John D. Rockefeller - Businessman, Birthday and Personal Life

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John D. Rockefeller's Personal Details

John D

InformationDetail
BirthdayJuly 8, 1839
Died onMay 23, 1937
NationalityAmerican
FamousBusinessman, Illuminati Members, Business People
SpousesLaura Spelman Rockefeller (m. 1864)
SiblingsWilliam Rockefeller
Universities
  • Chancellor University
Founder / Co-Founder
  • Standard Oil Company
Birth PlaceRichford, New York, U.S.
ReligionBaptist
GenderMale
FatherWilliam Avery Rockefeller (November 13, 1810 – May 11, 1906)
MotherEliza (Davison; September 12, 1813 – March 28, 1889)
Net Worth$336 billion
Sun SignCancer
Born inRichford, New York, U.S.
Famous asBusinessman
Died at Age97

// Famous Businessman

John D. Rockefeller's photo

Who is John D. Rockefeller?

John Davison Rockefeller Sr. was a renowned American industrialist and philanthropist. Born in a modest family, he worked his way up to become one of the wealthiest persons in modern history. He began his career as an assistant bookkeeper at the age of 16 and by 20, he had ventured into his own business with partner Maurice B. Clark. Recognising the potential of the commercial oil business, the partners invested in a refinery at Cleveland, Ohio in 1863. In 1870, he established the Standard Oil Company, which within a decade almost monopolized and controlled 90% of U.S. refineries and pipelines.The demand for kerosene and gasoline constantly increased among the masses and he became the richest person in the country. He had his fair share of criticism as well. He was accused of engaging in unethical business practices such as acquiring pipelines and forest areas to prevent his competitors from excelling. In 1911, the U.S. Supreme Court found Standard Oil in violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act and ordered it to dissolve. After his retirement, he became an active philanthropist and donated generously to the church, educational institutions, public health causes, and medical researches. During his lifetime, he donated more than $500 million to various charitable causes.

// Famous Illuminati Members

Childhood & Early Life

John D. Rockefeller was born on 8 July 1839, in Richford, New York, to William Avery Rockefeller and Eliza Davison. His father was of English and German descent while his mother was of Scots-Irish ancestry. He was the second of six children and the eldest son of his family.

His father was a travelling salesman who seldom visited his family. He was infamous for his dubious activities and loose morality. His mother on the other hand, was a pious housewife who struggled to preserve normalcy at home. As a child, John helped with regular household chores and did odd jobs to earn extra money.

In 1851, the family moved to Owego where he attended the Owego Academy. In 1853, the family moved to Strongsville where he attended Cleveland's Central High School.

He then pursued a short business course in book keeping at Folsom's Commercial College. Despite the difficulties at home, he was an obedient, sombre, and studious boy.

Career

At the age of 16 in September 1855, John D. Rockefeller landed his first job as an assistant bookkeeper with Hewitt & Tuttle, commission merchants and produce shippers. He impressed his employers with his skill at calculating transportation costs.

In 1859, at the age of 20, he ventured into private business with a partner, Maurice B. Clark, and together they raised $4,000 in capital. The business flourished steadily and by the end of the first year, it had grossed $450,000.

A gifted entrepreneur, he soon sensed a lucrative business opportunity in commercial oil. In 1863, the partners invested in an oil refinery near Cleveland, Ohio, directly owned by Andrews, Clark & Company (composed of Clark, Rockefeller, chemist Samuel Andrews, and Clark's two brothers). Within two years, it became the largest refinery in the area.

In February 1865, he bought out the Clark brothers at an auction for $72,500 and established the firm Rockefeller & Andrews. He adapted swiftly to capitalise on the rapidly growing industry.

In 1866, his brother William Jr.Rockefeller built another refinery in Cleveland, making him a partner. In 1867, Henry M. Flagler joined as a partner, and the firm of Rockefeller, Andrews & Flagler was established.

By 1868, the company owned two Cleveland refineries and a marketing subsidiary in New York. It became the largest oil refinery in the world and set the stage for the Standard Oil Company.

In January 1870, John Rockefeller dissolved the partnership of Rockefeller, Andrews & Flagler, and formed the Standard Oil of Ohio. Soon it became the largest shipper of oil and kerosene in the country.

He continued buying rival refiners; by 1872, Standard Oil had taken over 22 of its 26 Cleveland opponents. Charles Pratt and Henry H. Rogers, owners of a major New York refinery, Pratt and Company became his partners. Rogers became one of the key members in the formation of the Standard Oil Trust and Pratt's son, Charles Millard Pratt, became its Secretary.

