.

Due to his success as an administrator, he regained his position in the Secretariat in 1956. With the assistance of Nikita Khruschev, the new head of the Secretariat, he became the chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet in 1960.

He became an honorary citizen of Belgrade in 1962. In the following year, despite being loyal to Khrushchev, he played a significant role in a plan to remove Khrushchev, the First Secretary of the state, from power.

It was this year, when he acquired the position of Secretary of the Central Committee. As a result of this, Khrushchev made him Second Secretary in 1956 which was also equal to being the deputy party leader.

As part of his conspiracy against Khrushchev, Brezhnev, along with Nikolai Podgomy, appealed to the Central Committee and accused him for economic failure and immodest behaviour.

Due to Brezhnev’s political trick, Politburo members voted for the removal of Khrushchev from office. Khrushchev’s removal paved the way for Brezhnev to become the First Secretary of the state.

During 1966, he played a vital role in abolishing the Regional Economic Councils that used to manage the regional economies of the Soviet Union.

In 1968, he developed the Brezhnev doctrine to support the Soviet and their Warsaw pact allies’ invasion of Czechoslovakia. Due to his efforts, the Politburo discontinued Khrushchev’s decentralisation experiments.

After securing his position as a marshal of the Soviet Union in 1976, he forced Podgomy to retire from his post and became the Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union in May 1977.

In 1979, he reached an agreement with Jimmy Carter on a new bilateral strategic arms limitation treaty, known as SALT II. The United States chose not to ratify the treaty in response to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, which took place in December 1979.

Personal Life & Legacy

In 1928, he got married to Viktoria Brezhneva with whom he had two children namely Galina and Yuri.

In the last decade of his life, he encountered many health issues including heart problems.

He passed away at the age of 79 as a result of a heart attack.

To honour his memory, the Soviet Union organized a state funeral and a five-day period of mourning. Dressed in his Marshal’s uniform, his body was buried in the Kremlin Wall Necropolis in Red Square.

Trivia

This powerful statesman had a penchant towards medals and he owned more than hundred medals. That is why, during his burial, his body was dressed in his Marshal’s uniform along with all of his medals.

// Famous Political Leaders

Leonid Brezhnev awards

YearNameAward

Other

Lenin Peace Prize

Leonid Brezhnev biography timelines

  • // 19th Dec 1906
    He was born to Ilya Yakovlevich Brezhnev, a metalworker, and Natalia Denisovna in Kamenskoe (presently Dniprodzerzhynsk, Ukraine). Leonid Brezhnev witnessed a civil war during his childhood days.
  • // 1917
    After the Russian Revolution of 1917, he received a technical education, first in land management and then in metallurgy.
  • // 1923
    He joined the Communist Party youth organization, the Komsomol in 1923. This organisation used to express its opposition against the idea of possessing private property.
  • // 1928
    In 1928, he got married to Viktoria Brezhneva with whom he had two children namely Galina and Yuri.
  • // 1935
    After graduating from the Dniprodzerzhynsk Metallurgical Technicum in 1935, he started working as a metallurgical engineer in the iron and steel industry, in Ukraine. But he left engineering field after a brief period to serve for the government and the party.
  • // 1935 To 1936
    From 1935 to 1936, he served his compulsory military period. Thereafter, he acted as a political commissar in a tank factory. It was in 1936, when he became director of the Dniprodzerzhynsk Metallurgical Technicum.
  • // 1936
    In the year 1936, he was transferred to the regional centre of Dnipropetrovsk. He acquired the position of an important party leader during the World War II.
  • // 1946 To 1950
    After leaving the service of Army in 1946, he devoted his time for party works. His election as the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Moldavian S.S.R. in 1950 brought him national recognition.
  • // 1953
    After two years, he visited Moscow to serve for Stalin in the Secretariat of the Central Committee of the Communist Party. After Stalin’s death in 1953, he was removed from the Secretariat.
  • // 1956 To 1960
    Due to his success as an administrator, he regained his position in the Secretariat in 1956. With the assistance of Nikita Khruschev, the new head of the Secretariat, he became the chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet in 1960.
  • // 1956
    It was this year, when he acquired the position of Secretary of the Central Committee. As a result of this, Khrushchev made him Second Secretary in 1956 which was also equal to being the deputy party leader.
  • // 1962
    He became an honorary citizen of Belgrade in 1962. In the following year, despite being loyal to Khrushchev, he played a significant role in a plan to remove Khrushchev, the First Secretary of the state, from power.
  • // 1966
    During 1966, he played a vital role in abolishing the Regional Economic Councils that used to manage the regional economies of the Soviet Union.
  • // 1968
    In 1968, he developed the Brezhnev doctrine to support the Soviet and their Warsaw pact allies’ invasion of Czechoslovakia. Due to his efforts, the Politburo discontinued Khrushchev’s decentralisation experiments.
  • // 1976 To 1977
    After securing his position as a marshal of the Soviet Union in 1976, he forced Podgomy to retire from his post and became the Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union in May 1977.
  • // Jun 1979 To Dec 1979
    In 1979, he reached an agreement with Jimmy Carter on a new bilateral strategic arms limitation treaty, known as SALT II. The United States chose not to ratify the treaty in response to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, which took place in December 1979.
  • // 10th Nov 1982
    He passed away at the age of 79 as a result of a heart attack.

// Famous Leaders

Leonid Brezhnev's FAQ

  • What is Leonid Brezhnev birthday?

    Leonid Brezhnev was born at 1906-12-19

  • When was Leonid Brezhnev died?

    Leonid Brezhnev was died at 1982-11-10

  • Where was Leonid Brezhnev died?

    Leonid Brezhnev was died in Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union

  • Which age was Leonid Brezhnev died?

    Leonid Brezhnev was died at age 75

  • Where is Leonid Brezhnev's birth place?

    Leonid Brezhnev was born in Kamenskoe, Yekaterinoslav Governorate, Russian Empire

  • What is Leonid Brezhnev nationalities?

    Leonid Brezhnev's nationalities is Russian,Ukrainian

  • What is Leonid Brezhnev ideologies?

    Leonid Brezhnev's ideologies is Communists

  • Who is Leonid Brezhnev spouses?

    Leonid Brezhnev's spouses is Viktoria Brezhneva

  • Who is Leonid Brezhnev siblings?

    Leonid Brezhnev's siblings is Vera, Yakov

  • Who is Leonid Brezhnev childrens?

    Leonid Brezhnev's childrens is Galina Brezhneva, Yuri Brezhnev

  • What is Leonid Brezhnev's political ideology?

    Leonid Brezhnev's political ideology is Communist Party of the Soviet Union

  • How tall is Leonid Brezhnev?

    Leonid Brezhnev's height is 173

  • Who is Leonid Brezhnev's father?

    Leonid Brezhnev's father is metalworker Ilya Yakovlevich Brezhnev

  • Who is Leonid Brezhnev's mother?

    Leonid Brezhnev's mother is Natalia Denisovna

  • What is Leonid Brezhnev's sun sign?

    Leonid Brezhnev is Sagittarius