John Jay - First Chief Justice of the United States, Timeline and Family

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John Jay's Personal Details

John Jay was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States and the first Chief Justice of the nation

InformationDetail
BirthdayDecember 12, 1745
Died onMay 17, 1829
NationalityAmerican
FamousFirst Chief Justice of the United States, Columbia University, Lawyers & Judges, Diplomats
SpousesSarah Livingston
SiblingsJames Jay
Childrens Peter A. Jay, William Jay
Universities
  • Columbia University
  • Columbia University
  • Columbia College of Columbia University in the City of New York
Notable Alumnis
  • Columbia University
Founder / Co-Founder
  • African Free School
Birth PlaceNew York City
ReligionEpiscopal Church
GenderMale
Sun SignSagittarius
Born inNew York City
Famous asFirst Chief Justice of the United States
Died at Age83

// Famous First Chief Justice of the United States

John Jay's photo

Who is John Jay?

John Jay was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States and the first Chief Justice of the newly-independent nation. Jay was a true patriot and was among the American commissioners who negotiated with Great Britain during the United States’ struggle for independence from British colonial rule. A qualified lawyer, he served as the first Chief Justice of the United States and played an important role in American politics during the early years of the newly-independent former colonies. Born into a wealthy family as the son of a prominent businessman, he enjoyed a privileged childhood and was homeschooled as a young boy. He proved to be a good student and went on to study law under the prominent lawyer and politician Benjamin Kissam. Soon he became a qualified lawyer and set up his own successful practice. He also ventured into politics and attended the First Continental Congress. He actively opposed British rule when the American Revolution broke out though he was initially skeptical regarding the separation of America from Britain. Nonetheless, he became a negotiator of the Treaty of Paris by which Great Britain recognized American independence and went on to serve as the Secretary of Foreign Affairs, helping to fashion United States foreign policy. Initially a slave holder himself, he also gained considerable fame as a tireless crusader for the abolition of slavery.

// Famous Alumni of Columbia University

Childhood & Early Life

John Jay was born on December 12, 1745, in New York City, New York, British America, to Peter Jay and Mary Van Cortlandt as one of their ten children. His father was a wealthy trader of furs, wheat, timber, and other commodities.

After being educated by his mother at home until he was about eight years old, he was sent to New Rochelle to study under Anglican priest Pierre Stoupe. He returned home after three years and continued his education under his mother and George Murray.

He joined King’s College in 1760 and met many people during this period who would greatly influence his thinking. He grew deeply interested in politics and became a staunch Whig. He graduated with the highest honors in 1764.

He proceeded to study law under Benjamin Kissam, a prominent lawyer and politician and completed his legal studies in 1768 following which he was admitted to the bar of New York.

Major Work

John Jay is best known for being one of the signers of the Treaty of Paris which was signed in Paris by representatives of King George III of Great Britain and representatives of the United States of America on September 3, 1783. The Treaty marked the end of the American Revolutionary War. Benjamin Franklin, Henry Laurens, and John Adams were the other signers of the treaty representing America.

Awards & Achievements

Jay was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1814.

Personal Life & Legacy

John Jay married Sarah Van Brugh Livingston, eldest daughter of the New Jersey Governor William Livingston and his wife, in 1774. The couple had several children.

In addition to his wife and family, Jay also took care of his ill and disabled siblings after the death of their father.

He died on May 17, 1829, in Bedford, New York, U.S. after suffering from palsy, probably caused by a stroke. He was 83.

Career

A qualified lawyer, he went on to establish his own legal practice in 1771. During the 1770s he became a member of the New York Committee of Correspondence and eventually became its secretary.

In September 1774, he attended the First Continental Congress as a delegate. Even though he believed that the British tax measures were wrong and thought Americans were morally and legally justified in resisting them, he was not in support of separation of the Americas from Britain.

When the American Revolution broke out, Jay played an active role in suppressing the Loyalists and eventually came to accept that the Americas’ struggle for independence from the British colonial rule was inevitable. He was tirelessly involved in the revolutionary cause and gained a name for himself as an ardent patriot.

The United States of America achieved independence from British colonial rule in 1776. Following the independence he drafted the Constitution of New York, 1777, and served on the committee to detect and defeat conspiracies, which monitored British Actions.

Even though he had once been a slave holder himself, he adopted an anti-slavery approach later on. He became actively involved in the anti-slavery movement after 1777 and founded the New York Manumission Society in 1785 to promote the abolition of the slavery of African descendants within the state of New York.

In May 1777, the New York's Provincial Congress elected Jay the Chief Justice of the New York Supreme Court of Judicature, a position he held for two years. He was appointed Minister to Spain in 1779.

In this position, he was made responsible for getting financial aid, commercial treaties and recognition of American independence from Spain. However, the royal court of Spain refused to officially receive Jay as the Minister of the United States as it refused to recognize American Independence. Frustrated, he left Spain in May 1782.

He then travelled to Paris to participate in the negotiations to end the American Revolutionary War. Benjamin Franklin was also among the negotiators. The negotiations culminated in the signing of the Treaty of Paris in September 1783.

Upon returning to America, he served as the second Secretary of Foreign Affairs from 1784 to 1789. President George Washington appointed Jay as the Chief Justice of the United States in 1789. As the Chief Justice, he was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1790.