Gradually, Standard Oil developed over 300 oil-based products to increase its market penetration. By the end of the decade, the company had attained a near monopoly of the oil business in the U.S. and Rockefeller had become a millionaire.

Using its industrial strength, Standard made profitable deals with the railroads to ship its oil. It acquired pipelines and terminals, establishing a transport system for its own goods. In addition, it also purchased thousands of acres of forest to prevent rivals from operating their own pipelines. Rockefeller was accused of monopolizing the oil trade.

In 1882, the Standard Oil Trust was established to consolidate the various holdings of the company. Rockefeller and eight other trustees controlled the 41 companies in the trust whose assets included 20,000 domestic wells, 4,000 miles of pipeline, 5,000 tank cars, and over 100,000 employees.

Over time, Standard Oil adapted to changing market demands. It ventured into European market, expanded into natural gas production in the U.S. and supplied gasoline for automobiles.

Eventually, the public and the U.S. Congress got wary of Standard Oil’s monopolistic business practices. The Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890 and the verdict of Ohio Supreme Court in 1892 resulted in the dissolution of the trust. Nevertheless, the overall hierarchy of Standard remained in place.

Rockefeller later ventured into iron ore and ore transportation, resulting in a clash with steel tycoon Andrew Carnegie. He also acquired leases for crude oil production in Ohio, Indiana, and West Virginia. In 1895 at the age of 56, he took retirement from the daily operations of the business.

In 1909, New Jersey allowed the trust to be re-created in the form of a single holding company. Rockefeller retained his nominal title as President and kept his stock. In 1911, the Supreme Court of the U.S. found the company in violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act.

As a result, the Standard Oil Company was broken up into 34 new companies. Rockefeller held over 25% of its stock at the time of the breakup. All the stockholders received fair shares in each of the 34 companies. Over the next decade, the companies' combined net worth increased manifold and Rockefeller’s personal wealth reached $900 million.

Major Works

John D. Rockefeller was one of the wealthiest industrialists of the U.S. He founded the Standard Oil Company, which almost monopolized the oil industry in the U.S. and made him a billionaire. The company was one of the world's first and largest multinational corporations. He also established numerous philanthropic charities through which he donated several hundred million dollars.

Philanthropic Works

John D. Rockefeller was also a renowned philanthropist. Most of his charity went to the church. He also donated to educational institutions, public health causes, medical science researches, etc.

He donated $80 million to the University of Chicago, converting it into a top-notch institution. He also founded the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research and established the Rockefeller Foundation. In his lifetime, he donated over $500 million.

Personal Life & Legacy

When he was a young boy, Rockefeller enjoyed music and even considered it as a possible career. He also exhibited excellent skill with numbers and detailed accounting.

In 1864, he married Laura Celestia Spelman (1839–1915), daughter of Harvey Buell Spelman and Lucy Henry. They had four daughters and one son together.

He was a devoted Baptist; he would read the Bible regularly and attend prayer meetings twice a week.

He died on 23 May 1937 of arteriosclerosis at his home in Ormond Beach, Florida. He was buried in Lake View Cemetery in Cleveland.

Trivia

As a youth, his ambition was to earn $100K and live 100 years.

