Joaquín Torres García - Uruguayan Men, Life Achievements and Personal Life

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Joaquín Torres García's Personal Details

Joaquin Torres Garcia was a famous Uruguayan artist

InformationDetail
BirthdayJuly 28, 1874
Died onAugust 8, 1949
NationalityUruguayan
FamousUruguayan Men, Artists, Miscellaneous
Known asJoaquin Torres Garcia, Joaquín Torres-García, Joaquin Torres-Garcia
Universities
  • Escuela Oficial de Bellas Artes Barcelona
Birth PlaceMontevideo
GenderMale
Sun SignLeo
Born inMontevideo
Famous asArtist
Died at Age75

// Famous Uruguayan Men

Joaquín Torres García's photo

Who is Joaquín Torres García?

Joaquin Torres Garcia was a famous Uruguayan artist who is known for his defining influence on Latin American Constructivism. He is credited with introducing Constructivism to South America through his artwork, publications, and teachings. Throughout his career he published over 36 writings dedicated to theoretical discussions about different art movements, painted 13 murals, and spread his knowledge by teaching to the future generations of artists. He was a traveler most of his life, spending 40 of his 75 years in Europe and the United States. He struggled with his finances most of his life causing in multiple relocations until he finally returned to his hometown where he could teach everything that he had learned. He opened up his own workshop to spread his message. As the father of Latin American Constructivism, he introduced Cubism, Neoplasticism, and Constructivism to Uruguay through his magazine ‘Circles and Squares’. Throughout his life he exhibited next to famous artists such as, Picasso, van Doesburg, Mondrian, and Duchamp. Across Europe this innovative artist is considered a master of art, but in North America his extraordinary accomplishments are not as well-known. This successful teacher, painter, and author has inspired the next generation of artists through his complete devotion to art

// Famous Miscellaneous

Childhood & Early Life

He was born on July 28, 1874 in Montevideo, Uruguay. His mother, María García Pérez, was Uruguayan while his father, Joaquim Torras Fradera, was a Catalan immigrant who owned his own general store.

Facing financial challenges, the family decided to return to his father’s hometown in Barcelona, Spain, in 1891. Here, Joaquin Torres Garcia entertained his artistic fantasies by painting under the artist Josep Vinardell.

In 1892, he attended Barcelona’s Academy of Fine Arts to study painting. After a short time, the young man decided to switch his enrollment to the more prestigious Baixas Academy.

From 1893 to 1898 he attended the Cercle Artistic de Sant Lluc. While studying here, he began to illustrate periodicals and books including Barcelona Comica and Jacinto Benvante’s La Vida Literaria.

Career

In 1901, Joaquin Torres Garcia began to paint frescoes. His early style was an adoption of the work of the French artist Pierre Puvis de Chavannes.

In 1903, he paired up with Catalan architect Antoni Gaudi to work on stained glass for the ‘Sagrada Familia’ Cathedral in Barcelona. The same year he began to publish texts about Noucentisme.

In 1913, his first book, ‘Notes on Art’, was completed and published. The same year he founded the School of Decorative Arts in Sarria.

In 1918, near the end of a long project, the government decided to cancel the job. At this point, he turned his focus to designing wooden toys. He went into a decade-long period of silence where he did not participate in theoretical discussions.

Between 1920 and 1922, Joaquin Torres Garcia relocated to New York where he painted numerous portraits including one of Joseph Stella. He was featured in exhibits in both the Society of Independent Artists and The Whitney Studio Club. He painted scenery for ‘The Great Play’.

In 1922, his wooden toys began to be manufactured for sale. They were meant to be teaching aides but instead became famous artwork that he continued to design even after moving to the United States.

In 1930, he teamed up with Piet Mondrain and Michel Seuphor to found the ‘Circle and Square’ magazine. Their main goal was to provide an alternative art style compared to the dominant Surrealist movement of the time. He made several publications and organized several exhibitions.

In 1934, Joaquin Torres Garcia returned to his hometown of Montevideo. He founded the Association of Constructivist Art in Montevideo. His focus was on promoting the importance of schools of modern art. The same year he republished the magazine ‘Circle and Square’, in Uruguay.

In 1943, he established a Constructivist school, the ‘Taller Torres-Garcia’. This school went on to influence the next generation of artists around the globe.

In 1944, he created a series of seven mural frescoes at the Hospital Saint Bois. The same year he was able to publish his most famous work, ‘Universalismo Constructivo’ and several others including ‘en defense de las expressions modernas del arte’, and ‘con respect a una future crecion literaria y dos poemas’.

Major Works

In 1944, Joaquin Torres Garcia published his most influential theorist work, ‘Universalismo Constructivo’. The art was an integration of Renaissance style, European formalism, and the mystic character from primitive art. He gained such a large following with the younger generation of students that they considered his trend to be like a “religious conviction” in which Garcia was God.

Awards & Achievements

In 1934, he was named the honorary professor of the Faculty of Architecture of Montevideo. The same year, he founded the Uruguay Society of the Arts. His achievements led to his acceptance into the group of the European artistic elite.

Personal Life & Legacy

In 1909, he married Manolita Piña. The couple went on to have four children together.

He died on August 8, 1949, at the age of 75, in Montevideo, Uruguay.

