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John Quincy Adams's Personal Details

John Quincy Adams was the sixth President of the United States

InformationDetail
BirthdayJuly 11, 1767
Died onFebruary 23, 1848
NationalityAmerican
FamousHarvard University, Leaders, Political Leaders, INTP
City/StateMassachusetts
SpousesLouisa Johnson
SiblingsCharles Adams
Childrens Charles, George, John, Louisa
Universities
  • Harvard University
  • Harvard College
  • (1787)
  • Harvard University
  • Leiden University
  • Harvard Law School
Notable Alumnis
  • Harvard University
Birth PlaceBraintree
Political IdeologyWhig (1838–1848)
ReligionUnitarianism
EpitaphsThis is the last of Earth! I am content!
GenderMale
FatherJohn Adams
MotherAbigail Adams
Sun SignCancer
Born inBraintree
Died at Age80

// Famous people with INTP

John Quincy Adams's photo

Who is John Quincy Adams?

Before becoming the sixth President of the United States, John Quincy Adams essayed many other roles in the field of public service, right from being a sharp attorney, diplomat, senator to an able Congressional representative. These political endeavors earned him the nickname “Old Man Eloquent”. He holds the distinction of being the first President of U.S. whose father had also graced this prestigious post. Being the son of John Adams, the second President of the United States John Quincy Adams, had patriotism in his blood. Though, a man of extraordinary intellect, Adams personality was that of recluse and he did not socialize much. It is believed that these personality traits cost him the presidential reelection bid and thus, his presidency was confined to a single term. Today, he is remembered as one of the most gifted American diplomats and Secretaries of State that the nation ever had. As a president he is remembered as an extraordinary moral leader, who ushered in the era of economic modernization in America and helped shape its foreign policy that safeguarded the country’s nationalist republican values. Read his biography, to know more about him.

// Famous Political Leaders

Childhood & Early Life

John Quincy Adams was the eldest son of John Adams (second President of the United States) and Abigail Adams (second, first lady of the country).

He completed his initial education from a private academy located in the outskirts of Paris and later enrolled at the Leiden University, from where he matriculated on January 10, 1781.

As a child he, accompanied his father on various diplomatic missions, hence was groomed well for public service.

As a youth, from 1781 to 1782, he served as the private secretary, as well as, interpreter to U.S. Minister to Russia, Francis Dana.

In 1787, he graduated in Bachelor of Arts from Harvard College and later in 1790, earned an A.M. from Harvard.

Between 1787 and 1789, he completed his apprenticeship as an attorney with Theophilus Parsons in Newburyport, Massachusetts.

In 1791, he was admitted to the bar and thereafter started his law practice in Boston.

Career

Adams early diplomatic career, away from his father’s shadow, started in 1794, when he was appointed as the minister to the Netherlands, by the then President, George Washington.

In 1797, he was posted as the minister plenipotentiary to Berlin; however, he returned to America at the behest of his father, who had lost his presidential bid in 1800.

In April 1802, he won the elections and became a member of the Massachusetts State Senate.

After serving a year in the State Senate, in 1803 Adams was elected by the Massachusetts General Court as its representative to the U.S. Senate, a post that he served on from March 4, 1803 to 1808.

As a Senator, in 1807 he supported the Louisiana Purchase and the Embargo, which was a stand much different from the Federalist Party lines.

His independent stand from the party ideology cost Adams his seat in the Senate.

In 1809, he was appointed as the first ever minister plenipotentiary to Russia, by President James Madison.

Next five years, Adams stayed in St. Petersburg, with his wife and youngest son. From there, in 1812 he reported on the Napoleon’s ambitious escapade across Europe and his failed attempt to conquer Russia.

In 1812, the United States declared war against Great Britain, Adams tried to broker a deal between the two nations through Russian intermediation.

The impasse between America and Great Britain continued, hence he was recalled to U.S. in 1814, so that he could negotiate the Treaty of Ghent, which he did successfully. This ended the War of 1812.

In 1815, he was appointed as the U.S. representative to Great Britain, a position he held till 1817.

In 1817, he returned to America and was appointed as the Secretary of State, by President Monroe.

During his tenure as the Secretary of State, he played an instrumental role in formulating various international and domestic policies. He was the chief negotiator of the 1819 Transcontinental Treaty with Spain.

In 1821, the authoritative Report on Weights and Measures presented before the Congress was another of his major accomplishments. Besides this, he was also one of the key members behind the development of 1823 Monroe Doctrine

His run for the presidency in 1824 did not culminate in a unanimous victory, he became a minority president and his term extended from March 4, 1825, to March 4, 1829.

As president he wanted to boost the infrastructural growth of the country, by building, road and canal system, but being in minority undermined his zealous efforts.

Despite all the difficulties, he was able to phenomenally bring down the national debt from $16 million to $5 million, during his short presidential term, which ended in 1829, since he lost his reelection bid.

He did not retire from politics, after his defeat, instead contested the 1830 elections and won a seat in the United States House of Representatives.

He remained a member of the Congress from 1831 to 1848. During this time he became a vociferous opponent of slavery and also opposed the Mexican war and Texan annexation. He stayed active in politics till his last breath.

Personal Life & Legacy

John Quincy Adams tied the knot with Louisa Catherine Johnson, daughter of rich American merchant in London. The couple had one daughter and three sons.