// Famous Business People

John D. Rockefeller biography timelines

  • // 1851
    In 1851, the family moved to Owego where he attended the Owego Academy. In 1853, the family moved to Strongsville where he attended Cleveland's Central High School.
  • // 18th Sep 1855
    At the age of 16 in September 1855, John D. Rockefeller landed his first job as an assistant bookkeeper with Hewitt & Tuttle, commission merchants and produce shippers. He impressed his employers with his skill at calculating transportation costs.
  • // 1859
    In 1859, at the age of 20, he ventured into private business with a partner, Maurice B. Clark, and together they raised $4,000 in capital. The business flourished steadily and by the end of the first year, it had grossed $450,000.
  • // 1863
    A gifted entrepreneur, he soon sensed a lucrative business opportunity in commercial oil. In 1863, the partners invested in an oil refinery near Cleveland, Ohio, directly owned by Andrews, Clark & Company (composed of Clark, Rockefeller, chemist Samuel Andrews, and Clark's two brothers). Within two years, it became the largest refinery in the area.
  • // 1864
    In 1864, he married Laura Celestia Spelman (1839–1915), daughter of Harvey Buell Spelman and Lucy Henry. They had four daughters and one son together.
  • // 1865
    In February 1865, he bought out the Clark brothers at an auction for $72,500 and established the firm Rockefeller & Andrews. He adapted swiftly to capitalise on the rapidly growing industry.
  • // 1866
    In 1866, his brother William Jr.Rockefeller built another refinery in Cleveland, making him a partner. In 1867, Henry M. Flagler joined as a partner, and the firm of Rockefeller, Andrews & Flagler was established.
  • // 1868
    By 1868, the company owned two Cleveland refineries and a marketing subsidiary in New York. It became the largest oil refinery in the world and set the stage for the Standard Oil Company.
  • // 1870
    In January 1870, John Rockefeller dissolved the partnership of Rockefeller, Andrews & Flagler, and formed the Standard Oil of Ohio. Soon it became the largest shipper of oil and kerosene in the country.
  • // 1872
    He continued buying rival refiners; by 1872, Standard Oil had taken over 22 of its 26 Cleveland opponents. Charles Pratt and Henry H. Rogers, owners of a major New York refinery, Pratt and Company became his partners. Rogers became one of the key members in the formation of the Standard Oil Trust and Pratt's son, Charles Millard Pratt, became its Secretary.
  • // 1882
    In 1882, the Standard Oil Trust was established to consolidate the various holdings of the company. Rockefeller and eight other trustees controlled the 41 companies in the trust whose assets included 20,000 domestic wells, 4,000 miles of pipeline, 5,000 tank cars, and over 100,000 employees.
  • // 1892
    Eventually, the public and the U.S. Congress got wary of Standard Oil’s monopolistic business practices. The Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890 and the verdict of Ohio Supreme Court in 1892 resulted in the dissolution of the trust. Nevertheless, the overall hierarchy of Standard remained in place.
  • // 1895
    Rockefeller later ventured into iron ore and ore transportation, resulting in a clash with steel tycoon Andrew Carnegie. He also acquired leases for crude oil production in Ohio, Indiana, and West Virginia. In 1895 at the age of 56, he took retirement from the daily operations of the business.
  • // 1909 To 1911
    In 1909, New Jersey allowed the trust to be re-created in the form of a single holding company. Rockefeller retained his nominal title as President and kept his stock. In 1911, the Supreme Court of the U.S. found the company in violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act.
  • // 23rd May 1937
    He died on 23 May 1937 of arteriosclerosis at his home in Ormond Beach, Florida. He was buried in Lake View Cemetery in Cleveland.
  • // 8th Jul 1939
    John D. Rockefeller was born on 8 July 1839, in Richford, New York, to William Avery Rockefeller and Eliza Davison. His father was of English and German descent while his mother was of Scots-Irish ancestry. He was the second of six children and the eldest son of his family.

// Famous American

John D. Rockefeller's FAQ

  • What is John D. Rockefeller birthday?

    John D. Rockefeller was born at 1839-07-08

  • When was John D. Rockefeller died?

    John D. Rockefeller was died at 1937-05-23

  • Where was John D. Rockefeller died?

    John D. Rockefeller was died in The Casements, Ormond Beach, Florida, United States

  • Which age was John D. Rockefeller died?

    John D. Rockefeller was died at age 97

  • Where is John D. Rockefeller's birth place?

    John D. Rockefeller was born in Richford, New York, U.S.

  • What is John D. Rockefeller nationalities?

    John D. Rockefeller's nationalities is American

  • Who is John D. Rockefeller spouses?

    John D. Rockefeller's spouses is Laura Spelman Rockefeller (m. 1864)

  • Who is John D. Rockefeller siblings?

    John D. Rockefeller's siblings is William Rockefeller

  • What was John D. Rockefeller universities?

    John D. Rockefeller studied at Chancellor University

  • Which company or organization was founded by John D. Rockefeller?

    John D. Rockefeller was the founder/co-founder of Standard Oil Company

  • What is John D. Rockefeller's religion?

    John D. Rockefeller's religion is Baptist

  • Who is John D. Rockefeller's father?

    John D. Rockefeller's father is William Avery Rockefeller (November 13, 1810 – May 11, 1906)

  • Who is John D. Rockefeller's mother?

    John D. Rockefeller's mother is Eliza (Davison; September 12, 1813 – March 28, 1889)

  • What is John D. Rockefeller's sun sign?

    John D. Rockefeller is Cancer

  • How famous is John D. Rockefeller?

    John D. Rockefeller is famouse as Businessman