He is considered as the founder of the modern painting movement entitled ‘Universalismo Constructivo’. This style is abstract and symbolic, integrating different styles of art to form revolutionary works.

Trivia

Between 1922 and 1924, Spain forbade the Catalan language ultimately banning Garcia’s writings. During the same time, his mother passed away and he was forced to leave his satisfying life in Paris due to his personal economic crisis

// Famous Artists

Joaquín Torres García biography timelines

  • // 28th Jul 1874
    He was born on July 28, 1874 in Montevideo, Uruguay. His mother, María García Pérez, was Uruguayan while his father, Joaquim Torras Fradera, was a Catalan immigrant who owned his own general store.
  • // 1891
    Facing financial challenges, the family decided to return to his father’s hometown in Barcelona, Spain, in 1891. Here, Joaquin Torres Garcia entertained his artistic fantasies by painting under the artist Josep Vinardell.
  • // 1892
    In 1892, he attended Barcelona’s Academy of Fine Arts to study painting. After a short time, the young man decided to switch his enrollment to the more prestigious Baixas Academy.
  • // 1893 To 1898
    From 1893 to 1898 he attended the Cercle Artistic de Sant Lluc. While studying here, he began to illustrate periodicals and books including Barcelona Comica and Jacinto Benvante’s La Vida Literaria.
  • // 1901
    In 1901, Joaquin Torres Garcia began to paint frescoes. His early style was an adoption of the work of the French artist Pierre Puvis de Chavannes.
  • // 1903
    In 1903, he paired up with Catalan architect Antoni Gaudi to work on stained glass for the ‘Sagrada Familia’ Cathedral in Barcelona. The same year he began to publish texts about Noucentisme.
  • // 1909
    In 1909, he married Manolita Piña. The couple went on to have four children together.
  • // 1913
    In 1913, his first book, ‘Notes on Art’, was completed and published. The same year he founded the School of Decorative Arts in Sarria.
  • // 1918
    In 1918, near the end of a long project, the government decided to cancel the job. At this point, he turned his focus to designing wooden toys. He went into a decade-long period of silence where he did not participate in theoretical discussions.
  • // 1920 To 1922
    Between 1920 and 1922, Joaquin Torres Garcia relocated to New York where he painted numerous portraits including one of Joseph Stella. He was featured in exhibits in both the Society of Independent Artists and The Whitney Studio Club. He painted scenery for ‘The Great Play’.
  • // 1922
    In 1922, his wooden toys began to be manufactured for sale. They were meant to be teaching aides but instead became famous artwork that he continued to design even after moving to the United States.
  • // 1922 To 1924
    Between 1922 and 1924, Spain forbade the Catalan language ultimately banning Garcia’s writings. During the same time, his mother passed away and he was forced to leave his satisfying life in Paris due to his personal economic crisis
  • // 1930
    In 1930, he teamed up with Piet Mondrain and Michel Seuphor to found the ‘Circle and Square’ magazine. Their main goal was to provide an alternative art style compared to the dominant Surrealist movement of the time. He made several publications and organized several exhibitions.
  • // 1934
    In 1934, Joaquin Torres Garcia returned to his hometown of Montevideo. He founded the Association of Constructivist Art in Montevideo. His focus was on promoting the importance of schools of modern art. The same year he republished the magazine ‘Circle and Square’, in Uruguay.
  • // 1934
    In 1934, he was named the honorary professor of the Faculty of Architecture of Montevideo. The same year, he founded the Uruguay Society of the Arts. His achievements led to his acceptance into the group of the European artistic elite.
  • // 1943
    In 1943, he established a Constructivist school, the ‘Taller Torres-Garcia’. This school went on to influence the next generation of artists around the globe.
  • // 1944
    In 1944, he created a series of seven mural frescoes at the Hospital Saint Bois. The same year he was able to publish his most famous work, ‘Universalismo Constructivo’ and several others including ‘en defense de las expressions modernas del arte’, and ‘con respect a una future crecion literaria y dos poemas’.
  • // 1944
    In 1944, Joaquin Torres Garcia published his most influential theorist work, ‘Universalismo Constructivo’. The art was an integration of Renaissance style, European formalism, and the mystic character from primitive art. He gained such a large following with the younger generation of students that they considered his trend to be like a “religious conviction” in which Garcia was God.
  • // 8th Aug 1949
    He died on August 8, 1949, at the age of 75, in Montevideo, Uruguay.

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Joaquín Torres García's FAQ

  • What is Joaquín Torres García birthday?

    Joaquín Torres García was born at 1874-07-28

  • When was Joaquín Torres García died?

    Joaquín Torres García was died at 1949-08-08

  • Where was Joaquín Torres García died?

    Joaquín Torres García was died in Montevideo

  • Which age was Joaquín Torres García died?

    Joaquín Torres García was died at age 75

  • Where is Joaquín Torres García's birth place?

    Joaquín Torres García was born in Montevideo

  • What is Joaquín Torres García nationalities?

    Joaquín Torres García's nationalities is Uruguayan

  • What was Joaquín Torres García universities?

    Joaquín Torres García studied at Escuela Oficial de Bellas Artes Barcelona

  • What is Joaquín Torres García's sun sign?

    Joaquín Torres García is Leo

  • How famous is Joaquín Torres García?

    Joaquín Torres García is famouse as Artist