In 1792, Jay ran for the governor of New York as a Federalist candidate but was defeated by Democratic-Republican George Clinton.

In 1794, Washington sent John Jay to negotiate a treaty with Great Britain, in order to resolve outstanding issues between the two countries. This resulted in the Jay Treaty which proved to be extremely controversial but was nonetheless approved of by the Washington administration.

He returned to America in 1795 and discovered that he had been elected the new Governor of New York in his absence. He served two terms as the governor and dealt with issues related to judicial reform, penal reform and the abolition of slavery before retiring from public life in 1801.

// Famous Diplomats

John Jay biography timelines

  • // 12th Dec 1745
    John Jay was born on December 12, 1745, in New York City, New York, British America, to Peter Jay and Mary Van Cortlandt as one of their ten children. His father was a wealthy trader of furs, wheat, timber, and other commodities.
  • // 1760 To 1764
    He joined King’s College in 1760 and met many people during this period who would greatly influence his thinking. He grew deeply interested in politics and became a staunch Whig. He graduated with the highest honors in 1764.
  • // 1768
    He proceeded to study law under Benjamin Kissam, a prominent lawyer and politician and completed his legal studies in 1768 following which he was admitted to the bar of New York.
  • // 1771
    A qualified lawyer, he went on to establish his own legal practice in 1771. During the 1770s he became a member of the New York Committee of Correspondence and eventually became its secretary.
  • // 1774
    John Jay married Sarah Van Brugh Livingston, eldest daughter of the New Jersey Governor William Livingston and his wife, in 1774. The couple had several children.
  • // Sep 1774
    In September 1774, he attended the First Continental Congress as a delegate. Even though he believed that the British tax measures were wrong and thought Americans were morally and legally justified in resisting them, he was not in support of separation of the Americas from Britain.
  • // 1776 To 1777
    The United States of America achieved independence from British colonial rule in 1776. Following the independence he drafted the Constitution of New York, 1777, and served on the committee to detect and defeat conspiracies, which monitored British Actions.
  • // 1777 To 1785
    Even though he had once been a slave holder himself, he adopted an anti-slavery approach later on. He became actively involved in the anti-slavery movement after 1777 and founded the New York Manumission Society in 1785 to promote the abolition of the slavery of African descendants within the state of New York.
  • // May 1777 To 1779
    In May 1777, the New York's Provincial Congress elected Jay the Chief Justice of the New York Supreme Court of Judicature, a position he held for two years. He was appointed Minister to Spain in 1779.
  • // May 1782
    In this position, he was made responsible for getting financial aid, commercial treaties and recognition of American independence from Spain. However, the royal court of Spain refused to officially receive Jay as the Minister of the United States as it refused to recognize American Independence. Frustrated, he left Spain in May 1782.
  • // Sep 1783
    He then travelled to Paris to participate in the negotiations to end the American Revolutionary War. Benjamin Franklin was also among the negotiators. The negotiations culminated in the signing of the Treaty of Paris in September 1783.
  • // 3rd Sep 1783
    John Jay is best known for being one of the signers of the Treaty of Paris which was signed in Paris by representatives of King George III of Great Britain and representatives of the United States of America on September 3, 1783. The Treaty marked the end of the American Revolutionary War. Benjamin Franklin, Henry Laurens, and John Adams were the other signers of the treaty representing America.
  • // 1792
    In 1792, Jay ran for the governor of New York as a Federalist candidate but was defeated by Democratic-Republican George Clinton.
  • // 1794
    In 1794, Washington sent John Jay to negotiate a treaty with Great Britain, in order to resolve outstanding issues between the two countries. This resulted in the Jay Treaty which proved to be extremely controversial but was nonetheless approved of by the Washington administration.
  • // 1795 To 1801
    He returned to America in 1795 and discovered that he had been elected the new Governor of New York in his absence. He served two terms as the governor and dealt with issues related to judicial reform, penal reform and the abolition of slavery before retiring from public life in 1801.
  • // 1814
    Jay was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1814.
  • // 17th May 1829
    He died on May 17, 1829, in Bedford, New York, U.S. after suffering from palsy, probably caused by a stroke. He was 83.

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John Jay's FAQ

  • What is John Jay birthday?

    John Jay was born at 1745-12-12

  • When was John Jay died?

    John Jay was died at 1829-05-17

  • Where was John Jay died?

    John Jay was died in Bedford

  • Which age was John Jay died?

    John Jay was died at age 83

  • Where is John Jay's birth place?

    John Jay was born in New York City

  • What is John Jay nationalities?

    John Jay's nationalities is American

  • Who is John Jay spouses?

    John Jay's spouses is Sarah Livingston

  • Who is John Jay siblings?

    John Jay's siblings is James Jay

  • Who is John Jay childrens?

    John Jay's childrens is Peter A. Jay, William Jay

  • What was John Jay universities?

    John Jay studied at Columbia University, Columbia University, Columbia College of Columbia University in the City of New York

  • What was John Jay notable alumnis?

    John Jay's notable alumnis is Columbia University

  • Which company or organization was founded by John Jay?

    John Jay was the founder/co-founder of African Free School

  • What is John Jay's religion?

    John Jay's religion is Episcopal Church

  • What is John Jay's sun sign?

    John Jay is Sagittarius

  • How famous is John Jay?

    John Jay is famouse as First Chief Justice of the United States