He died at the age of 80, while he was attending the proceedings of the House of Representatives, after he collapsed and was taken to the Speaker’s Room in the Capitol.

One of the most significant legacies of Adams is his extensive personal journal, which spreads over 50 massive volumes. It was started by him when he was 11 years old and he continued to write till his death.

Trivia

As the sixth President of the United States, he envisioned a grand plan for national improvements, in which he wanted to garner federal support for the development in the field arts and sciences.

In the 1997 film Amistad, his character was played by Anthony Hopkins and once again in 2008, a mini-series based on his life was showcased by HBO.

His personal journals were kept under lock and key until 1951. It was then, when the unedited copies were released for the general public by his great grandsons.

He is at times referred to as the father of Smithsonian, which was established in 1846.

He regularly violated the gag rule, which prohibited the presentation of antislavery petitions.

// Famous Alumni of Harvard University

John Quincy Adams biography timelines

  • // 1781
    He completed his initial education from a private academy located in the outskirts of Paris and later enrolled at the Leiden University, from where he matriculated on January 10, 1781.
  • // 1781 To 1782
    As a youth, from 1781 to 1782, he served as the private secretary, as well as, interpreter to U.S. Minister to Russia, Francis Dana.
  • // 1787
    In 1787, he graduated in Bachelor of Arts from Harvard College and later in 1790, earned an A.M. from Harvard.
  • // 1787 To 1789
    Between 1787 and 1789, he completed his apprenticeship as an attorney with Theophilus Parsons in Newburyport, Massachusetts.
  • // 1791
    In 1791, he was admitted to the bar and thereafter started his law practice in Boston.
  • // 1794
    Adams early diplomatic career, away from his father’s shadow, started in 1794, when he was appointed as the minister to the Netherlands, by the then President, George Washington.
  • // 1797
    In 1797, he was posted as the minister plenipotentiary to Berlin; however, he returned to America at the behest of his father, who had lost his presidential bid in 1800.
  • // 1802
    In April 1802, he won the elections and became a member of the Massachusetts State Senate.
  • // 1803 To 1808
    After serving a year in the State Senate, in 1803 Adams was elected by the Massachusetts General Court as its representative to the U.S. Senate, a post that he served on from March 4, 1803 to 1808.
  • // 1809
    In 1809, he was appointed as the first ever minister plenipotentiary to Russia, by President James Madison.
  • // 1814
    The impasse between America and Great Britain continued, hence he was recalled to U.S. in 1814, so that he could negotiate the Treaty of Ghent, which he did successfully. This ended the War of 1812.
  • // 1815 To 1817
    In 1815, he was appointed as the U.S. representative to Great Britain, a position he held till 1817.
  • // 1817
    In 1817, he returned to America and was appointed as the Secretary of State, by President Monroe.
  • // 1819
    During his tenure as the Secretary of State, he played an instrumental role in formulating various international and domestic policies. He was the chief negotiator of the 1819 Transcontinental Treaty with Spain.
  • // 1825 To 1829
    His run for the presidency in 1824 did not culminate in a unanimous victory, he became a minority president and his term extended from March 4, 1825, to March 4, 1829.
  • // 1829
    Despite all the difficulties, he was able to phenomenally bring down the national debt from $16 million to $5 million, during his short presidential term, which ended in 1829, since he lost his reelection bid.
  • // 1830
    He did not retire from politics, after his defeat, instead contested the 1830 elections and won a seat in the United States House of Representatives.
  • // 1831 To 1848
    He remained a member of the Congress from 1831 to 1848. During this time he became a vociferous opponent of slavery and also opposed the Mexican war and Texan annexation. He stayed active in politics till his last breath.

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John Quincy Adams's FAQ

  • What is John Quincy Adams birthday?

    John Quincy Adams was born at 1767-07-11

  • When was John Quincy Adams died?

    John Quincy Adams was died at 1848-02-23

  • Where was John Quincy Adams died?

    John Quincy Adams was died in Washington, D.C.

  • Which age was John Quincy Adams died?

    John Quincy Adams was died at age 80

  • Where is John Quincy Adams's birth place?

    John Quincy Adams was born in Braintree

  • What is John Quincy Adams nationalities?

    John Quincy Adams's nationalities is American

  • Who is John Quincy Adams spouses?

    John Quincy Adams's spouses is Louisa Johnson

  • Who is John Quincy Adams siblings?

    John Quincy Adams's siblings is Charles Adams

  • Who is John Quincy Adams childrens?

    John Quincy Adams's childrens is Charles, George, John, Louisa

  • What was John Quincy Adams universities?

    John Quincy Adams studied at Harvard University, Harvard College, (1787), Harvard University, Leiden University, Harvard Law School

  • What was John Quincy Adams notable alumnis?

    John Quincy Adams's notable alumnis is Harvard University

  • What is John Quincy Adams's political ideology?

    John Quincy Adams's political ideology is Whig (1838–1848)

  • What is John Quincy Adams's religion?

    John Quincy Adams's religion is Unitarianism

  • Who is John Quincy Adams's father?

    John Quincy Adams's father is John Adams

  • Who is John Quincy Adams's mother?

    John Quincy Adams's mother is Abigail Adams

  • What is John Quincy Adams's sun sign?

    John Quincy Adams is Cancer